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Brazil

“Brazil Transparent” Program (BR0071)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil Second Action Plan

Action Plan Cycle: 2013

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Office of the Comptroller General

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Right to Information, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: No

Early Results: Major Major

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Public Accountability , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

to support the implementation of the Access to Information Law and combine efforts to increase public transparency and the adoption of measures for open government in States and Municipalities. To this end, seminars, workshops and training courses on technical and guiding topics of these themes shall be carried out. Furthermore, campaigns and disseminating actions for the Access to Information Law shall also be carried out, as well as capacity-building activities related to the development of Transparency Portals and Citizen Information System (e-SIC) in subnational level.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 3.3. “Brazil Transparent” Program

Commitment Text: To support the implementation of the Access to Information Law and combine efforts to increase public transparency and the adoption of measures for open government in States and Municipalities. To this end, seminars, workshops and training courses on technical and guiding topics of these themes shall be carried out. Furthermore, campaigns and disseminating actions for the Access to Information Law shall also be carried out, as well as capacity-building activities related to the development of Transparency Portals and Citizen Information System (e-SIC) in subnational level.

Responsible institution: Office of the Comptroller General

Supporting institution: None

Start date: Not specified                          End date: 14 December 2014

Commitment aim

The objective of the commitment was to assist states and municipalities in implementing the transparent government measures included in the Access to Information Law (LAI). The LAI outlines a set of requirements for government agencies to adopt, such as websites to receive freedom of information requests and trainings for public servants to handle requests. The commitment aimed to launch the Transparent Brazil program to support government agencies in implementing the LAI, thereby increasing public transparency and expanding open government efforts, particularly at the subnational level.

Status

Midterm: Completed

As of December 2014, 1,444 municipalities had joined the Transparent Brazil system, and various support materials (guides and manuals) were published. Another of the commitment’s deliverables was to distribute the source code of the electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC). For additional details, please see the IRM Midterm Progress Report.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Major

Civic participation: Marginal

Public accountability: Marginal

The commitment made a major contribution to open government by publishing a transparency index, supporting municipal governments in providing access to information, and involving citizens in the process. Perhaps the most visible outcome of the commitment was a transparency index portal that grades Brazilian municipalities and states on their compliance with the LAI and their level of passive transparency.[Note 83: CGU, Escala Brasil Transparente, http://bit.ly/2iYpgW8. ] The government published two editions of the index highlighting success stories, worst offenders, and changes over time.[Note 84: For examples of media coverage, please see http://glo.bo/2jbwB3M; http://bit.ly/2hXGUfW; http://bit.ly/2hYsAP6; and http://bit.ly/2hXKJSg. ] Both editions received widespread media coverage. The data from the rankings was also released in open data format.[Note 85: CGU, Escala Brasil Transparente, Open Data, http://bit.ly/2iYhRWZ. ]

The ranking is crucial to expanding implementation of the LAI since government agencies need to voluntarily enter the Transparent Brazil program. By November 2016, 1,630 municipalities had joined the program.[Note 86: CGU, Brasil Transparente, Mapa das Adesões, http://bit.ly/2ijElRs. ] These municipalities receive support, such as a free software system that manages freedom of information requests and integrates local data with national data. This means that government agencies that enter the program see a major increase in transparency and efficiency of freedom of information requests. The ranking has received strong media coverage nationally[Note 87: Estadão, “Veja o ranking do Transparência Brasil,” https://goo.gl/oGz5hl. ] and locally,[Note 88: 94 FM, “Dourados tem nota zero em transparência no poder público, diz CGU,” https://goo.gl/398LxK. ] and is used by private sector institutions as a tool to improve private-public partnerships at the local level.[Note 89: Instituto Votorantim, “Administração pública transparente ainda é desafio para gestores,” https://goo.gl/0SkAAe. ] In addition, the latest edition of the ranking shows that transparency in most states and municipalities has improved.[Note 90: CGU, Escala Brasil Transparente, http://bit.ly/2iYpgW8. ]

In terms of support to municipal governments, the government had trained approximately 9,000 public servants in 929 municipalities on transparency and access to information by the end of 2014. It also published standard practices for access to information, such as for implementing a transparency portal, regulating the LAI, and creating an access to information section on public websites, though it is unclear exactly how much these have been used. One hundred twenty-seven entities requested the e-SIC code and five municipalities are already using it, according to the government. Overall, the commitment’s many contributions to regulating the LAI in all regions of the country are noteworthy, and are considered a major step forward in access to information.[Note 91: Working paper on the 5 years of implementation of the access to information law http://transparencia.ebape.fgv.br/sites/transparencia.ebape.fgv.br/files/transparencyandopacity_pt.pdf

]

As for civic participation and public accountability, the government trained nearly 10,000 people on the LAI, including citizens and public servants on federal, state, and municipal councils. The Transparency Brazil community on the e-Democracy website served as a further space for citizens to provide feedback during the implementation of the commitment. Although the training could be transformative in the future, its contribution to civic participation and public accountability in the short term was only marginal.

Carried forward?

The commitment was not carried forward to Brazil’s next action plan. If carried forward in the future, the IRM researcher recommends expanding the adoption of the e-SIC system, and including indicators published by cities. The IRM researcher also suggests adopting mechanisms for civil society to participate in the monitoring of the e-SICs.


Brazil's Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data