Skip Navigation
Brazil

Development of tools for increasing transparency and enhancing Land Governance (BR0045)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil Second Action Plan

Action Plan Cycle: 2013

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Agrarian Development

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Land & Spatial Planning

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil End-of-Term Report 2013-2016

Starred: Yes Starred

Early Results: Outstanding Outstanding

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

to develop the Land Management System (SIGEF) with the aim of integrating information related to the identification, certification and destination of public lands, as well as data on the land occupancy in the country, and on the different government levels and agencies responsible for managing the territory, thus adding to the effective development of a Land Governance Policy. This commitment also aims at ensuring public access to land information and at enhancing the effectiveness of governmental expenditures with the execution of georeferencing on public lands.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 1.9 Development of tools for increasing transparency and enhancing Land Governance (✪)

Commitment Text: To develop the Land Management System (SIGEF) with the aim of integrating information related to the identification, certification and destination of public lands, as well as data on the land occupancy in the country, and on the different government levels and agencies responsible for managing the territory, thus adding to the effective development of a Land Governance Policy. This commitment also aims at ensuring public access to land information and at enhancing the effectiveness of governmental expenditures with the execution of georeferencing on public lands.

Responsible institution: Ministry of Agrarian Development

Supporting institution: None

Start date: Not specified                          End date: 13 December 2013

Editorial note: Commitment 1.9 is measurable, clearly relevant to OGP values, of transformative potential impact and complete. Therefore it is a star commitment.

Commitment aim

The commitment set out to implement geo-referencing services for land data, as well as receive, analyse, and publish geo-referenced territorial parcels. This was to allow citizens and other interested stakeholders to map most of the public and private areas of Brazilian rural lands. Land disputes are a major issue in Brazil, and there are no aggregated public data on rural ownership records. Some land dispute cases are centuries-old, and relate to a host of issues ranging from native population reserved areas to the forced urbanisation of vulnerable groups. They also involve disputes surrounding Quilombola reserved areas — land founded by Quilombolas or runaway slaves of African origin — to which their descendants have a constitutional right. By allowing free access to land records, with the aid of free mapping tools, the commitment had the potential to both improve the transparency of public records and reduce inefficiencies and corruption in public services.

Status

Midterm: Completed

The system was launched in November 2013, and had registered 90 million hectares at the time this report was written. Some of the registered areas include 108,000 parcels that will be subject to land regularisation in the Legal Amazon, an area corresponding to 8 million hectares.

The tool allows citizens to consult and download individual catalogued data concerning parcels of land, requirements, certifications, and statistics on the total land parcels certified by the state. Finally, citizens can access data on rural property boundaries and service contracts for geo-referencing land data.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Outstanding

The policy area of this commitment is extremely important. According to government data, there are more than 50 million hectares of unallocated federal lands,[Note 22: SIGEF Presentation, Ministry of Agrarian Development, 2013, http://goo.gl/Wx96dC. ] much of which is subject to environmental crime, unclear territorial rights, and episodes of violence and insecurity.[Note 23: Renata Mendonça, “Pelo 4º ano seguido, Brasil lidera ranking de violência no campo,” BBC Brasil, 20 April 2015, http://goo.gl/ZGxJ3U.] The new tool transformed the previous scenario in which land governance was managed via controlled government databases in electronic spreadsheets. Previously, the certification process of these databases took an average of two and a half years, but now it is systematic and occurs in real time. Moreover, the processed information and partial procedures are open, downloadable, and designed for easy visualisation by citizens. With the information now public, citizens can immediately check if their land and statutory records match, or if part of their land is claimed by others. It is also possible to identify unregistered areas, and to check whether land advertisements are accurate.

The online system has already shown promising results. Since its launch in 2013, the number of land certifications has increased dramatically. According to government figures, the number of certified plots jumped from 9,029 in 2012 to 27,893 in 2013 to 83,646 in 2015.[Note 24: Richard Torsiano, “Georeferencing and the Land Management System – SIGEF,” 28-30 April 2016,  http://irib.org.br/files/palestra/35-regional-06.pdf. ] In addition, the Brazilian Association of State Entities in Communications and Information Technology awarded the system its e-Gov prize in 2014.[Note 25: Ivan Leonardi, “Sistema de Gestão Fundiária do Incra recebe prêmio e-Gov,” 30 May 2014, http://bit.ly/1xnJw5n. ] The director of the Association of Notaries and Registrars of the State of Mato Grosso (ANOREG-MT) maintains that the new system is a very important tool with which to follow official registry update requests. It has also improved transparency not only for notaries and registrars, but also for citizens to search, identify, and verify their land registry information. ANOREG-MT’s view is that the system promoted outstanding efficiency in a public service that was previously underprovided.[Note 26: Oldemir Schwiderke (Director, ANOREG-MT), in response to the public call for comments made by the IRM researcher, March 2017.] Given how the system has transformed public access to land information, the commitment is considered to have made an outstanding contribution to open government in Brazil.

Carried forward?

The commitment is not included in Brazil’s third action plan. The IRM researcher suggests bolstering civil society’s use of the tool, and investing in the expansion of the system’s open data policy. Possible next steps include translating the system’s impact and importance for the lay person, using it for investigations into land problems, and incentivising citizens to analyse rural properties with signs of irregularity.


Brazil's Commitments

  1. subnational good governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific data governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-building and oversight on nutrition policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase participation in legislative process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and rural land registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. climate change policy evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water resource management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’s Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a methodology for Social Participation on the monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of educators, political agents, public managers, councilors for social policies and community leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage states and municipalities to endorse the OGP four principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of knowledge and capacity-building of managers and public resources operator’s partners and of councilors for social control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a unified and interactive information panel on the implementation of the Water for All Program, which can be publicly accessed through the internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of tools for increasing transparency and enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of data from the execution of the Union budget and from Government purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the public open data culture to the local governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the disclosure of open data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of information from government systems in an open data format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (e-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing public transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of recommendations to carry out public audiences to serve as reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of monitoring reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of social participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and implementation of the Ministry of Defense’s Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents produced by Brazil’s Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of data transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of health services through the increased use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of processes for prior consultation under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity building programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance education program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for public officials on access to information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information services model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic study on the transparency values of executive branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic study on role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research study to identify the demands of society in regard to access to information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1st Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA capacity building plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA awareness- raising activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate access to specific databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive school development plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual management of IT services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic integration of ombudsman units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued training for public ombudsman units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data