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Brazil

Urban and Rural Land Registers (BR0107)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2018-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA

Support Institution(s): National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA Special Secretariat for Familiar Agriculture and Agrarian Development – SEAD Ministry of Environment - MMA Federal Revenue Office Forestry Code Observatory – OCF University of Campinas - Unicamp Brazilian Association of Agrarian Reform - ABRA National Confederation of Agriculture - CNA United Nations Organization for Agriculture and Nutrition at Latin America and Caribbean - FAO Institute for Environment Research on Amazon - IPAM Institute for Forest and Agriculture Management and Certification - IMAFLORA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Land Rights and Spatial Planning, Open Regulations, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 8: Implement urban and rural base registers (National Rural Properties Cadaster – CNIR) on an integrated model, providing data to society, for the operationalization of the Territorial Information Managing National System (SINTER).
Lead government institution National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA
Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Paulo Farinha
Position - Department Deputy Director for Planning of Land-ownership Structure
E-mail paulo.farinha@incra.gov.br
Telephone (61) 3411-7379/7138
Other involved actors Government National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA
Special Secretariat for Familiar Agriculture and Agrarian Development – SEAD
Ministry of Environment - MMA
Federal Revenue Office
Civil Society Forestry Code Observatory – OCF
University of Campinas - Unicamp
Brazilian Association of Agrarian Reform - ABRA
National Confederation of Agriculture - CNA
United Nations Organization for Agriculture and Nutrition at Latin America and Caribbean - FAO
Institute for Environment Research on Amazon - IPAM
Institute for Forest and Agriculture Management and Certification - IMAFLORA
Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Lack of information over land issues, resulting multiplicity on registrations.
Main objective Integrate data bases produced by public administration bodies on a single registry, urban, rural, ensuring citizens access to the data.
Commitment short description Promote initiatives that enable a unified registry, complete, updated and georeferenced over the urban and rural land properties.
OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Increase information availability about governmental activities.
Support civic participation.
Increase access to new technologies in order to promote disclosing and accountability processes.
Commitment relevance Promote effective knowledge of land situation in Brazil for society and public managers.
Goal Share registration systems produced by various bodies in a same environment in order to reduce costs and align information.
Situation Initiated in October 2018.
Results description Not available.
Implemented until July/2020

Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfill the Commitment Start date: End date: Responsible:
1. Chief of Staff Office involvement on the discussion about the establishment of the CNIR
10/01/2018
11/30/2018 RFB*
INCRA*
CNA
2. Definition made by INCRA and Federal Revenue about cartographic information hosting at CNIR
10/01/2018
11/30/2018
RFB*
INCRA*
3. Government presentation about data categories that form CNIR as well as the associated data bases.
02/01/2019
03/31/2019
RFB*
INCRA*
4. Presentation by Civil Society about CNIR data demands as well as to associated bases.
04/01/2019
04/10/2019 OCF*
ABRA
5. Establishment of a Civil Society and Government Committee to follow up the implementation of the public interface from CNIR

05/01/2019

05/30/2019
OCF*
INCRA
RFB
6. Accomplishment of a workshop to present and discuss the public interface of CNIR with citizens.

06/01/2019

12/31/2019 INCRA*
RFB*
MMA
SEAD
CNA
7. Propose an urban registry model 01/01/2019 06/30/2019 RFB*
SEAD e INCRA
8. Conclusion of the specifications, definitions and implementation of SIGEF 2.0
10/01/2018
06/30/2019 INCRA*
SEAD*
9. Promotion of a partnership for the accomplishment of a study to analyze initiatives from the Public Administration related to the urban and rural registry, with a presentation of proposals of technical solutions for the establishment of a national policy registry, preferably by specialized consultation.

10/01/2018

06/30/2019
SEAD*
RFB
INCRA
FAO
OCF
CNA

IRM Midterm Status Summary

8. Land Transparency

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Integrate data bases produced by public administration bodies on a single registry, urban, rural, ensuring citizens access to the data.”

8.1. Chief of Staff Office involvement on the discussion about the establishment of the CNIR [56]

8.2. Definition made by INCRA [57] and Federal Revenue about cartographic information hosting at CNIR [58]

8.3. Government presentation about data categories that form CNIR as well as the associated data bases

8.4. Presentation by Civil Society about CNIR data demands as well as to associated bases

8.5. Establishment of a Civil Society and Government Committee to follow up the implementation of the public interface from CNIR

8.6. Accomplishment of a workshop to present and discuss the public interface of CNIR with citizens

8.7. Propose an urban registry model

8.8. Conclusion of the specifications, definitions and implementation of SIGEF 2.0 [59]

8.9. Promotion of a partnership for the accomplishment of a study to analyze initiatives from the Public Administration related to the urban and rural registry, with a presentation of proposals of technical solutions for the establishment of a national policy registry, preferably by specialized consultation.

