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Denmark

Open Workplace Health and Safety Data (DK0065)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Denmark Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: The Danish Working Environment Authority

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Labor, Open Data, Private Sector

IRM Review

IRM Report: Denmark Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What is the social problem that the commitment will address?
Data about working environment can produce insights into important working environment risks in relation to geographic location, industry, job types etc. The working environment sector holds large amounts of data that, as open data, has the potential to help motivate and qualify companies’ and other actors’ working environment commitments, while also helping to produce a basis for well-functioning, productive companies, new solutions and services, as well as societal growth. There is a general lack of qualified data in this field. The expert com-mittee for improving working environment initiatives drew attention to the large potential for strengthening knowledge by working with the collection and processing of existing and new data in a more system-atic manner.

What does the commitment entail?
The overall goal of this commitment is to collect data about the work-ing environment of companies and the Danish Working Environment Authority’s findings in a joint database and to make that data available to the public as open data. The Danish Working Environment Authority possesses various pieces of information which are integrated into case management systems, etc., that have not yet been made available. Examples include infor-mation about feedback to Danish Working Environment Authority or-ders, data about working environment complaints and data from in-spectors’ inspection notes. If this data is to add value in our society, it needs to be activated. The database should not only hold the Danish Working Environment Authority’s current data. It should also be enriched with new data that can indicate the general state of the working environment and the po-tential in regards to preventative measures at companies. This may in-volve new internal data from registrations and new data from external actors, such as inspections data from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, the Danish Safety Technology Authority and the Dan-ish Business Authority, salary and other information from the Danish Customs and Tax Administration (SKAT) about ability and willingness to pay etc. Open working environment data is made available as presentations on the Danish Working Environment Authority’s website and on a new API solution. Benchmarking data is also presented for the individual companies in the ADVI self-service solution. To produce value from this commitment to qualify and present working environment data, the Danish Working Environment Authority will engage in ongoing dia-logue with other public authorities, organisations, companies and other stakeholders about requirements for, use and value of data.

How will the commitment contribute towards solving the social problem?
It is expected that opening access to working environment data will re-sult in that a broader group of people, public organisations and private operators will be able to access relevant knowledge and insights about working environment. This access can motivate and qualify working environment commitments and support preventative measures, as well as enabling the development of new services, prod-ucts and more effective solutions, including new business opportuni-ties for certification and working environment operators. A combined database containing qualified and new data would addi-tionally support the work of the Danish Working Environment Author-ity, including strengthening focused inspections and preventative measures, by selecting companies for inspections and communica-tions-based initiatives based on better-qualified selection criteria.

Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values?
The commitment will help to improve the quality of working environ-ment data and the public sector’s ability to access it. Open, more ac-cessible working environment data can improve transparency in this area and increase trust that potential working environment risks will be addressed in a fast and efficient manner. The commitment also con-tributes towards qualifying the knowledge base and decision-making basis for companies and other working environment stakeholders, thus helping to support development and innovations processes to-wards a better working environment for all.

Additional information
The “Open Public Working Environment Data” commitment is part of the initiative towards productive, responsible companies in “Ready for the Jobs of the Future” report that collected the work done by the “Disruption Council” (Disruptionsrådet) and was published on 7 February 2019. https://www.regeringen.dk/media/6317/rapport-klar-til-fremtidens-job.pdf

IRM Midterm Status Summary

2. Open data on workplace health and safety

Main Objective

"The overall goal of this commitment is to collect data about the working environment of companies and the Danish Working Environment Authority's findings in a joint database and to make that data available to the public as open data.

The Danish Working Environment Authority possesses various pieces of information which are integrated into case management systems, etc., that have not yet been made available. Examples include information about feedback to Danish Working Environment Authority orders, data about working environment complaints and data from inspectors' inspection notes. If this data is to add value in our society, it needs to be activated.

The database should not only hold the Danish Working Environment Authority's current data. It should also be enriched with new data that can indicate the general state of the working environment and the potential in regards to preventative measures at companies. This may involve new internal data from registrations and new data from external actors, such as inspections data from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, the Danish Safety Technology Authority and the Danish Business Authority, salary and other information from the Danish Customs and Tax Administration (SKAT) about ability and willingness to pay etc.

Open working environment data is made available as presentations on the Danish Working Environment Authority's website and on a new API solution. Benchmarking data is also presented for the individual companies in the ADVI self-service solution. To produce value from this commitment to qualify and present working environment data, the Danish Working Environment Authority will engage in ongoing dialogue with other public authorities, organisations, companies and other stakeholders about requirements for, use and value of data."

