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Brazil

Increase Participation in Legislative Process (BR0106)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2018-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: House of Representatives

Support Institution(s): House of Representatives Brazilian Senate Municipal Chamber of Piracicaba Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais - ALMG District Chamber for the Federal District - CLDF Brazilian Institute for Criminal Science - IBCCRIM Intelligent Citizenship

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Open Parliaments

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 7: Increase participation of various social segments on the legislative process (law developing) through integrated efforts to increase transparency, adjust language, communication and promote innovation.
Lead government institution House of Representatives
Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Antonio Carvalho e Silva Neto
Position - Department Chief for Project and Management Council - APROGE
E-mail antonio.silvaneto@camara.leg.br
cooperacao.dg@camara.leg.br
Telephone (61) 3216-2010/2045
Other involved actors Government House of Representatives
Brazilian Senate
Municipal Chamber of Piracicaba
Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais - ALMG
District Chamber for the Federal District - CLDF
Civil Society Brazilian Institute for Criminal Science - IBCCRIM
Intelligent Citizenship
Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Difficulties to access information about legislative processes.
Main objective Increase the participation of various social segments involved in the legislative process.
Commitment short description Enhancement of transparency over the legislative process by improving the information about progress of bills in order to promote a better follow-up of the subjects as well as a greater participation from citizens and civil society entities.
OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Increase the availability of information about governmental activities
Increase civic participation
Increase access to new technologies in order to promote accountability
Commitment relevance Provision of integrated administrative and legislative information (House of Representatives and Brazilian Senate) allowing a better comprehension over the legislative process.
Goal Improve transparency over the legislative process by enhancing the information about progress of bills in order to promote a better follow-up of the subjects as well as a greater participation from citizens and civil society entities.
Situation Initiated in October 2018
Results description Not available.
Implemented until July/2020

Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfill the Commitment Start date: End date: Responsible:
1. Unified thesaurus/ binding description of legislative terms
10/01/2018
02/28/2019 House of Representatives*
Brazilian Senate*
2. Implementation of harmonization over the identification of bicameral legislative propositions
10/01/2018
02/28/2019
House of Representatives*
Brazilian Senate*
3. Provision of initial texts from legislative proposals, articulated on LEXML format, electronically presented, according to the Act nº 95/2998.

07/01/2019

07/31/2020

House of Representatives*
Brazilian Senate*
4. Presentation of information on the progress of bills, with an estimate citizen oriented legislative track on institutional portals

04/01/2019

07/31/2020

House of Representatives*
Brazilian Senate*
5. Propagation of materials to explain the legislative process to citizens, considering public diversity.

12/01/2018

07/31/2020 House of Representatives
Brazilian Senate/Secretariat for Transparency*
Intelligent Citizenship
Municipal Chamber of Piracicaba
6. Participation on 2 national events to share the commitment actions
10/01/2018
07/31/2020 House of Representatives*
Brazilian Senate*
7. Update the Open Parliament Guide based on the lessons learned during the commitment execution.

06/01/2020

07/31/2020 House of Representatives*
Municipal Chamber of Piracicaba
Brazilian Senate/ Secretariat for Transparency*
Labinova/Legislative Chamber for the FD
Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais - ALMG

IRM Midterm Status Summary

7. Transparency in the Legislative Process

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Increase the participation of various social segments involved in the legislative process.”

7.1. Unified thesaurus/ binding description of legislative terms

7.2. Implementation of harmonization over the identification of bicameral legislative propositions

7.3. Provision of initial texts from legislative proposals, articulated on LEXML format, electronically presented, according to the Act no 95/2998.

7.4. Presentation of information on the progress of bills, with an estimate citizen oriented legislative track on institutional portals

7.5. Propagation of materials to explain the legislative process to citizens, considering public diversity

7.6. Participation on 2 national events to share the commitment actions

7.7. Update the Open Parliament Guide based on the lessons learned during the commitment execution

Start Date: January 2018                                                                           End Date: July 2020

Editorial note: to see the complete text, visit https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/brazil-national-action-plan-2018-2020/.

