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Georgia

Transparency and Good Governance (GE0081)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Georgia Action Plan 2018-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Akhaltsikhe Municipality Town Hall; Dedoplistskaro Municipality Town Hall; Khoni Municipality Town Hall; Ozurgeti Municipality; Ozurgeti Municipality Town Assembly; Rustavi Municipality Town Hall; Tskaltubo Municipality Town Hall; Dusheti Municipality Town Hall; Bolnisi Municipality Town Hall.

Support Institution(s): Akhaltsikhe Municipality Town Hall partner: USAID-funded Good Governance Initiative in Georgia (GGI); Ozurgeti Municipality and Town Assembly partners – local NGOs: Progress House, Guria Youth Resource Center, Georgian Democratic Development Union; Rustavi, Tskaltubo, Dusheti, Bolnisi, and Khoni municipalities’ partner: UNDP; Decentralization and Good Governance at the Local Level in Georgia (DGG) project; donor – Danish Government; Dedoplistskaro Municipality Town Hall partner: German Development Agency – GIZ, local self-governance program.

Policy Areas

Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Georgia Design Report 2018-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 1: Strengthening transparency and good governance in municipalities

Municipalities annually dispose of significant budgetary funds. Transparent and fair use of budgetary funds is the major priority of municipalities.

In connection with the above, one of the principal challenges for a number of municipalities is that they lack a strategic document to analyze the challenges/threats faced by the good governance, identify the ways of their solution and activities for enhancing the good governance standards.

Based on the above, the Forum-member municipalities will develop a medium-term strategy for increasing transparency and integrity, wherein the integrity and transparency guiding standards will be established. For introducing the standards, a biennial action plan will be developed.

The introduction of transparency and integrity standards will essentially facilitate the improvement of the democratic governance quality in these municipalities.

Commitment 1: Strengthening transparency and good governance in municipalities
Lead Agency Akhaltsikhe Municipality Town Hall; Dedoplistskaro Municipality Town Hall; Khoni Municipality Town Hall; Ozurgeti Municipality; Ozurgeti Municipality Town Assembly; Rustavi Municipality Town Hall; Tskaltubo Municipality Town Hall; Dusheti Municipality Town Hall; Bolnisi Municipality Town Hall.
Other Involved Actors Public Agency
Civil Society/ Private Sector /International organization Akhaltsikhe Municipality Town Hall partner: USAID-funded Good Governance Initiative in Georgia (GGI);
Ozurgeti Municipality and Town Assembly partners – local NGOs: Progress House, Guria Youth Resource Center, Georgian Democratic Development Union;
Rustavi, Tskaltubo, Dusheti, Bolnisi, and Khoni municipalities’ partner: UNDP; Decentralization and Good Governance at the Local Level in Georgia (DGG) project; donor – Danish Government;
Dedoplistskaro Municipality Town Hall partner: German Development Agency – GIZ, local self-governance program.

Issues to be Addressed To date, municipalities lack a strategic document, wherein the transparent and good governance standards would be established.
In spite of the efforts fulfilled for introducing the democratic governance principles, the creation of a respective strategic framework is necessary, which significantly facilitates the enhancement of transparent and good governance in municipalities.
Main Objective Enhancement of transparent and good governance in Akhaltsikhe, Khoni, Ozurgeti, and Dedoplistskaro municipalities.
OGP Challenge Increasing integrity in public sector; better management of public resources.

OGP Principles Transparency Accountability Civil Participation Technology and Innovation
  
Milestones to Fulfill the Commitment New or ongoing commitment Start date End date
Preparation of a situational analysis of transparent and good governance New Fourth quarter 2018 December 2018
Preparation of an initial release version of the transparency and building integrity strategy and action plan New First quarter 2019 March 2019
Public consideration of the initial release versions of the transparency and building integrity strategy and action plan n. New First quarter 2019 June 2019
Approval of the Transparency and Building Integrity Strategy (2019-2022), Action Plan (2019-2020) and monitoring framework New Second quarter 2019 September 2019

Indicator The Transparency and Building Integrity Strategy (2019-2022), the respective Action Plan (2019-2020) and the monitoring framework have been developed and approved by the Municipality Assembly.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Commitment 16: Strengthening Transparency and Good Governance in Municipalities

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Municipalities annually dispose of significant budgetary funds. Transparent and fair use of budgetary funds is the major priority of municipalities.

In connection with the above, one of the principal challenges for a number of municipalities is that they lack a strategic document to analyze the challenges/threats faced by the good governance, identify the ways of their solution and activities for enhancing the good governance standards.

