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Denmark

IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative) (DK0063)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Denmark Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Aid, E-Government, Fiscal Transparency, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Denmark Design Report 2017–2019

Starred: No

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

What is the public problem that the commitment will address?: Complex cooperation and co-financing relations with partners related to meeting the global development goals makes it difficult for stakeholders and the public to gain an insight into the results of the development cooperation.; What is the commit-ment?: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will increase transparency by increas-ing public possibilities of ‘tracing’ how Danish development cooperation funds are used: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will upgrade its own IATI reporting and align future procedures to ensure digital cohesion between the reporting from the ministry and the reporting from grant recipients. As this in-volves Open Data, the information will be directly available in machine readable format without requiring any action from a central source. In future, organisations receiving grants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will be required to report their activities in accordance with the IATI standard (format) and carry on the requirement to their partners.; How will the com-mitment contribute to solve the public problem?: Since each activity will then be reported with an indication of where the funds originate from, it will become possible to gain insight into the network of cooper-ating organisations that often lie in between original donors and implementing partners. In parallel with the implementation of the IATI reporting practice, changes to the international statistical standard defined by OECD-DAC will be implemented: In the future, it will be possible to report the percentage breakdown by several countries or purposes for each activity. When detailed data can be retrieved by means of the IATI standard, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will be able to exploit the new possibilities to report a clearer statistical image of Den-mark’s role in the international development cooperation.; Why is this com-mitment relevant to OGP values?: The commitment will increase the scope and improve the quality of the infor-mation published about development assistance, consolidated in open, interna-tional standard formats.; Additional infor-mation: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark has used the IATI standard for report-ing in the entire Danish development cooperation programme since 2013. As an example, this data flow has been made available via the website http://www.openaid.um.dk.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Commitment 14: IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative)

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will increase transparency by increasing public possibilities of ‘tracing' how Danish development cooperation funds are used: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will upgrade its own IATI reporting and align future procedures to ensure digital cohesion between the reporting from the ministry and the reporting from grant recipients. As this involves Open Data, the information will be directly available in machine readable format without requiring any action from a central source. In future, organisations receiving grants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will be required to report their activities in accordance with the IATI standard (format) and carry on the requirement to their partners."

Milestones:

14.1 All major Danish civil society organisations receiving grants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will start reporting in the IATI standard format

14.2 All other Danish civil society organisations receiving grants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will start reporting in the IATI standard format

14.3 International organisations receiving grants from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will start reporting in the IATI standard format

14.4 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark will start reporting multiple country codes in DAC-CRS format based on IATI reporting from Danish civil society organisations

Start Date: 2017

End Date: 2019

Editorial note: For the full text of this commitment, see "The Danish OGP National Action Plan 2017–2019," Danish Agency for Digitisation, https://en.digst.dk/policy-and-strategy/open-government/open-government-partnership-ogp-action-plan/, pp. 30–31.

Context and Objectives

The commitment aims to address the government's perception that the public has difficulty understanding the results of development cooperation. According to an opinion poll administered by the Danish news outlet Altinget, Danes are split in their views of development aid efficiency—with 45 percent in favour and 44 percent against.[Note : "Danskerne Splittede om Effekten af Ulandsbistand," Dansk Folkehjælp, 24 May 2018, https://www.folkehjaelp.dk/2018/05/24/danskerne-splittede-om-effekten-af-ulandsbistand/. ] (Danish People's Aid also posted the survey on its website.)

This commitment also seeks to upgrade International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) reporting. It would also improve digital cohesion between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and its grant recipients. Through detailed data retrieval, the MFA expects to be able to present a more precise statistical image of Denmark's role in international development cooperation.

The commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information. It potentially could provide citizens with more and better information on Danish development assistance. As this information is placed online, the commitment is also an example of technology being used for transparency and accountability.

The commitment's milestones are verifiable as written. It should be easy to determine whether a grant recipient reports through IATI. The commitment's description of the problem is not clear, however. It discusses complex cooperation and co-financing, rather than the problem regarding the lack of insight into development spending. The description of the commitment could also benefit from further detail on the background and function of the IATI system.

The IRM researcher expects this commitment to have a minor effect on the public's understanding of development spending. Most citizens will not likely know about IATI without a large-scale dissemination campaign. The IRM researcher therefore suggests that in future action plans, the MFA consider other commitments for raising the public's interest in and understanding of Danish financing of international development.

Next steps

The IRM research recommends the following for this commitment:

· International aid transparency has previously been a focus area in the Danish OGP context.[Note : "Denmark Open Government Partnership National Action Plan 2012–2014," April 2012, Danish Agency for Digitisation, https://digst.dk/media/17707/12-denmark_ogp-actionplan_2012_eng-1.pdf, p. 18.] Thus, the IRM researcher recommends not carrying this initiative forward to future action plans.

· The IRM researcher urges the government to consider other commitments that could increase citizen participation in the formulation and financing of international development cooperation initiatives.

