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Honduras

Regulatory Improvements (HN0076)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Honduras Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: General Directorate Of Civil Service (DGSC), Secretary of State in the Presidential Office

Support Institution(s): Secretary of State for General Government Coordination, Competent institutions to conform the panel, Academy (private and public universities in the country), civil society

Policy Areas

Public Participation, Records Management, Sustainable Development Goals

IRM Review

IRM Report: Honduras Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK AND THE STATE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CAPACITY
September 01, 2018 – August 31, 2020
Institute responsible for the implementation: General Directorate Of Civil Service (DGSC), Secretary of State in the Presidential Office
What is the problem that the commitment addresses? Honduras must improve the regulatory framework for hiring, classification and management of the human resource of the State. The legal framework in which it is currently working is outdated, obsolete and unresponsive to the present needs of Honduras. For this reason, the analysis and studies of a new legal framework must be updated based on international best practices and the recommendations of MESICIC, which has pronounced itself on the problems and gaps in the legal framework and the current situation. Among other actions, Implementation of this strategy requires strengthening of the civil service regime, promoting the necessary reforms in the matter. It requires a transparent follow-up and monitoring mechanism with access for citizens to know the process and the stage in which the appointments of the public workers are due.
Which is the commitment? Constitution of a panel of experts that defines the roadmap to follow for implementing the integral reform of the Honduran civil service. The panel of experts must deal with addressing in a comprehensive manner all the problems of the public service, including civil service and special regimes. To complement this process of an expert panel, it is considered a priority the design and implementation of a virtual monitoring and tracking module (Tracking) of the processes of appointment of public servants who will perform in a charge of public administration.
How will it contribute to solve the problem? The fulfillment of this commitment is relevant to be able to take the first steps in the long road that is required to consolidate a sustainable civil service regime, transparent and beneficial to the population, it entails the implementation of a long-term strategy that will also require the promotion of a Portal of Public State Employment, which improves equity in access to vacancies in the State. It will also demand the improvement of human resource management tools, with the appropriate technological instruments; and the permanent training to public officials, in the main aspects that should be know in their capacity as officials. It will allow every citizen who aspires a position in the administration to follow up in real time the progress of the process for the issuance of the appointment agreement in the place to be filled in the administration.
Why is it relevant to the values of the OGP? Transparency; The purpose of the table is to develop an innnovative and transparent mechanism to be able to improve the regulatory framework and the State ́s capacity of human resource management. As well, mechanisms for access to information, such as "Tracking" or follow-up in the process of hiring of public servants in places of appointment by agreement.
Citizen participation; citizens with option to have contract in a government position, may be involved in the direct follow-up of their hiring process, a process that in the present day is very opaque and scarce of information. Technological innovation; this commitment allows the creation of tools that facilitate the citizen's empowerment in the processes of hiring in government positions
Additional Information: There is a link with the Sustainable Development Goal number 16 whose goals are focused on the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, access to justice for all and building effective and transparent institutions.
Create a Panel of Experts to improve the civil service of Honduras, under the coordination of the DGSC, which will recommendations and proposals to strengthen the system of hiring of human resources, to achieve a process of selection by merit, that is highly transparent and competitive. It will have the technical support of the SCGG.
September 01, 2018 - August 31, 2020
Design and implementation of a virtual platform, with a monitoring and monitoring module, through a direct ticket for the interested citizen of the procedure that are in process within the DGSC, specifically in the stage that is finds the appointment agreement in a place in the public administration.
September 01, 2018 - August 31, 2020
Name of the person in charge: Merary Diaz/Ebal Diaz
Title and Department: Civil Service General Director, State Secretary in the Office of the President
E-mail and phone number: dmerary@hotmail.com/ediaz@sep.gob.hn
Other Actors: Secretary of State for General Government Coordination, Competent institutions to conform the panel, Academy (private and public universities in the country), civil society

IRM Midterm Status Summary

17. Mejoras en el marco regulatorio y la capacidad de gestión del Recurso Humano del Estado

Texto del compromiso como aparece en el plan de acción:

“Constitución de una mesa de expertos que defina la hoja de ruta a seguir para implementar la reforma integral del servicio civil hondureño. La mesa de expertos deberá ocuparse, de abordar en forma integral toda la problemática del servicio público, incluyendo servicio civil y los regímenes especiales. Para complementar este proceso de la mesa de expertos, se considera prioritario el diseño e implementación de un módulo virtual de seguimiento y monitoreo (Tracking) de los procesos de nombramiento de los servidores públicos que van desempeñarse en un cargo de la administración pública.”

Hitos:

  1. Crear una Mesa de Expertos para mejorar el servicio civil de Honduras, bajo la coordinación de la DGSC, la cual dará recomendaciones y propuestas para fortalecer el sistema de contratación del recurso humano, para lograr un proceso de selección por méritos, que sea altamente transparente y competitivo. Contará con el apoyo técnico de la SCGG.
  2. Diseño e implementación de una Plataforma virtual, con un módulo de seguimiento y monitoreo, mediante un ticket directo para el ciudadano interesado del trámite que estén en proceso dentro de la DGSC, específicamente en la etapa que se encuentra el acuerdo de nombramiento en una plaza en la administración pública.

