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Spain

Sectoral Commision on Open Government (ES0025)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Finance and Civil Service

Support Institution(s): Autonomous Communities, Autonomous Cities and Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Spain Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Ministry Responsible: Ministry of Finance and Civil Service; Other actors: Government: Autonomous Communities, Autonomous Cities and Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces; Status quo or problem to be addressed: Although in recent times strategies have been developed to promote citizen participation rights, transparency, access to information and good governance in the area of the General State Administration, Autonomous Communities, Autonomous Cities and the Local Authorities, so far there has been no cooperative body between the different levels of Public Administration for matters related to the principles of Open Government.; Main objective: Establishment of a stable multi-level administrative network, with representatives from the General State Administration, Autonomous Communities and Autonomous Cities and local entities, for dialogue, participation. The creation of collaborative spaces and multilevel cooperation for the identification of problems and the search for solutions in a collaborative way, for the exchange of experiences and good practices, as well as for the development of joint projects and initiatives on transparency, participation, accountability and other issues of Open Government and those that are oriented to the improvement of public services and the development of citizens' rights, through the training of public employees and civil society education and the monitoring of the implementation of open government plans.; Brief description of the commitment: The aim is to consolidate this intergovernmental body by jointly adopting organizational and operational rules and holding periodic meetings to allow for discussion, exchange of experiences, development and follow-up of joint initiatives, within the framework of inter-administrative cooperation in open government. On March 6, 2017, the Sectorial Commission on Open Government was created, whose functioning is considered appropriate to be promoted as a space for dialogue and ongoing debate among the different public administrations, for the exchange of experiences. Addressed challenge of the OGP by the commitment: Improvement of public services and increase of public integrity.; Relevance: The following principles are strengthened: The participation of the different levels of the administration by having a space for dialogue and exchange of experiences. Aim: The creation and implementation of this Commision is an ambitious challenge that will signify an step in the collaboration between administrations, since there will be a space for exchanging Open Government experiences that will allow for a better understanding of what other administrations do and in what Can improve transparency, participation, collaboration and technological innovation.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

EJE COLABORACIÓN

1.2 Comisión Sectorial

Texto del compromiso como aparece en el plan de acción:

Establecimiento de una red administrativa multinivel estable, con representantes de la Administración General del Estado, de las Comunidades Autónomas y Ciudades Autónomas y de las entidades locales, para el diálogo, la participación…la cooperación multinivel para la identificación de problemas y la búsqueda de soluciones de forma colaborativa, para el intercambio de experiencias y de buenas prácticas, así como para el desarrollo de proyectos e iniciativas conjuntas en materia de transparencia, participación, rendición de cuentas y otros temas de Gobierno Abierto …mejora de los servicios públicos y al desarrollo de los derechos de los ciudadanos.

El objetivo general se desarrolla a través de las siguientes metas o actividades: 1. Constitución la Comisión Sectorial sobre Gobierno Abierto 2. Redacción de borrador de normas de organización y funcionamiento. 3. Aprobación de normas de organización y funcionamiento. 4. Diseño de un sistema de participación que permita la celebración de reuniones e interacción a distancia. 5. Creación de grupos de trabajo. 6. Participación en reuniones del Foro multisectorial sobre Gobierno Abierto. 7. Aprobación de iniciativas conjuntas sobre gobierno abierto. 8. Elaboración y aprobación del informe balance sobre cooperación en Gobierno Abierto.

Fecha de inicio: Julio 2017 Fecha de término: Junio 2019

El texto completo del compromiso se encuentra en Tercer Plan de Acción de Gobierno Abierto 2017-2019 de la Alianza para el Gobierno Abierto, disponible en https://bit.ly/2Wubeyk.

Contexto y objetivos

Objetivo general y relevancia

El presente compromiso se orienta a institucionalizar una instancia de interlocución y coordinación en materia de gobierno abierto entre las distintas administraciones del Estado: central o Administración General del Estado (AGE), administraciones autonómicas y locales. Desde la perspectiva del Gobierno, la creación de un espacio para la coordinación entre las distintas administraciones territoriales en temáticas clave para el gobierno abierto constituye una iniciativa ambiciosa. El fin de tal cometido es fomentar la comunicación y coordinación necesarias para lograr la consolidación de una estrategia nacional coherente, inclusiva y respetuosa con nuestro universo territorial.

Para lograr estos fines, este compromiso busca:

  1. a) Constituir la Comisión Sectorial sobre Gobierno Abierto;

b/c) Consensuar y aprobar unas normas de organización y funcionamiento propias de la Comisión;

  1. d) Diseñar un sistema de participación que permita la celebración de reuniones e interacción a distancia;
  2. e) Creación de grupos de trabajo sobre los ejes temáticos del tercer plan de acción

f/g) Participar en reuniones del Foro multisectorial de Gobierno Abierto a fin de aprobar iniciativas conjuntas sobre gobierno abierto;

  1. h) Elaborar y aprobar el informe balance sobre cooperación en Gobierno Abierto.

