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North Macedonia

Availability of All Public Information on the Web Sites of the Information Holders (All Holders) (MK0058)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Macedonia, Second Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Information Society and Administration, Commission for the Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information

Support Institution(s): All information holders

Policy Areas

Capacity Building

IRM Review

IRM Report: Macedonia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Availability of all public information on the web sites of the information holders (all holders)

IRM End of Term Status Summary

VI. Open Data: Inventories and Proactive Transparency

Commitment 2.1: Proactive Open Data Access

Commitment Text: 2.1. Open data of the bodies and public sector institutions according to their technical features which they create in exercise of their powers that will be made available for use.

Commitment 2.3: Open Data Catalog

Commitment Text: 2.3. Establishing a Central catalog of public sector data published for use […] http://www.otvorenipodatoci.gov.mk (opendata.gov.mk).

Commitment 2.4: Open Data Contact Persons

Commitment Text: 2.4. Establishing a database for the contact person in [public] institutions […] responsible for the technical adaptation and publishing of [accurate] data […] on the website of the authority and […] the catalog […].

Commitment 3.4: Access to Information Contact Persons

Commitment Text: 3.4. Regular posting and updating the list of information holders [and] implementation of the legislative obligation […].

Commitment 3.5: Proactive Access to Information

Commitment Text: 3.5. Availability of all public information on the web sites of the information holders.

Responsible institution(s): Ministry of Information Society and Administration (MISA); Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information

Supporting institution(s):  All information holders

Start Date: 1/4/2014     End Date: 31/12/2016

Commitment aim

The commitments in this cluster sought to improve the proactive, online release of information held by public institutions, and to provide datasets in open formats. Prior to Macedonia joining OGP, the proactive release of information inside the country was regulated by the Law on Free Access to Information, but its scope was narrow. The law did not specify the format for released information, and there was an overall lack of implementation. This cluster of commitments aimed to address the gap.

Status

Midterm

Commitment 2.1: Limited

Commitment 2.3: Not started

Commitment 2.4: Limited

Commitment 3.4: Not started

Commitment 3.5: Not started

Regarding open data (commitment 2.1), the government reported that 154 datasets from 24 institutions were released. The IRM review of datasets on the portal showed that only 90 datasets from 21 institutions were made available. The commitment did not specify the dynamics and scope of the released data, making it difficult to measure. However, the IRM review, plus the number of downloads, suggest that many of the released datasets are of little use to citizens.

A central catalog of public sector data (commitment 2.3) was not created, but the datasets can be filtered, according to the government’s self-assessment report. An Internet search of government ministries confirmed that the catalogs of datasets have not been created and made available, despite the legal requirement to do so.

Commitment 2.4 sought to establish a database of contacts within public institutions who are responsible for managing and updating the datasets. The government reported that it has started building the database using 11 pilot institutions, and will expand it as the commitment moves forward. However, the IRM researcher could not find evidence of the database’s existence, and the contacts for the pilot institutions are for internal use only by the government. In that sense, implementation of this commitment has begun, especially since the adopted legal framework has a much wider scope. 

Commitment 3.4 aimed for a “published list of information in accordance with the Law on Free Access to Information,” but the IRM researcher could not find evidence of an update. In its midterm self-assessment, the government did not provide information on the progress of this commitment.

For more information, please see the 2014-2016 IRM midterm report.

End of term

Commitment 2.1: Limited

Commitment 2.3: Not started

Commitment 2.4: Not started

Commitment 3.4: Limited

Commitment 3.5: Limited

 

There was limited progress on open data. The IRM review of the portal revealed that only four new datasets were released in the second year of implementation. Utilization of the portal is low, and only sparse data have been released. Several datasets were used as follows:

       7 pieces of data were downloaded more than 100 times

       12 were downloaded more than 20 times

       15 were downloaded more than 10 times

       18 were downloaded more than 5 times

The majority of the released data (87) was never viewed or downloaded. The most frequently downloaded data were:

       Address book of public and private kindergardens

       Number of disabled people per municipality

       Address book of children vacation hostels

       List of health institutions that perform preventive examinations of workers

       List of transfered numbers between mobile operators

The government’s end of term self-assessment report and a review by the IRM researcher showed no further progress on the implementation of commitments 2.3, 2.4, and 3.4.

