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Nigeria

Coordination des activités anti-corruption (NG0009)

Présentation

D'un coup d'œil

Plan d'action: Plan d'action national du Nigeria 2017-2019

Cycle du plan d'action: 2017

Statut: inactif

Institutions

Institution chef de file: Ministère fédéral de la justice

Institution (s) de soutien: ministère de l'Information et de la Culture, agence nationale d'orientation, commission des délits économiques et financiers, bureau du code de conduite, commission des pratiques de corruption indépendantes et autres infractions connexes, ministère de la Jeunesse et du Développement sportif, ministère de la Communication, ministère de la Science et Technologie, Fédération de football du Nigeria. Public Ce que vous payez, Centre africain pour le leadership, la stratégie et le développement, Digital Forensics, PGL, Réseau africain pour la justice économique et environnementale, Coalition pour la liberté de l'information, Réseau mondial pour les cyber solutions, Association des avocats du sport, Barreau du Nigéria, WANGONeT, Travail nigérian Congrès, Conseil pour la réglementation de l'ingénierie au Nigéria, MSME-ASI, Association des comptables nationaux du Nigéria, Open Judiciary Institute, Institut d'éthique et de conformité, Organismes / religions interreligieux, Association chrétienne du Nigéria, Conseil des Ulamahs, autres sports Les associations

Domaines politiques

Institutions anti-corruption, Education, Industries d'extraction, Santé, Infrastructure et transport, Législation & Régulation, Secteur privé, Participation du public, Protections des dénonciateurs

Revue IRM

Rapport IRM: Nigeria Design Report 2017-2019

En vedette: en attente de révision IRM

Premiers résultats: examen IRM en attente

Conception i

Vérifiable: oui

Relatif aux valeurs du PGO: accès à l'information, participation civique, responsabilité publique, technologie

Impact potentiel:

Exécution i

Achèvement: examen IRM en attente

Description

Cet engagement consiste à prendre un large éventail de mesures qui changeront la culture de la corruption et créeront un environnement propice à la construction de l'intégrité institutionnelle au Nigeria.

Résumé du statut à mi-parcours de l'IRM

9: Commit to taking appropriate action to co-ordinate anti-corruption activities; improve integrity, transparency and accountability

Langue de l'engagement telle qu'elle apparaît dans le plan d'action:

“This commitment is to take a wide range of actions that will change the culture of corruption and create the enabling environment for building institutional integrity in Nigeria.”

Jalons:

9.1. To set up a cabinet to co-ordinate anti-corruption efforts of government and provide national accountability on the implementation of anti-corruption strategy.

9.2. To join the International Sports Integrity Partnership.

9.3. To launch a Practitioner Partnership on Institutional Integrity in the Public and Private Sector with special emphasis on the extractives, health, education, professional bodies, anti-corruption institutions and infrastructure development.

9.4. To adopt the National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS), working closely with CSOs.

9.5. To create an innovation hub that will facilitate the update of new approaches and technologies to tackle corruption and improve access to information.

9.6. Introduction and passage of the Whistleblower Act.

Date de début: Janvier 2017 Date de fin: Juin 2019

Le plan d'action est disponible ici:

Contexte et objectifs

This commitment brings together a wide-ranging set of milestones that address corruption, which remains widespread in Nigeria.

The country has consistently ranked poorly on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index—ranking 136 out of 176 countries in 2016, and 148 in 2017. 105 A 2017 Afrobarometer survey found that although many Nigerians believe the government is doing “fairly well” or “very well” in fighting corruption, public perception of corruption is still high for police officers, National Assembly members, and local government councilors. 106 Between 2015 and 2016, almost a third of Nigerian adults paid bribes when in contact with public officials, almost one bribe was paid by every adult Nigerian per year, and roughly 400 billion Nigerian Naira was spent on bribes each year. 107 There is little or no transparency or accountability in sports, leading to allegations of corruption. 108 For example, in 2016, the Super Falcons (the female national football team) staged open protests against the Nigerian Football Federation (NFF) for denying them their allowances after they won the Nations Cup in Cameroon. 109 In December 2016, the International Football Federation suspended its development grant to the NFF claiming that the organization could not account for an earlier grant of $1.1 million. 110