Si bien se trata de una propuesta necesaria para la coordinación de las políticas de gobierno abierto entre los distintos niveles de Gobierno, no resulta clara su relevancia para los valores de gobierno abierto, tal y como están identificados en la metodología de OGP. A pesar de que la puesta en marcha de la Comisión Sectorial de Gobierno Abierto muy probablemente coadyuvará al avance del derecho de acceso a la información, la participación ciudadana y la rendición de cuentas, se trata de una medida orientada a la coordinación interadministrativa sin actividades de cara al público. Por ende, no toma en consideración la interacción con actores no gubernamentales ni busca crear mecanismos de obliguen al Gobierno a responder ante críticas de la ciudadanía para impulsar la rendición de cuentas, elementos imprescindibles en la configuración de las políticas de gobierno abierto.

No obstante, se trata de un espacio esencial para la interlocución y coordinación interterritorial, que necesariamente tiene que vincularse con espacios decisorios de primer nivel político. Según expresa una de las representantes autonómicas entrevistadas: “Llevamos tiempo solicitando una reunión de alto nivel para planificar la estrategia país de España en coordinación con las comunidades autónomas, para definir qué acciones podemos llevar en conjunto y qué recursos va a destinar el Estado” en materia de gobierno abierto [4].

Verificabilidad e impacto potencial

Tal como está redactado, el presente compromiso es valorado como suficientemente específico para ser verificable. Sus ocho metas suponen la realización de actividades comprobables a través de la documentación publicada de sus sesiones, así como por las experiencias contrastadas con sus participantes, por ejemplo: aprobación de las normas de organización y funcionamiento de la Comisión, diseño de un sistema de participación y creación de grupos de trabajo.

En cuanto a su impacto potencial, podría ser más significativo respecto del cambio en la práctica gubernamental, si dicha instancia de interlocución y coordinación tuviera atribuidas mayores competencias decisorias en tanto que órgano colegiado interterritorial. Sin embargo, según se deduce del texto del compromiso, sus competencias aparentemente se limitan al debate, intercambio de experiencias y desarrollo y seguimiento de iniciativas conjuntas entre entidades gubernamentales (competencias preestablecidas para los órganos de cooperación conforme a lo dispuesto en la ley 40/2015 de régimen jurídico de las Administraciones Públicas). Teniendo en cuenta la existencia de una red consolidada entre las comunidades autónomas (la Red Autonómica de Participación Ciudadana) en la que se abordan de manera conjunta los ejes del gobierno abierto, así como la Conferencia Sectorial de la Administración pública, la implementación del compromiso es susceptible de tener un impacto potencial moderado en la coordinación entre niveles de Gobierno.

Siguientes pasos

Teniendo en cuenta las redes de coordinación y participación mencionadas y que el compromiso no es relevante de forma directa para los valores del gobierno abierto tal y como está diseñado, la investigadora del IRM sugiere no incluir este compromiso en el siguiente plan de acción. Sin embargo, podrían considerar acciones que:

  • Conecten a la Comisión Sectorial de Gobierno Abierto con la Red Autonómica de Participación Ciudadana, posibilitando encuentros conjuntos que armonicen las posiciones respecto a temáticas concretas dentro de los principios del gobierno abierto, como para nutrirse de la experiencia de la red autonómica y aplicar los aprendizajes generados por esta a la reciente Comisión Sectorial de Gobierno Abierto.
  • Aprovechen el respaldo político de nivel ministerial otorgado a la Conferencia Sectorial de Administración Pública [5], para trasladar la toma de decisiones de aquellas medidas debatidas en la Comisión Sectorial de Gobierno Abierto a éste órgano, dotando de estabilidad y vinculando la coordinación interterritorial en materia de gobierno abierto, aspirando de esta forma a la configuración de una estrategia coordinada en materia de gobierno abierto, entre los distintos niveles de Gobierno.
[4] Aitana Mas (Directora General de Transparencia y Participación, Generalitat Valenciana), entrevista de la investigadora del IRM, enero de 2019.
[5] La Conferencia Sectorial de Administración Pública es el órgano de cooperación interterritorial en materia de administración pública entre los tres niveles de Gobierno (estatal, autonómico y local). Su Reglamento de organización se aprobó en octubre de 2018 y dota a este organismo de competencias para el estudio, análisis y propuesta de medidas, estrategias, objetivos y directrices sobre materias relacionadas con las Administraciones Públicas: empleo público y formación de los empleados públicos, administración digital, organización administrativa y procedimientos y simplificación de cargas administrativas. Como novedad relevante, dicho reglamento introduce las materias de gobierno abierto como competencia propia de la Conferencia Sectorial: https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2018-15724 https://administracionelectronica.gob.es/pae_Home/pae_Organizacion/ambito-nacional.html#.XMGXs7tR02w

