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Sri Lanka

Strengthening Women Participation in the political decision making process at the local level (LK0015)



Action Plan: Sri Lanka National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: Election Commission

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Women and Child Affairs, and Ministry of Local Government Sri Lanka; Centre for Policy Analysis, Women and Media Collective, Women NGO Forum, Centre for Women’s Research, Sri Lanka Local Government Association, PAFFREL, Uva Shakthi Foundation, Maanawa Shakthi Foundation

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Gender, Legislature, Public Participation, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Sri Lanka Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: NR

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: NR


The Sri Lankan Constitution commits to gender equality and non-discrimination and recognizes affirmative action to bring about positive changes. These commitments are enshrined in the Women’s Charter of Sri Lanka (1993) and the National Plan of Action for Women (1996) that reflect Constitutional commitments as well as international commitments to CEDAW. Despite these commitments to gender equality, women’s participation in politics is still at a 6% low level in the national and local government. In the South Asian region, Sri Lanka presents a sorry picture with all the peer countries reporting better ranks globally as depicted below:
Countries in SA Percentage Place
Nepal 29.5% 47th
Afghanistan 27.7% 50th
Pakistan 27.7% 83rd
Bangladesh 20% 87th
India 12% 141st
Bhutan 8.5% 163rd
Maldives 5.9% 173rd
Sri Lanka 5.8% 175th

The Beijing +20 Review of the situation in Sri Lanka makes the following observation regarding women in politics. “It is possible to identify many forms of political participation in Sri Lanka, ranging from voting and contesting at elections to attendance at political meetings and rallies, membership in political organizations, participation in political strikes and demonstrations, as well as participation in unconventional and illegal activities like terrorism. Women make up half of the electorate in Sri Lanka as in most countries around the world and have the right to vote going back to the early 20th century. Yet women’s representation in the decision making sphere of politics, namely in political representation, remains woefully low despite years of activism. According to the latest statistics women’s representation in politics is less than six percent at all levels, national, provincial and local. This low level of women’s representation has always been seen as a conundrum in a country which has performed well on other indicators on women such as education and health”. In 2016 the law pertaining to Local Government was amended to include a 25% mandatory quota for women. Issues to be Addressed: Ensure increased number of women candidates in elections to the local government by widely publicizing salient features of the Local Government Amendment Bill. Bring together women whose capacity to enter politics has been built over the years through numerous programmes. Create a pool of women ready to enter local government politics and raise awareness among political parties to select trained women. Ensure that all the names of the candidates (men and women) are publicized early by the Election Commission, including profiles of the candidates. Main Objective: To ensure the nomination and election of qualified women to local government authorities through a transparent publicized process followed by political parties.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

For commitment details, see the full report: English | Sinhala | Tamil

Sri Lanka's Commitments

  1. Integrity officers to decrease bribery and corruption

    LK0024, 2019, Capacity Building

  2. Asset declaration system

    LK0025, 2019, Asset Disclosure

  3. Increase use of RTI

    LK0026, 2019, E-Government

  4. citizen participation in health

    LK0027, 2019, E-Government

  5. Campaign against youth drug use

    LK0028, 2019, Education

  6. open data

    LK0029, 2019, E-Government

  7. Agriculture support policy

    LK0030, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Participation for persons with disabilities

    LK0031, 2019, Land & Spatial Planning

  9. Disability rights bill

    LK0032, 2019, Legislation & Regulation

  10. Disaster management planning

    LK0033, 2019, Capacity Building

  11. nationak environmental policy

    LK0034, 2019, Environment and Climate

  12. CEDAW implementation

    LK0035, 2019, Capacity Building

  13. local service delivery

    LK0036, 2019, E-Government

  14. feedback on public bus

    LK0037, 2019, E-Government

  15. implementing UN convention on the rights of the child in a participatory manner

    LK0038, 2019, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Improving public access to preventive and curative strategies to combat Chronic Kidney Disease

    LK0001, 2016, Health

  17. Transparent Policy to Provide Safe and Affordable Medicines for All

    LK0002, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. National Health Performance

    LK0003, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Ensuring transparency and impartiality in teacher recruitment policy and process in Sri Lanka

    LK0004, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Enhance the services of Government Information Center (GIC- 1919) for Inclusive, Transparent, accountable and Efficient Governance, using ICT as enabler

    LK0005, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promote the Open Data Concept and delivering the benefits to Citizens through ICT

    LK0006, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. National Environmental Act (NEA) Amendments

    LK0007, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Coast Conservation

    LK0008, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Flora and Fauna Protection

    LK0009, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Transparent and Accountable Procurement System for Local Authorities in Sri Lanka

    LK0010, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Local Authority Procurement System Implementation

    LK0011, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  27. Annual Work Plan of the Ministry of Women and Child Affairs to include a transparent and accountable process to implement selected Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Concluding Observations.

    LK0012, 2016, Gender

  28. CEDAW Implementation – Accountability

    LK0013, 2016, Gender

  29. CEDAW – Inclusion

    LK0014, 2016, Gender

  30. Strengthening Women Participation in the political decision making process at the local level

    LK0015, 2016, Capacity Building

  31. Strengthen the anti-corruption framework to increase constructive public participation

    LK0016, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Implement UNCAC

    LK0017, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  33. Coordination among Anti-Corruption Agencies

    LK0018, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  34. Corruption and Money Laundering

    LK0019, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Campaign Finance

    LK0020, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  36. Disseminate Asset Declaration

    LK0021, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  37. Starred commitment The enactment and implementation of the RTI Act

    LK0022, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  38. Proactive Disclosure

    LK0023, 2016, Legislation & Regulation