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Tanzania

Make land use plan, ownership and demarcated areas for large scale land deals accessible online for public use by June 2016. (TZ0029)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Not Attached

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Land, Housing, and Human Settlement Development (MLHHSD)

Support Institution(s): Prime Minister’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO-RALG), TIC and unspecified civil society and private sector organizations

Policy Areas

Land & Spatial Planning

IRM Review

IRM Report: Tanzania End of Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

This includes:
(i) Publish demarcated areas for large scale agricultural investment (farming and livestock keeping)
(ii) Publish all land use plans and make it accessible both at national and local levels
(iii) Make easily searchable land ownership database online

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 3.3. Open Budgets

Commitment Text: To make budget data (eight key budget reports), audit committee reports and tax exemptions publicly available by December 2014

In line with internationally accepted good practices for open budgets, this includes:

(i) Publish, in a timely manner, the following eight key budget reports each budget year: a

pre-budget statement; the executive's budget proposal; the enacted budget; a citizens

budget; in-year reports on revenues collected, expenditures made and debt incurred; a

mid-year review; a year-end report; and audit reports.

(ii) Publish the reports of the Parliamentary Audit Committees.

(iii) Publish all tax exemptions, on a monthly basis.

(iv) Publish Budget data online, in machine-readable formats, as well as key information

made available at district councils as far as possible at all education and health facilities.

Responsible institution(s): Ministry of Finance (MoF), Parliament, and the Controller and Auditor General's (CAG) Office

Supporting institution(s): Prime Minister's Office-Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO-RALG), unspecified CSO, and private-sector organisations

Start date: 1 July 2014 End date: 30 June 2016

Commitment Aim:

This commitment sets an ambitious goal to publish reports in three key areas: budget, tax exemptions, and parliamentary audit commitees.

The initiative to release eight key budget reports in line with international critera for budget transparency and open data formatting predates the commitment period. Tanzania has regularly released six of the eight budget documents defined in the commitment since 2012.[Note 31: Open Budget Survey, 30 April 2016, http://www.internationalbudget.org/budget-work-by-country/findgroup/group-data/?country=tz.%5D The eight reports include (1) a pre-budget statement; (2) the executive's budget proposal; (3) the enacted budget; (4) a citizens' budget; (5) in-year reports on revenues collected, expenditures made, and debt incurred; (6) a mid-year review; (7) a year-end report; and (8) audit reports.

In addition to publishing budget data online in machine-readable formats, the government also committed to making budget data publicly available offline at the district council level, including at all education and health facilities. The government also committed to publishing tax exemption and parliamentary audit committees' reports for the first time.

Status

Midterm: Limited

At the midterm, although improvements had been made in the release of budget reports, two key reports out of eight were not published'”the mid-year review and the end-of-year budget report. Therefore, six budget reports were published by the midterm assessment. These were a pre-budget statement; the executive's budget proposal; the enacted budget; a citizens' budget; in-year reports on revenues collected, expenditures made, and debt incurred; and audit reports.

Other key deliverables to be released as part of this commitment were not disclosed, including tax exemption reports, parliamentary audit committees' reports, and the publication of online budget data in a machine-readable format.

End of term: Limited

By end of the two-year implementation cycle (30 June 2016), the government created seven of the eight key budget reports, though not all were made available to the public. The seven budget reports produced included (1) a pre-budget statement; (2) the executive's budget proposal; (3) the enacted budget; (4) a citizens' budget; (5) in-year reports on revenues collected, expenditures made, and debt incurred; (6) a mid-year review; and (7) audit reports. The end-of-year (budget execution) report was being finalised but had not been published[Note 32: Interview with an anonymous civil servant, 25 August 2016, Dar es Salaam.] at the time of writing this report.

The government's self-assessment report on 30 June 2016 states that monthly tax exemptions and parliamentary audit reports have been published online'”on the Ministry of Finance and National Parliament websites, respectively. However, a search by the IRM researcher revealed that some of these pending reports were incomplete, behind schedule, or not published. Tax exemptions and relevant tax documents were to be released on a monthly basis, but only two out of four quarterly reports were published during 2015.[Note 33: Screenshot of Ministry of Finance website, 20 October 2016. Available at http://www.mof.go.tz/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=80&Itemid=999.%5D The parliamentary audit committees' reports were also not completed during the second action plan implementation cycle.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Marginal

Public accountability: Marginal

The commitment intended to improve fiscal transparency by making eight key budget reports, tax exemptions, and parliamentary audit reports publicly available. During the commitment period in 2015, the Tanzanian government publicly released six of the eight key budget documents it aimed to make available for 2014. However, the mid-year review and the end-of-year report remained undisclosed to the public.

