Open Science (CA0035)
The Government of Canada will maximize access to federally-funded scientific research to encourage greater collaboration and engagement with the scientific community, the
private sector, and the public
IRM End of Term Status Summary
Commitment 6. Open Science (✪)
The Government of Canada will maximize access to federally funded scientific research to encourage greater collaboration and engagement with the scientific community, the private sector, and the public.
The Government of Canada makes significant investments in scientific research. As a result, Canada has become a world leader in a number of important scientific research areas, and continues to support leading-edge research by some of the world's best scientific minds. Increasing public access to government-funded scientific research data and information has the potential to further drive innovation and discovery across the broader scientific community.
On 12 June, 2013, the Honourable Gary Goodyear, Minister of State for Science and Technology, signed the G8 Science Ministers Statement on behalf of the Government of Canada to promote policies that increase access to the results of publicly funded research to spur scientific discovery, enable better international collaboration and coordination of research, enhance the engagement of society and help support economic prosperity. Accordingly, the Government of Canada will establish a government-wide approach to open science to increase access to federally funded scientific publications and data.
Deliverables to be completed in 2014-16:
- Develop and publish a government-wide Open Science Implementation Plan with specific activities and milestones, including the following:
- Public consultations on the implementation of open science;
- Launch of open access to publications and data resulting from federally funded scientific activities;
- Development and adoption of policies, guidelines and tools to support effective stewardship of scientific data; and
- Promotion of the adoption of open science standards in Canada.
- Establish an online service to enable a one-stop search for publications and data resulting from federal scientific activities.
- Develop inventories of federal scientific data and initiate the public release of data.
- Publish and maintain a consolidated online list of peer-reviewed articles by Government of Canada scientists dating back to 2012.
Responsible institution: Environment Canada, Industry Canada
Supporting institution(s): None
Start date: November 2014 End date: 30 June 2016
Editorial note: This is a starred commitment, because it is measurable, clearly relevant to OGP values as written, of transformative potential impact, and was substantially or completely implemented.
The purpose of this commitment is to improve access to scientific information and data that is either developed by, or supported by, government.
This commitment was behind schedule at the time the mid term progress report was written. The open science implementation plan required clarification, which delayed its approval. This commitment is somewhat unique from the other commitments found in the action plan in that all milestones flow from the first - thus delayed approval of the open science implementation plan in turn delayed other milestones.
End of term: Substantial
The open science implementation plan received approval on September 24, 2015. However, milestone two was not completed: according to documents provided by the Canadian government to the IRM researcher, the existing open.canada.ca website is being used as the primary search mechanism.
The government developed four guidance documents toward the fulfillment of milestone three: ‘Release of data associated with publications’, ‘Conducting a data inventory,’ ‘Metadata for scientific data,’ and ‘Data Stewardship and Data Management Plans.’
The need for departments and agencies to adhere to the Open Government Directive, and to establish open government plans and inventories, helps to support the goal of this milestone. However, the inventories and subsequent public data release have not been fully completed.
As was noted in the mid term progress report, some departmental lists of citations have been released as open data on the open.canada.ca site.
Did it open government?
Access to information: Marginal
At this early stage for open science it can be said that the effect on openness are marginal at best, primarily because only some departmental citation lists have been published. This does not mean that the commitment does not have potential for more transformative change, but that this change has yet to be seen in part because of the limited completion of the commitment at the end of the second action plan cycle. It should be noted that the publication of the lists has resulted in significant inter-departmental collaboration which, although not necessarily visible to citizens, helps to pave the way for further future progress.
The one-stop publication search has not materialized in a manner that is apparent to users and the list of peer-reviewed articles is similarly melded with the functionality of the open.canada.ca site. There is no easily identifiable page on the site for accessing the information and data referenced under this commitment.
Civic participation: Did not change
Consultations related to open science were primarily internal to government. According to information provided to the IRM researcher, they took place in December of 2015 and early in 2016 to refine the direction taken to fulfill the commitment. Given that such consultations were internal to government, they brought together federal science-based departments and agencies together, which is significant in itself - but the process has not led to significant external public participation.
This commitment was carried forward to the third action plan. It is reflected in Commitment 14, ‘Increase Openness of Federal Science Activities (Open Science)’. Milestones under this commitment include:
- Create a Chief Science Officer mandated to ensure that government science is fully available to the public, that scientists are able to speak freely about their work, and that scientific analyses are considered when the government makes decisions.
- Increase the public availability of data and publications produced from federal Science and Technology (S&T) activities.
- Increase engagement with Canadians on federal S&T activities.
- Develop metrics to track collective federal progress on open science activities.
- Develop and implement an open access policy for scientific research funded through grants and contributions.