Start Date: October 2018                                                                           End Date: July 2020

Editorial note: to see the complete text, visit https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/brazil-national-action-plan-2018-2020/.

Context and Objectives

This commitment aims to consolidate land information and make it available to government and civil society. The commitment will produce a unified, complete, updated, and geo-referenced registry of urban and rural land properties. During the co-creation workshops, participants noted that land registries are fragmented, closed, and generally not geo-referenced. These insufficient registries do not enable (or even allow) government or civil society to monitor public policies on land registration. [60] Civil society analyses have documented the problem, emphasizing clear challenges for social control on issues that include land rights, minority rights, and environmental rights. [61] Problems include the cost of information access, consistency, cases of possible corruption, and impunity of public servants and others involved in land registry processes.

The IRM researcher interviewed three stakeholders about this commitment. They voiced a desire to increase the culture of open data among public servants dealing with land registration (Paulo Aparecido Farinha, INCRA); [62] the need to promote social control and open data transparency, as both are currently lacking (Vitor Bukvar Fernandes, Unicamp); [63] and the need to connect civil society organization efforts to public servants currently in charge of land registration (Ana Paula Valdiones, Observatório do Código Florestal). [64]

The commitment proposes the development of a draft proposal, led by the government, to create a new registry (Milestones 8.1−8.3). That draft would be followed by civil society feedback, including the establishment of a civic participation mechanism to implement the proposal (8.4−8.6). The activities would conclude with the final design for an urban land registry and its launch (8.7−8.9).

The commitment is specific enough to be verifiable and is relevant to two OGP values: access to information and civic participation. The commitment addresses access to information by proposing an urban registry model, and it addresses civic participation by designing the model through civil society consultation.

The commitment has a moderate potential impact, mostly due to the existing low level of open government practices in land management, as reported by government and civil society interviewees. Gains in transparency are important, particularly due to the national scope of the database, the novelty of the data made available, its open format, and the removal of charges to access it. The commitment is, nevertheless, limited in scope, as it does not include any provisions to promote the adoption of the registry. To achieve a greater potential impact, the commitment should also seek to promote the registry’s adoption.

Next steps

The commitment is highly relevant, although its milestones, if completed, are of less interest for future action plans. Integrating rural land information addresses the only starred commitment of the second action plan (promoting land transparency in rural Brazil) and the commitment that received the most votes by civil society during the consultation phase. As reported by the IRM researcher in the final report of the previous action plan, the rural database was identified as a major improvement in access to information in Brazil. This was due to the scope of changes it brought. Detailed information was organized and provided to all rural areas of Brazil for the first time. The database also brought down the costs of corruption and inefficiencies associated with the previous process. This commitment can expand the previous database with urban data and promote open government practices related to access to information.

To increase this commitment’s potential impact, future milestones should focus on the uses of the information registry system. That is, once the information is made public, what are the policies of government that will be improved by the use of the data, and what civil society and private sector activities will be improved by the new portal? It is also important that the registry continue to be monitored, that civil society participate in such monitoring, and that the unified registry design be implemented.

[56] Cadastro Nacional de Imóveis Rurais, or National Rural Properties Cadaster.
[57] Instituto Nacional de Colonizaçao e Reforma Agraria, or National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform.
[58] Cadastro Nacional de Imóveis Rurais, or National Registry of Rural Land.
[59] SIGEF 2.0 is the INCRA information management system.
[60] Government of Brazil, “Land Transparency—1st Co-creation Workshop,” gov.br, accessed August 2019, http://bit.ly/2T215sm.
[61] Dário Cardoso Jr., Rodrigo Oliveira, and Brenda Brito, Transparency of State Land Agencies in the Legal Amazon (Bethlehem: Imazon, 2018), https://bit.ly/2EURrUP.
[62] Interview with IRM researcher, 25 March 2019.
[63] Universidade Estadual de Campinas, or Campinas State Univeristy.
[64] Interview with IRM researcher, 13 March 2019.

Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Access to Information

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Access to Justice

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Access to Information

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Access to Information

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Access to Information

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, Access to Information

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Access to Information

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, Access to Information

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Peace & Security

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Access to Information

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Access to Information

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, Access to Information

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Access to Information

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Access to Information

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Access to Information

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Access to Information

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Access to Information

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, Access to Information

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Access to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Access to Information

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Access to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Access to Information

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Access to Information

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Access to Information

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, Access to Information

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Access to Information

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Access to Information

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, Access to Information

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Access to Information

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, Access to Information

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, Access to Information

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, Access to Information

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Access to Information

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