According to the Open Budget Survey, as of April 2016 Tanzania had regressed since the 2015 reporting period, making only five of eight key budget documents publicly available. The previously accessible in-year report was published for internal government use only. As of September 2016, the in-year report, end-of-year report, and mid-year review were not available to the public,[Note 34: Open Budget Survey, 30 April 2016, http://www.internationalbudget.org/budget-work-by-country/findgroup/group-data/?country=tz.%5D while the pre-budget statement; the executive's budget proposal; the enacted budget; a citizens' budget; and audit reports continued to be publicly accessible.

The government's commitment to publish vast amounts of budget data, along with tax and audit reports, could have significantly changed fiscal operations and practice in Tanzania. Further, the newly released information would have helped lay the foundation for the future systematisation of publishing budget data.

 

During the commitment period, the government began releasing tax exemption documents that were not previously available. The government's end-of-term self-assessment report states that the tax exemption and the parliamentary audit committees' reports are available on the Ministry of Finance and Parliament websites, respectively. However, the IRM researcher's search revealed two quarterly tax exemption reports for April-June and July-September 2015 were published by the end-of-term assessment deadline (30 June 2016), meaning two quarterly tax exemption reports were behind schedule and some reports for the fiscal year 2014-2015 were not published at all.[Note 35: Screenshot of Ministry of Finance website, 20 October 2016. Available at http://www.mof.go.tz/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=80&Itemid=999.%5D Parliament's website (http://www.bunge.go.tz) did not display any parliamentary audit committee reports for the fiscal years 2014-15 and 2015-16.

 

Civil society stakeholders[Note 36: Telephone interview with a civil society stakeholder, 13 October 2016, Dar es Salaam.] observed that the government was producing the eight key budget reports prior to the commitment period and their inclusion in the commitment had little effect on stretching government practice. However, publishing reports on tax exemptions and parliamentary audit committee findings would have had a more significant impact on increasing public trust by offering citizens detailed information on the government's budget and expenditures that previously went undisclosed. In addition, publicly releasing the remaining three key budget documents from the eight the government produces would further increase transparency.

Carried forward?

Tanzania's third OGP action plan draft[Note 37: Tanzania Open Government Partnership (OGP) Third National Action Plan 2016-18, http://www.twaweza.org/uploads/files/FINAL%20OGP%20ACTION%20PLAN%20III%2030_8_2016.pdf

] includes a commitment to publish budget data online with similar deliverables to those in the second OGP action plan. The only change is that the government will aim to publish tax exemption reports on a quarterly instead of monthly basis. Also the government intends to issue a directive to local government authorities, schools, and health facilities to ensure that detailed budget and expenditure information is made available to any local resident on request and posted on a public notice board.


Tanzania's Commitments

  1. Starred commitment To enact a Freedom of Information Act by December 2014.

    TZ0026, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  2. To establish an open data system by December 2016.

    TZ0027, 2014, Capacity Building

  3. To make budget data (eight key budget reports), audit committee reports and tax exemptions publicly available by December 2014.

    TZ0028, 2014, E-Government

  4. Make land use plan, ownership and demarcated areas for large scale land deals accessible online for public use by June 2016.

    TZ0029, 2014, Land & Spatial Planning

  5. Tanzania to fulfill its EITI commitments by June, 2016

    TZ0030, 2014, Extractive Industries

  6. Dashboard of OGP progress

    TZ0001, 2012, OGP

  7. Water data and mapping

    TZ0002, 2012, Water and Sanitation

  8. Citizens’ website

    TZ0003, 2012, E-Government

  9. National Audit Office website

    TZ0004, 2012, E-Government

  10. Client service charters

    TZ0005, 2012, E-Government

  11. Participation by email and mobile phones

    TZ0006, 2012, E-Government

  12. Reporting on medical supply orders

    TZ0007, 2012, E-Government

  13. Starred commitment Access to health, education, and water data

    TZ0008, 2012, Open Data

  14. Government websites

    TZ0009, 2012, Open Data

  15. Open forum on OGP commitments

    TZ0010, 2012, E-Government

  16. Complaints register

    TZ0011, 2012, E-Government

  17. Starred commitment Citizens’ “How Do I?” website

    TZ0012, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  18. Local government service boards and committees

    TZ0013, 2012, E-Government

  19. Citizens' budget document

    TZ0014, 2012, E-Government

  20. Contact point for OGP communication

    TZ0015, 2012, E-Government

  21. Global practice on data disclosure

    TZ0016, 2012, E-Government

  22. Donor funding

    TZ0017, 2012, Aid

  23. Open government innovation by local entrepreneurs

    TZ0018, 2012, Capacity Building

  24. Disclosure of public officials’ assets

    TZ0019, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  25. Allocation of grants to local governments

    TZ0020, 2012, E-Government

  26. Budget execution reports

    TZ0021, 2012, E-Government

  27. Local government transparency

    TZ0022, 2012, E-Government

  28. Reports on tax exemptions

    TZ0023, 2012, E-Government

  29. Best practices for Freedom of Information laws

    TZ0024, 2012, Right to Information

  30. Parastatal organisations

    TZ0025, 2012, E-Government