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Canada

Promote Open Government Globally (CA0062)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Canada Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Global Affairs Canada; Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Canada End-Term Report 2016-2018, Canada Mid-Term Report 2016- 2018

Starred: No

Early Results: NR

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: NR

Description

Promote Open Government Globally Why do this: The Government is committed to working with international partners in government, civil society, private sector, and academia to support the principles of openness and transparency around the world. The world is witnessing a global transformation, fueled by citizens’ desire to better understand how their governments make decisions and develop policy. This global open government movement is essential to promoting the rule of law, reducing corruption, promoting public access to information, and developing effective and accountable institutions. How will it be done: Canada will undertake leadership roles in the global open government community, supporting the International Open Data Charter and the Open Government Partnership, and fostering new strategic partnerships through organizations like the International Organisation of La Francophonie. By working collaboratively with international partners to promote common, global principles of open government, Canada can cement its role as a world leader in openness and transparency.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

21. Promote Open Government Globally

Commitment Text:

The Government of Canada will work with international partners to promote the principles of open government around the world.

Milestones:

21.1. Participate in key forums internationally to learn from other countries and share our challenges and successes.

21.2. Strengthen the capacity to deliver open data in Francophone Africa through support to locally-led, multi-stakeholder processes and international conferences.

21.3. Promote the principles of the International Open Data Charter, participate in the development of enabling resources and tools for the Charter, and support the development of the World Wide Web Foundation’s Open Data Barometer through the Open Data for Development (OD4D) network to measure the Charter’s implementation by governments around the world.

Responsible institutions: Global Affairs Canada; Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat; the International Development Research Centre

Supporting institutions: Open Government Partnership; Open Data Charter; La Francophonie

Start date: Not specified

End date: Not specified

Editorial Note: The text of the commitment was abridged for formatting reasons. For full commitment text, visit: http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Canada_AP3.pdf.

Context and Objectives

This commitment is externally facing and designed to foster Canada’s engagement and leadership on global open data issues by participating in international forums on open government challenges, strengthening open data in Francophone Africa, and supporting international instruments for open data. Insofar as governments around the world face common challenges in implementing open data systems, this engagement presents a valuable opportunity for mutual learning.[Note194: It is worth noting that peer learning is mentioned in the Open Government Declaration. The Declaration is available at: www.opengovpartnership.org/open-government-declaration.] In line with milestones 21.1 and 21.3, the 2015 IRM midterm progress report recommended that Canada expand its OD4D network, and that it add specificity to the goals of the network going forward. While Milestone 21.2 seems more targeted at promoting improvements in the global south than in Canada, it has the potential to also produce a positive impact domestically, and can led to knowledge creation around open data in Canada as well as in recipient countries. Although Milestone 21.1 is relatively vague, providing no details as to which forums Canada will participate in and at what level, milestones 21.2 and 21.3 provide greater specificity, creating a reasonable level of clarity overall.

Completion

For Milestone 21.1, the self-assessment cites several forums which the government participated in at various levels, including the International Open Data Conference in Madrid in October 2016,[Note195: See: http://opendatacon.org/.] the OGP Global Summit in Paris in December 2016,[Note196: See: https://en.ogpsummit.org/osem/conference/ogp-summit/attendeelist.] further engagement with the Open Data for Development program, and initiatives of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Inter-American Development Bank which included components connected to open data. Substantial progress has been made on this commitment, and it seems to be on schedule to be implemented.

Regarding Milestone 21.2, Open Data for Development co-hosted a regional stakeholders’ meeting to commence work on a Francophone Africa open data hub, the 'Conférence d’Afrique Francophone sur les Données Ouvertes.'[Note197: See: http://cafdo.org/.] In response to queries by the IRM researcher, IDRC reported that as of October 2017, a host for the hub had been selected and they anticipated the project to be complete by June 2018. Substantial progress has been made on this commitment, and it is on schedule to be completed.

