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Right to Information

Access to information means access to justice. Citizens armed with information can claim what is rightfully theirs. For this reason, OGP members are required to have laws guaranteeing the right to information. 

See the Guide to Open Government and the Coronavirus: Right to Information »

Overview | Recommendations | Partners | Data | Documents | Commitments | Recent Posts


Overview

The legal right to request information (RTI) can lead to more open, accountable, and participatory government. OGP members are required to have laws enabling fair access to information. Through OGP, the effectiveness of these laws can be improved by removing additional barriers to information and creating platforms to report on fraud or corruption. 

OGP members are also expanding the frontiers of RTI by empowering citizens to use information to participate and shape policies, services and budgets. This has been particularly effective at the local level where governments are closest to their citizens.  

A country’s commitment to pro-actively provide high-value information is at the heart of open government.



Recommendations

  • Implement RTI laws and train officials on records management and information provisioning. Sri Lanka created a robust right to information infrastructure that included mass trainings for public servants.
  • Publish and share government information disaggregated across agency and level of government proactively. Liberia publishes information on land ownership and has passed a formal Lands Rights Act. 
  • Create more opportunities for citizens to use information, monitor systems and provide feedback. Croatia successfully amended its Act on the Right of Access to Information to include a legal obligation to consult with the public about new legislation and enforce a directive on the re-use of public sector information.

OGP Global Report Data

The data below is drawn from the 2019 OGP Global Report. You can view and learn more about the report here.

These are members making OGP commitments to improve their performance in the respective policy area. As members that have demonstrated political commitment through OGP, the next step is ensuring that implemented commitments have maximal impact.

Key
Indicates that member has a starred commitment in this policy area.


Resources

  1. A Guide to Open Government and the Coronavirus: Right to Information

    The right to information is a fundamental right and an inherent part of the right to freedom of opinion and…

    2020, Guidance Document, Web Page

  2. Right to Information Fact Sheet

    Snapshot of global progress and member-level examples of right to information work in OGP

    2019, Document, PDF

  3. Access to Information: A New Promise for Sustainable Development

    This resource is part of UNESCO's In Focus Series: World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development.

    2019, Outbound Link, Web Page

  4. Open Response + Open Recovery: Open Service Delivery in Health – Communities and Governments Working Together

    OGP, the Open Data Charter, and Access Info address challenges that governments have faced when trying to promote transparency during…

    2020, , Web Page


Commitments

  1. Starred commitment The Enactment and Implementation of the RTI Act

    LK0022, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  2. Starred commitment Energy Sector Watch: Transparent, Accessible and Participatory

    CL0032, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  3. Starred commitment Strengthening Environmental Democracy

    CL0033, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  4. Starred commitment Strengthen the Legislative Framework Governing Access to Information

    JO0048, 2016, Right to Information

  5. Starred commitment Enhance Right to Information

    KE0017, 2016, Right to Information

  6. Starred commitment AIP Law and Principles of Open Government

    PY0025, 2016, Justice

  7. Starred commitment Right of Access to Public Information

    UY0083, 2016, Civic Space

  8. Starred commitment Ammendments to FOIA

    US0066, 2015, Public Service Delivery

  9. Starred commitment Access to Information for People with Disabilities

    CO0033, 2015, Public Service Delivery

  10. Starred commitment Right to Access Information Law

    SL0010, 2014, Right to Information

  11. Starred commitment To Enact a Freedom of Information Act by December 2014.

    TZ0026, 2014, Right to Information

  12. Starred commitment Strengthening Environmental Democracy

    CL0031, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  13. Starred commitment Law on Access to Public Information

    PY0016, 2014, Justice

  14. Starred commitment Draft Law on Open Data

    UA0038, 2014, Open Data

  15. Starred commitment Supervisory Mechanism for the Right to Information

    UA0039, 2014, Right to Information

  16. Starred commitment Improvements to Access to Public Information Act

    BG0035, 2014, Open Data

  17. Starred commitment Public Administration Website Harmonization and Amendments to the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance

    RS0009, 2014, Right to Information

  18. Starred commitment Publish Information on Public Finances

    HN0009, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  19. Starred commitment Improving the Legislative Framework for Exercising the Right of Access to Information: Amend the Act on the Right of Access to Information

    HR0005, 2012, Open Parliaments

  20. Starred commitment Bill on Access to Public Information

    CO0009, 2012, Right to Information

  21. Starred commitment Draft the Law on Public Sector Information Reuse

    MD0011, 2012, Right to Information

  22. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Right to Information

  23. Starred commitment Opening and Response Information Offices

    SV0001, 2012, Right to Information

  24. Starred commitment Opening Office Departmental Information and Response

    SV0002, 2012, Right to Information

  25. Publication of Data and Information

    AZ0056, 2020, Open Data

  26. e-Access and Expansion

    NO0056, 2019, Right to Information

  27. Increase Use of RTI

    LK0026, 2019, Marginalized Communities

  28. Improve Implementation of Right to Access to Information

    SL0026, 2019, Gender

  29. Records and Archives Management

    SL0029, 2019, Records Management

  30. Transparency

    IT0058, 2019, Fiscal Openness

  31. Open Data Portal

    PH0059, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  32. Passage of Freedom of Information Law