Based on the above, the Forum-member municipalities will develop a medium-term strategy for increasing transparency and integrity, wherein the integrity and transparency guiding standards will be established. For introducing the standards, a biennial action plan will be developed.

The introduction of transparency and integrity standards will essentially facilitate the improvement of the democratic governance quality in these municipalities."

Milestones: 

  1. Preparation of a situational analysis of transparent and good governance
  2. Preparation of an initial release version of the transparency and building integrity strategy and action plan
  3. Public consideration of the initial release versions of the transparency and building integrity strategy and action plan.
  4. Approval of the Transparency and Building Integrity Strategy (2019-2022), Action Plan (2019-2020) and monitoring framework 

Start Date: September 2018

End Date: September 2019

Editorial note: For the full text of this commitment, please see https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/georgia-action-plan-2018-2019/.

Context and Objectives

In 2016, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development recommended that Georgia develop anti-corruption actions for local governments to improve integrity and the enforcement of conflict-of-interest policies and anti-corruption restrictions. [84] Under this commitment, the United States Agency for International Development Good Governance Initiative (USAID GGI) , [85] the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), [86] and the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) [87] will partner with local organizations and experts to support eight Georgian municipalities in developing strategies for transparency and integrity, along with relevant implementation action plans. [88]

First, this commitment calls for carrying out a situational analysis to help develop the first drafts of the strategies and action plans. Next, the first drafts will be released for public consultation. Finally, the drafts will be submitted for approval to the municipalities. According to stakeholders, these strategies will be used to identify potential anti-corruption risks in local government and develop specific mechanisms for promoting integrity and transparency.

UNDP [89] will partner with Khoni, Rustavi, Tskaltubo, Dusheti, and Bolnisi to incorporate the Islands of Integrity methodology, which was launched in Kutaisi in 2018. [90] USAID GGI will partner with Akhaltsikhe and Ozurgeti, and GIZ will provide support to Dedoplistskaro to facilitate their needs analyses, strategy developments, and public consultations. According to USAID GGI and GIZ, [91] the strategic documents will involve publishing information proactively, introducing timelines for responding to citizen requests, and consulting with interested parties, among others. Thus, this commitment is relevant to the OGP values of access to information and civic participation.

The milestones presented in the commitment are verifiable. The entire process is divided into four distinct and measurable steps: 1) performing a situational analysis, 2) developing first draft documents, 3) ensuring public consultation and feedback, and 4) submitting drafts for approval.

According to USAID GGI and GIZ, the strategic documents will address issues related to ethics and integrity mechanisms, human resources management system, transparency standards, civic engagement and oversight mechanisms, state procurement transparency, and integrity standards of subordinate legal entities. [92] However, according to an interviewed UNDP representative, the development of strategic documents alone will not immediately lead to improved transparency and accountability in the eight municipalities. Rather, the improvements will depend on how the strategies are implemented. [93] Similarly, according to an interviewed Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association representative, [94] proper implementation of mechanisms provided in strategic documents will ultimately determine the long-term impact of the projects.

However, stakeholders also pointed out that the implementation of these strategies could have some immediate benefits to the municipalities, such as fostering the engagement and participation of local residents and civil society organizations in the elaboration process. This could not only boost their interest and capacities to monitor government activities closely, [95] but also increase the accountability and the quality of service delivery on the part of governments. [96] [97] In addition, the elaboration process could raise general awareness about and strengthen the capacities of local public servants on anti-corruption, integrity, and transparency-related issues. Such conditions are prerequisites for better internal management and higher quality in the delivering services to citizens.

Overall, this commitment could have a moderate potential impact by introducing new standards of integrity, transparency, and accountability in the selected municipalities.

Next steps

During the drafting of the strategies, the IRM researcher recommends that the eight municipalities engage with a wide range of local civil society or interest groups and residents in identifying the priorities to be addressed. Once the strategies are adopted, the local government bodies could develop relevant accountability monitoring mechanisms that include local civil society organizations and residents.

Currently, there is no permanent coordination between municipalities and partners that are involved in the process. Accordingly, the IRM researcher recommends that stakeholders establish a permanent coordination platform to avoid isolated decision making; share experiences about their approaches, priorities, and methodologies; and ensure coordinated efforts for achieving successful strategies, action plans, and monitoring of frameworks for all municipalities.

The IRM researcher also recommends the development of evaluation mechanisms to assess success in each partner municipality. Such mechanisms would allow step-by-step replication of successful experiences in other municipalities nationwide.

[84] Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Anti-Corruption Reforms in Georgia: 4th Round of Monitoring of the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan, 2016, https://bit.ly/2JyfuJN.