CSOs proactively monitoring transparency in Macedonia maintained that state and local authorities tend not to comply with statutory obligations for releasing information.[Note 49: German Filkov, Sabina Fakic, and Marko Mitevski, Index of Active Transparency 2016, (Skopje: Center for Civic Communication, 2016), 12 [available at: http://bit.ly/2dumzw6, in Macedonian].] These authorities score better when it comes to information related to obligations from the FOI law, such as the official handling requests for access to information. On average, 61% of ministries and 52% of municipalities have this information.[Note 50: Ibid.] Additionally, fiscal transparency is the weakest area, as budget and spending information is rarely published. For example, recent monitoring by a CSO showed that institutions are more open when they receive a formal request for information, and rarely publish any information proactively, especially information about annual budgets and spending.[Note 51: Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women, Proactive and Reactive Transparency for 2015, (Skopje: ESEM, 2016), [available at: http://bit.ly/2cDMoIq, in Macedonian]. ]

Did it open government?

Access to information: Marginal

Proactive transparency was one of the key priorities identified by civil society in all IRM reviews. Commitments under this cluster all aimed to promote the release of information and datasets proactively, thereby curbing the secretive culture in government.

These commitments changed government practice on proactive transparency only marginally, with the introduction of the new open data portal. There are still serious concerns about the government’s willingness to open information.[Note 52: IRM personal interview with key civil society experts in the area: Qendresa Sulejmani, Marija Sazdov, German Filkov, and Nada Naumovska, September 2016.] Civil society added that data and information were not collected in a timely way or updated, and that the formats in which they are stored limited the usability of such information. Serious efforts are needed to improve the quality and scope of government-held information. Indeed, the government has accepted this issue, and the new OGP action plan contains a measure to ensure the proper cataloguing and recording of data collected and stored by government bodies.[Note 53: OGP National Action Plan, Measure 2.4, 21, 3rd. ]


Carried forward?

None but the commitment to strengthen the proactive release of information were carried forward. However, the government stated in its end of term self-assessment that all the activities would continue as competences of the relevant institutions, due to statutory obligations guaranteed by law. Taking into consideration that the legal framework existed before Macedonia joined OGP, but did not guarantee implementation, pushing for compliance in the next action plan is important. 


Commitments

  1. Awareness-Raising About Access to Information Rights

    MK0121, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Public Access to Central Register of the Republic of Macedonia

    MK0122, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  3. Mapping Homeless and Socially Endangered Families and Individuals

    MK0123, 2018, E-Government

  4. Monitoring Property Status of Elected and Appointed Officials

    MK0124, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  5. Assessment of Anti-Corruption Legislation

    MK0125, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  6. Open Treasury

    MK0126, 2018, E-Government

  7. Publishing Procurement Information

    MK0127, 2018, E-Government

  8. Health Sector Transparency and Establish a Cost Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0128, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Employment Program Transparency and Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0129, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Cataloging Data Sets in State Institutions

    MK0130, 2018, E-Government

  11. Regional Open Data Initiatives

    MK0131, 2018, Open Data

  12. Financial Transparency Tools

    MK0132, 2018, E-Government

  13. Improvement in Local Public Service Delivery

    MK0133, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  14. Inclusive Local Decision-Making

    MK0134, 2018, Gender

  15. To Resilient Skopje Via Data Availability

    MK0135, 2018, Infrastructure & Transport

  16. Access to Justice Development

    MK0136, 2018, Justice

  17. Improving Access to Justice for Marginalized Groups of Citizens

    MK0137, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Awareness-Raisinga About Climate Change

    MK0138, 2018, Environment and Climate

  19. National Assembly Capacity-Building

    MK0139, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Increasing the Financial Transparency of the Assembly of RM

    MK0140, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  21. Parliamentary TV Channel

    MK0141, 2018, E-Government

  22. Citizen Participation in Assembly

    MK0142, 2018, E-Government

  23. #N/A

    MK0143, 2018, Legislature

  24. Creation of Open Data Standards

    MK0089, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  25. Improvement of the Open Data Platform and Its Approximation to the Citizens

    MK0090, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Rising Awareness of Open Data

    MK0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Cataloging and Categorization of Data Sets Held by State Institutions

    MK0092, 2016, E-Government

  28. Open Data Linking on the State Institutions’ Portals

    MK0093, 2016, E-Government

  29. Improvement and Facilitation of the Access to Information

    MK0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  30. Starred commitment Implementation of the Law on Whistle-Blower Protection and Raising the Awareness for Whistle-Blowing

    MK0095, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  31. Open Data on Property Status of Elected and Appointed Persons

