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Albania

Publish accessible budget information online for citizen engagement (AL0072)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Albania Action Plan 2020-2022

Action Plan Cycle: 2020

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Finance and Economy

Support Institution(s): State actors involved Other government agencies involved: The Institute of Statistics (INSTAT), Water Supply Sector and other SOE-s, Line Ministries, Contracting Authorities for Concession/PPP contracts with budget support, Non-governmental agencies involved:Most of the CSO in Albania, which mission is related with economic development and public finance issues/ Universities/ Faculty of Economy.

Policy Areas

E-Government, Fiscal Openness, Public Participation, Public Participation in Budget/Fiscal Policy, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What is the public problem that the commitment will address? Transparency, public participation, and legislative oversight in the development of budgets creates better outcomes and are the main issues to better improve the citizen access on fiscal documents.Increasing accountability over the budget and fiscal cycle deters waste and corruption and ensures that budgetary decisions and spending reflect the people’s interests. Through transparency, public participation and legislative oversight this openness can help combat corruption. Increasing transparency and public participation across the budget and fiscal cycle is particularly important for Albania. In recent years fiscal transparency has been increasing in Albania. Between 2010 and 2019 Albania’s score on the Open Budget Index6 (OBI) has increased from 33 to 55 out of a possible 100. While encouraging, according to the OBI’s 2019 assessment Albania have done progress but still does not publish enough material to support informed public debate on the budget7 . In the 2019 assessment of the online availability, timeliness, and comprehensiveness of eight key budget documents Albania ranked 43r d out of 117 countries. In order for fiscal transparency to facilitate the citizen empowerment necessary to scrutinize public finances and therefore promote public financial accountability the publication of documents alone will not be sufficient. Without increasing the accessibility of fiscal information fiscal transparency will not be effective in promoting more accountable fiscal governance. Thus, efforts towards fiscal openness in Albania will aim to facilitate increased public understanding. The OBI has recommended that Albania expand the financial and policy information in the Executive's Budget Proposal, Year-End Report, and Mid-Year Review to be more specific, disaggregating information to provide stakeholders with a more comprehensive understanding.

What is the commitment? Budget transparency consists of publishing budget reports and relevant financial data in formats that are understandable and accessible to all citizens will help to develop the fiscal transparency necessary for citizens to be well enough informed to participate in public debate on aspects of the budget and to meaningfully engage and participate in the planning and execution of the budget. 6 The OBI measures public access to informa tion on how the central government raises and spends public resources and assesses the online availability, timeliness, and comprehensiveness of eight key budget documents 7According to the OBI a fiscal transparency score of 61/100 or higher indicates a country likely publishes adequate information for informed public debate Commitments |Fiscal Transparency | Commitment 8 Due to the technical nature of many public budget and fiscal documents in order for fiscal transparency to be achieved this commitment will establish the timely publication information in a format that is not only easily accessible online, but is also easily understood, uses plain language and includes accompanying supplementary resources or information that explain more complex or technical concepts in laments terms. Further efforts shall be made to engage the public in the budget process so as to promote public accountability to citizens through civic participation. Objective: Albania’s commitment to improving budget transparency aims to guarantee a public finance system that promotes transparency, accountability, fiscal discipline and efficiency in the management and use of public resources to improve the quality of service delivery and economic development. The commitment aims to achieve enhanced accountability and transparency through better financial and non-financial performance reporting in line with international standards to improve coverage, quality and accessibility of information on public finances and promote civic engagement throughout the budget cycle. Expected results: • A sustainable statistical system for the general government units is in place; • Timely and reliable government financial statistics; • Published in year and annual financial reports contain accessible financial and non-financial performance information; • Strengthened financial oversight and management of the fiscal risks; • Formal opportunities provided for the public to engage in the planning and execution of the budget; • More structured and timely engagement with citizens, civil society organizations and academia in budget planning, monitoring and reporting.

