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Romania

Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects (RO0026)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania, Second Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of National Education, Minister Delegate for higher education, scientific research and technological development

Support Institution(s): National Council of Rectors, National Trade Union Federation “Alma Mater” CSOs: Open Society Foundation; Transparency International; Kosson Initiative

Policy Areas

E-Government, Science & Technology

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

The commitment refers to the publishing of studies and results of publicly-funded research, as well as the development of the framework that will allow the adoption on a national level of policies in accordance with the Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information C(2012) 4890.
The European Commission has already introduced the Open Access principles in its main funding programmes for education and research (FP7, Erasmus+, Horizon 2020).
Results of publicly-funded research can therefore be disseminated more broadly and faster, to the benefit of researchers, innovative industry and citizens. Open access can also boost the visibility of European research, and in particular offer small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) access to the latest research for utilisation.
This will lead to increased transparency of the impact of public funds use for research purposes and increased collective intelligence of the academic research community.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 8. Open Access: Opening Up Data Resulted from Publicly Funded Research Projects

Commitment Text:

1.     The responsible institutions will monitor the implementation of open access principles in publicly-funded Romanian scientific research programmes.

2.     The responsible institutions will issue recommendations for the development and use under open license of institutional databases and for their integration into a single national gateway.

3.     Drawing up proposals for drafting public policies on open access.

 

Responsible institutions: Ministry of National Education, Minister Delegate for Higher Education, Scientific Research, and Technological Development

Supporting institution(s): National Council of Rectors, National Trade Union Federation “Alma Mater,” Open Society Foundation, Transparency International, Kosson Initiative

Start date: September 2014                           End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:

 

The main goal of this commitment is to enhance the impact of publicly funded scientific research by disseminating findings and publications under open access rules. This commitment proposes to monitor open access programs and create recommendations for developing and applying open licensing, making publicly funded research accessible through a single national gateway.

Status

Midterm: Limited

Romania has not implemented a European Commission recommendation to provide open access for publicly funded research projects. New legislation for open access to research papers was enacted through the National Strategy for Research, Development, and Innovation 2014–2020. However, the government did not implement the new legislation, and by the end of the midterm period it had published only a few datasets and research papers. The national repository archive for scientific research papers is digitized and should be accessible to the academic community in the future. However this falls short of the intended goal to provide open access to the general public. For more information, please see the 2014–2015 IRM midterm report.

End of term: Limited

The government has made some progress since the midterm evaluation, but completion is still limited. The new legislation requires publicly financed research to provide public access to abstracts online within one year of publication. This falls far short of the EU requirement for free open access to full reports and papers resulting from publicly funded research. The IRM researcher audited several government data portals and found few datasets or research papers. Based on this audit, the progress for this commitment is limited. Furthermore, the government needs to develop public policies to aid commitment implementation. Specifically, the government should put in place a monitoring and evaluation mechanism to compel researchers and institutions to comply with open access rules. This would likely require changes in research funding to cover costs associated with open access publishing, intellectual property rights, and EU regulations.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Did not change

If fully implemented, this commitment could greatly increase public access to academic and scientific research findings and publications. However, as implemented, this commitment fell far short of achieving its goals. The government published recommendations online for creating national research repositories.[Note 26: The recommendations are available at https://portal.anelisplus.ro/content/depozite-institutionale-si-relatia-cu-depozitul-national.%5D Upon close reading, the recommendations reveal internal miscommunications and disagreements about the interpretation of this commitment. This resulted in two different understandings of the term “open access.” The first defined “open access” as making the results of publicly funded research openly available and free of charge. The second interpretation, which is incorrect, defined “open access” as making privately funded research in fee-charging journals free and open to the public.

Resolving these issues has stalled implementation. As such, access to information has not changed beyond the baseline.

To change publishing practices, the scientific community must first reach consensus on the following issues:

       The type of research that should be published in the open access repositories,

       The rules governing intellectual property,

       The format and the metadata, which vary from discipline to discipline,

       Who should be responsible for maintaining the repositories, and

       Who should pay for the creation and maintenance of the whole system.

These preliminary conditions must be resolved to improve publishing practices beyond the baseline. This commitment could effectively change practice under the following conditions: (1) legally requiring researchers to make the full results of their research freely available to the public (most researchers currently do not) and (2) creating the infrastructure for compelling researchers to comply with such rules. This infrastructure would require legislation, funds, and implementation, and the government has yet to tackle these issues.

Carried forward?

The government did not complete the commitment in the second national action plan. Civil society representatives have proposed including the commitment in the third national action plan, but the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research Development, and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI) decided that the commitment needs clarification before receiving additional financial and human resources. In particular, the relationship between the commitment’s goals and the EU requirements for publicly funded research needs to be demarcated. Additionally, the researcher recommends addressing legislative issues related to financing the costs of administering and maintaining a national institutional repository.

Theme 2: Open Data


Romania's Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, E-Government

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, E-Government

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, E-Government

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Asset Disclosure

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, E-Government

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Open Data

  39. Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Open Data

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Records Management

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Open Data

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Open Data

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Open Data

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Open Data

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Open Data

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Open Data

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Open Data

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Open Data

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Open Data

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Open Data

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, E-Government

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, E-Government

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Open Data

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Open Data

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Open Data

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Open Data

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration