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France

Spread Public Innovation (FR0025)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: France, First Action Plan, 2015-17

Action Plan Cycle: 2015

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry for the Decentralization and the Civil Service; Ministry of State for State Reform and Simplification, attached to the Prime Minister

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government

IRM Review

IRM Report: France End-of-Term Report 2015-2017, France Mid-Term Progress Report 2015-2017

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

STAKES
The administration must be able to work with the contributions of collective intelligence and develop a culture of innovation, an essential driver of government modernization. The coconstruction of public action is nevertheless a still recent process, which applied research may contribute to improving.

CONTEXT & AIM
Each ministry has defined a ministerial program for modernization and simplification33, in which innovation and the digital sector hold a central place. New ministerial roadmaps will be produced for the summer of 2015. Specific actions to support innovation and its diffusion in each ministry have also begun.
The Government has also put in place the "Futurs Publics" program34, led by the SecretariatGeneral for Government Modernization (SGMAP), as well as the "Réacteur Public" program35.
These programs enable experimentation and testing, "in laboratory mode" and on a small scale, of new solutions to the challenges of public service, and the development, within the administration, of an open system conducive to innovation.
The "Investment for the future" program has also mobilized a "Digital transition and government modernization" fund of €126 million, dedicated to six large areas of innovation, including one on open data.
Several recommendations made in the report presented by Akim Oural to the Ministry for the Decentralization and the Civil Service on April 24th 2015 address the need for new collaborative and consultation practices, within administrations and with their environment.
These changes to the administration’s operating methods will facilitate the development of digital uses enabling a profound transformation in administrative culture, and instilling a process of openness. These collaborations must still be facilitated by tools, resources and tailored processes, and by the stimulation of an ecosystem of innovators active throughout the territory.
Recent years have seen an increase and newfound interest in research programs targeting public innovation and co-construction of public action. In Paris, the Interdisciplinary Research
Center (CRI) has been carrying out research on the adoption, sharing and co-construction of knowledge, ideas and common goods; on the creation of public assets and on the ability to leverage collective intelligence to solve the 21st century’s hardest challenges. The Interdisciplinary Research Centre (CRI) was founded in 2005 in Paris, it is hosted by the Paris Descartes University and supported by the MENESR (Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research) and by the "La France s'engage" program. A research program dedicated to co-construction of public action and to open government will be established in order to continuously improve the definition and implementation of these policies.

ROADMAP
• Drive the development of territorial public innovation
- Constitute a national network of "public accelerators": creation of territorial innovation platforms, "structures for sharing expertise and resources between administrations, elected representatives, State services, civil society and private organizations in a region, to accelerate innovative projects in the general interest". Prototypes are being implemented in several territories at the initiative of local authorities and private players
- Make the digital a driver for transformation in the territories through "territorial hackathons" modeled on Etalab’s practices and intended for local authorities
- Develop a reference social network and national web platform for the projects and actors of regional and local innovation
• Set up a program of applied research on open government
- In partnership with the Interdisciplinary Research Centre, organize collaborative events and explore the mobilization of collective intelligence and communities of citizens for the creation of public innovations, the co-construction of public action and open government

IRM End of Term Status Summary

22. Spread public innovation, and develop research on Open Government  

Commitment Text:

ROADMAP

1. Drive the development of territorial public innovation

· Constitute a national network of 'public accelerators': creation of territorial innovation platforms, 'structures for sharing expertise and resources between administrations, elected representatives, State services, civil society and private organizations in a region, to accelerate innovative projects in the general interest'. Prototypes are being implemented in several territories at the initiative of local authorities and private players

· Make the digital a driver for transformation in the territories through 'territorial hackathons' modeled on Etalab's practices and intended for local authorities.

· Develop a reference social network and national web platform for the projects and actors of regional and local innovation

2. Set up a program of applied research on open government

· In partnership with the Interdisciplinary Research Centre, organize collaborative events and explore the mobilization of collective intelligence and communities of citizens for the creation of public innovations, the co-construction of public action and open government

Editorial Note: This is a partial version of the commitment text. For the full commitment text please see France's national action plan: https://bit.ly/2MTYhsR.

Responsible Institutions: Ministry for the Decentralization and the Civil Service; Ministry of State for State Reform and Simplification, attached to the Prime Minister

Supporting Institution(s): N/A

Start Date: Not Specified 

End Date: Not Specified

Commitment Aim

The commitment aimed to help local authorities develop digital innovation in the public sector by creating innovation platforms, supporting local hackathons, and developing a social network for local innovation. Secondly, it sought to promote better understanding of open government by supporting research on the topic. This commitment is based on the idea that digital innovation must be spread evenly across the public sector, especially at the local level. The commitment activities include joining local and state authorities in the challenge to identify and test new methods for designing public policy involving all stakeholders.

Status

Midterm: Limited

Completion of this commitment was limited at the midterm. Two calls for proposals financed by the Future Investments Program (Investissements d'Avenir) were launched in 2016: “Professional territorial communities” and “Territorial innovation laboratories.[Note162: In French, territoire refers to a sub-national geographic area.]” A hackathon on open contracting data was organised by SGMAP, Bretagne Regional Council, and Breizh Small Business Act association in Rennes organised and gathered 70 participants who worked in four thematic groups.

Regarding the program of applied research on open government, no formal research program had been established at the end of the first year. However, a partnership agreement was concluded with CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research) to include a researcher (Sarah Labelle from the University Paris 13) on the Etalab team. Her work was featured during an event organised in October 2016 to debate and discuss emerging participative practices taking place in local administrations as well as in the private sector. Lastly, the Center for Research and Interdisciplinarity (CRI), the French Embassy in London, and the innovation foundation, Nesta, organised a seminar entitled “Digital Government: Next Steps & Potential Futures,” with 26 researchers from France and the UK. 