Regarding Milestone 21.3, the self-assessment points to the International Development Research Centre’s ongoing support of the Open Data Barometer, the fourth edition of which was launched in early 2017.[Note198: See: http://opendatabarometer.org/4thedition/acknowledgements/.] Work during this action plan cycle includes translation of the Barometer into French and Spanish, and the development of regional reports. In the beginning of 2017 Canada assumed a role as a lead steward of the Open Data Charter.[Note199: See: http://opendatabarometer.org/?_year=2016&indicator=ODB and https://opendatacharter.net/who-we-are/.] Substantial progress has been made on this commitment, and it is on schedule to be completed.

Early Results
In response to queries from the IRM researcher, the Treasury Board Secretariat reports significant capacity development as a result of the international engagement in the first milestone, including support for generating future action plan commitments.
Next Steps

International engagement is a core component of OGP as it facilitates mutual support and the transfer of best practices among participating governments. However, the IRM researcher recommends that the intended nature and results of this engagement be more detailed to provide a clearer roadmap for tracking success.

As noted in Commitment 18, it would be optimal if milestones related to international development contained a parallel focus on building skills within Canada or an express mechanism within the programming to ensure that government, civil society and business stakeholders were well positioned to take advantage of the ideas and expertise generated.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

21. Promote Open Government Globally

Commitment Text: The Government of Canada will work with international partners to promote the principles of open government around the world.

Milestones:

21.1. Participate in key forums internationally to learn from other countries and share our challenges and successes.

21.2. Strengthen the capacity to deliver open data in Francophone Africa through support to locally-led, multi-stakeholder processes and international conferences.

21.3. Promote the principles of the International Open Data Charter, participate in the development of enabling resources and tools for the Charter, and support the development of the World Wide Web Foundation's Open Data Barometer through the Open Data for Development (OD4D) network to measure the Charter's implementation by governments around the world.

Responsible institutions:Global Affairs Canada; Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat; the International Development Research Centre

Supporting institutions: Open Government Partnership; Open Data Charter; La Francophonie

Start Date: Not specified

End Date: Not specified

Editorial Note: The text of the commitment was abridged for formatting reasons. For full commitment text, visit http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Canada_AP3.pdf.

Commitment Aim

This commitment was designed to foster Canada's engagement and leadership on global open data issues. It called for participating in international forums on open government challenges, strengthening open data in francophone Africa, and supporting international instruments for open data.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

As of June 2017, Canada's government had participated in several international open data forums. These forums included the International Open Data Conference in Madrid,[Note185: See homepage, International Open Data Conference, http://opendatacon.org/.] the OGP Global Summit in Paris, and initiatives of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Inter-American Development Bank (21.1). Under Milestone 21.2, Open Data for Development co-hosted a regional stakeholders' meeting to commence work on a francophone Africa open data hub, the Francophone African Conference on Open Data and Open Government.[Note186: See homepage, CAFDO, http://cafdo.org/.] Regarding Milestone 21.3, Canada's midterm self-assessment cited the International Development Research Centre's support of the Open Data Barometer[Note187: See “Acknowledgments,” Open Data Barometer, http://opendatabarometer.org/4thedition/acknowledgements/.] and Canada's assumption of a leading role in the Open Data Charter.[Note188: See “The Open Data Barometer,” http://opendatabarometer.org/?_year=2016&indicator=ODB; and “Who We Are,” Open Data Charter, https://opendatacharter.net/who-we-are/.]

End of term: Complete

Over the second year of implementation, Canada substantially boosted its international engagement after its election to the OGP steering committee, a position which is set to be followed by a term as lead Government Chair from October 2018-September 2019. It also raised its engagement through its chairmanship of the International Aid Transparency Initiative and the Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (21.1). Under Milestone 21.2, Canada's self-assessment points to language on open government which was included in the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie's 2016Antananarivo Declaration.[Note189: XVIe Conférence des chefs d'État et de gouvernement des pays ayant le français en partage Antananarivo (Madagascar), les 26 et 27 novembre 2016, available at: https://www.francophonie.org/IMG/pdf/som_xvi_decl_antananarivo_vf.pdf (in French).]