[85] Tetra Tech, “Georgia Good Governance Initiative,” https://bit.ly/2XKANLJ.

[86] UNDP, “Fostering Decentralisation and Good Governance at the Local Level,” https://bit.ly/2XEwoyW.

[87] GIZ, “Good Local Governance in South Caucasus,” https://bit.ly/2LheTOJ.

[88] The eight municipalities are 1) Akhaltsikhe, 2) Dedoplistskharo, 3) Khoni, 4) Ozurgeti, 5) Rustavi, 6), Tskaltubo, 7) Dusheti, and 8) Bolnisi.

[89] Nino Kakubava, Project Manager, and Giorgi Nasrashvili, Good Governance Expert, at UNDP project: Fostering Decentralization and Good Governance at the Local Level in Georgia, interview with IRM researcher, 10 June 2019.

[90] UNDP, “Kutaisi—The Island of Integrity,” 27 February 2018, https://bit.ly/2YPudoR.

[91] Mariam Gorgadze, Deputy Chief of Party and Mikheil Darchiashvili, Governance Manager at USAID GGI, interview with IRM research, 14 May 2019.

[92] Information provided to the IRM by USAID GGI during the pre-publication review of this report.

[93] Kakubava and Nasrashvili interview, June 2019.

[94] Nino Tsukhishvili, Parliamentary Secretary, Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association, interview with IRM researcher, 5 July 2019.

[95] Tsukhishvili interview, 2019.

[96] Giorgi Meladze, Director of Constitutional Research Center and associate professor at the Law School of Ilia State University, interview with IRM researcher, 8 June 2019.

[97] Kakubava and Nasrashvili interview, June 2019.


Commitments

  1. Improved Public Services

    GE0066, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Citizen Engagement Platform

    GE0067, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Unified Authentication System

    GE0068, 2018, E-Government

  4. Economic Governance

    GE0069, 2018, E-Government

  5. Environment Portal

    GE0070, 2018, E-Government

  6. Strengthen Anti-Corruption Institutions

    GE0071, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Monitor SDGs

    GE0072, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Citizen Engagement Legislation

    GE0073, 2018, Legislation & Regulation

  9. Publish Court Decisions

    GE0074, 2018, E-Government

  10. Increasing Transparency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

    GE0075, 2018, E-Government

  11. Citizen Participation in Public Finance

    GE0076, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  12. Transparent Public Funding System

    GE0077, 2018, Fiscal Openness

  13. Public Procurement Improvements

    GE0078, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Housing Policy Planning

    GE0079, 2018, Land Rights and Spatial Planning

  15. Openness and Accountability of State-Owned Enterprises

    GE0080, 2018, E-Government

  16. Transparency and Good Governance

    GE0081, 2018, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Open Data Collection and Publication

    GE0082, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Participation for Disabled Individuals

    GE0083, 2018, Infrastructure & Transport

  19. Participatory Budgeting

    GE0084, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Your Idea for the Zugdidi Mayor

    GE0085, 2018, Capacity Building

  21. Electronic Services

    GE0086, 2018, E-Government

  22. I. Gov. Zugdidi

    GE0087, 2018, Capacity Building

  23. Service and Citizen Satisfaction Assessment

    GE0088, 2018, Capacity Building

  24. Promoting and Monitoring SDGs

    GE0089, 2018, Legislative

  25. Citizen Involvement in Budget

    GE0090, 2018, E-Government

  26. Technology for Transparency

    GE0091, 2018, E-Government

  27. Citizen Engagement Center

    GE0092, 2018, Capacity Building

  28. Raising Public Awareness About Parliamentary Democracy

    GE0093, 2018, E-Government

  29. Electronic Innovations for More Transparency and Efficiency of Public Procurement

    GE0056, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  30. Starred commitment Adoption of the Environmental Assessment Code

    GE0057, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  31. Introduction of a Mobile App as an Alternative Channel to Connect to “112”

    GE0058, 2016, E-Government

  32. Development of Local Councils for Crime Prevention

    GE0059, 2016, Justice

  33. Development of a Guidebook for Economic Agents

    GE0060, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Development and Introduction of the Quality Control Program of Commercial Service

    GE0061, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Presentation of Company Reports in an Electronic Form and Provision of Their Accessibility

    GE0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Introduction of an Electronic Petition Portal and “Zugdidi-INFO” on the Webpage of Zugdidi Municipality Assembly

    GE0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Transparency of Ozurgeti Municipality Assembly Meetings

    GE0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Creation of Electronic Mechanism for Local Budget Planning in Kutaisi, Ozurgeti, Batumi and Akhaltsikhe