A variety of actions under Commitment 9 were initiated prior to the commitment period. For example, regarding Milestones 9.1. and 9.4, there have been various efforts over a decade to develop a Nigerian national anticorruption plan. Between 2009 and 2016, no less than three draft national anticorruption plans or strategies were formulated. 111 Launching a Practitioner Partnership on Institutional Integrity (Milestone 9.3) derives from commitments made by Nigeria and the United Kingdom during the 2016 Anti-Corruption Conference. 112

Between 2008 and 2009, various whistleblower protection bills (Milestone 9.6) were developed, 113 but at the time of this report, there is still no law that establishes a comprehensive framework for whistleblower protection in Nigeria. 114 A Whistle Blower Protection Bill, 2017 [HB. 17.06. 1073] is being processed before the National Assembly. 115 At the time of this report, only public officers are protected against civil or criminal proceedings for the disclosure of information in good faith under section 27 of the Freedom of Information Act, 2011. 116

In 2016, the Federal Ministry of Finance introduced a whistleblowing policy, designed to encourage anyone with information about a violation of financial regulations, mismanagement of public funds and assets, financial malpractice, fraud, or theft to submit such information to the authorities. 117 Information can be submitted via the FMF-Whistle, a secure online portal, 118 which also permits the person disclosing the information to check the status of reported matters. 119

This commitment is relevant to all three OGP core values. The innovation hub under Milestone 9.5 can improve access to information on Nigeria’s anticorruption efforts, while Milestone 9.4 calls for working closely with civil society in adopting the NACS and thus is relevant to civic participation. Additionally, passing the long-awaited Whistleblower Protection Act is relevant to public accountability. The commitment also addresses the OGP value of technology and innovation for transparency and accountability via Milestone 9.5.

The activities are mostly verifiable. Verifiable milestones included setting up the anticorruption cabinet and joining the ISIP. Milestone 9.4, however, does not explain how civil society will be consulted in developing the NACS, nor how their input will be incorporated and there is little detail provided for the innovation hub (Milestone 9.5).

This commitment has a moderate potential impact on addressing corruption in Nigeria. The mere finalization and adoption of a national anticorruption strategy will be a major step forward, as no previous anticorruption strategy reached this stage. The proposed NACS is also comprehensive and calls for civil society support to cement the Nigerian government’s commitment to tackle corruption and close gaps in existing initiatives. The NACS is based on corruption prevention, enforcement and sanctions, public engagement, a campaign for ethical reorientation, and recovery of stolen assets. 120

Practitioner partnerships for institutional integrity are located within the United Kingdom’s new international program aimed at eliminating corruption and strengthening government integrity. 121 Based on development economist Paul Collier’s notion of “twinning,” the program seeks countries to share high professional standards and best practices in taxes, budgets, natural resource management and accounting.

If successful, the partnership between Nigeria and the UK will strengthen government capacity in the areas listed in Milestone 9.3.

According to Barbara Maigari, Program Manager of Partners West Africa (PWA), joining the International Sports Integrity Partnership (Milestone 9.2) 122 could prevent corruption in sports, therefore protecting its integrity and encouraging investments in Nigerian sports. 123 ISIP members are required to improve information-sharing between international sports organizations and law enforcement; take legislative or other measures to combat practices such as match-fixing, illegal betting, and doping; and enact whistleblower protection.

