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Moldova

Diaspora Participation (MD0072)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Moldova Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: State Chancellery (Diaspora Relations Office)

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Open Regulations, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Moldova Design Report 2019-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

4. Involvement of diaspora in decision-making process
Lead implementing
agency/actor State Chancellery (Diaspora Relations Office)
Commitment description
What is the public problem that the commitment will address? A large number of Moldovan citizens have migrated oversees, thus the country is severely affected by the Brain Drain phenomena, given that those who leave the country represent an important source of knowledge and experiences. Once exploited, it will contribute to economic and social development of the country. In addition, Government should ensure permanent communication about activities performed.
What is the commitment? Commitment refers to involvement of diaspora in decision-making process by engaging in public policy development.
How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem? The involvement of citizens settled abroad into the public policies co-creation processes and conducting communication activities with participation of high-level officials will improve the decision-making process.
Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Civic participation
Milestone Activity with a verifiable deliverable Responsible authority Deadline Progress indicators
Implementing the Program "Diaspora Excellence Groups" State Chancellery (Diaspora Relations Office) Annual Number of groups created,
Number of public policies developed
Implementing the "A Government closer to you" program, with citizens established abroad State Chancellery (Diaspora Relations Office) Annual Number of events organized,
number of participants

IRM Midterm Status Summary

4. Involvement of diaspora in decision making

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan: [58] Involvement of diaspora in decision-making process

Milestones

4.1 Implementing the Program "Diaspora Excellence Groups"

4.2 Implementing the "A Government closer to you" program, with citizens established abroad

Start Date: 2019              

End Date: 2020

Commitment overview

Verifiability

OGP Value Relevance (as written)

Potential Impact

Completion

Did It Open Government?

Not specific enough to be verifiable

Specific enough to be verifiable

Access to Information

Civic Participation

Public Accountability

Technology & Innovation for Transparency & Accountability

None

Minor

Moderate

Transformative

Not Started

Limited

Substantial

Completed

Worsened

Did Not Change

Marginal

Major

Outstanding

4. Overall

Assessed at the end of action plan cycle.

Assessed at the end of action plan cycle.

                                       

Context and Objectives

High levels of migration have had a significant social and economic impact on Moldova since the country’s independence in 1991. Remittances represented over 15 percent of Moldova’s GDP in 2018, ranking it among the top 10 countries with the highest percentage of remittances as a percentage of GDP. [59] [60] In 2012, the government created the Bureau for Diaspora Relations (within the State Chancellery) to maintain its relationships with the diaspora and oversee its programs and policies. [61] Notably, the National Diaspora Strategy 2025 [62] was developed in the context of Moldova’s EU Association Agreement and aims to strengthen ties between central and local authorities to the diaspora, and to promote several programs in this area. [63]

This commitment aims to improve communication with the diaspora representatives and involve skilled human resources from the diaspora in public policy development processes. Specifically, the government proposes the implementation of two programs called "Diaspora Excellence Groups (DEG)" and "A Government closer to you". The DEG program was launched in 2017, as a sub-program of a larger program called Diaspora Engagement Hub implemented by the Bureau for Diaspora Relations with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). [64] [65]

The second program is an activity foreseen in the Diaspora 2025 Strategy, launched by the Bureau for Diaspora Relations in 2016. The goal of the program is for the Bureau and other government ministries to conduct information sessions in the diaspora to inform them of new diaspora services, projects, and programs, and to establish communication channels. [66] Though visits (program activities) were organized within this program, its usefulness was not clear to diaspora members. Moreover, according to interviewed diaspora representatives, the actions taken by the government to include the diaspora in policy making were mostly declarative, and though there is a strong desire among the diaspora to provide support, this was not used to its full capacity. [67]

According to the Bureau for Diaspora Relations, the implementation of these two programs will continue pending financing, which is why there are no specific activities for the action plan period. Also, only quantitative indicators are identified, which do not reflect the outcomes, rather only the activities.

Overall, if implemented as written, this commitment will likely have a minor impact on government practice in the involvement of the diaspora in decision making. It is unclear how the results of diaspora collaboration will be integrated into Moldova’s policy processes, or the specific role diaspora members play in the “excellence groups.” Moreover, since there are no concrete plans to organize activities within these two programs during the action plan period, [68] it is difficult to assess the potential impact beyond minor.