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Denmark's Commitments

  1. Open data for citizens and media

    DK0050, 2017, E-Government

  2. Data registers on a shared public distribution platform

    DK0051, 2017, E-Government

  3. Information portal for day-care facilities

    DK0052, 2017, E-Government

  4. Open data and Smart City forum

    DK0053, 2017, Capacity Building

  5. Open Data DK

    DK0054, 2017, Capacity Building

  6. Overview of own cases and benefits

    DK0055, 2017, E-Government

  7. Nationwide deployment of telemedicine

    DK0056, 2017, E-Government

  8. My Log

    DK0057, 2017, E-Government

  9. Civil Society National Strategy

    DK0058, 2017, Marginalized Communities

  10. Report a rule

    DK0059, 2017, E-Government

  11. OGP Forum

    DK0060, 2017, OGP

  12. Denmark’s country program for Uganda

    DK0061, 2017, Aid

  13. The 18th International Anti-Corruption Conference

    DK0062, 2017, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  14. IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative)

    DK0063, 2017, Aid

  15. Service check of local government consultations

    DK0034, 2014, Public Participation

  16. Call on all municipalities to facilitate advance voting

    DK0035, 2014, Marginalized Communities

  17. Letter of invitation to first-time voters urging them to vote

    DK0036, 2014, Marginalized Communities

  18. User friendliness requirements regarding digital self-service solutions

    DK0037, 2014, Capacity Building

  19. Plan for inclusion during the transition to digital communication

    DK0038, 2014, Capacity Building

  20. Common public sector digital communication campaign

    DK0039, 2014, Capacity Building

  21. Principles for collaboration on the modernisation of the public sector as well as the establishment of a centre for public innovation

    DK0040, 2014, Capacity Building

  22. “Free Municipality” pilot projects

    DK0041, 2014, Subnational

  23. Recommendations from growth teams

    DK0042, 2014, Private Sector

  24. Strategy for Digital Welfare

    DK0043, 2014, E-Government

  25. Implementation of a new charter for interaction between Volunteer Denmark/Associations Denmark and the public sector

    DK0044, 2014, Civic Space

  26. “Open Data Innovation Strategy” (ODIS)

    DK0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Data Distributor for the distribution of basic data

    DK0046, 2014, Open Data

  28. Open Government Camp 2014

    DK0047, 2014, Capacity Building

  29. Open Government Assistance to Myanmar

    DK0048, 2014, Aid

  30. Opening key public datasets

    DK0049, 2014, Capacity Building

  31. Online Open Government Partnership community

    DK0001, 2012, E-Government

  32. Online OGP handbook for public authorities and institutions

    DK0002, 2012, E-Government

  33. Starred commitment Management labs and new forms of co-operation

    DK0003, 2012, Public Participation

  34. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Design aid programmes

    DK0004, 2012, Aid

  35. Innovate with Aarhus

    DK0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  36. Citizen self-services: Increasing the use of user ratings in the citizen’s port borger.dk

    DK0006, 2012, E-Government

  37. Open Government Camp

    DK0007, 2012, OGP

  38. Renewed effort for open government data

    DK0008, 2012, E-Government

  39. Regional initiative on open data

    DK0009, 2012, Open Data

  40. Reuse of open source software in the public sector

    DK0010, 2012, E-Government

  41. Citizen self-services: Binding guidelines for self-service solutions

    DK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  42. Citizen self-services: Guidance and information on accessibility to digital solutions

    DK0012, 2012, E-Government

  43. Citizen self-services: Peer-to-peer learning programmes to help citizens use digital self-service

    DK0013, 2012, Capacity Building

  44. Citizen self-services: Location-based content and re-use of content in borger.dk

    DK0014, 2012, E-Government

  45. Less reporting through increased re-use of key data

    DK0015, 2012, E-Government

  46. MyPage” for businesses

    DK0016, 2012, E-Government

  47. Companies to be “born digitally”

    DK0017, 2012, E-Government

  48. Creating a mediation and complaints institution for responsible business behaviour

    DK0018, 2012, Human Rights

  49. International human rights conference

    DK0019, 2012, Human Rights

  50. Promote social responsibility in the fashion business

    DK0020, 2012, Private Sector

  51. Reporting on human rights and the climate

    DK0021, 2012, Human Rights

  52. Country by country reporting in the extractive and forestry industries

    DK0022, 2012, Extractive Industries

  53. Legislative principles for the digital age

    DK0023, 2012, Legislature

  54. Consolidated key data

    DK0024, 2012, E-Government

  55. App Store for digital learning resources

    DK0025, 2012, E-Government

  56. Starred commitment Preparing a digital reform of the public welfare areas

    DK0026, 2012, E-Government

  57. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Transparency in aid

    DK0027, 2012, Aid

  58. Tracking progress of universities’ transition to digital-only administrative communication

    DK0028, 2012, Education

  59. Disclosure of status reporting from the National IT Project Council

    DK0029, 2012, E-Government

  60. Overview of public ICT architecture

    DK0030, 2012, E-Government

  61. Publication of Educational Materials on the Government’s ICT Project Model

    DK0031, 2012, Capacity Building

  62. Smart Aarhus and Smart Region: Smart Aarhus

    DK0032, 2012, E-Government

  63. Smart Aarhus and Smart Region: Smart Region

    DK0033, 2012, E-Government