End of Term: Limited

Completion of this commitment is still considered limited in accordance with the government self-assessment. Several activities were undertaken during the implementation period but they do not fulfil the objectives that the government set out in the commitment text.

The calls for proposals financed by the Future Investments Program selected twelve initiatives in the “Territorial innovation laboratories” category, of which three had a digital component, mostly focussed on generating collaboration between public and private actors on digital issues. The IRM researcher, however, was not able to find any publicly available information regarding initiatives awarded in the “Professional territorial communities” category.

Sarah Labelle spent five months with the Etalab team, splitting her time between supporting the team's operations and conducting her research. Her activities focused on developing a framework to understand civil servants' training needs, developing communication material, and providing visual supporting materials for meetings. She worked with OpenData France to develop a series of modules that have since been tested.[Note163: More information can found here: http://opendatalocale.net/index.php/jeu-serieux-les-explorateurs-des-donnees-territoriales/ (accessed 2 Nov. 2017).] Her main suggestion from this time spent with the Etalab team is that such innovations should be influenced both by research (data science, computer science, sociology, political science, communication, etc.) and the host administration.

Regarding the commitment activity to develop a formal research program, the IRM researcher could not find any publicly available information on whether this was started.

Did It Open Government?

Civic Participation: Did Not Change

This commitment aimed to improve opportunities for the public to inform or influence decisions through territorial public innovations and investment in applied research on the topic of open government. The limited completion of the activities makes it hard to observe any significant change in government practices. The activities that were implemented, namely the call for proposals and the short-term integration of a researcher within the Etalab team did not contribute to any significant changes in government practice regarding civic participation because the scope of the activities was too limited. Insufficient publicly-available information exists on any permanent adoption of the activities implemented. As such this commitment is considered to have not opened government practice with regards to civic participation.

Carried Forward?

This commitment was carried over to the next action plan. In the new action plan, this commitment is focussed on the General Interest Entrepreneurs (EIG) (Entrepreneurs d'intérêt general), which the government want to institutionalise through consistent funding and the development of an alumni network. The commitment also mentions an objective to develop bills and regulations based on the EIG experience to foster technological innovation in public administrations. The new action plan contains a commitment on the development of an “open science” ecosystem, with planned actions such as increasing transparency of research funding, develop an open archive and promote open access to research.


Commitments

  1. Transparency of Public Services

    FR0030, 2018, E-Government

  2. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  3. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  4. Expand Open Data

    FR0033, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improved Data Policies and Administration

    FR0034, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Transparency of Public Algorithms

    FR0035, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open Data at Sub-National Level

    FR0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. State AI Lab

    FR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Administrative Capacity-Building

    FR0038, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Public Service Incubators

    FR0039, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Streamline Data Flows

    FR0040, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Etat Forum

    FR0041, 2018, E-Government

  13. Online Procedures Dashboard

    FR0042, 2018, E-Government

  14. Govtech Summit

    FR0043, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Imrove Public Consultation Mechanisms

    FR0044, 2018, E-Government

  16. International Transparency and Citizen Participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  17. Public Pariticipation in Sustainable Development

    FR0046, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Science

    FR0047, 2018, E-Government

  19. Citizen Involvement in Cour Des Comptes

    FR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Private Sector Transparency

    FR0049, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  21. Access to Information on Public Officials

    FR0050, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  22. Open Regional and Local Authorities' Data

    FR0001, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  23. Publish Municipal Council Decisions and Reports Online

    FR0002, 2015, E-Government

  24. Publish Building Permits in Open Data Format

    FR0003, 2015, Open Data

  25. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  26. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Aid

  27. Open Access to Public Policy Evaluations

    FR0006, 2015, E-Government

  28. Involve Citizens in Cour Des Comptes Work

    FR0007, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Access to Public Officials Transparency Obligations

    FR0008, 2015, E-Government

  30. Starred commitment Beneficial Ownership

    FR0009, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  31. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    FR0010, 2015, Extractive Industries

  32. Transparency in International Trade Commercial Negotiations

    FR0011, 2015, Labor

  33. Fix My Neighborhood

    FR0012, 2015, E-Government

  34. Digital Fix-It

    FR0013, 2015, Open Data

  35. Co-Produce Data Infrastructure with Civil Society

    FR0014, 2015, Open Data

  36. Starred commitment Open Legal Resources

    FR0015, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Reform Participatory Mechanisms

    FR0016, 2015, Public Participation

  38. Mediation and Justice

    FR0017, 2015, Judiciary

  39. Starred commitment Open and Circulate Data

    FR0018, 2015, Land & Spatial Planning

  40. Open Calculation Models and Simulators

    FR0019, 2015, Open Data

  41. Open Platform for Government Resources

    FR0020, 2015, E-Government

  42. Improve Public Services Through E-Government and User Interaction

    FR0021, 2015, E-Government

  43. Empower Civil Society to Support Schools

    FR0022, 2015, E-Government

  44. Diversify Recruitment Within Public Institutions

    FR0023, 2015, Capacity Building

  45. Culture Change

    FR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  46. Spread Public Innovation

    FR0025, 2015, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Protect Against Conflicts of Interest

    FR0026, 2015, Conflicts of Interest

  48. Civil Society & Transparency in COP21 Conference Planning

    FR0027, 2015, Environment and Climate

  49. Open Data and Climate/Sustainable Development

    FR0028, 2015, Open Data

  50. Collaborate with Civil Society on Climate and Sustainable Development

    FR0029, 2015, Environment and Climate