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France

Open data and Climate/Sustainable Development (FR0028)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: France, First Action Plan, 2015-17

Action Plan Cycle: 2015

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Minister of State for State Reform and Simplification attached to the Prime Minister

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: France End-of-Term Report 2015-2017, France Mid-Term Progress Report 2015-2017

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

STAKES Opening data and models related to climate and sustainable development will serve to: • Educate and raise awareness of citizens concerning climate issues, with data visualizations or applications, which could illustrate the major challenges regarding climate (to be used by journalists, researchers and all interested actors) • Support civil society representatives and NGOs positions • Stimulate economic and social innovation and allow third-parties to develop innovative solutions to climate challenges.

CONTEXT & AIM A document was published in November 2014 on the occasion of the Environmental Conference to prepare the 2015 roadmap that the Government will use to define the national application of the contribution of the European Union to the universal agreement on climate. This document states (Point 56) that "in order to mobilize players of digital civil society, researchers and media, the government will open datasets relating to the topics debate. They will be published on data.gouv.fr several months before the 2015 Paris Climate Conference. It will encourage its foreign partners to do likewise".

ROADMAP
• Provide on the platform data.gouv.fr data, models and simulators regarding climate, energy transition and sustainable development
• Release and publish data from impact assessment studies realized by the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

IRM End of Term Status Summary

25. Open Data and Models Related to Climate and Sustainable Development

Commitment Text:

ROADMAP

• Provide on the platform data.gouv.fr data, models and simulators regarding climate, energy transition and sustainable development

• Release and publish data from impact assessment studies realized by the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

Editorial Note: This is a partial version of the commitment text. For the full commitment text please see France's national action plan: https://bit.ly/2MTYhsR.

Responsible Institutions: Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Minister of State for State Reform and Simplification attached to the Prime Minister

Supporting Institution(s): N/A

Start Date:Not Specified

End Date: December 2015

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to raise awareness of climate issues using open data to produce current and informative data visualisations paired with a new range of datasets, as well as providing opportunities for third parties to suggest solutions to climate challenges, using this newly-released data.

It includes two activities: 1) provide models regarding climate and sustainable development on the government open data platform; and 2) publish data from impact assessment studies carried out by the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

This commitment was substantially implemented by the midterm. Out of the 500 datasets on climate, energy and sustainable development that were supposed to be published to data.gouv.fr according to the government self-assessment, the midterm assessment found 27 of these datasets were tagged as 'climate,' 81 datasets as 'energy,' and 52 datasets were tagged as “sustainable development.” If other datasets related to those three topics exist, they were said to be difficult to identify. Météo France published its models on data.gouv.fr and its own platform, donneespubliques.meteofrance.fr, providing prediction and atmospheric forecasting models and simulators. 458 datasets were compiled on the government's open data portal for the Climate Change Challenge and were presented during a series of hackathons, which Etalab helped organise. As of July 2016, data on air quality models was missing from the platform.  

End of Term: Substantial

Completion of this commitment is still coded as substantial at the end of term. The most significant development in the second year of implementation was the adoption of the law on biodiversity n° 2016-1087 on 8 August 2016.

The government self-assessment reports that raw data from impact studies should be transferred to the Museum of Natural History and published in open data format. The IRM researcher however finds the law (Article 7) to have a slightly different meaning, namely that raw data on biodiversity, gathered by project managers – public or private – during an impact assessment shall be included in the national inventory of natural heritage, managed and validated by the Museum of Natural History. The IRM researcher could not find any public information on the publication of this data. The law on biodiversity also created the French Agency on Biodiversity, but it is not clear how this agency is relevant to OGP values.

In October 2017, there were 33 datasets tagged 'climate,' 83 datasets tagged 'energy,' and 97 datasets tagged “sustainable development.” The government self-assessment indicates that data on air quality should be available on data.gouv.fr. The IRM researcher finds that the information provided through the data.gouv.fr link consists only of a map of air quality in metropolitan France and that no dataset was available. Information is provided by PREV'AIR, the national platform on air quality prevision.

