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Brazil

Subnational Good Governance (BR0100)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2018-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU City Hall of São Paulo – PMSP Comptroller General of the Federal District – CGDF Association of Municipalities of Pernambuco – AMUPE Municipalities’ Federation of Santa Catarina – FECAM National Internal Control Council - CONACI Open Knowledge Brazil – OKBr Public Innovation in Open Government - IGA Update Institute Colaboratorium University of São Paulo - COLAB/USP

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Local Commitments

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 1: Develop collaborative actions in order to disseminate knowledge and map good governmental practices to promote subnational involvement.
Lead government institution Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU
Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Adenísio Álvaro de Souza
Position - Department General Coordinator/Federative Cooperation and Public oversight Coordination
E-mail adenisio.souza@cgu.gov.br
Telephone (61) 2020-6516
Other involved actors Government Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU
City Hall of São Paulo – PMSP
Comptroller General of the Federal District – CGDF
Association of Municipalities of Pernambuco – AMUPE
Municipalities’ Federation of Santa Catarina – FECAM
Civil Society National Internal Control Council - CONACI
Open Knowledge Brazil – OKBr
Public Innovation in Open Government - IGA
Update Institute
Colaboratorium University of São Paulo - COLAB/USP
Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Difficulties to disseminate concepts and practices of open government on local government and civil society
Main objective Establish collaborative governance for the implementation of open government practices at subnational levels
Commitment short description Disseminate the open government concept, at the subnational level, encourage collaborative practices on public management and promote the implementation of open government activities at states and municipalities.
OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Increase the availability of information over governmental activities
Increase civic participation
Commitment relevance Expansion of the integration between social society and public bodies on states and municipalities in order to develop open government actions
Goal Ensure that public managers and civil society get more conscious about the open government practices at the subnational level
Situation Initiated in October 2018
Results description Not available
Implemented until July/2020
Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfill the Commitment Start date: End date: Responsible:
1. Articulation with entities for the dissemination of concepts and practices on open government.
10/01/2018
07/31/2020
COLAB/USP*
All involved
2. Mapping and research over good practices and cases about open government
11/01/2019
11/30/2019 Update Institute*
COLAB/USP
3. Development of a distance learning course about open government
10/01/2018
07/31/2019 CGU*
IGA
COLAB/USP
4. Development of a distance learning course for practical usage of open government tools about multisectoral subjects
10/01/2018
07/31/2019 Open Knowledge*
IGA
COLAB/USP
5. Development of open educational resources to promote training over open government subjects
02/01/2019
12/31/2019
IGA*
Open Knowledge
COLAB/USP
6. Development of a workshop, devoted to subnational entities, at the National Meeting on Open Government
11/01/2018
12/31/2019
PMSP/SP-Aberta*
CGU
7. Presentation of the subject Open Government to CONACI, searching for the engagement of state and municipal internal control bodies.

11/01/2018

12/31/2018

CONACI/GDF*
CGU
8. Establishment of guidelines to develop a subnational network.
10/01/2018
11/30/2019 PMSP/SP-Aberta*
CONACI/GDF
FECAM

IRM Midterm Status Summary

1. Open Government on States and Municipalities

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Establish collaborative governance for the implementation of open government practices at subnational levels.”

1.1. Articulation with entities for the dissemination of concepts and practices on open government

1.2. Mapping and research over good practices and cases about open government

1.3. Development of a distance learning course about open government

1.4. Development of a distance learning course for practical usage of open government tools about multisectoral subjects

1.5. Development of open educational resources to promote training over open government subjects

1.6. Development of a workshop, devoted to subnational entities, at the National Meeting on Open Government

1.7. Presentation of the subject Open Government to CONACI, [1] searching for the engagement of state and municipal internal control bodies.

1.8. Establishment of guidelines to develop a subnational network.

Start Date: January 2018......                                                                            End Date: July 2020

Editorial note: to see the complete text, visit https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/brazil-national-action-plan-2018-2020/.