Milestones

  • Development of technical platform
  • Develop API
  • Development of data about complaints, working environment, company statistics and work-related illness
  • Clarification of how users are using existing solutions and the need for new data and data solutions with a view to the plan for 2020.

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Denmark's action plan at https://digst.dk/media/21659/ogp-nap-2019-2021-english.pdf, pp 13-14.

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Access to Information, Civic Participation

Potential impact:

Moderate

Commitment Analysis

This commitment aims to improve the quality and availability of data on workplaces by creating a centralised database administered by the Danish Working Environment Authority. With data from the Danish Working Environment Authority and from other relevant stakeholders such the Danish Safety Technology Authority, the database is expected to contribute to new, data-driven solutions and insights into work-related risks and opportunities in both the private and public spheres.

Currently, available data on workplace environments in Denmark is limited, not centrally located, and not in machine-readable format. Consequently, it can be difficult for workers and authorities to predict or determine safety risks and challenges at individual companies in different sectors. The lack of data in this area ultimately inhibits insight into how different working environments impact individuals. In 2018, an expert committee on working environment recommended that the use and quality of data in the area should be harnessed to improve the understanding of risks related to working environment and safety. [5]

This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information as it plans to improve the public's access to workplace data through a digital solution. The Danish Working Environment Authority also plans to "engage in dialogue with other public authorities, organisations, companies and other stakeholders about requirements for, use and value of data", thus also making the commitment relevant to the OGP value of civic participation. The platform will display new information such as data on workers' exposure to chemicals and on complaints on working environments. Furthermore, the platform will display data by combining multiple datasets which could enable new insights into correlations and trends in workplace environments. The Danish Working Environment Authority plans to expand available datasets on a yearly basis and undertake subsequent analyses by user groups to facilitate better application of the platform. [6]

If developed, the new database could facilitate better access to new and improved data on workplaces in an open format. This could be highly beneficial for technical advisors and labor inspectors who seek to improve working conditions and reduce accidents. It could also benefit journalists and academics who study trends within the Danish labour market for public information and research. While citizens are not necessarily the primary intended user group of the platform, it may provide them with an easy way to obtain insight into working conditions in specific sectors, such as the number of work-related accidents or use of chemicals in a given company. Therefore, the commitment is likely to contribute to more proactive working environment initiatives and more effective labour inspections as it could become easier to identify risks and map factors detrimental to workers' well-being.

To enhance the value of new and enriched working environment data, the IRM researcher recommends that the Danish Working Environment Authority undertake creative awareness-raising activities, such as hackathons, to broaden interest and render data available to different user groups. This could be done with support from organisations such as Open Data.dk, who facilitate open data seminars and inter-municipal data coordination.

[5] "Expertudvalgets anbefalinger", Ekspertudvalget om udredning af arbejdsmiljøindsatsen, https://fho.dk/wp-content/uploads/lo/2018/09/arbmiljoe-ekspertudvalgetsanbefalinger-2018.pdf
[6] Interview with Christoffer Rude, Digitisation and Data, Danish Working Environment Authority, 23 April 2020.

Commitments

  1. Platform for Citizens to Access Data the Government Holds about Them

    DK0068, 2019, Data Stewardship and Privacy

  2. Oversight Body for Social Services Claims

    DK0069, 2019, Access to Justice

  3. Anonymous Whistleblower Portals for Justice System Employees

    DK0070, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  4. Open National Archives Data

    DK0064, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Open Workplace Health and Safety Data

    DK0065, 2019, Access to Information

  6. Climate Atlas

    DK0066, 2019, Access to Information

  7. Publish Terrain, Climate, and Water Data

    DK0067, 2019, Access to Information

  8. Open Data for Citizens and Media

    DK0050, 2017, Access to Information

  9. Data Registers on a Shared Public Distribution Platform

    DK0051, 2017, E-Government

  10. Information Portal for Day-Care Facilities

    DK0052, 2017, E-Government

  11. Open Data and Smart City Forum

    DK0053, 2017, Access to Information

  12. Open Data DK

    DK0054, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Overview of Own Cases and Benefits

    DK0055, 2017, E-Government

  14. Nationwide Deployment of Telemedicine

    DK0056, 2017, E-Government

  15. My Log

    DK0057, 2017, E-Government

  16. Civil Society National Strategy

    DK0058, 2017, Marginalized Communities

  17. Report a Rule

    DK0059, 2017, E-Government

  18. OGP Forum

    DK0060, 2017, Public Participation

  19. Denmark’S Country Program for Uganda

    DK0061, 2017, Aid

  20. The 18Th International Anti-Corruption Conference

    DK0062, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  21. IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative)

    DK0063, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Service Check of Local Government Consultations