Adopting the Whistleblower Act (Milestone 9.6) will make the principles and mechanisms set out in the 2017 bill binding. 124 These include immunity for protected disclosures (extending to immunity from civil or criminal liability alongside protection from disciplinary actions, loss of employment, or termination of services), 125 and compensation for victimization of whistleblowers. 126

Prochaines étapes

Les engagements futurs dans ce domaine devraient comprendre:

  • Narrowing down the scope of the commitment to the groups that are specifically perceived as corrupt (police officers, National Assembly members, and local government councilors);
  • Tailoring milestones to address corruption in these sectors; and
  • Including civil society in developing the NACS and report how their input influences the final strategy.
105 Transparency International, “Corruption Perception Index 2017” (21 Feb. 2018), https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017.
106 Oluwole Ojewale and Josephine Appiah-Nyamekye, “In Nigeria, perceived corruption remains high despite praise for president’s anti-graft fight” Dispatch No. 187 (Afrobarometer 8 Feb. 2018), http://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/publications/Dispatches/ab_r7_dispatchno187_corruption_in_nigeria_1.pdf.
107 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and Nigerian National Bureau of Statistics, Corruption in Nigeria, Bribery: Public experience and response (Jul. 2017), https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Crime-statistics/Nigeria/Corruption_Nigeria_2017_07_31_web.pdf.
108 Barbara Maigari (program manager, PWA), interview by IRM researcher, 5 Mar. 2019.
109 Punch, “Taint of Corruption in Nigerian Football” (21 Mar. 2017), https://punchng.com/taint-of-corruption-in-nigerian-football/.
110 Id.
111 In 2015, President Buhari prepared a draft National Anti-Corruption Plan (NACP). The NACP was based on an earlier draft National Strategy to Combat Corruption developed between 2009 and 2011 by a public sector Inter-Agency Task Team under the auspices of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption. President Buhari established a Presidential Advisory Committee Against Corruption in August 2015 to finalize the NACP in collaboration with all relevant stakeholders, including CSOs. A consultative NACP was submitted to the Attorney-General in November 2015, but in December 2016, yet another anticorruption document was put forward by the Federal Ministry of Justice. Fatima Waziri-Azi, “An evaluation of the Nigerian national anti-corruption strategy” European Journal of Research in Social Sciences 5 no. 5 (2017) 1, 3 – 4.
112 The establishment of Practitioner Partnerships on Institutional Integrity with various countries is part of the United Kingdom’s cross-government 2016 Anti-Corruption Strategy. “Anti-Corruption Summit, London, 2016, UK Country Statement,” https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/522749/United_Kingdom.pdf.
113 Ibrahim Sule, “Whistleblowers’ protection legislation: In search for a model for Nigeria” Nigerian Journal of Law Practice and Procedure of Legislature (2009), http://www.ippa.org/IPPC4/Proceedings/18TransparencyAccountabilityinProcurement/Paper18-8.pdf; a Whistleblower Protection Bill [SB233] is also available on the website of the Nigerian National Assembly, voir http://www.nassnig.org/document/download/1343.
114 NaijaLegalTalk, “An appraisal of the whistle-blowing policy in Nigeria” (9May 2017), https://naijalegaltalkng.com/article/other-important-legal-info/287-an-appraisal-of-the-whistleblowing-policy-in-nigeria.
116 Freedom of Information (FOA) Act, 2011 § 27 https://www.cbn.gov.ng/FOI/Freedom%20Of%20Information%20Act.pdf.
117 Federal Ministry of Finance, Nigeria, “FMF Whistle Blowing – Frequently Asked Questions”, “http://whistle.finance.gov.ng/_catalogs/masterpage/MOFWhistle/assets/FMF%20WHISTLEBLOWING%20FREQUENTLY%20ASKED%20QUESTIONS.pdf.
119 Federal Ministry of Finance, Nigeria “FMF Whistle Blowing – Frequently Asked Questions”, “http://whistle.finance.gov.ng/_catalogs/masterpage/MOFWhistle/assets/FMF%20WHISTLEBLOWING%20FREQUENTLY%20ASKED%20QUESTIONS.pdf.
120 Omole Temitope Alice, “Highlights of the National Anti-corruption Strategy (NACS) for Nigeria” (Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies), http://nials.edu.ng/index.php/2015-12-10-16-05-04/seminar/282-a-highlight-of-the-national-anti-corruption-strategy-nacs-for-nigeria.
121 UK Government, “UK to lead global partnerships to tackle corruption” (12 May 2016), https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-to-lead-global-partnerships-to-tackle-corruption.
122 The ISIP, launched in 2017, is an initiative to support and strengthen efforts to implement high standards of transparency and good governance to eliminate corruption in sports. Voir http://ukanticorruptionpledgetracker.org/pledges/sports/.
123 Maigari, interview.
124 Id.
125 Whistleblower Protection Bill, 2017 §23.
126 Id. §26.

