Once a country joins OGP, it must meet the following requirements:
1. Co-create OGP national action plan with civil society
Each participating country must develop an OGP National Action Plan (NAP) through a multi-stakeholder, open, and participatory process. The action plan contains concrete and measurable commitments undertaken by the participating government to drive innovative reforms in the areas of transparency, accountability, and citizen engagement.
More detailed action plan guidelines can be found here.
Soliciting Input on the Action Plan
OGP participating countries commit to developing their national action plans through dialogue and the active engagement of citizens and civil society. Taking account of relevant national laws and policies, OGP participating countries agree to develop their country commitments according to the following principles:
Availability of timeline: Countries are to make the details of their public consultation process and timeline available (online at minimum) prior to the consultation.
Adequate notice: Countries are to consult the population with sufficient forewarning.
Awareness raising Countries are to undertake OGP awareness raising activities to enhance public participation in the consultation.
Multiple channels: Countries are to consult through a variety of mechanisms—including online and through in-person meetings—to ensure the accessibility of opportunities for citizens to engage.
Breadth of consultation: Countries are to consult widely with the national community, including civil society and the private sector.
Documentation and feedback: Countries are to make a summary of the public consultation and individual written comment should be made available online if possible.
Countries must report on their consultation efforts as part of the Self-Assessment Reports. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) will also examine the application of these principles in practice.
Guidance on conducting public consultation can be found here.
Submitting the OGP Action Plan:
Upon finalization, countries are expected to submit the action plan to the OGP Support Unit and upload it directly to the OGP website. For instructions on how to upload your action plan, please contact the Support Unit at email@example.com.
More information on timeline for drafting and implementing action plans and rules regarding delays can be found here.
2. Implement OGP commitments in accordance with the action plan timeline
OGP participating countries operate on a two-year action plan cycle, in which there are no gaps between the end of the last action plan and the beginning of the new one. This means every country will be implementing a NAP at all times. In order to achieve this, countries will draft their new action plans during the last six months of implementation of the previous NAP. All NAPs should cover a period of implementation of a minimum of 18 months, although individual commitments may vary in length.
During implementation, countries are encouraged to take advantage of the technical resources and knowledge sharing opportunities that come with participating in this international initiative, such as the OGP Working Groups and participating countries who have made a pledge to support their peers.
OGP countries should contact the OGP Support Unit to identify and connect with networks of peer governments, multilateral institutions, and civil society organizations for assistance with technical expertise or resources needed to implement their commitments.
Consultation during implementation
Countries are to identify a forum to enable regular multi-stakeholder consultation on OGP implementation—this can be an existing entity or a new one. Having a platform for permanent dialogue can help build trust and understanding and provide a forum to exchange expertise and monitor progress.
3. Prepare yearly Self-Assessment Reports
During the two-year action plan cycle, governments are required to submit two annual Self-Assessment Reports to assess the government’s performance in living up to its OGP commitments in its action plan. The Self-Assessment Report should provide an honest evaluation of government performance in implementing its OGP commitments, based on the timelines and benchmarks included in the country’s OGP action plan.
The two Self-Assessment Reports will have similar content to one another, differing primarily in the time period covered. The Midterm Self-Assessment, due following the first year of implementation, should focus on the development of the NAP, consultation process, relevance and ambitiousness of the commitments, and progress to date.
The End of Term Self-Assessment, due at the end of the two-year implementation period, should focus on the final results of the reforms completed in the NAP, consultation during implementation, and lessons learned.
The development of the Self-Assessment Reports must include a two-week public consultation period as stipulated in OGP Guidelines.
We strongly encourage governments to keep their self-assessment reports brief and jargon-free so that they are understandable to a broad audience. Self-assessment reports are to be published both domestically and on the OGP website.
Guidance on developing Self-Assessment Reports can be found here.
4. Participate in the Independent Reporting Mechanism research process
The OGP Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) delivers biannual reports for each OGP participating country. These progress reports assess countries on the development and implementation of their OGP action plans and offer technical recommendations to help improve future action plans. More details on the IRM can be found here.
The IRM is a key means by which all stakeholders can track progress and results within participating countries. All participating governments are therefore required to participate in the IRM’s reporting procedures and cooperate with the IRM local researchers to provide information.
5. Contribute to peer learning across the Partnership
Governments are also expected to contribute to the advancement of open government in other countries by sharing of best practices, expertise, technical assistance, technologies and resources, as appropriate using the various peer exchange and knowledge sharing mechanisms made available by OGP.