Next steps

Migration and brain drain represent major challenges for the future of Moldova, so it is important to involve the diaspora in decision-making processes in the country. The government could consider including a relevant commitment in future OGP action plans but develop more focused activities. For example, interviewed diaspora members recommend that the government reach out to them when specific input is needed for a given policy initiative/document/process, rather than through a general call.


[58] OGP, Moldova Action Plan 2018-2020, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/moldova-action-plan-2018-2020

[59] The World Bank, Migration and Remittances, https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/labormarkets/brief/migration-and-remittances

[60] The Global Economy, country rankings of remittances, https://www.theglobaleconomy.com/rankings/remittances_percent_GDP/

[61] The Bureau of Diaspora Relations, http://brd.gov.md/ro/content/istorie-misiune-viziune-obiective

[62] The Bureau of Diaspora Relations, https://brd.gov.md/sites/default/files/sn_diaspora_2025_web.pdf

[63] News about the national strategy Diaspora 2025 on the monitorul.fisc.md online portal, https://monitorul.fisc.md/editorial/executivul_a_aprobat_strategia_naionala_diaspora-2025.html

[64] As part of the “Strengthening of the development capacities of the Republic of Moldova by creating partnerships between the diaspora and the country of origin”.

[65] Information provided by the Bureau for Diaspora Relations, email to IRM researcher, March 2019.

[66] See: https://brd.gov.md/ro/content/premiera-guvernul-mai-aproape-de-tine-un-nou-program-lansat-de-biroul-pentru-relatii-cu; Information provided by the Bureau for Diaspora Relations, email to IRM researcher, March 2019.

[67] Skype interview with a former ambassador, currently working for academia, member of the Moldovan diaspora from the Baltic States (anonymous), 11 April 2019; Skype interview with an expert in public budgeting, member of the Moldovan diaspora from Canada, 10 April 2019.

[68] Telephone discussion with the Bureau of Diaspora Relations, State Chancellery, April 2019.


Commitments

  1. Access to Information and Open Data

    MD0069, 2018, Access to Information

  2. Budget Transparency and Public Procurement

    MD0070, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  3. Civil Society Collaboration

    MD0071, 2018, E-Government

  4. Diaspora Participation

    MD0072, 2018, E-Government

  5. Accountability Mechanism

    MD0073, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  6. Public Service Delivery

    MD0074, 2018, Access to Justice

  7. Increase Public Procurement Transparency

    MD0061, 2016, Access to Information

  8. Increase Knowledge of Public Procurement Process

    MD0062, 2016, Access to Information

  9. Ensure Budgetary Transparency

    MD0063, 2016, Access to Information

  10. Open Data in Education Sector

    MD0064, 2016, Access to Information

  11. Publish Government-Held Open Data

    MD0065, 2016, Access to Information

  12. Participative Policy-Making Process

    MD0066, 2016, E-Government

  13. Public Sector Evaluation

    MD0067, 2016, Public Participation

  14. Ensure Quality of Service Delivery

    MD0068, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Improving the Government Open Data Portal

    MD0048, 2014, Access to Information

  16. Setting up an Action Plan for Open Data

    MD0049, 2014, Access to Information

  17. Setting up Guidelines for Publishing Open Data.

    MD0050, 2014, Access to Information

  18. Raising Awareness Among Civil Servants.

    MD0051, 2014, Access to Information

  19. Civil Servant Training

    MD0052, 2014, Access to Information

  20. Government Email System

    MD0053, 2014, E-Government

  21. Auditing Public Websites

    MD0054, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  22. Evaluating e-Petition Requirements.

