Commitments

03.2 Improving Local Level Safety

Country: Czech Republic
Action Plan: Czech Republic Action Plan 2016-2018
IRM Report: Czech Republic Mid-Term Report 2016-2018 (Year 1)
Year Action Plan: 2016
 |  End Date: 12/31/2018

From the Action Plan

 
3.2 Improving Local Level Safety

STATE AND DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED BY MAKING THE COMMITMENT The MI has been carrying out the subsidy Crime Prevention Programme focused on supporting preventive projects of municipalities and regions which concentrate on situational prevention, social prevention, victimization prevention, and recidivism prevention for a long time. In 2015 the MI also established the subsidy programme Security Volunteer (Bezpečnostní dobrovolník) that helps to increase public integrity and develops and supports civic society by engaging local citizens in preventative activities. Crime prevention at the local level is however more difficult because there is no uniform platform providing information about criminality at the local level. MAIN OBJECTIVE Implement projects at the local level based on a careful analysis of the safety situation in the place concerned and provide access to information on criminality at the local level. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF COMMITMENT The projects, supported by the subsidy programme Crime Prevention, are based on a careful analysis of the safety situation in the place concerned, are coordinated by professional crime prevention managers, and are implemented together with other crime prevention entities in the majority of cases. The aim of creating a crime information sharing platform at the local level is to give self-governments as well as citizens of the Czech Republic access to more detailed information about criminality (crimes and offences if need be) to raise their awareness of the safety information about where they reside, work etc. so that they can engage more in the subsequent co-creation of safer localities. The task includes setting rules for sharing and publishing information about criminality (to prevent the secondary victimisation of victims, to ensure that information is accurate, objective and undistorted and cannot be misused, etc.) and protection of personal and sensitive data. Based on this it will be possible to create and give access to tools that will allow self-governments and the public share and access information, including feedback to security forces. The Security Volunteer subsidy programme for municipalities does not set exact crime prevention goals in advance but emphasises the initiative and creativity of applicants (within the specified legal framework). The programme supports the engagement of the public in ensuring public order at the local level. The purpose of the programme is to accommodate civic society initiatives and help municipalities create conditions for their citizens to volunteer, what contributes to the enhancement of life in the municipality.

Lead Institution: Ministry of the Interior


Support Institution: Non-profit organizations and municipalities

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From the IRM Review

 

Year IRM Progress Report Published: 2018

4.3.2 Improving Local Level Safety

Commitment Text:

The ministry of the interior has been carrying out the subsidy Crime Prevention Programme focused on supporting preventive projects of municipalities and regions which concentrate on situational prevention, social prevention, victimization prevention, and recidivism prevention for a long time. In 2015 the ministry also established the subsidy programme Security Volunteer that helps to increase public integrity and develops and supports civic society by engaging local citizens in preventative activities. Crime prevention at the local level is however more difficult because there is no uniform platform providing information about criminality at the local level.

Main objective: Implement projects at the local level based on a careful analysis of the safety situation in the place concerned and provide access to information on criminality at the local level. The projects, supported by the subsidy programme Crime Prevention, are based on a careful analysis of the safety situation in the place concerned, are coordinated by professional crime prevention managers, and are implemented together with other crime prevention entities in the majority of cases. The aim of creating a crime information sharing platform at the local level is to give self-governments as well as citizens of the Czech Republic access to more detailed information about criminality (crimes and offences if need be) to raise their awareness of the safety information about where they reside, work etc. so that they can engage more in the subsequent co-creation of safer localities. The task includes setting rules for sharing and publishing information about criminality (to prevent the secondary victimisation of victims, to ensure that information is accurate, objective and undistorted and cannot be misused, etc.) and protection of personal and sensitive data. Based on this it will be possible to create and give access to tools that will allow self-governments and the public share and access information, including feedback to security forces.

The aim of the commitment is better knowledge of self-governments and citizens of criminality and related phenomena and their better engagement and cooperation with the security forces not only in reducing hidden criminality but also in finding particular offenders and generally in preventing criminality and improving the safety of the community concerned. Better engagement and cooperation should also result in the long-term development of safety and crime prevention voluntary activities.

Milestones:

1. Determination of rules for sharing and publishing information about criminality so that it does not contribute to the secondary victimization of victims.

2. Possibility of concluding contracts for sharing information about criminality with self-governments according to the set rules

3. Putting a crime information publishing platform into operation

4. Executing subsidy safety and crime prevention procedures

Responsible institution: Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic

Supporting institution(s): N/A

Start date: 30 June 2016                                                           End date: 31 December 2018

 

Commitment Overview

Specificity

OGP Value Relevance

Potential Impact

On Time?

Completion

None

Low

Medium

High

Access to Information

Civic Participation

Public Accountability

Tech. and Innov. for Transparency and Accountability

None

Minor

Moderate

Transformative

 

Not Started

Limited

Substantial

Complete

Overall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

Context and Objectives

The commitment addresses local crime prevention through state-subsidized projects and access to crime statistics via a central online platform. Unlike many other countries, the Czech Republic does not have a detailed, user-friendly crime map centrally managed by state bodies and accessible to the public. However, the Czech policeforce manages aggregated crime statistics on its online portal.[Note129: Police of Czech Republic, 'Statistiky trestne cinnosti' (13 Sept. 2012), http://www.policie.cz/clanek/statistiky-trestne-cinnosti.aspx.]

