Commitments

02 Transparency of Public Procurement

Country: France
Action Plan: France Action Plan 2018-2020
Year Action Plan: 2018
Start Date: 3/1/2017  |  End Date: 12/31/2020

From the Action Plan

 
Increasing transparency in public procurement Lead institution(s):
Ministry of Economy and Finance, Secretary of State responsible for Digital Technology
Other stakeholders:
Regional Council and General Secretary for Regional Affairs (SGAR) of Brittany, City of Rennes, Burgundy-Franche-Comté Region
Commitment extending Commitment 2 of the 2015-2017 NAP “Increasing transparency in public procurement”
OGP principles with which the commitment is associated:
Combating corruption, transparency
Challenges
At national level, public procurement is estimated at 15% of the GDP. It is an essential component of economic policies that helps sustain growth, fosters competitiveness and employment, and stimulates innovation. There is room for greater transparency in this expenditure category: it is an issue for citizens, with regard to accountability in public expenditure and countering corruption, as well as an economic issue, facilitating companies’ fair access to public procurement and enabling greater transparency in economic life, and an issue as regards effectiveness of public action, enabling efficient management of the policy on the part of all public officials.
Aims
Open publication of essential data on public procurement, in compliance with an international standard (Open Contracting Data Standard) and including all stakeholders2.
Transposition of European directives has provided France with a judicial framework fostering increased transparency in public procurement. Publication of essential data on public procurement (in particular on offers, candidacies and choices made) is now mandatory; in accordance with the procurement contract data repository and in compliance with the international “open contracting data standard”.
Publication of data in compliance with a single standard guarantees its availability in a usable format, as well as facilitating data interoperability and reuse. Such standardisation should finally cover all public purchasers (State, local authorities, hospitals, public institutions, etc.) and enable development of a “single flow of public procurement data”. The Brittany Region is already very much committed to this aim and provides a useful testing ground for implementation of this Commitment.
Transparency in public procurement is also an issue as regards the fight against corruption and effectiveness of public action at international level. During the Open Government Partnership World Summit held in Paris in 2016, France undertook to promote transparency in public procurement at international level. It set up the “Contracting 5” (“C5”) alliance with four other countries (Colombia, Mexico, the United Kingdom and Ukraine), with the Open Contracting Partnership’s support. C5 aims to share tools and best practices on the subject and develop the international “open contracting data standard”. France will be chairing C5 as from January 2018.
Complete transparency in public procurement cannot be achieved, however, without an ambitious training and simplification plan.3 This being so, development of a policy ensuring support to and training of those involved in digital transformation of public procurement is in the pipeline.4 Similarly, simplification of procedures, of publication of national opinions in particular, and of processes, through their standardisation and interoperability, etc., is a major work focus.
The road map in detail


Designing a “single flow” of procurement contract data March 2017 to September 2018
  • Making the “contract flow” available on data.gouv.fr April 2018
  • Working on the scope of data incorporated into the “contract flow” in order to go beyond the “essential data” provided for by the Decree.
  • Such data may be identified in cooperation with the players concerned, through organisation of Open Labs with developers, public purchasers, software publishers, etc. An initial Open Lab was held on 25 September 2017. 2nd open lab S1 2018
    On going work until end 2019
  • Developing and implementing innovative uses of public procurement data at public procurement observatories in the 2 “testing grounds”: Brittany and Occitania End 2018
  • Disseminating these practices across other territories: involvement of other territories in experiments underway and publication of their data in the same format From January 2018
  • Disseminatingstandardsamongtheinternationalcommunityvia Contracting 5 From January 2018
  • Incorporating more countries into Contracting 5 and promoting use of international standards in those countries Early 2018
  • Developing a policy ensuring support for and training of those involved in digital transformation of public procurement 2020


  • Lead Institution: Ministry of Economy and Finance, Secretary of State responsible for Digital Technology


    Support Institution: Regional Council and General Secretary for Regional Affairs (SGAR) of Brittany, City of Rennes, Burgundy-Franche-Comté Region

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    From the IRM Review

     

    Overview

    Design

    Specificity

    Not Reviewed
    None
    Low
    Medium
    High

    Relevant to OGP values

    Potential Impact

    Not Reviewed
    None
    Unclear
    Minor
    Moderate
    Transformative

    Implementation

    Completion at Midterm

    Not Reviewed
    Unclear
    Not Started
    Limited
    Substantial
    Complete

    Completion at End of Term

    Not Reviewed
    Unclear
    Not Started
    Limited
    Substantial
    Complete

    Results

    Did it Open Government?

    Worsened
    Did Not Change
    Minor
    Major
    Outstanding


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