    MK0096, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Promotion of Integrity, Transparency and Accountability on Local Level and Monitoring the Progress

    MK0097, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  33. Promotion of Cooperation and Increased Proactivity in the Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interests

    MK0098, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  34. Starred commitment Open Budget Initiative

    MK0099, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  35. Open Data on Health Programs

    MK0100, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  36. Creating a Legal Obligation for the Contracting Authorities for Mandatory Publication of Information Regarding the Public Procurement Contracts on Their Websites

    MK0101, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  37. Involving Representatives of Associations and Foundations, As Well As Other Civil Society Organizations, in Transparent and Objective Manner in Sector Working Groups for Planning and Programming of IPA 2

    MK0102, 2016, Public Participation

  38. Publication of Data on Signed Contracts and Received Assistance Through Infrastructure Development Program (Orio) Netherlands

    MK0103, 2016, Aid

  39. Introduction of a Publicly Accessible Register of Concession Contracts

    MK0104, 2016, E-Government

  40. Increased Budgetary Fund Benefits in Preventive and Curative Health Protection for Citizens

    MK0105, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Data on Planned and Realized Domestic and Foreign Assistance for Rural Development and Agriculture on a Quarterly Basis

    MK0106, 2016, Aid

  42. Determination of Data on State Assistance to Be Published and Their Publication

    MK0107, 2016, Aid

  43. Developing Standards for Transparency and Open Data on Local Level

    MK0108, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Establishment of New Tools to Improve Financial Transparency and Accountability of Local Self-Government Units

    MK0109, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Improvement of the Institutional Consultation Mechanism at the Local Level

    MK0110, 2016, Capacity Building

  46. Capacity Strengthening for Cooperation Between the Local Self-Government Units and Civil Organizations

    MK0111, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Monitoring and Evaluation of Service Quality at the Local Level

    MK0112, 2016, Capacity Building

  48. Improvement of the Local Level Social Services

    MK0113, 2016, Capacity Building

  49. Improvement of Disabled People Social Inclusion at the Local Level

    MK0114, 2016, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Local Level Communal Services

    MK0115, 2016, Capacity Building

  51. More Information for the Citizens on the Ombudsman Institution

    MK0116, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  52. Favorable Legal Environment for Social Contracts

    MK0117, 2016, Civic Space

  53. Developing Climate Policies at National Level in a Transparent and Participatory Manner

    MK0118, 2016, Environment and Climate

  54. Open Data on Climate Change at National and Local Level

    MK0119, 2016, Capacity Building

  55. Ensuring Private Sector Accountability and Involvement in National Climate Change Action

    MK0120, 2016, E-Government

  56. Advancement of the Consultation Process with Stakeholders in the Policy Creating Process

    MK0087, 2016, E-Government

  57. Cooperation Advancement with the Civil Sector

    MK0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Enhancement of the ENER Portal and Optimization of the Process of Public Consultation

    MK0036, 2014, E-Government

  59. Implementation of the Measures from the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society (2012-2017)

    MK0037, 2014, E-Government

  60. Strengthening the Rules for Work and Use of ENER

    MK0038, 2014, E-Government

  61. Publication of the Results of Using ENER - " Mirror of the Government "

    MK0039, 2014, E-Government

  62. Monitoring of Openness of Government Institutions in the Processes of Policy Making and Law Drafting "Mirror of the Government: Public Participation in the Process of Law Drafting" Annual Report – Assessment Of:

    MK0040, 2014, Public Participation

  63. Capacity Building of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor the Implementation of Policies

    MK0041, 2014, Capacity Building

  64. Raising the Awareness About the Benefits of Open Government Partnership:

    MK0042, 2014, Capacity Building

  65. Greater Public Awareness and Use of Participatory Policy Making Through the Internet Portal e-Democracy by the Institutions, Companies, Chambers, Civil Society and Citizens

    MK0043, 2014, E-Government

  66. Starred commitment Establishing of an Advisory Body to Promote Cooperation, Dialogue and Encourage the Development of the Civil Society, Composed of Representatives of the Government, Administrative Bodies and Civil Society Organizations

    MK0044, 2014, Public Participation

  67. Improved Implementation of the Code of Good Practice for the Participation of Civil Society in the Policy Making Process

    MK0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  68. Open Data of the Bodies and Public Sector Institutions According to Their Technical Features Which They Create in Exercise of Their Powers That Will Be Made Available for Use

    MK0046, 2014, Open Data

  69. Setting of Technical Standards for the Data Format and the Manner of Its Publication Prescribed by the Minister of Information Society and Administration.