Commitments

  1. Reform laws related to transparency and access to information

    ES0044, 2020, Access to Information

  2. Establish transparency certification system for public and private institutions

    ES0045, 2020, E-Government

  3. Improve central government's transparency website

    ES0046, 2020, E-Government

  4. Incorporate EU direction on open public sector data

    ES0047, 2020, Access to Information

  5. Increase publication of budget and public contracting information

    ES0048, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  6. Open data related to training of civil servants

    ES0049, 2020, Access to Information

  7. Improve access to information in Business Registry

    ES0050, 2020, E-Government

  8. Promote citizen participation in public affairs

    ES0051, 2020, Capacity Building

  9. Improve traceability of regulatory draft and approval processes

    ES0052, 2020, Capacity Building

  10. Diagnose and strengthen public integrity systems

    ES0053, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  11. Establish law regarding lobbying transparency

    ES0054, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  12. Reform law regarding conflicts of interest

    ES0055, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  13. Identify and encourage ethical uses of artificial intelligence within public sector

    ES0056, 2020, Automated Decision-Making

  14. Establish legal whistleblower protections

    ES0057, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  15. Provide open government training to public

    ES0058, 2020, Capacity Building

  16. Prepare guide on open government

    ES0059, 2020, Sustainable Development Goals

  17. Provide professional training and materials for women in rural communities

    ES0060, 2020, Capacity Building

  18. Implement and evaluate open government training for civil servants

    ES0061, 2020, Capacity Building

  19. Disseminate information and raise awareness of open government principles

    ES0062, 2020, E-Government

  20. Promote research on open government principles

    ES0065, 2020, Capacity Building

  21. Disseminate research on open government principles

    ES0066, 2020, E-Government

  22. Observatory of Open Government

    ES0067, 2020, E-Government

  23. Create Observatory of best open government practices in Spain

    ES0068, 2020, E-Government

  24. Creation of a Committee of Patients and Users

    ES0069, 2020, Health

  25. Incorporate patient associations in developing Clinical Practise Guides

    ES0070, 2020, Health

  26. Incorporate patient associations in new working groups

    ES0071, 2020, Health

  27. Increase participation of Roma People in health policy

    ES0072, 2020, Health

  28. Prevent and manage health supply problems

    ES0073, 2020, Health

  29. Publish data regarding adverse reactions to medications

    ES0074, 2020, E-Government

  30. Publish open data for the Spanish Tourism Quality System

    ES0075, 2020, Access to Information

  31. Extend access to digital infrastructure

    ES0076, 2020, Infrastructure & Transport

  32. Promote integration of open geographic data

    ES0077, 2020, Access to Information

  33. Publish significant data regarding housing sector

    ES0078, 2020, E-Government

  34. Promote citizen participation in debating the Safe, Sustainable and Connected Mobility Strategy

    ES0079, 2020, E-Government

  35. Create website for open climate data

    ES0080, 2020, Access to Information

  36. Create Open Registry of Climate Information of Spain (RAICES)

    ES0081, 2020, Access to Information

  37. Regulate citizen collaboration on meterology

    ES0082, 2020, Environment and Climate

  38. Facilitate public participation in marine NATURA 2000 NETWORK

    ES0083, 2020, Environment and Climate

  39. Open participation process regarding MeteoAlerta plan

    ES0084, 2020, Environment and Climate

  40. Modify decree on State Council for the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity

    ES0085, 2020, Environment and Climate

  41. Establish mechanisms to reconsider coastal governance

    ES0086, 2020, Environment and Climate

  42. Increase public participation in coastal protection strategies

    ES0087, 2020, Environment and Climate

  43. Increase access to and comprehension of legal knowledge

    ES0088, 2020, E-Government

  44. Establish channels for citizens to propose research topics to Sociological Research Centre

    ES0089, 2020, Public Participation

  45. Publish information related to financing and performance of science and innovation

    ES0090, 2020, E-Government

  46. Publish information regarding Aneca accreditation process

    ES0091, 2020, Education

  47. Promote participation of university community in regulatory design processes

    ES0092, 2020, E-Government

  48. Publish mandate commitments to allow for social auditing

    ES0093, 2020, E-Government

  49. Encourage citizen participation through online platform

    ES0094, 2020, Capacity Building

  50. Create citizen Monitoring Space for anti-corruption strategy

    ES0095, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  51. Publish open data to promote gender equality policies

