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France

Open Platform for Government Resources (FR0020)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: France, First Action Plan, 2015-17

Action Plan Cycle: 2015

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Prime Minister’s Office; Ministry of State for State Reform and Simplification attached to the Prime Minister

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government

IRM Review

IRM Report: France End-of-Term Report 2015-2017, France Mid-Term Progress Report 2015-2017

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

STAKES
Technological strategies of Internet giants demonstrate the benefits, for an organization, of approaches that are centered on openness, interoperability and agile systems that are focused on user-experience and on meeting users’ needs, without hampering power and security.
Inspired by the principles of "Government as a platform", the "Government as a Platform and
France Connect" strategy consists in undertaking a major technological transformation in order to facilitate access to data, the interoperability of systems and the reuse of developments made in the public sphere.
These principles offer new prospects because they unleash innovation in creating and designing new services, both for individuals and for companies.

CONTEXT & AIM
By working on the opening and interoperability of their own systems, administrations themselves become a resource for other administrations. This approach goes beyond central administrations: welfare governmental administrators and local authorities must be fully involved in this effort. Furthermore, other players from civil society – companies, the associative sector – may contribute to enhancing the range of services. This strategy is notably carried out by combining the publication, in open data, of public information that is not re-identifying and not subject to legal secrecy, the application of user control over personal data and the generalized construction of interfaces (API) to provide access to data or services already made available. The Secretary General for Government Modernization (SGMAP) has submitted this strategy for public consultation, notably in the context of the consultation organized by the French Digital Council and, on June 18th 2015, has opened the website Etatplateforme.gouv.fr. This platform encourages the creation of more open and collaborative public online services. The "France Connect" module is an essential component of this strategy, respecting informational self-determination principle. It will allow users to choose a digital identity guaranteed by the State and associated with levels of trust aligned with the European eIDAS28 regulation. Access to all digital public services, or even more, will be facilitated according to the principles of the "single-sign-on" (SSO). Above all, thanks to this recognized identification mechanism, users will also control their own data exchanged between the various administrations or civil society players involved. Following the example of the simplification program "Dites Le Nous une Fois" (DLNuF or “Provide it once”), the first corollary is that a user – as an individual or a representative of a legal entity – will no longer have to present substantiating documents already known and produced by public organizations. The implementation of the Government as a Platform strategy will spread throughout each ministry. For example, as part of the digital plan for education within the Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research, the development of the digital ecosystem between teachers, pupils and parents will follow this platform strategy principle, in order to offer a reliable, easy-to use system facilitating cooperation between teachers, and to ensure that this ecosystem is open to all suppliers of digital content and services in an equitable manner, while guaranteeing the protection of students’ personal data as well as the portability of their data and of their digital productions. Digital mechanisms implemented under this plan will follow these architectural principles, based on open APIs.

ROADMAP
• Validate the strategic framework "Government as a Platform and France Connect" and apply its main principles during the year 2015 in the general reference systems or standards documents issued by the DISIC (Interministerial Directorate for Information and Communications Systems)
• Launch France Connect on the portal www.service-public.fr/langue/english/
- The France Connect project will hold first trials in autumn 2015, followed by a launch in January 2016 on the portal www.service-public.fr (several million users)
- Generalization will take place from 2016
• Launch public forge on Etatplateforme.gouv.fr website, along with a repository of open API before the end of the 2015 year, in order to encourage the creation, in a collaborative manner, of new public services
• Launch several cycles of awareness-raising for the development of APIs and the creation of new services amongst actors in the public sphere and its partners

IRM End of Term Status Summary

17. Transform government's technological resources into an open platform

Commitment Text:

ROADMAP

1 Validate the strategic framework 'Government as a Platform and France Connect' and apply its main principles during the year 2015 in the general reference systems or standards documents issued by the DISIC (Interministerial Directorate for Information and Communications Systems)

2 Launch France Connect on the portal www.service-public.fr/langue/english/

The France Connect project will hold first trials in autumn 2015, followed by a launch in January 2016 on the portal www.service-public.fr (several million users)

Generalization will take place from 2016

3 Launch public forge on Etatplateforme.gouv.fr website, along with a repository of open API before the end of the 2015 year, in order to encourage the creation, in a collaborative manner, of new public services

4 Launch several cycles of awareness-raising for the development of APIs and the creation of new services amongst actors in the public sphere and its partners

Editorial Note: This is a partial version of the commitment text. For the full commitment text please see France's national action plan: https://bit.ly/2MTYhsR.

Responsible Institutions: Prime Minister's Office; Ministry of State for State Reform and Simplification attached to the Prime Minister

Supporting Institution(s): N/A

Start Date:Not Specified

End Date:Not Specified

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to develop digital services as well as put in place an e-government state portal. France Connect is a tool that is meant to allow users (individuals and representatives of legal entities) to obtain a state-granted digital identity, which can be used to access all digital public services with a secure single sign-on. This tool allows access to various administrative services online without having to create separate accounts.