- Work toward the development of policies on digital data management for research funded through the Granting Councils. Canada’s Third Biennial Plan to the Open Government Partnership 2016 – 2018, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Canada_AP3.pdf
User-friendly open government
CA0064, 2018, Capacity Building
Financial transparency and accountability
CA0065, 2018, E-Government
CA0066, 2018, Beneficial Ownership
Digital government and services
CA0067, 2018, Capacity Building
CA0068, 2018, Capacity Building
CA0069, 2018, E-Government
Access to Information
CA0070, 2018, Capacity Building
Feminist and inclusive dialogue
CA0071, 2018, Capacity Building
Reconciliation and open government
CA0072, 2018, Capacity Building
Open government community
CA0073, 2018, Capacity Building
Enhance Access to Information
CA0042, 2016, Legislation & Regulation
Streamline Requests for Personal Information
CA0043, 2016, E-Government
Expand and Improve Open Data
CA0044, 2016, E-Government
Provide and Preserve Open Information
CA0045, 2016, E-Government
Define an Approach for Measuring Open Government Performance
CA0046, 2016, Capacity Building
Develop Open Government Skills across the Federal Public Service
CA0047, 2016, Capacity Building
Embed Transparency Requirements in the Federal Service Strategy
CA0048, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance Access to Culture & Heritage Collections
CA0049, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance Openness of Information on Government Spending and Procurement
CA0050, 2016, Capacity Building
Increase Transparency of Budget and Other Department of Finance Information
CA0051, 2016, Capacity Building
Increase Transparency of Grants and Contributions Funding
CA0052, 2016, Capacity Building
Improve Public Information on Canadian Corporations
CA0053, 2016, E-Government
Increase the Availability and Usability of Geospatial Data
CA0054, 2016, Capacity Building
Increase Openness of Federal Science Activities (Open Science)
CA0055, 2016, Capacity Building
Stimulate Innovation through Canada’s Open Data Exchange (ODX)
CA0056, 2016, E-Government
Align Open Data across Canada (Open Data Canada)
CA0057, 2016, Capacity Building
Implement the Extractives Sector Transparency Measures Act
CA0058, 2016, Capacity Building
Support Openness and Transparency Initiatives around the World
CA0059, 2016, Aid
Engage Civil Society on Open Government
CA0060, 2016, Public Participation
Enable Open Dialogue and Open Policy Making
CA0061, 2016, Capacity Building
Promote Open Government Globally
CA0062, 2016, Capacity Building
Engage Canadians to Improve Key Canada Revenue Agency Services
CA0063, 2016, Fiscal Transparency
Implement Directive on Open Government
CA0030, 2014, Open Data
Open Data Canada
CA0031, 2014, Open Data
Canadian Open Data Exchange (ODX)
CA0032, 2014, Capacity Building
Open Data for Development
CA0033, 2014, Capacity Building
Open Data Core Commitment
CA0034, 2014, Open Data
CA0035, 2014, Science & Technology
Mandatory Reporting on Extractives
CA0036, 2014, Extractive Industries
CA0037, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement
Open Information on Budgets and Expenditures
CA0038, 2014, Fiscal Transparency
CA0039, 2014, Capacity Building
Open Information Core Commitment
CA0040, 2014, Right to Information
CA0041, 2014, Marginalized Communities
International Aid Transparency Initiative: Publish plan to make CIDA activities available and accessible
CA0010, 2012, Aid
International Aid Transparency Initiative: Implement plan
CA0011, 2012, Aid
Opening Government of Canada Records: Increase access to archived federal documents at Library and Archives Canada
CA0012, 2012, Records Management
Opening Government of Canada Records: Issue new mandatory policy on document classification
CA0013, 2012, Records Management
Opening Government of Canada Records: Make classified information available online
CA0014, 2012, E-Government
GCDOCS: Deploy wave one of electronic record and document management solution
CA0015, 2012, E-Government
GCDOCS: Deploy across federal government
CA0016, 2012, E-Government
GCWEB: Develop consolidated web presence
CA0017, 2012, E-Government
GCWEB: Implement new platform
CA0018, 2012, E-Government
Data.gc.ca: Expand number of datasets available
CA0019, 2012, E-Government
Data.gc.ca: Implement data.gc.ca portal
CA0020, 2012, E-Government
Data.gc.ca: Improve standardization of data
CA0021, 2012, E-Government
Government of Canada Resource Management Data: Publish resource management and performance data
CA0022, 2012, E-Government
Government of Canada Resource Management Data: Enhance search and data tools
CA0023, 2012, E-Government
Consulting Canadians: Develop new platform for consultation
CA0024, 2012, E-Government
Consulting Canadians: Develop standard approach to use of social media
CA0025, 2012, E-Government
Consulting Canadians: Pilot a crowdsourcing initiative
CA0026, 2012, E-Government
Consulting Canadians: Enable use of common online tools
CA0027, 2012, E-Government
Open Regulation: Federal regulators to post forward regulatory plans
CA0028, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Open Regulation: Simplify engagement activities
CA0029, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Open Government Directive: Issue Directive on Open Government
CA0001, 2012, E-Government
Open Government Directive: Implement Directive on Open Government
CA0002, 2012, E-Government
Open Government Licence: Issue Open Government Licence
CA0003, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Open Government Licence: Adopt Open Government Licence
CA0004, 2012, Records Management
Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Pilot of online request and payment service
CA0005, 2012, Fiscal Transparency
Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Implement ATI Solution
CA0006, 2012, Fiscal Transparency
Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Make completed ATI request summaries searchable
CA0007, 2012, Right to Information
Virtual Library: Begin design of virtual library
CA0008, 2012, E-Government
Virtual Library: Launch virtual library
CA0009, 2012, E-Government