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Bosnia

Institutional Transparency (BA0006)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Bosnia and Herzegovina Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: The Public Administration Reform Coordinator’s Office

Support Institution(s): Council of Ministers of BiH Civil Service Agency of BiH Directorate for European Integration Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina Agency for the Development of Quality of Higher Education and Quality Assurance Agency for the Prevention of Corruption and Coordination of the Fight against Corruption The Institution of Human Rights Ombudsman of BiH All Institutions of the Council of Ministers of BiH

Policy Areas

Capacity Building

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Which public issue will be addressed by this obligation?
According to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index for 2017, Bosnia and Herzegovina is ranked 91st out of a total of 180 countries with a score of 38 on a scale from 0 to 100, which is slightly worse than in the previous 2016. The Strategy for Combating Corruption (2015 - 2019) apostrophes the problem of transparency of institutions in BiH and states that "corruption is also favoured by a general lack of transparency in the work of institutions and insufficient freedom of access to information". Therefore, as some of the specific measures, increasing transparency in decision-making (2.7.1 Strategy) and (9.2.1 Strategy) public in institution work and access to information are mentioned. The level of transparency of the institutions at the level of the Council of Ministers of BiH is low, indicating that the institutions do not proactively publish much information of importance to citizens. The average level of transparency is 34.8 per cent, which means that most institutions do not have any basic information on their web sites about their work, management, structure, responsibilities, budget, programs, etc. - these are the results of research conducted by the Center for Social Research Analitika. Out of 68 institutions, only eight institutions have published more than 50 per cent of the documents/information stipulated by Proactive Transparency Standards. The lack of transparency of institutions in terms of proactive dissemination of information on the websites is also confirmed by the SIGMA 2017 report for BiH and the audit report on the impact of "Transparency of the Work of the Institutions of BiH".

What is the obligation?
The obligation will directly address the above problem, with the aim of increasing the degree of proactive transparency through the following measures:
o advocacy and promotion of proactive publication of information within the civil service
o promotion of proactive publication aimed at the management of institutions
o capacity building of civil servants in the area of proactive transparency
o customer satisfaction survey on proactive transparency
o measuring and tracking progress in the area of proactive transparency.

How will the fulfilment of the obligation contribute to the solving of the public problem?
Proactive disclosure of information will provide transparent insight into the work of institutions and decisions made on behalf of citizens. Access to information is thereby made easier for citizens, where the application on a prescribed form, the knowledge of the legal framework, the waiting or possible payment of access fees are replaced by a proactive approach to the institution and the disclosure of information prior to requesting them. Also, the proactive disclosure of information ensures that the information the institution possesses is accessible to everyone, and not just to applicants. Unless they have the right information, citizens are not able to exercise their rights and access to services provided by the public sector. Access to information is part of the basic tools for monitoring the work of elected officials, as well as for ensuring greater accountability for spending taxpayers money.

Why is this obligation relevant to OGP values?
Increases the transparency of institutions and the participation of citizens in decision-making.

Additional information
The following documents also mention the obligation of proactive disclosure:
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights
• European Good Governance Principles
• Directive on the repeated use of information 2003/98 / EC
• Revised Action Plan 1 of Public Administration Reform
• Anti-Corruption Strategy and Action Plan for the Implementation of the Anti-Corruption Strategy 2015-2019
• Regulations (BiH Public Procurement Law, Administrative Laws, Free Access to Information Law ...)
• Report performance audit on "Transparency of the institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina."

Goals/activities with measurable results:
After the Council of Ministers of BiH adopts the information on the Policy proactive transparency and Standards of proactive transparency of the PARCO and obliges all institutions on the implementation of the conclusion, the degree of fulfilment of standards of proactive transparency in the institutions of BiH is increased.
Capacities of civil servants and heads of institutions of proactive transparency are increased
A mechanism for measuring and researching proactive transparency has been established