In November 2017, Open Burkina was selected to coordinate the African francophone open data community and act as a regional hub to coordinate research, innovation, and capacity building in francophone Africa. As of June 2018, activities have commenced with local representatives in eight countries. Such activities include local capacity building, agenda building, and work with multi-stakeholder partners.[Note190: See homepage, Open Burkina, https://www.openburkina.bf/.] Regarding Milestone 21.3, Canada signed the Open Data Charter in 2018.[Note191: See Scott Brison, president of the Treasury Board, Letter to Members of the Advisory Board of the Open Data Charter, 12 March 2018, https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4pnyLgEJbI6SGItV1g1M0xPSFZ3S0dZX0M3MUhOdHBDelE4/view.]The fourth edition of the Open Data Barometer was published in May 2017 and covered 115 countries.[Note192: See “The Open Data Barometer.”]

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Major

The government designed this mostly outward-facing commitment to foster Canadian leadership on open government issues. As noted under Commitment 18, this evaluation aims to assess the results within Canada. Thus, projects which are valuable and highly impactful internationally may be scored here as creating only marginal change.

Nonetheless, indications show that Canada's participation in international fora are beginning to bear fruit in terms of opening government domestically. The following reflects this work: the networking of Canadian practitioners with international colleagues and the focus on the need to lead by example. The latter gives greater prominence to open data champions within Canada. For example, Canada's role in the Open Data Charter not only helps to generate support for this issue internationally, but also helps Canadian officials track the evolution of global open data standards. Similarly, the Open Data Barometer includes an assessment of Canada which, while favourable (the country ranked second overall in the 2017 assessment), nonetheless helps to identify areas for improvement. Those areas include opening up national environment statistics. As a consequence, this commitment is scored as having a major impact.

Carried Forward?

Canada's fourth action plan includes international development initiatives under Commitment 8 (Feminist Open Government) and Commitment 10 (Leadership and Collaboration).


Canada's Commitments

  1. User-friendly open government

    CA0064, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Financial transparency and accountability

    CA0065, 2018, E-Government

  3. Corporate transparency

    CA0066, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  4. Digital government and services

    CA0067, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Open science

    CA0068, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Healthy democracy

    CA0069, 2018, E-Government

  7. Access to Information

    CA0070, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Feminist and inclusive dialogue

    CA0071, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Reconciliation and open government

    CA0072, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Open government community

    CA0073, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Enhance Access to Information

    CA0042, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  12. Streamline Requests for Personal Information

    CA0043, 2016, E-Government

  13. Expand and Improve Open Data

    CA0044, 2016, E-Government

  14. Provide and Preserve Open Information

    CA0045, 2016, E-Government

  15. Define an Approach for Measuring Open Government Performance

    CA0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  16. Develop Open Government Skills across the Federal Public Service

    CA0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Embed Transparency Requirements in the Federal Service Strategy

    CA0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Enhance Access to Culture & Heritage Collections

    CA0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Enhance Openness of Information on Government Spending and Procurement

    CA0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Increase Transparency of Budget and Other Department of Finance Information

    CA0051, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Starred commitment Increase Transparency of Grants and Contributions Funding

    CA0052, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Improve Public Information on Canadian Corporations

    CA0053, 2016, E-Government

  23. Increase the Availability and Usability of Geospatial Data

    CA0054, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Increase Openness of Federal Science Activities (Open Science)

    CA0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Stimulate Innovation through Canada’s Open Data Exchange (ODX)

    CA0056, 2016, E-Government

  26. Align Open Data across Canada (Open Data Canada)

    CA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Implement the Extractives Sector Transparency Measures Act

    CA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Support Openness and Transparency Initiatives around the World