    ES0096, 2020, Access to Information

  52. Develop regulation for evaluating public service quality

    ES0097, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  53. Draft Institutional Integrity Framework Programme

    ES0098, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  54. Develop and monitor ICSS platform for citizen feedback and information requests

    ES0099, 2020, Access to Information

  55. Offer electronic administrative services and channels for citizen participation

    ES0100, 2020, E-Government

  56. Improve transparency and accessiblity of open government website

    ES0101, 2020, E-Government

  57. Implement open government training plan for civil servants

    ES0102, 2020, Capacity Building

  58. Publish data on Open Data Website

    ES0103, 2020, Access to Information

  59. Draft Strategic Transparency Plan

    ES0104, 2020, Capacity Building

  60. Draft citizen participation law

    ES0105, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  61. Draft code of ethics for administration

    ES0106, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  62. Improve public access to transparency and open data websites

    ES0107, 2020, Access to Information

  63. Create catalogue of public information for transparency and open data websites

    ES0108, 2020, Access to Information

  64. Strengthen institutional integrity of Murcia region

    ES0109, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  65. Promote youth participation in designing public policies

    ES0110, 2020, E-Government

  66. Preparation and implementation of a Valencian strategy of open data

    ES0111, 2020, Access to Information

  67. Promote citizen participation in developing budgets

    ES0112, 2020, E-Government

  68. Strengthen institutional integrity in Valencia

    ES0113, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  69. Increase citizen participation in designing public services

    ES0114, 2020, Local Commitments

  70. Ensure greater accessibility in participating in public decisions

    ES0115, 2020, E-Government

  71. Improve youth participation in Aragón

    ES0116, 2020, Capacity Building

  72. Increase democratic innovation and participation through LAAAB Space

    ES0117, 2020, E-Government

  73. Improve citizen participation in drafting public policies

    ES0118, 2020, E-Government

  74. Develop transparency training course for civil servants

    ES0119, 2020, Access to Information

  75. Centralize open data catalogues through website

    ES0120, 2020, Access to Information

  76. Create Canary Islands Network of Open Government

    ES0121, 2020, Local Commitments

  77. Publish and encourage use of open data

    ES0122, 2020, Access to Information

  78. Encourage participation of children and teens in Navarra

    ES0123, 2020, Capacity Building

  79. Streamline processing of right to information requests

    ES0124, 2020, Access to Information

  80. Create citizen laboratories for improving public services

    ES0125, 2020, E-Government

  81. Implement electronic processing of conflict of interest reporting

    ES0126, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  82. Open participation channels for citizen evaluation of public services

    ES0127, 2020, Capacity Building

  83. Analyze and simplify regulations on open government

    ES0128, 2020, Local Commitments

  84. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0129, 2020, Capacity Building

  85. Draft and approve law on transparency

    ES0130, 2020, Access to Information

  86. Draft and approve regulations regarding transparency and right to information

    ES0131, 2020, Access to Information

  87. Design online platform for local citizen participation

    ES0132, 2020, E-Government

  88. Design and implement public hearings for matters of general interest

    ES0133, 2020, Local Commitments

  89. Implement indicators to evaluate public policy

    ES0134, 2020, E-Government

  90. Design tools to improve transparency website

    ES0135, 2020, Capacity Building

  91. Ensure clear and transparent communication to citizens

    ES0136, 2020, Capacity Building

  92. Create online catalogue of public information

    ES0137, 2020, E-Government

  93. Draft and approve law on transparency and right to information

    ES0138, 2020, Access to Information

  94. Publish all information related to drafting regulations

    ES0139, 2020, E-Government

  95. Update design of transparency website

    ES0140, 2020, E-Government

  96. Approve regulation related to transparency and open government

    ES0141, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  97. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0142, 2020, Capacity Building

  98. Raise awareness among civil society on participating in transparency efforts

    ES0143, 2020, Local Commitments

  99. Promote commitment of youth in citizen participation

    ES0144, 2020, Fiscal Openness

  100. Create plan to strengthen the Network of Local Entities in Transparency and Participation

    ES0145, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  101. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  102. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  103. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  104. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  105. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  106. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  107. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  108. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  109. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  110. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  111. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  112. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  113. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  114. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  115. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  116. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  117. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  118. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  119. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  120. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  121. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  122. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  123. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  124. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  125. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014, Public Participation

  126. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  127. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  128. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  129. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  130. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  131. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  133. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  134. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  135. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  136. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  137. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  138. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  139. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  140. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  141. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  142. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  143. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Local Commitments

Open Government Partnership