    MK0047, 2014, Open Data

  70. Establishing a Central Catalog of Public Sector Data Published for Use Based on a Catalog of Data from the Bodies and the Institutions of the Public Sector Www.Otvorenipodatoci.Gov.Mk (Opendata.Gov.Mk)

    MK0048, 2014, E-Government

  71. Establishing a Database for the Contact Person in the Bodies and Institutions of the Public Sector Where a Contact Person Shall Be Appointed Responsible for the Technical Adaptation and Publishing of Data for Use, Their Publication on the Website of the Authority and Responsibilities for the Accuracy of the Catalog Data Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk.

    MK0049, 2014, Open Data

  72. Introducing the Possibility for Submission of a Request by the Interested Parties for New Datasets for Use.

    MK0050, 2014, Open Data

  73. Establishing a Platform for Data Mashing (Pilot 11 Institutions)

    MK0051, 2014, E-Government

  74. Trainings for Implementation of the Law on Use of Data from the Public Sector

    MK0052, 2014, Capacity Building

  75. Raising Public Awareness About the Right to Free Access to Public Information Through the Created and Conducted Media Presentations and Educational Campaign

    MK0053, 2014, Capacity Building

  76. Establishing of Inter-Sector Working Group for Determining the Compliance with the Convention of the Council of Europe for Access to Public Documents and Setting National Legal Requirements for Accession to the Convention

    MK0054, 2014, Public Participation

  77. Educating Officers and Officials at the Information Holders (Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information)

    MK0055, 2014, Capacity Building

  78. Making a New Web Site of the Commission (Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0056, 2014, E-Government

  79. Regular Posting and Updating the List of Information Holders

    MK0057, 2014, Capacity Building

  80. Availability of All Public Information on the Web Sites of the Information Holders (All Holders)

    MK0058, 2014, Capacity Building

  81. Improving the Financial and Human Resources of the Commission (Ministry of Finance, the Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information and the Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0059, 2014, Capacity Building

  82. Increasing the Cooperation of the Commission with Associations and Foundations and Municipalities in RM Through Memorandum of Cooperation

    MK0060, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Publishing Information About Budget and Program Implementation of Health Budgets, with Particular Focus on the Budgetary and Financial Implementation of Preventive Programs of the Ministry of Health, Obtained Through a Procedure of Access to Public Information Www.Esem.Org.Mk

    MK0061, 2014, E-Government

  84. Amending the Law on Free Access to Public Information (Ministry of Justice)

    MK0062, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  85. Starred commitment Adoption of Amendments to the Law on Prevention of Corruption in the Direction Of:

    MK0063, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  86. Implementation of Activities to Raise Awareness of Public Administration and Citizens to Report Corruption and Other Unlawful and Impermissible Actions

    MK0064, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  87. Introducing Guidelines to the Integrity System and Their Further Piloting in the Municipalities and Central Level Institutions

    MK0065, 2014, Capacity Building

  88. Defining a Methodology for Assessing the Risks of Corruption by Updating the Concept of Integrity

    MK0066, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  89. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring the Progress of Implementation of Integrity Systems (Integrity Index) for Local Self Governments

    MK0067, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  90. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring Progress in Implementation of Integrity Systems by the Civil Society (Through Tools for Social Responsibility)

    MK0068, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  91. Continuously Promote the Use of It Tools for Social Responsibility in the Municipalities and Other Institutions

    MK0069, 2014, Capacity Building

  92. Building the Capacity of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor Anti-Corruption Practices At the Local Level Through Research and a LOTOS Study

    MK0070, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  93. Defining the Scope of the Elected and Appointed Persons Who Are Obliged to Submit Declarations of Assets and Interests Statement - Preparation of the Register

    MK0071, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  94. Implementation of the Open Budget Initiative

    MK0072, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  95. Starred commitment Public Procurement

    MK0073, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  96. Foreign Aid and Foreign Investment

    MK0074, 2014, Aid

  97. Developing Capacities at Local Level for the Implementation of Mechanisms for Proactive Communication with Citizens

    MK0075, 2014, Capacity Building

  98. Establish an Electronic Platform (Dashboard) with Indicators for the Budget and Delivery of Local Services

    MK0076, 2014, E-Government

  99. Improving Local Services Through Direct Collaboration with Citizens

    MK0077, 2014, Public Participation

  100. Transforming the Part of Local Services in e- Services

    MK0078, 2014, E-Government

  101. Participatory Policy Making at the Local Level- Obligatory Consultations with Citizens in Drafting/Amending of the Most Important Acts and Documents in the Local Government (Budget, Strategies, Urban Plans, Statute)