While police data used to be dispersed across 86 different Excel tables, the police consolidated the data in one database in 2016.[Note130: Otevrena spolecnost, “About the project,” http://www.mapakriminality.cz/o-aplikaci/#oAplikaciUzivatele.] Otevrena Spolecnost, an NGO, uses this data for its crime index and map.[Note131: Id.] Local crime maps exist in several smaller cities where the Police of the Czech Republic and metropolitan police provide input to official municipal crime maps available on local government websites.[Note132: Safe Pribram, “Mapy kriminality a prestupku” (2017), http://www.bezpecnapribram.cz/218-mapy-kriminality; Safe Kolin, 'Mapy kriminality a vyvoj kriminality ve meste Kolin' (Jul. 2018), www.bezpecnykolin.cz/mapy-kriminality.] However, access to crime information has been contested in the country. The Ministry of the Interior and the police were in civil litigation with the journalist, Jan Cibulka, from Czech Radio over access to crime information. In May 2017, the Municipal Court in Prague ruled in favor of the journalist and ordered the Police of the Czech Republic and Ministry of Interior to release data on territorial distribution of police districts and stations in an electronic version.[Note133: Jan Cibulka, “Vymluva na autorsky zakon neobstala, policie musi zverejnit mapu policejnich okrsku” (iRozhlas, 18 May 2017), https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-domov/vymluva-na-autorsky-zakon-neobstala-policie-musi-zverejnit-mapu-policejnich_1705180725_cib.] It is an important dataset for achieving accurate crime maps. Consequently, the Ministry of the Interior calculated the cost of providing the requested data at CZK 25 million (EUR 1 million).[Note134: Dominika Pihova, “Vnitro potvrdilo castku 25 milionu za data o kriminalite. Spor se zrejme potahne roky,” (iRozhlas, 11 Oct. 2016), https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-z-domova/vnitro-potvrdilo-castku-25-milionu-za-data-o-kriminalite-spor-se-zrejme-potahne_1610111053_dp.]  The amount was challenged by the journalist and litigation is ongoing.

The objective of the commitment is to launch a unified online platform providing crime information via “Maps of the Future II.” The project should provide an assessment of what data and information on crimes the police can provide for the new platform and set the rules, including contractual relations with municipalities and local administrative bodies, for sharing and publishing the respective data. A civil servant responsible for the project mentioned that a new information system should be user-friendly for the public and local administrations to encourage feedback and co-creation of the map. At the same time, there is a lack of information on the activities carried out by the Police of the Czech Republic (the administrator of the input data), the Ministry of the Interior, as well as the specific parameters of the map and its statistics. A civil society representative points out there is no guarantee that such a map would contain more than basic statistics. Furthermore, the “value add” to the existing Otevrena Spolecnost project is unclear and there is no cooperation with the civil society sector on how to synergize and complement the two platforms.

The second objective of the commitment is to support crime prevention via three grant programmes. Two of these programs fund local administration bodies, municipalities, and regional administrations for local crime prevention and volunteer security forces. The third program funds corruption prevention implemented by CSOs and other nonprofit entities (i.e., foundations, churches). Projects funded from the first two grants support preventive measures but can also facilitate dialogue between citizens and local and regional administration bodies and municipalities. However, the Ministry of the Interior neither requires public consultations during the project's implementation, nor are citizen consultations part of the needs assessment for the grant application. The corruption prevention projects[Note135: The list of beneficiaries can be found here: http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/prehled-zadosti-o-podporu-z-dotacniho-programu-prevence-korupcniho-jednani-v-roce-2016.aspx.] often provide legal consultation for potential whistleblowers and aim to motivate citizens in anticorruption efforts. The government has actively conducted these projects with the Ministry of the Interior acting as a donor, however the projects are neither linked to OGP priorities nor bear relevance to OGP values within Milestone 4 without a stronger government role. For these reasons, the commitment´s potential impact is considered minor. In addition, the commitment and milestones do not contain specific benchmarks but rather general indicators that cannot be checked against the performance; for this reason the commitment has low specificity.

Completion

Completion of this commitment is limited. Milestones 1, 2, and 3 were postponed due to a delay in preparations for “Maps of the Future II.” The Ministry of the Interior cooperates on preparations for the Maps of the Future II project proposal with the Police of the Czech Republic. The police requested a budgetary transfer to cover the personnel costs for employees working on the project. Due to this reason, “Maps of the Future II” will not start earlier than the beginning of 2018. The first three milestones' end dates shifted to September 2018, December 2018, and December 2019 respectively. Under Milestone 4, all three subsidy programs were implemented on time and the list of beneficiaries for 2016 and 2017 is available online.[Note136: The list of beneficiaries of the programme on criminality prevention at local level can be found here: http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/vysledky-programu-prevence-kriminality-na-mistni-urovni-na-rok-2017.aspx. The list of beneficiaries of the Security Volunteer programme can be found here: http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/bezpecnostni-dobrovolnik.aspx. The list of beneficiaries of  the corruption prevention programme can be found here: http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/dotacni-program-prevence-korupcniho-jednani.aspx.]

Next Steps

The unified online platform providing information on crime statistics could be carried forward  in the next action plan, however, only if the following recommendations are taken on board:

·       Consult and include civil society in the preparation and implementation of the platform within “Maps of the Future II;”

·       Clearly state what criteria and datasets should be published; and

·       Complement the existing Otevrena map and discuss synergies of the two platforms.

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Overview

Design

Specificity

Not Reviewed
None
Low
Medium
High

Relevant to OGP values

Potential Impact

Not Reviewed
None
Unclear
Minor
Moderate
Transformative

Implementation

Completion at Midterm

Not Reviewed
Unclear
Not Started
Limited
Substantial
Complete

Completion at End of Term

Not Reviewed
Unclear
Not Started
Limited
Substantial
Complete

Results

Did it Open Government?

Worsened
Did Not Change
Minor
Major
Outstanding


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