Context and Objectives

The commitment aims to address the difficulties of disseminating open government concepts and practices among the state and municipal levels, where open government culture is less prevalent. In spite of past improvements, only 9 percent of cities earned a higher standard according to the Brazil Transparency Index. [2] Further, at least two states (Amapá and Rio de Janeiro) still struggle with transparency in their daily routines. [3] Academics have identified the same gap with civic participation and public accountability practices. [4]

To address this problem, this commitment aims to expand the integration of civil society and government agencies in states and municipalities. According to Vanessa Menegueti [5] (Instituto de Governo Aberto) and Valdênia Santos Souza [6] (Comptroller-General’s Office of the Union), open government practices increase the regional engagement of civil society and government. Gabriela Boechat [7] (Office of the Mayor of São Paulo) also uses open government to increase freedom of information practices in states and municipalities. [8]

Solutions proposed by the commitment include mapping and researching good practices that can be used at the subnational level (Milestones 1.1 and 1.2). It also calls for promoting these practices through different methods, including distance learning courses, open educational materials, workshops, and presentations at relevant events (1.3−1.7). The commitment encourages sustainability of these efforts, establishing guidelines to develop a subnational network (1.8).

 

The commitment is specific enough to be verifiable and includes deliverables that can be observed. These deliverables include specific educational materials (e.g., 1.3 and 1.4), events for disseminating the results of the government (1.7), and guidelines for policy implementation (1.8).

The commitment could indirectly address all potential OGP values but fails to do so as it is currently written. For commitments to be considered relevant to OGP values, their milestones need to incorporate a component related to the dissemination of information to the public (i.e., access to information), include some kind of civil society participation component (i.e., civic participation), or improve opportunities for the public to hold officials accountable (i.e., public accountability).

If fully implemented, the commitment will raise awareness of open government practices at subnational levels. This will happen, for example, if new audiences attend the courses and events promoted by the commitment and if best practices and guidelines inspire integration of social society with subnational public bodies. However, because the breadth and depth of the commitment’s reach are uncertain, its potential impact is minor. Raising awareness among subnational audiences is, nevertheless, an important first step to promote change.

Next steps

The commitment’s relevance is high, and it should be prioritized in future action plans. The federal government is usually more advanced in open government practices than are subnational governments, [9] as reflected in a wide range of transparency indexes. [10]

To increase the commitment’s impact, the milestones could include activities that go beyond raising awareness to build capacity. For example, Milestone 1.8 creates guidelines for a subnational network. The next plan could detail how the network would operate. Another possibility is to spearhead implementation of specific open government practices at subnational levels and promote peer learning with OGP participants in Sao Paulo.

[1] Conselho Nacional de Controle Interno, or the National Council of Internal Control.
[2] CGU, “Overview of Municipal Governments: Transparent Brazil Scale—3rd Assessment,” 2018, http://bit.ly/2LY67oS.
[3] CGU, “Overview of State Governments: Brazil Transparent Scale: 3rd Evaluation,” 2018, http://bit.ly/334eXH2.  
[4] Thiago Ferreira Dias, Anna Rodrigues Garcia, and Natalia Camilo, “Um Olhar sobre o Governo Aberto no Nível Subnacional: O Indice Institucional do Governo Municpal Aberto nas Principais Cidades do Brasil,” GIGAPP Studies Working Papers 6, no. 115 (2019), http://bit.ly/2YAKVHC.
[5] Interview with IRM researcher, 14 March 2019.
[6] Interview with IRM researcher, 21 March 2019.
[7] Interview with IRM researcher, 13 March 2019.
[8] CLP, “Cities Must Work on Open Government Initiatives Too,” 2017, https://www.clp.org.br/os-municipios-precisam-trabalhar-iniciativas-de-governo-aberto/.
[9] Ibid.
[10] Amorim Almada, E-transparência: proposta de modelo metodológico para avaliação de portais de executivos nacionais, 2016, https://www.e-publicacoes.uerj.br/index.php/logos/article/view/19601  

Commitments

Open Government Partnership