How will the commitment contribute to solving the public problem? To establish increased budget transparency this commitment will prioritize alignment with international methodologies for statistical information, strengthening the sale, scope, timeliness and accessibility of the information published and create opportunities for citizens to engage in the budget process. The timely publication of government national accounts in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010 and using a revised statistical system (milestone 1) aims to ensure the reliability of published government accounts and provide a framework for efficient and accurate complication and publication of financial statistics that aligns with international best practices. To promote public financial oversight and accountability an improved fiscal risk statement will be developed in order to better monitor and mitigate any financial risks (milestone 2). Increasing fiscal transparency requires that the information available be relevant and timely. As such, budget execution and financial annual (milestone 3) and mid-year (milestone 4) reports will be published in year. They will include plain language and supplementary non-financial performance information to be easily accessible to citizens and promote comprehensive of budget related information and reports. Finally a budget hearing calendar for key budget processes will enable (milestone 5). OGP challenge affected by this measures Improve public services Increase efficient management of public resources Increase public integrity Increase corporat e accountability Create a safer community for citizens & civil society ☒ ☒ ☒ ☒ ☐

Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Transparency & Access to Information • Does the ide a disclose more information to the public? • Does the ide a improve the quality of information disclosed to the public? • Does the ide a improve accessibility of information to the public? • Does the ide a e nable the right to information? ☒Y es ☐N o As one of the ex pected results is ‘Published upgraded g ov ernment y early budget execution report’ through this commitment more budgetary and fiscal in formation will be accessible to the public through m ore simplified and under standable formats. These upgraded reports will utilize simplified language in order to be understandable by a n on -expert audience. Budget in formation will be improv ed a s stated abov e, but will also be made more accessible through publication on multiple channels including the regular gov ernment websites, a s well a s the OGP website to better reach all cit izen s who may be inter ested in the topic. Public Accountability • Does the ide a cre ate or improve rules, regulations, and mechanisms to publicly hold government officials answerable to the ir actions? • Does the ide a make the government accountable to the public and not solely to inte rnal syste ms? ☒Y es ☐N o Increa sed transparency on budg et issues will make the g ov ernment m ore exposed in the ey es of cit izen s h ow the public money are managed and spent and therefor e, more accountable to the public. Through the increa sed av ailability and accessibility of fiscal information commitment makes the g ov ernment accountable to the public and not solely to internal sy stems, a s one of the main principles that transparency aims to pr omote is the increa se of accountability of the g ov ernment to the public. Public & Civic Participation • Does the ide a cre ate or improve opportunities, or capabilities for the public to inform or influe nce de cisions? • Does the ide a cre ate or improve the e nabling e nvironme nt for civil socie ty? ☒Y es ☐N o This idea improv es opportunities and capabilities for the public to inform or influence decision s, a s it creates more accessible information and on e of its priority measures is to increase citizen’s engagement in the budget pr ocess. The implementation of a budget calendar for hearing sessions, where CSOs are the main stakeholder s, is intended to create and improv e a culture of collaboration and the env ironment for collaboration between CSOs and the g ov ernment. Technology & Innovation • Will te chnological innovation be used in with one of the other three OGP values to advance participation, transpare ncy or accountability? ☒Y es ☐N o Technological innov ation through the u se of a v ariety of channels (MoFE website, OGP website, social network, media, etc.) will be used to pr omote and enhance transparency and engagement through the publication of notification s/news/information relating to the budget that may be of interest to the public. The u se of a v ariety of communication mediums will help to promote continued and increasing engagement with the public and ov er time public trust.