Engagements

  1. Budgets participatifs

    NG0015, 2019, audits et contrôles

  2. Mettre en œuvre l'Open Contracting et l'Open Contracting Data Standard

    NG0016, 2019, propriété effective

  3. Déclaration transparente des revenus fiscaux

    NG0017, 2019, Législation et Réglementation

  4. Contrats ouverts et licences dans les industries extractives

    NG0018, 2019, gouvernement électronique

  5. Mettre en œuvre la norme ITIE

    NG0019, 2019, audits et contrôles

  6. Établir un registre de propriété véritable

    NG0020, 2019, propriété effective

  7. Renforcer la législation sur le recouvrement d'avoirs

    NG0021, 2019, Institutions anti-corruption

  8. Mettre en œuvre une stratégie nationale de lutte contre la corruption

    NG0022, 2019, Institutions anti-corruption

  9. Améliorez le respect de la loi sur la liberté de l'information en mettant l'accent sur la gestion des documents

    NG0023, 2019, Renforcement des capacités

  10. Amélioration de la conformité avec l'exigence relative aux dispositions de publication obligatoires (FOIA)

    NG0024, 2019, Renforcement des capacités

  11. Mettre en œuvre un mécanisme de dialogue permanent

    NG0025, 2019, Sexe

  12. Rétroaction globale des citoyens sur les programmes

    NG0026, 2019, gouvernement électronique

  13. Liberté d'association, de réunion et d'expression

    NG0027, 2019, Civic Space

  14. Accroître la participation des personnes vulnérables

    NG0028, 2019, Renforcement des capacités

  15. Mettre en œuvre un nouveau programme informatique dans 6 ministères pour améliorer la prestation de services

    NG0029, 2019, Renforcement des capacités

  16. Instrument juridique pour renforcer SERVICOM

    NG0030, 2019, Législation et Réglementation

  17. Participation citoyenne au cycle budgétaire

    NG0001, 2017, audits et contrôles

  18. Contrats ouverts

    NG0002, 2017, Renforcement des capacités

  19. Transparence du secteur extractif

    NG0003, 2017, propriété effective

  20. Normes de déclaration fiscale

    NG0004, 2017, Transparence fiscale

  21. Indice Doing Business de la Banque mondiale

    NG0005, 2017, Infrastructure et transport

  22. Registre de la propriété bénéficiaire

    NG0006, 2017, propriété effective

  23. Partage d'informations anti-corruption

    NG0007, 2017, Institutions anti-corruption

  24. Législation sur le recouvrement d'avoirs

    NG0008, 2017, Renforcement des capacités

  25. Coordination des activités anti-corruption

    NG0009, 2017, Institutions anti-corruption

  26. Conformité FOIA pour les rapports annuels

    NG0010, 2017, Renforcement des capacités

  27. Conformité FOIA pour la divulgation

    NG0011, 2017, gouvernement électronique

  28. Mécanisme de dialogue permanent

    NG0012, 2017, Transparence fiscale

  29. Examen conjoint de la législation entre la société civile et la société civile

    NG0013, 2017, Surveillance des politiques budgétaires / budgétaires

  30. Commentaires des citoyens basés sur la technologie

    NG0014, 2017, gouvernement électronique

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