Skip Navigation

Open Data Policy (BR0101)



Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2018-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management – MPDG Ministry of Education – MEC Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication – MCTIC Ministry of Health Institute of Social Economics Research - INESC Getúlio Vargas Foundation (DAPP/FGV) W3C/CEWEB Open Knowledge Brazil Serenata de Amor

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Open Data, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Commitment 2: Establish, in a collaborative way, a reference model for an Open Data Policy that foster integration, training and awareness between society and the three government levels, starting from a mapping process of social demands.
Lead government institution Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU
Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Marcelo de Brito Vidal
Position - Department General Coordinator/Open Government and Transparency Coordination
Telephone (61) 2020-6538
Other involved actors Government Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of Brazil – CGU
Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management – MPDG
Ministry of Education – MEC
Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication – MCTIC
Ministry of Health
Civil Society Institute of Social Economics Research - INESC
Getúlio Vargas Foundation (DAPP/FGV)
Open Knowledge Brazil
Serenata de Amor
Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Lack of an ecosystem that stimulates the disclosure and usage of open data.
Main objective Create an open data ecosystem in order to advance beyond the disclosing and availability of databases, reaching a scenario that guarantees its effective usage
Commitment short description Foster the disclosure and usage of federal, state and municipal government’s data that meet the society’s demands
OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Increase the availability of information about governmental activities
Support civic participation
Increase access to new technologies willing the disclosing and accountability processes
Commitment relevance Transparency strengthening over processes of data disclosing and the capacity of promoting public oversight by the society.
Goal Stimulate the process of data disclosing and begin a more effective process of the usage of the available data.
Situation Initiated in October 2018
Results description Not available
Implemented until July/2020

Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfill the Commitment Start date: End date: Responsible:
1. Identification of actors on society and on the 3 governmental spheres
11/30/2018 Code for Brazil *
2. Mapping of the existing models of disclosing data
01/31/2019 FGV DAPP/OKBR*
Ministry of Health
3. Identification of potentialities and limits of the existing models

03/31/2019 FGV DAPP/OKBR*
Serenata de Amor
4. Drafting of a reference model structure
05/31/2019 CGU*
5. Production of text for each topic from the reference model
01/31/2020 CGU e MP*
6. Hold a public consultation about the text produced for the reference model 10/01/2019 12/31/2019 CGU*
7. Communication plan and disclosure of the model for the 3 spheres of government and the civil society
02/29/2020 FGV DAPP/OKBR*
Serenata de Amor
8. Reference model launching 03/01/2020 03/31/2020 CGU*
9. Dissemination of the reference model 04/01/2020 07/31/2020 CGU*

IRM Midterm Status Summary

2. Open Data Ecosystem

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Create an open data ecosystem in order to advance beyond the disclosing and availability of databases, reaching a scenario that guarantees its effective usage.”

2.1. Identification of actors on society and on the 3 governmental spheres [11]

2.2. Mapping of the existing models of disclosing data

2.3. Identification of potentialities and limits of the existing models

2.4. Drafting of a reference model structure

2.5. Production of text for each topic from the reference model

2.6. Hold a public consultation about the text produced for the reference model

2.7. Communication plan and disclosure of the model for the 3 spheres of government and the civil society

2.8. Reference model launching

2.9. Dissemination of the reference model

Start Date: January 2018......                                                                            End Date: July 2020

Editorial note: to see the complete text, visit

Context and Objectives

This commitment aims to create an open data ecosystem to promote effective usage of public data, an issue identified during the consultation phase as a critical challenge to advancing open data adoption in Brazil. [12] The effective use of open data has been identified as a key area for promoting open government, [13] and research has shown the importance of supporting an open data ecosystem to increase open data use. [14]

To address this usage problem, the commitment aims to foster the disclosure and usage of federal, state, and municipal government data to meet society’s demands. This includes co-creating with civil society a model for disclosing data (Milestones 2.1−2.6) and promoting the model among the different levels of government (2.7−2.9). Consequently, the commitment is relevant to access to information, given the improved data standards and the dissemination of the reference model. It is also relevant to the value of civic participation, given the co-creation nature of Milestone 2.1 and the public consultation component of Milestone 2.6. Interviewees agree, arguing the commitment advances transparency by boosting uses of open data. [15] They also note that it advances civic participation by engaging government and nongovernment stakeholders in assessing open data needs. [16] Nevertheless, although the commitment develops a model designed to advance access to information, the commitment falls short of being relevant to this OGP value. It only disseminates the model and does not include concrete steps to put it into practice.


The commitment is specific enough to be verifiable, and all milestones have a specific deliverable. Deliverables include mapping existing ecosystem models (Milestone 2.2), drafting a reference model structure (2.4), and holding a public consultation on the model (2.6).

The commitment has a minor potential impact. It could bring important advances in the adoption of an open data culture across the government. This potential can be achieved if policy implementation milestones are deployed on time and in full. The milestones of the commitment, as designed, do not include policy implementation and stop at the policy dissemination stage.

Next steps

The commitment is highly relevant and should be prioritized in future action plans if it is focused on increasing the adoption and impact of the developed standards. In the views of a civil society representative interviewed, an open data model can create “integration of open datasets amongst national and subnational governments” as well as “more opportunities for civic participation in open data processes.” [17] The commitment also has the potential to “increase the use of data by civil society organizations and companies” and “increase the channels for civil society to require government to open more datasets.” [18] It will also increase the capacity of cities to open data.

To increase the commitment’s potential impact, milestones related to launching and promoting the reference model (2.8 and 2.9) need to be deployed on time and in full. If this is done, there could be an opportunity to understand how the new model is promoting new uses of open datasets for transparency and accountability, and how the implemented model institutionalized civic participation with open data.

[11] “Government spheres” refer to the branches of government.
[12] Government of Brazil, “Open Data Ecosystem—1st Co-creation Workshop,”, accessed August 2019,
[13] José Antônio de Carvalho Freitas, Remis Balaniuk, Ana Paula Bernardi da Silva, and Vitoria Santiago da Silveira, “O Ecossistema de Dados Abertos do Governo Federal: Um Estudo sobre a Composição e Desafios,” Ci.Inf., Brasília, DF 47, no. 2 (26 September 2018),
[14] Lairson Emanuel R. de Alencar Oliveira, Marccelo Iury S. Oliveira, and Bernadette Farias Lóscio, Um Survey sobre Solucoes para Publicacao de Dados na Web sob a Perspectiva das Boas Praticas do W3C (2015),
[15] Wagner Oliveira (Fundação Getulio Vargas), interview with IRM researcher, 13 March 2019.
[16] Carmela Zigoni (Inesc), interview with IRM researcher, 15 March 2019.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Jarbas Lopes Cardoso Junior (Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Communication), interview with IRM researcher, 13 March 2019.


  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Access to Information

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Access to Justice

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Access to Information

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Access to Information

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Access to Information

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, Access to Information

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Access to Information

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Access to Justice

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, Access to Information

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Access to Information

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Access to Information

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, Access to Information

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Access to Information

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Access to Information

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Access to Justice

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Access to Information

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Access to Information

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Access to Information

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, Access to Information

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Access to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Access to Information

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Access to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Access to Information

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Access to Information

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Access to Information

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, Access to Information

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Access to Information

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Access to Information

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, Access to Information

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Access to Information

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, Access to Information

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, Access to Information

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, Access to Information

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, Access to Justice

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Access to Justice

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Access to Information

Open Government Partnership