Milestone Activities Milestones Indicators Responsible Institution / s New or Continued Idea Timeframe Measurable & verifiable achievements to accomplish this objective Result Indicators Output Indicators Lead Responsible Institution Supporting / Coordinating Agencies / Institutions New or continued from 2018- 2020 OGP AP Start Date End Dat e Priority Measure 1: 'Government National Accounts' Timely and reliable Government Financial Statistics' Milestone 1: 'Gov ernment National Accounts-Timely and reliable Gov ernment Financial Statistics Compilation of Government National A ccounts according to International Methodology (ESA 2010). The number of tables constru cted against the total requirements was used to measure this indicator. 1. A sustainable statistical system for the general government units is in place; 2. EDP tables will be revised using statistical system created. The Institute of Statistics (IN STA T) Ministry of Finance and Economy (MOFE); Bank of Albania (BoA ) ☐N o ☒Y es (w hich one?) Compile National Government Account according to international methodologies (ESA 2010 and GFS 2014) Jan. 2020 Dec. 2021 Priority Measure 2: 'Financial and performance monitoring and reporting' Published in year and annualbudget execution reports Milestone 2: Fiscal risk management: Strengthened financial ov er sight and management of the fiscal risks in order to hav e an improv ed FRS with more fiscal risks monitored and mitigated if necessary . An improved Fiscal Risk Statement. MoFE Bu dget Institutions, Water Su pply Sector and other SOE-s, Line Ministries, Contracting Authorities for Concession/PPP contracts with bu dget su pport. ☐N o ☒Y es: Presentation Fiscal risks in Fiscal Risk Statements Jan. 2020 Dec. 2022 Milestone 3: Pu blished g ov ernment y early budget execution report. Published in year and annual financial reports contain accessible financial and non-financial performance information MoFE Line Ministries; Bu dget Institutions ☒N o ☐Y es Jan. 2020 Dec. 2022 Milestone 4: Pu blished in -y ear budget ex ecution reports, including the mid-y ear rev iew. Published in year and annual financial reports contain accessible financial and non-financial performance information MoFE Line Ministries; Bu dget Institutions ☒N o ☐Y es Jan. 2020 Dec. 2022 Priority Measure 3: Citizens’ engagement in the planning and execution of the budget Milestone 5: Formal opportunities are pr ov ided for the public to engage in the planning and execution of the budget. A budget hearing calendar with key bu dget processes is in place and implemented. MoFE Line Ministries; Bu dget Institutions ☒N o ☐Y es Dec. 2020 Dec. 2022


Commitments

  1. Create and implement integrity plans across all ministeries

    AL0065, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  2. Creation of online beneficial ownership register

    AL0066, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  3. Establish online portal for feedback on public service delivery

    AL0067, 2020, E-Government

  4. Expand open data portal and promote access

    AL0068, 2020, Access to Information

  5. Implement citizen assessment process to improve public service delivery

    AL0069, 2020, E-Government

  6. Establish directorate to improve citizens' access to legal aid

    AL0070, 2020, Access to Justice

  7. Publish more accessible and transparent information on Ministry of Justice website

    AL0071, 2020, E-Government

  8. Publish accessible budget information online for citizen engagement

    AL0072, 2020, E-Government

  9. Improve reporting on public finance information

    AL0073, 2020, E-Government

  10. Transparency of Government Reporting

    AL0061, 2018, E-Government

  11. e-Government

    AL0062, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Improved Business Regulation

    AL0063, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Safe Communities

    AL0064, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  14. Improvement of Database/Portal with Coordinators’ Data of the Right to Information and Transparency Programs

    AL0044, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Budget Transparency

    AL0045, 2016, E-Government

  16. Integrated Registry of Citizens’ Housing

    AL0046, 2016, Citizenship & Immigration

  17. Establishment of Electronic Registry for Public Notification and Consultation

    AL0047, 2016, E-Government

  18. Digital Archive

    AL0048, 2016, E-Government

  19. Creating a Database for Archiving and Publication of Research Funds and Programs in Albania

    AL0049, 2016, E-Government

  20. Commitment to Publish Online Central and Local Government Legislation in Open Systems and for Free

    AL0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Commitment to Open Standards for Contracting

    AL0051, 2016, Access to Information

  22. Starred commitment Implementation of the Law "On Protection of Whistleblowers", Capacity Building, Amendments and Its Bylaws

    AL0052, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  23. Provision of Electronic Services

    AL0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Establishment of Multifunctional Centralized System for Building Permits