The envisioned activities were e-government initiatives that simplify access to online public services. While these are important measures for integrating and harmonising government-held information across government institutions, the commitment does not clearly articulate how these efforts will open the government by disclosure of more public interest information, or how it creates opportunities for civic participation or public accountability.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

This commitment was substantially implemented by the midterm. The strategic framework, “Government as a Platform and France Connect,” was validated by a 20 April 2016 decree.[Note141: “Arrêté du 20 avril 2016 portant approbation du référentiel général d'interopérabilité” (Legifrance, 2016), https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2016/4/20/PRMJ1526716A/jo.] A final version of the general interoperability framework was made available online on 27 April 2016. A decree authorised the launch of France Connect in July 2015 and, after a pilot phase, France Connect was launched officially on 29 June 2016 by the Secretary of State for Reform and Simplification and the Digital State Secretary. In addition, the api.gouv.fr portal, which registers all APIs that were developed the services using these APIs, was launched on 21 June 2016.

The last milestone of this commitment, regarding the awareness-raising activities, was the only milestone not considered completed by the midterm. According to the government self-assessment, a special tool named ATENA (dispositif d'Accompagnement à la Transformation Numérique des Administrations) that accompanies new digital services was created in 2015.

End of Term: Complete

This commitment is now considered fully implemented. Most milestones had already been completed by the midterm. The government self-assessment indicates that information and awareness-raising events are organised on a monthly basis.

In addition to raising-awareness, efforts have been made to develop new tools and APIs to facilitate access to certain services. The self-assessment indicates that 70 relevant projects aiming at creating new services had been identified through the ATENA (dispositif d'Accompagnement à la Transformation Numérique des Administrations) tool. More information can be found on the ATENA blog.[Note142: Avilable at: http://atena.blog/index.php/2017/02/16/atena-letat-plateforme-en-action/.] Twenty projects received financial support from “Investing in the Future” programmes through the “Digital identity and user relationship” and “Tell us once” calls for projects.

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Did Not Change

Civic Participation: Did Not Change

Public Accountability: Did Not Change

This commitment sought to develop digital services and facilitate citizens access to public services. Its envisioned activities are e-government initiatives and not immediately relevant to OGP values. The government successfully implemented the milestones of this commitment, but they do not contribute to improving access to information as no new information has been disclosed. Nor do they facilitate civic participation or public accountability. Etalab noted that this commitment's activities can help open government, for example, by changing administration procedures and improving their collaboration through APIs.[Note143: Member of the Etalab team, interview with IRM researcher, 23 Oct. 2017.]

Carried Forward?

This commitment was carried over to the next action plan, with a focus on further development of the France Connect platform and the development of priority public services on the platform.


France's Commitments

  1. Transparency of Public Services

    FR0030, 2018, E-Government

  2. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  3. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  4. Expand open data

    FR0033, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improved data policies and administration

    FR0034, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Transparency of Public Algorithms

    FR0035, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open data at sub-national level

    FR0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. State AI lab

    FR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Administrative capacity-building

    FR0038, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Public Service Incubators

    FR0039, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Streamline data flows

    FR0040, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Etat forum

    FR0041, 2018, E-Government

  13. Online procedures dashboard

    FR0042, 2018, E-Government

  14. GovTech summit

    FR0043, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Imrove public consultation mechanisms

    FR0044, 2018, E-Government

  16. International transparency and citizen participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  17. Public pariticipation in sustainable development

    FR0046, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Science

    FR0047, 2018, E-Government

  19. Citizen involvement in Cour des Comptes

    FR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Private sector transparency

    FR0049, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  21. Access to information on public officials

    FR0050, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  22. Open Regional and Local Authorities' Data

    FR0001, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  23. Publish municipal council decisions and reports online

    FR0002, 2015, E-Government

  24. Publish building permits in open data format

    FR0003, 2015, Open Data

  25. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  26. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Aid

  27. Open Access to Public Policy Evaluations

    FR0006, 2015, E-Government

  28. Involve Citizens in Cour des Comptes Work

    FR0007, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Access to Public Officials Transparency Obligations

    FR0008, 2015, E-Government

  30. Starred commitment Beneficial Ownership

    FR0009, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  31. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    FR0010, 2015, Extractive Industries

  32. Transparency in International Trade Commercial Negotiations

    FR0011, 2015, Labor

  33. Fix My Neighborhood

    FR0012, 2015, E-Government

  34. Digital Fix-it

    FR0013, 2015, Open Data

  35. Co-produce Data Infrastructure with Civil Society

    FR0014, 2015, Open Data

  36. Starred commitment Open Legal Resources

    FR0015, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Reform Participatory Mechanisms

    FR0016, 2015, Public Participation

  38. Mediation and Justice

    FR0017, 2015, Judiciary

  39. Starred commitment Open and Circulate Data

    FR0018, 2015, Land & Spatial Planning

  40. Open Calculation Models and Simulators

    FR0019, 2015, Open Data

  41. Open Platform for Government Resources

    FR0020, 2015, E-Government

  42. Improve Public Services through E-Government and User Interaction

    FR0021, 2015, E-Government

  43. Empower Civil Society to Support Schools

    FR0022, 2015, E-Government

  44. Diversify Recruitment within Public Institutions

    FR0023, 2015, Capacity Building

  45. Culture Change

    FR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  46. Spread Public Innovation

    FR0025, 2015, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Protect Against Conflicts of Interest

    FR0026, 2015, Conflicts of Interest

  48. Civil Society & Transparency in COP21 Conference Planning

    FR0027, 2015, Environment and Climate

  49. Open data and Climate/Sustainable Development

    FR0028, 2015, Open Data

  50. Collaborate with Civil Society on Climate and Sustainable Development

    FR0029, 2015, Environment and Climate