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Marginal

This commitment opened a number of new datasets on climate and sustainable development. However, the relevance of the data opened in the framework of this commitment remains unclear. As such, this commitment marginally opened government regarding access to information.

Despite the new datasets available on data.gouv.fr in open data format, the lack of specificity of this commitment's activities and the difficulty of measuring resulting changes in government practices limits the impact of the commitment, as pointed out in the midterm IRM assessment. Moreover, the IRM researcher could not find any public information on the criteria and logic of selection of data to be publish, nor on the regularity of which the data should be updated.

Carried Forward?

This commitment was carried forward to the next action plan. In the new action plan, the commitment focuses on making an inventory of the data produced by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and by the Ministry of Territorial Cohesion; on opening new data on waste management, construction permits, pesticide sales; and on giving public access to data on environmental impact.


France's Commitments

  1. Transparency of Public Services

    FR0030, 2018, E-Government

  2. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  3. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  4. Expand open data

    FR0033, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improved data policies and administration

    FR0034, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Transparency of Public Algorithms

    FR0035, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open data at sub-national level

    FR0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. State AI lab

    FR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Administrative capacity-building

    FR0038, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Public Service Incubators

    FR0039, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Streamline data flows

    FR0040, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Etat forum

    FR0041, 2018, E-Government

  13. Online procedures dashboard

    FR0042, 2018, E-Government

  14. GovTech summit

    FR0043, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Imrove public consultation mechanisms

    FR0044, 2018, E-Government

  16. International transparency and citizen participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  17. Public pariticipation in sustainable development

    FR0046, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Science

    FR0047, 2018, E-Government

  19. Citizen involvement in Cour des Comptes

    FR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Private sector transparency

    FR0049, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  21. Access to information on public officials

    FR0050, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  22. Open Regional and Local Authorities' Data

    FR0001, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  23. Publish municipal council decisions and reports online

    FR0002, 2015, E-Government

  24. Publish building permits in open data format

    FR0003, 2015, Open Data

  25. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  26. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Aid

  27. Open Access to Public Policy Evaluations

    FR0006, 2015, E-Government

  28. Involve Citizens in Cour des Comptes Work

    FR0007, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Access to Public Officials Transparency Obligations

    FR0008, 2015, E-Government

  30. Starred commitment Beneficial Ownership

    FR0009, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  31. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    FR0010, 2015, Extractive Industries

  32. Transparency in International Trade Commercial Negotiations

    FR0011, 2015, Labor

  33. Fix My Neighborhood

    FR0012, 2015, E-Government

  34. Digital Fix-it

    FR0013, 2015, Open Data

  35. Co-produce Data Infrastructure with Civil Society

    FR0014, 2015, Open Data

  36. Starred commitment Open Legal Resources

    FR0015, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Reform Participatory Mechanisms

    FR0016, 2015, Public Participation

  38. Mediation and Justice

    FR0017, 2015, Judiciary

  39. Starred commitment Open and Circulate Data

    FR0018, 2015, Land & Spatial Planning

  40. Open Calculation Models and Simulators

    FR0019, 2015, Open Data

  41. Open Platform for Government Resources

    FR0020, 2015, E-Government

  42. Improve Public Services through E-Government and User Interaction

    FR0021, 2015, E-Government

  43. Empower Civil Society to Support Schools

    FR0022, 2015, E-Government

  44. Diversify Recruitment within Public Institutions

    FR0023, 2015, Capacity Building

  45. Culture Change

    FR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  46. Spread Public Innovation

    FR0025, 2015, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Protect Against Conflicts of Interest

    FR0026, 2015, Conflicts of Interest

  48. Civil Society & Transparency in COP21 Conference Planning

    FR0027, 2015, Environment and Climate

  49. Open data and Climate/Sustainable Development

    FR0028, 2015, Open Data

  50. Collaborate with Civil Society on Climate and Sustainable Development

    FR0029, 2015, Environment and Climate