    CA0059, 2016, Aid

  29. Engage Civil Society on Open Government

    CA0060, 2016, Public Participation

  30. Enable Open Dialogue and Open Policy Making

    CA0061, 2016, Capacity Building

  31. Promote Open Government Globally

    CA0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  32. Engage Canadians to Improve Key Canada Revenue Agency Services

    CA0063, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  33. Implement Directive on Open Government

    CA0030, 2014, Open Data

  34. Starred commitment Open Data Canada

    CA0031, 2014, Open Data

  35. Canadian Open Data Exchange (ODX)

    CA0032, 2014, Capacity Building

  36. Open Data for Development

    CA0033, 2014, Capacity Building

  37. Open Data Core Commitment

    CA0034, 2014, Open Data

  38. Starred commitment Open Science

    CA0035, 2014, Science & Technology

  39. Starred commitment Mandatory Reporting on Extractives

    CA0036, 2014, Extractive Industries

  40. Open Contracting

    CA0037, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  41. Open Information on Budgets and Expenditures

    CA0038, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  42. Digital Literacy

    CA0039, 2014, Capacity Building

  43. Open Information Core Commitment

    CA0040, 2014, Right to Information

  44. Consulting Canadians

    CA0041, 2014, Marginalized Communities

  45. Starred commitment International Aid Transparency Initiative: Publish plan to make CIDA activities available and accessible

    CA0010, 2012, Aid

  46. International Aid Transparency Initiative: Implement plan

    CA0011, 2012, Aid

  47. Opening Government of Canada Records: Increase access to archived federal documents at Library and Archives Canada

    CA0012, 2012, Records Management

  48. Opening Government of Canada Records: Issue new mandatory policy on document classification

    CA0013, 2012, Records Management

  49. Opening Government of Canada Records: Make classified information available online

    CA0014, 2012, E-Government

  50. GCDOCS: Deploy wave one of electronic record and document management solution

    CA0015, 2012, E-Government

  51. GCDOCS: Deploy across federal government

    CA0016, 2012, E-Government

  52. GCWEB: Develop consolidated web presence

    CA0017, 2012, E-Government

  53. GCWEB: Implement new platform

    CA0018, 2012, E-Government

  54. Data.gc.ca: Expand number of datasets available

    CA0019, 2012, E-Government

  55. Data.gc.ca: Implement data.gc.ca portal

    CA0020, 2012, E-Government

  56. Data.gc.ca: Improve standardization of data

    CA0021, 2012, E-Government

  57. Government of Canada Resource Management Data: Publish resource management and performance data

    CA0022, 2012, E-Government

  58. Government of Canada Resource Management Data: Enhance search and data tools

    CA0023, 2012, E-Government

  59. Consulting Canadians: Develop new platform for consultation

    CA0024, 2012, E-Government

  60. Consulting Canadians: Develop standard approach to use of social media

    CA0025, 2012, E-Government

  61. Consulting Canadians: Pilot a crowdsourcing initiative

    CA0026, 2012, E-Government

  62. Consulting Canadians: Enable use of common online tools

    CA0027, 2012, E-Government

  63. Open Regulation: Federal regulators to post forward regulatory plans

    CA0028, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  64. Open Regulation: Simplify engagement activities

    CA0029, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  65. Open Government Directive: Issue Directive on Open Government

    CA0001, 2012, E-Government

  66. Open Government Directive: Implement Directive on Open Government

    CA0002, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Open Government Licence: Issue Open Government Licence

    CA0003, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  68. Starred commitment Open Government Licence: Adopt Open Government Licence

    CA0004, 2012, Records Management

  69. Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Pilot of online request and payment service

    CA0005, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  70. Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Implement ATI Solution

    CA0006, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  71. Modernising Administration of Access to Information: Make completed ATI request summaries searchable

    CA0007, 2012, Right to Information

  72. Virtual Library: Begin design of virtual library

    CA0008, 2012, E-Government

  73. Virtual Library: Launch virtual library

    CA0009, 2012, E-Government