    AL0054, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Establishment and Distribution of Digital Counters

    AL0055, 2016, E-Government

  26. Service Passport Standardization

    AL0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Citizen Card

    AL0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Electronic System of Registration of e-Prescription in the Republic of Albania

    AL0058, 2016, E-Government

  29. Electronic Monitoring System of Forests

    AL0059, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  30. Integrated Electronic System for Professional Licensing of Individuals and Legal Entities That Will Operate in the Field of Study Design and Supervision of Commissioning of Construction Works

    AL0060, 2016, E-Government

  31. Standardization of Corruption Complaints

    AL0031, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  32. Electronic Registry of Energy and Industry Permits

    AL0032, 2014, E-Government

  33. Implementation of Public Expenses Module in "Open Data" Format

    AL0033, 2014, Access to Information

  34. Promoting OGP Values Among Local Authorities

    AL0034, 2014, Local Commitments

  35. Database on Economic Assitance Beneficiaries

    AL0035, 2014, E-Government

  36. Electronic Portal on Water Resources Administration and Management

    AL0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Single Window

    AL0037, 2014, E-Government

  38. Electronic Access to Protected Areas

    AL0038, 2014, E-Government

  39. National Geoportal

    AL0039, 2014, E-Government

  40. e-Albania

    AL0040, 2014, E-Government

  41. e-Document

    AL0041, 2014, E-Government

  42. Starred commitment Law on Whistleblowers Protection

    AL0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  43. Police Service Offices

    AL0043, 2014, E-Government

  44. Open Data Portal

    AL0001, 2012, Access to Information

  45. e-Acts

    AL0002, 2012, E-Government

  46. e-Parliament

    AL0003, 2012, E-Government

  47. Extension of the Governmental Network, GOVNET

    AL0004, 2012, E-Government

  48. e-Government Interoperability Framework, e-GIF

    AL0005, 2012, E-Government

  49. Government Datacenter

    AL0006, 2012, E-Government

  50. Excise System

    AL0007, 2012, E-Government

  51. Starting of the e-Tax System

    AL0008, 2012, E-Government

  52. Starred commitment Online State Matura

    AL0009, 2012, E-Government

  53. The Regulation on Ethics in Research and Publishing

    AL0010, 2012, Education

  54. Digitalization of Higher Education Accreditation Process

    AL0011, 2012, E-Government

  55. U-Gov System

    AL0012, 2012, E-Government

  56. Online Inspections of Courts and Judicial Hearings

    AL0013, 2012, E-Government

  57. Digitalization of the File Transfer Process

    AL0014, 2012, Judiciary

  58. e-Employment Project

    AL0015, 2012, E-Government

  59. e-Concessions Procedures

    AL0016, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  60. Amendment of the Law “On the Right to Information for Official Documents”

    AL0017, 2012, Access to Justice

  61. Drafting a New Law on "Notice and Consultation"

    AL0018, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Tracking Project

    AL0019, 2012, E-Government

  63. Digitalization of the Notary Register

    AL0020, 2012, Access to Justice

  64. Online Citizens’ Claims in the Judiciary System

    AL0021, 2012, Access to Justice

  65. Work Inspection, Online Complaint

    AL0022, 2012, E-Government

  66. Financial Module of All Educational Institutions

    AL0023, 2012, Education

  67. Starred commitment Audio and Video Recording of Judicial Hearings

    AL0024, 2012, E-Government

  68. Starred commitment e-Albania Portal

    AL0025, 2012, E-Government

  69. e-Inspection Portal

    AL0026, 2012, E-Government

  70. Starred commitment Portal Www.Gjykata.Gov.Al

    AL0027, 2012, E-Government

  71. Disclosure of the List of Payments Made Daily by the Government Units

    AL0028, 2012, Access to Information

  72. e-Procurement System for All Small Purchases of Public Procurement

    AL0029, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  73. Implementation of the EITI Recommendations

    AL0030, 2012, Anti-Corruption

Open Government Partnership