    DK0034, 2014, Public Participation

  23. Call on All Municipalities to Facilitate Advance Voting

    DK0035, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  24. Letter of Invitation to First-Time Voters Urging Them to Vote

    DK0036, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  25. User Friendliness Requirements Regarding Digital Self-Service Solutions

    DK0037, 2014, Capacity Building

  26. Plan for Inclusion During the Transition to Digital Communication

    DK0038, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Common Public Sector Digital Communication Campaign

    DK0039, 2014, Capacity Building

  28. Principles for Collaboration on the Modernisation of the Public Sector as Well as the Establishment of a Centre for Public Innovation

    DK0040, 2014, Capacity Building

  29. “Free Municipality” Pilot Projects

    DK0041, 2014, Subnational

  30. Recommendations from Growth Teams

    DK0042, 2014, Private Sector

  31. Strategy for Digital Welfare

    DK0043, 2014, E-Government

  32. Implementation of a New Charter for Interaction Between Volunteer Denmark/Associations Denmark and the Public Sector

    DK0044, 2014, Civic Space

  33. “Open Data Innovation Strategy” (ODIS)

    DK0045, 2014, Access to Information

  34. Data Distributor for the Distribution of Basic Data

    DK0046, 2014, Access to Information

  35. Open Government Camp 2014

    DK0047, 2014, Capacity Building

  36. Open Government Assistance to Myanmar

    DK0048, 2014, Aid

  37. Opening Key Public Datasets

    DK0049, 2014, Access to Information

  38. Online Open Government Partnership Community

    DK0001, 2012, E-Government

  39. Online OGP Handbook for Public Authorities and Institutions

    DK0002, 2012, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Management Labs and New Forms of Co-Operation

    DK0003, 2012, Public Participation

  41. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Design Aid Programmes

    DK0004, 2012, Aid

  42. Innovate with Aarhus

    DK0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  43. Citizen Self-Services: Increasing the Use of User Ratings in the Citizen’s Port Borger.Dk

    DK0006, 2012, E-Government

  44. Open Government Camp

    DK0007, 2012, Public Participation

  45. Renewed Effort for Open Government Data

    DK0008, 2012, Access to Information

  46. Regional Initiative on Open Data

    DK0009, 2012, Access to Information

  47. Reuse of Open Source Software in the Public Sector

    DK0010, 2012, E-Government

  48. Citizen Self-Services: Binding Guidelines for Self-Service Solutions

    DK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  49. Citizen Self-Services: Guidance and Information on Accessibility to Digital Solutions

    DK0012, 2012, E-Government

  50. Citizen Self-Services: Peer-To-Peer Learning Programmes to Help Citizens Use Digital Self-Service

    DK0013, 2012, Capacity Building

  51. Citizen Self-Services: Location-Based Content and Re-Use of Content in Borger.Dk

    DK0014, 2012, E-Government

  52. Less Reporting Through Increased Re-Use of Key Data

    DK0015, 2012, E-Government

  53. Mypage” for Businesses

    DK0016, 2012, E-Government

  54. Companies to Be “Born Digitally”

    DK0017, 2012, E-Government

  55. Creating a Mediation and Complaints Institution for Responsible Business Behaviour

    DK0018, 2012, Human Rights

  56. International Human Rights Conference

    DK0019, 2012, Human Rights

  57. Promote Social Responsibility in the Fashion Business

    DK0020, 2012, Private Sector

  58. Reporting on Human Rights and the Climate

    DK0021, 2012, Human Rights

  59. Country by Country Reporting in the Extractive and Forestry Industries

    DK0022, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  60. Legislative Principles for the Digital Age

    DK0023, 2012, Legislative

  61. Consolidated Key Data

    DK0024, 2012, E-Government

  62. App Store for Digital Learning Resources

    DK0025, 2012, E-Government

  63. Starred commitment Preparing a Digital Reform of the Public Welfare Areas

    DK0026, 2012, E-Government

  64. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Transparency in Aid

    DK0027, 2012, Aid

  65. Tracking Progress of Universities’ Transition to Digital-Only Administrative Communication

    DK0028, 2012, Education

  66. Disclosure of Status Reporting From the National IT Project Council

    DK0029, 2012, E-Government

  67. Overview of Public ICT Architecture

    DK0030, 2012, E-Government

  68. Publication of Educational Materials on the Government’s ICT Project Model

    DK0031, 2012, Capacity Building

  69. Smart Aarhus and Smart Region: Smart Aarhus

    DK0032, 2012, E-Government

  70. Smart Aarhus and Smart Region: Smart Region

    DK0033, 2012, E-Government

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