    MK0079, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  102. Increasing Accountability and Promoting the Concept of Informed Consumers and Citizens, Service Users and Rights Through:

    MK0080, 2014, Capacity Building

  103. Publication of the Results of the Projects for Evaluation of Public Administration

    MK0081, 2014, Capacity Building

  104. Inclusive Elementary and Secondary Education for Persons with Disabilities

    MK0082, 2014, Education

  105. Enforcement Activities of the Center for Safer Internet Action Plan in Accordance with (Inhope Macedonia)

    MK0083, 2014, Capacity Building

  106. Analysis of the Results Obtained in Field Research at the National Level to Implement the Program

    MK0084, 2014, Capacity Building

  107. Informing Women on the Rights and the Services Available to Them with the Programme

    MK0085, 2014, Capacity Building

  108. Increasing Responsibilities and Promote the Concept of Environmental Protection (DEM – AD Treska, Makedonski Brod and Other Stakeholders):

    MK0086, 2014, Environment and Climate

  109. ENER online Participatory Tool in Legislation Drafting

    MK0001, 2012, Public Participation

  110. Www.E-Demokratija.Gov.Mk - on Line Tool for Participatory Policy Making

    MK0002, 2012, E-Government

  111. Introduction of Online Petitions

    MK0003, 2012,

  112. Implementation of the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society Sector

    MK0004, 2012, Public Participation

  113. Code of Best Practices for NGO Involvement

    MK0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  114. Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk

    MK0006, 2012, E-Government

  115. Development of Business Model for Open Data

    MK0007, 2012, Open Data

  116. Prioritizing Opening of Data

    MK0008, 2012, Open Data

  117. Use of Inter-Operable Services as Guidance in Opening Data

    MK0009, 2012, Open Data

  118. Plan and Monitor the Implementation of the Plans for Opening the State Institutions Information.

    MK0010, 2012, Open Data

  119. Analyses of the Legal Framework Enabling Open Data.

    MK0011, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  120. Improving Services Through Www.Uslugi.Gov.Mk

    MK0012, 2012, E-Government

  121. Integration of Citizen Logs, Their Update and Publishing

    MK0013, 2012, E-Government

  122. ‘Traffic Light’ Project for Citizens’ Evaluation of the Administration.

    MK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  123. Provision of the Government Services Through Cloud Computing.

    MK0015, 2012, E-Government

  124. Introduction of One-Off Request for the Information from the Citizens.

    MK0016, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  125. Use of Harm Test. and 2. Publication of Information Gathered Through the Free Access Law

    MK0017, 2012, Right to Information

  126. Publication of Easy to Search Public Information.

    MK0018, 2012, Right to Information

  127. Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Access to Public Documents.

    MK0019, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  128. Electronic Submission of Requests for Access to Public Character Information.

    MK0020, 2012, E-Government

  129. Training of Access to Information Officers.

    MK0021, 2012, E-Government

  130. Identification of Low Interest Areas for Business Investments. 2.Publication of Research.

    MK0022, 2012, Education

  131. Scientific and Research Cooperation Through the Internet.

    MK0023, 2012, E-Government

  132. Publication of Information from the State Statistical Office for Further Scientific Purposes.

    MK0024, 2012, Education

  133. Available Information About the Inspectorates

    MK0025, 2012, Justice

  134. Introduce Integrity Systems for Anticorruption Policies in the Public Administration.

    MK0026, 2012, Capacity Building

  135. Open Budget Initiative

    MK0027, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  136. Public Procurements

    MK0028, 2012, E-Government

  137. Foreign Assistance and Foreign Investments

    MK0029, 2012, Aid

  138. Opening of Information by the Municipalities

    MK0030, 2012, Open Data

  139. Free Access to Information Training Local Self-Government Officials

    MK0031, 2012, Capacity Building

  140. Integrity System on Local Level.1. Established Methodology. 2. Piloting in 10 Municipalities.

    MK0032, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  141. Promotion of Consumers Information in Selected Areas.

    MK0033, 2012, Gender

  142. Availability of Information Related To: Roads Safety, Air Quality, Safety of Workers

    MK0034, 2012, E-Government

  143. Public Health Information

    MK0035, 2012, Health