Transparency in Public Sector Lobbying by Third Parties (HU0008)
Action Plan: Hungary, Second Action Plan, 2015-17
Action Plan Cycle: 2015
Lead Institution: Ministry of Interior
Support Institution(s): Ministry of Justice, National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information, National Protective Service
Policy AreasAnti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Capacity Building, Conflicts of Interest, Legislation & Regulation, Lobbying, Participation in Lawmaking, Regulatory Governance
"The First OGP Action Plan included as a commitment the development of the integrity management system and, within that, the development of a regulation on the communication and contact with third parties representing private interests (i.e. lobbyists).
The first law regulating interest representation in Hungary was Act XLIX of 2006 on Lobbying. The regulation was forward looking even compared to European standards, but at the same time its scope only covered professional lobbyists. Lacking genuine control, the provisions of the act were complied with to a lesser and lesser extent until the legislator finally decided to re-regulate this field based on a new approach.
Act CXXXI of 2010 on Social participation in the drafting of legislation (hereinafter: Act on Social Consultation) introduced direct consultations and thus created a new and broader forum for public participation in decision-making preparations [Article 7 (1) b)].
In order to regulate lobbying outside the legislation, Gov.Dec. 50/2013 (II. 25.) took effect in March 2013. The Decree established an integrity management system at public administration bodies and set rules for the contact with third parties representing private interests in order to increase transparency and consolidate the integrity management system. To ensure the transparency of lobbying, the new regulation obliges public administration bodies to keep records of meetings with interest representatives and, depending on the decision of the management, the presence of a third person (integrity advisor) may be required for these meetings [Article 10 (1-5)].
Even though these regulations constitute progress, there is a need to fill the legal gaps related to lobbying activities as well as to support the enforcement of the rules on contact with third parties representing private interests.
Based on the self-assessment report on the First OGP Action Plan, the regulation on communication and contact with third parties representing private interests was implemented to a limited extent. Therefore, it is important to elaborate a practical and comprehensive guideline supporting the compliance with the regulation in force. Within the framework of the guideline, the experience of the past two years of implementation of the regulation and the practical difficulties in its operation should be gathered. The guideline will have to be made accessible for the employees of the organizations concerned.
Gov. Decree 50/2013 (25 Feb) on the system of integrity management at public administration bodies and the procedural rules of receiving lobbyists took effect. It became necessary to publish a guideline supporting compliance with the regulation. The guideline will also review the practical experience related to the regulation.
To make communication with third parties representing private interests more transparent by supporting compliance with the relevant regulation.
Hungary undertakes to publish a guideline supporting compliance with the rules on contact with third parties representing private interests.
Efficient Local Government Publicity and Information Disclosure
HU0006, 2015, Capacity Building
Graphic Presentation of Central Budget
HU0007, 2015, Capacity Building
Transparency in Public Sector Lobbying by Third Parties
HU0008, 2015, Anti-Corruption
FOI Training in Public Administration Organizations
HU0009, 2015, Access to Information
Corruption Prevention Information Dissemination
HU0010, 2015, Anti-Corruption
Legislative Public Consultation Website
HU0011, 2015, Capacity Building
Improve Searchability of Municipal Council Records
HU0012, 2015, Capacity Building
Access to Police Mobile App
HU0013, 2015, Capacity Building
Improving the Publicity of Fiscal Data
HU0001, 2013, Fiscal Openness
Improving the Searchability of Public Procurement Data
HU0002, 2013, Anti-Corruption
Improvement of the Publicity of Contracts Concluded for the Utilisation of Public Property and with the Use of Public Funds
HU0003, 2013, Anti-Corruption
Integrity Control System in the Public Sector
HU0004, 2013, Anti-Corruption
Dissemination of Information on Anti-Corruption and Integrity
HU0005, 2013, Access to Information