    PH0062, 2019, Gender

  33. Implementation of the Access to Information Act

    SYC0002, 2019, Marginalized Communities

  34. Active Transparency Initiative

    AR0089, 2019, Public Participation

  35. Improve Compliance with Freedom of Information Act with Focus on Records Management

    NG0023, 2019, Records Management

  36. Improved Compliance with Mandatory Publication Provisions Requirement (FOIA)

    NG0024, 2019, Justice

  37. Transparent and Open Administration

    LU0001, 2019, Open Regulations

  38. Capacity-Building Around Access to Information

    EC0006, 2019, Public Participation

  39. Legislation Materials Portal

    SK0135, 2019, Open Regulations

  40. Gender-Based Violence Open Data

    UY0103, 2018, Gender

  41. Access to Information Law

    UY0108, 2018, Open Parliaments

  42. Gender Perspective to Access to Information

    UY0109, 2018, Gender

  43. Open Municipalities

    UY0114, 2018, Right to Information

  44. Awareness-Raising About Access to Information Rights

    MK0121, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  45. Regional Open Data Initiatives

    MK0131, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  46. Parliamentary TV Channel

    MK0141, 2018, Open Parliaments

  47. Accountability Portals

    HN0060, 2018, Open Regulations

  48. Access to Municipal Information

    HN0061, 2018, Right to Information

  49. Implementing Right to Information

    HR0026, 2018, Justice

  50. Access to Information

    CA0070, 2018, Marginalized Communities

  51. ATI Awareness Raising

    MO0001, 2018, Public Participation

  52. Training Information Officers

    MO0002, 2018, Justice

  53. Open Data

    MO0004, 2018, Open Data

  54. Access to Administrative and Environmental Information

    PT0007, 2018, Public Service Delivery

  55. Right to Information

    TN0036, 2018, Right to Information

  56. Open Government Standard and Dashboard

    NL0036, 2018, Open Data

  57. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, Public Participation

  58. Legislation on Access to Information

    PNG0001, 2018, Right to Information

  59. Access to Information Law

    JO0063, 2018, Justice

  60. Inter-Agency Information Sharing

    PNG0002, 2018, Records Management

  61. Official Information

    NZ0018, 2018, Open Parliaments

  62. Implement Right to Information

    KAD0004, 2018, Open Parliaments

  63. Improving Proactive Transparency – Information Booklet

    RS0038, 2018, Open Parliaments

  64. Access to Information Law

    RS0039, 2018, Open Parliaments

  65. Access to Information

    COT0001, 2018, Water and Sanitation

  66. Access to State and Municipal Authorities

    KG0011, 2018, Public Participation

  67. Access to Information

    AU0020, 2018, Right to Information

  68. Strengthening Anti-Corruption Mechanisms of Transparency and Results Evidencing National and International Level

    GT0098, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  69. Strengthen the Information Mechanism in 60 Governmental Agencies

    AF0011, 2017, Public Participation

  70. Transparency Criteria

    IL0029, 2017, Public Participation

  71. Publication of Information Legislative Amendments

    IL0030, 2017, Public Participation

  72. Freedom of Information (FOI) Act

    LR0029, 2017, Right to Information

  73. Improving Local Budget Transparency

    BOJ0003, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  74. Enhanced Open Procurement Contract Data

    BOJ0004, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  75. Right to Information

    GH0025, 2017, Right to Information

  76. Access to Information Legislation

    PH0049, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  77. Access to Information on Incorporated Public Services

    FI0025, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  78. Access to Information Knowledge in the Public Administration

    FI0026, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  79. Expanding Ecosystem of Access to Information in the Municipalities

    AR0074, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  80. FOIA Compliance for Annual Reporting

    NG0010, 2017, Justice

  81. FOIA Compliance for Disclosure

    NG0011, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  82. Virtual Window of Public Administration

    BF0009, 2017, Education

  83. Right of Access to Public Information and to Administrative Documents

    BF0010, 2017, Right to Information

  84. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  85. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  86. Improvement and Facilitation of the Access to Information

    MK0094, 2016, Right to Information

  87. Ensuring the Acquisition of Information

    AZ0039, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  88. Install a Virtual Single Window for Public Service Request and Receipt in Order to Facilitate Access to Public Information

    CI0008, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  89. Promote Access to Public Information Act

    CI0011, 2016, Public Participation

  90. Proactive Disclosure

    LK0023, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  91. Enhance Access to Information

    CA0042, 2016, Open Data

  92. Natural Resource Transparency

    UK0064, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  93. Transparency Defenders

    SV0079, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  94. Application Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information

    HN0048, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  95. Transparency in Civil Service

    HN0049, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  96. Transparency in Municipalities

    HN0050, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  97. Monitoring Public Spending.

    HN0051, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  98. Revising Freedom of Information Act Code of Practice

    UK0070, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  99. Shopping Open.

    HN0052, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  100. Information Educational Center.

    HN0053, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  101. Monitoring Health Sector

    HN0054, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  102. FOIA: Implementation and Monitoring

    IT0029, 2016, Right to Information

  103. Better Use of Data Assets

    UK0073, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  104. Monitoring Water and Sanitation Services

    HN0055, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  105. Improvement of Database/Portal with Coordinators’ Data of the Right to Information and Transparency Programs

    AL0044, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  106. Freedom of Information

    MW0001, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  107. National Integrity System

    MW0003, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  108. Codelco Transparency Website

    CL0035, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  109. National Open Data Agenda

    NL0019, 2016, Open Data

  110. Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information

    TN0022, 2016, Right to Information

  111. Releasing Ministerial Research Reports

    NL0022, 2016, Health

  112. Detailed Open Spending Data

    NL0023,