Context and Objectives

This commitment aims to increase public participation in the legislative process by addressing the difficulties citizens have in understanding how proposed legislation becomes law. The commitment will improve the integration of congressional administrative and legislative processes and better publicize which stage bills are in and how they are discussed in the legislature. During consultation, justifications for the commitment included the lack of transparency in how bills change during the law-making process, the need to increase citizens’ understanding of legislative processes, and the high technical expertise necessary for understanding legislative procedures. [46]

The IRM researcher received feedback on this commitment from three public servants from the lower house of Congress (Antonio Neto, [47] Vanderlei Batista dos Santos, [48] and Thiago Gomes Eirão [49]) and two members of the Civil Society Working Group (Fernanda Scovino [50] and Rodrigo Roll [51]). They all agreed on the need to increase the accessibility of knowledge for citizens regarding the legislative process. They also agreed on the impact such access could have on open governance.

The commitment proposes creating a dictionary of legislative terms (Milestone 7.1), harmonizing language used by the lower house and the Senate for similar processes (7.2), using technology to publish information on the progression of bills (7.3 and 7.4), raising awareness of these materials (7.5 and 7.6), and documenting these improvements to encourage adoption of similar tools in subnational legislative houses (7.7).

The commitment is specific enough to be verifiable. It addresses the value of access to information by making existing information more accessible and comprehensive.

Similar efforts have been undertaken by other organizations. For example, LabHacker, an innovation lab inside the government, has led regular improvements on how bills are presented to the public since 2013. [52] Other organizations such as the National Union of the State and Municipal Legislative Houses (UNALE) have been working to address similar issues since 1996. However, these efforts have been limited in scope. LabHacker, being part of the structure of the House of Representatives, faces limitations in advancing initiatives involving the Senate, and UNALE’s activities are restricted to state legislatures. This commitment’s potential impact is, therefore, moderate. For the first time, the House of Representatives and the federal Senate will be working together on an initiative to standardize legislative information, including the language and number of proposals in both houses.

Next steps

This commitment is highly relevant, as seen in the context section. However, if the milestones are completed, the commitment does not need to be included in the next action plan. Inclusion of the legislative branch started in the third action plan. That plan addressed a request made by the IRM researcher in the second action plan to expand partners of the plan beyond the federal executive branch.

To increase the commitment’s potential impact, its implementation should include more actors from civil society and institutionalize their participation and training. Such inclusion would make the commitment relevant to civic participation. According to the participant list, only two civil society organizations (IBCCrim [53] and Pulso Público) participated in the consultation phase. Additionally, two civil society members interviewed by the IRM researcher (Fernanda Scovino [54] and Rodrigo Roll [55]) emphasized that—in spite of the innovative and positive milestones of the commitment—a more structured form of civil society participation in the process is desi

[46] Government of Brazil, “Transparency of the Legislative Process—1st Co-creation Workshop,” gov.br, accessed August 2019, https://bit.ly/2uZHyxD.
[47] Interview with IRM researcher, 15 March 2019.
[48] Interview with IRM researcher, 15 March 2019.
[49] Interview with IRM researcher, 13 March 2019.
[50] Interview with IRM researcher, 5 April 2019.
[51] Interview with IRM researcher, 5 April 2019.
[52] Andrew Young, Jeffrey Brown, Hannah Pierce, and Stefaan Verhulst, People-Led Innovation: Toward a Methodology for Solving Urban Problems in the 21st Century (GovLab and Bertelsmann Foundation, January 2018), https://bit.ly/2OWesbt.
[53] Instituto Brasileiro de Ciências Criminais, or Criminal Science Brazilian Institute.
[54] Interview with IRM researcher, 5 April 2019.
[55] Interview with IRM researcher, 5 April 2019.

Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Access to Information

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Access to Justice

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Access to Information

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Access to Information

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Access to Information

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, Access to Information

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Access to Information

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, Access to Information

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Peace & Security

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Access to Information

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Access to Information

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, Access to Information

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Access to Information

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Access to Information

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Access to Information

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Access to Information

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Access to Information

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, Access to Information

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Access to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Access to Information

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Access to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Access to Information

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Access to Information

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Access to Information

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, Access to Information

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Access to Information

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Access to Information

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, Access to Information

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Access to Information

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, Access to Information

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, Access to Information

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, Access to Information

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Access to Information

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