    GE0065, 2016, E-Government

  39. Adapting the Public Service Hall to the Needs of the People with Disabilities

    GE0042, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Launch of the Unified Healthcare System Information Portal

    GE0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Introduction of Electronic Licensing System in the Field of Natural Resources Application

    GE0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  42. Creation of Spatial (Geographic) Data Web-Portal for the Energy Sector

    GE0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Creation of Innovation Ecosystem

    GE0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Electronic Portal for Registering and Disposal of State Property – Customer’S Module

    GE0047, 2016, E-Government

  45. Development of the Freedom of Information Law

    GE0048, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Development of a Monitoring and Assessment System of the Government Policy and Legislative Acts

    GE0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Introduction of the Public Officials’ Asset Declarations Monitoring System

    GE0050, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  48. Establishing Unified Regulations to Publish Court Decisions

    GE0051, 2016, Judiciary

  49. Development of Transparency and Integrity Strategy and Action Plan in the Field of Regional Development and Infrastructure

    GE0052, 2016, Capacity Building

  50. Improvement of the Database of the Convicted and Transfer of the Penitentiary Department Entirely Onto the Electronic Workflow Management

    GE0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  51. Publication of Phone Tapping Data According to the Nature of the Crime and Geographic Area

    GE0054, 2016, E-Government

  52. Starred commitment Increasing Citizen Participation in Supervision of Public Finances (Public Audit)

    GE0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  53. "Voice of the Consumer"

    GE0013, 2014, Public Participation

  54. JUSTdrive

    GE0014, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  55. Educational Services

    GE0015, 2014, Education

  56. Citizen's Portal (Www.Mygov.Ge)

    GE0016, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Transformation of Public Libraries for Regional Development

    GE0017, 2014, Capacity Building

  58. Digital Signature and Online Authentication

    GE0018, 2014, E-Government

  59. Open Data Portal (Data.Gov.Ge)

    GE0019, 2014, Access to Information

  60. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Draft

    GE0020, 2014, Access to Information

  61. Georgia's OGP Forum

    GE0021, 2014, Public Participation

  62. I-Change.Ge

    GE0022, 2014, E-Government

  63. Transparency of Public Service Recruitment

    GE0023, 2014, E-Government

  64. Asset Declaration Monitoring System

    GE0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  65. Starred commitment Political Party Financial Declarations

    GE0025, 2014, Access to Information

  66. Accessibility of Ministry of Interior's Webpage to People with Special Needs

    GE0026, 2014, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Proactive Publishing of Surveillance Data

    GE0027, 2014, Civic Space

  68. Public Awareness of the Electoral Process

    GE0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  69. Transparency of Budgetary Processes

    GE0029, 2014, E-Government

  70. Electronic System of Procurement

    GE0030, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  71. Digital Human Resource Management System

    GE0031, 2014, E-Government

  72. Digital Preservation System: E-Archive

    GE0032, 2014, E-Government

  73. Openness and Accessibility of National Archives

    GE0033, 2014, E-Government

  74. Electronic Catalogues of Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) Archives

    GE0034, 2014, E-Government

  75. Public Finance Management System

    GE0035, 2014, E-Government

  76. Alternative Channels to "112"

    GE0036, 2014, E-Government

  77. Interactive Statistics and Crime Mapping

    GE0037, 2014, E-Government

  78. Travel Insurance Services

    GE0038, 2014, Citizenship & Immigration

  79. State Property Registration

    GE0039, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  80. Development of Community Centers in Georgia

    GE0040, 2014, E-Government

  81. Introduction of e-Governance in Local Self-Governments

    GE0041, 2014, E-Government

  82. Public Service Hall-Hub of Public Services

    GE0001, 2012, Access to Justice

  83. e-Governance in Local Governments

    GE0002, 2012, E-Government

  84. Citizens’ Portal

    GE0003, 2012, E-Government

  85. Easily Accessible and Better Healthcare

    GE0004, 2012, E-Government

  86. Launch Ichange.Ge and Data.Gov.Ge

    GE0005, 2012, E-Government

  87. Platform for Participating in the Legislative Process

    GE0006, 2012, E-Government

  88. Citizens and Justice

    GE0007, 2012, Access to Justice

  89. Starred commitment Transparent Party Financing

    GE0008, 2012, Political Integrity

  90. Home-Grown Concept of E-Procurement

    GE0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  91. e-Declarations

    GE0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  92. Technology Cares for Safety: ICCMS, Crime Mapping, and Safety in Your Neighbourhood

    GE0011, 2012, E-Government

  93. NGO Forum

    GE0012, 2012, Capacity Building

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