    MD0055, 2014, E-Government

  23. Fostering Transparency at the Local Level.

    MD0056, 2014, E-Government

  24. Improving Communication at the Local Level.

    MD0057, 2014, E-Government

  25. Adopting New Public Consultations Principles.

    MD0058, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  26. Training Civil Servants for Improved Communication

    MD0059, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Improving Online Participation Platform

    MD0060, 2014, E-Government

  28. Strengthening the Enforcement of the Regulation on Transparency

    MD0001, 2012, E-Government

  29. Semestrial Progress Reports on Transparency in Decision Making

    MD0002, 2012, E-Government

  30. Update the Module "Decision Making Transparency" on the Websites of the Central Public Authorities

    MD0003, 2012, E-Government

  31. Publish Environmental Open Data on Central Public Authorities Websites

    MD0004, 2012, Environment and Climate

  32. Develop Methodological Guide

    MD0005, 2012, Environment and Climate

  33. Amendment Regulation

    MD0006, 2012, E-Government

  34. Mandatory Use of Government e-Mail Account Electronic (Gov.Md)

    MD0007, 2012, E-Government

  35. Annual Report on Public Sector Information

    MD0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  36. Post Information on Draft Policies and Legislations on Www.Particip.Gov.Md

    MD0009, 2012, E-Government

  37. Development of an Online Petition Portal

    MD0010, 2012, E-petitions

  38. Starred commitment Draft the Law on Public Sector Information Reuse

    MD0011, 2012, Access to Information

  39. Develop Institutional Regulations for Collecting, Archiving and Publication of Data in Digital Format in Line with National Standards

    MD0012, 2012,

  40. Developing the Public Procurement Application

    MD0013, 2012,

  41. Starred commitment Drafting the Government Decision on Implementation of Law on Public Sector Information Reuse

    MD0014, 2012,

  42. Opening Priority Data

    MD0015, 2012,

  43. Publishing the Open Government Data Catalogue

    MD0016, 2012,

  44. Expanding Government Data Portal (Www.Date.Gov.Md)

    MD0017, 2012, Access to Information

  45. Mapping the Location of Public Institutions

    MD0018, 2012, E-Government

  46. Develop Applications to Launch of the Innovative Applications Development Contest

    MD0019, 2012,

  47. Implementation of Selected Apps

    MD0020, 2012,

  48. Develop National Standards for Collecting, Archiving and Publication of Data in Digital Format

    MD0021, 2012,

  49. Amend Law No. 1264- XV to Make Income and Property Declarations of Senior Officials, Judges, Prosecutors, and Civil Servants, Public

    MD0022, 2012,

  50. Develop an Online Automated Information System for Public Officials to File Income Statement

    MD0023, 2012,

  51. Develop Guidelines for Using Social Media in the Public Sector

    MD0024, 2012,

  52. Harmonize Public Relations and Communication Strategy with the Guidelines on Using Social Media

    MD0025, 2012, Capacity Building

  53. Government Presence in Social Media

    MD0026, 2012, Capacity Building

  54. Social Media in Government Training

    MD0027, 2012, Capacity Building

  55. Develop Regulation

    MD0028, 2012,

  56. Publish Documents

    MD0029, 2012, E-Government

  57. Publish Projects, Plans and Budget Proposals on Websites of Authorities

    MD0030, 2012,

  58. Starred commitment Publish Real-Time Information on State Budget Execution

    MD0031, 2012,

  59. Update Annual Database on Public Spending (BOOST) and Publish Data for 2011

    MD0032, 2012,

  60. Publish Online Realtime Income and Expenditures of Central Public Authorities

    MD0033, 2012,

  61. Opening up Data and Providing Quarterly Updates on External Assistance

    MD0034, 2012,

  62. Create an Internal Integrated Information System for Collecting Information on External Assistance

    MD0035, 2012,

  63. Develop and Launch an External Web Application to Monitor Flow of External Assistance

    MD0036, 2012,

  64. Transparent Information on Public Procurement

    MD0037, 2012,

  65. Starred commitment Develop and Launch the Electronic Information System

    MD0038, 2012,

  66. Establish a Procurement Agency Assistance Center

    MD0039, 2012,

  67. Train Public Offcials

    MD0040, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  68. Develop Indicators and Statistical Methodology for Transparency in e-Procurement Systems

    MD0041, 2012,

  69. Starred commitment Amend Electronic Procurement Law

    MD0042, 2012,

  70. Draft and Approve List of Public Services

    MD0043, 2012,

  71. Develop and Implement Quality Standards

    MD0044, 2012,

  72. Digitize Public Service Gradually

    MD0045, 2012,

  73. Starred commitment Human Resources Management System

    MD0046, 2012,

  74. Innovative IT Tools for Primary and Secondary Education System

    MD0047, 2012,

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