Fecha de inicio: 1 de septiembre de 2018             Fecha de término: 31 de agosto de 2020

Para ver el texto completo del compromiso, por favor visitar: https://bit.ly/31vuj61

Contexto y objetivos

En los planes de acción 2014 -2016 y 2016-2018  se incluyeron dos versiones similares de este compromiso con el objetivo de reducir la mala percepción ciudadana sobre la idoneidad de los empleados públicos para ejercer sus funciones, de acuerdo con los requisitos que se exigen en cada puesto. El desarrollo de ambos compromisos llevó a cabo la habilitación de un portal para transparentar la contratación de empleos públicos. Dicha plataforma se encuentra actualmente deshabilitada.

De acuerdo con el plan de acción, el marco regulatorio para la contratación, clasificación y gestión del recurso humano en el Estado se encuentra desactualizado y no responde a las necesidades actuales. La Ley de Servicio Civil vigente se aprobó en 1993 [92]. El contexto del compromiso también detalla la necesidad de incorporar las recomendaciones del Mecanismo de Seguimiento de la Implementación de la Convención Interamericana contra la Corrupción (MESICIC). La MESICIC es el mecanismo de anticorrupción de la OEA que analiza los marcos jurídicos e instituciones de los estados miembros de acuerdo con las disposiciones de la Convención Interamericana contra la Corrupción.

El último informe disponible de la MESISIC se aprobó en 2016 y contiene una serie de recomendaciones que buscan promover procesos de contratación de los candidatos más idóneos posibles, consolidación y publicación de todas las plazas en un portal único, desarrollo de carrera en el sistema público, entre otros. Asimismo, recomiendan la adopción de una política salarial con criterios y objetivos transparentes para garantizar una remuneración equitativa en el sector público [93]. Por tanto, el objetivo de este compromiso es implementar mejoras para aumentar los niveles de transparencia en la contratación de empleos públicos. 

La Dirección General de Servicio Civil (DGSC) conformará una mesa de expertos -de los sectores público y privado, aunque a la fecha de cierre del informe no se había definido el proceso de selección para implementar mejoras dentro del servicio civil. De acuerdo con representantes de la DGSC, este equipo buscará reducir la brecha entre los estándares de transparencia en las contrataciones de Honduras y otras experiencias internacionales. También implementará una plataforma virtual para que los ciudadanos puedan dar seguimiento a los procesos de contratación de la DGSC, con el fin de monitorear no solamente las distintas etapas de la selección y posterior contratación, sino también trámites, consultas y opiniones legales en materia de servicio civil.

El compromiso contiene hitos lo suficientemente específicos para ser verificables. La iniciativa es relevante para el valor de acceso a la información, ya que aumentará la cantidad de información disponible sobre los procesos de contratación. Si bien el desarrollo de una mesa de expertos permitirá la generación y presentación de insumos para fortalecer el servicio civil en el país, esto no constituye un elemento ligado al fortalecimiento de un proceso de participación ciudadana de una manera amplia, inclusiva y de acuerdo con los estándares de OGP.

De implementarse completamente, la administración pública aumentará la calidad y cantidad de información pública sobre los procesos de convocatoria, selección y contratación del servicio civil. Sin embargo, la implementación total no garantiza, necesariamente, la reducción de arbitrariedades al momento de la selección. El compromiso tampoco aborda las recomendaciones de la MESICIC, a excepción del desarrollo de un portal unificado. La incorporación de las recomendaciones de este reporte como insumos para la mesa de expertos puede fortalecer el sistema de servicio civil en el país. De acuerdo con representantes de la Fundación Democracia Sin Fronteras, no todas las instituciones utilizaban la plataforma diseñada en los compromisos anteriores para la contratación, y añaden que la práctica de contrataciones arbitrarias en cargos de confianza ha continuado.

Además, la plataforma es exclusiva para el uso en línea, lo cual representa una restricción para aquellas personas con acceso limitado a internet –solamente el 36% de ciudadanos hondureños accede a internet de manera regular- [94]. Por lo tanto, el impacto potencial se considera menor.

Siguientes pasos

El investigador del IRM recomienda incorporar una versión similar de este compromiso en un próximo plan de acción, con el propósito de que el Gobierno, de manera conjunta con organizaciones de la sociedad civil, garantice el uso completo de la plataforma por parte de todas las instituciones públicas. Además, una próxima versión podría establecer un sistema de incentivos por implementación de buenas prácticas o sanciones por incumplimiento de los lineamientos del portal o las acciones incorporadas; así como abordar las principales recomendaciones del informe de la MESISIC, para desarrollar una política salarial y diseñar planes de carrera dentro del sistema público.

Para mejorar la implementación se recomienda:

  • Impulsar un fuerte proceso de difusión y comunicación sobre los beneficios y usos de la plataforma a nivel nacional, tanto para los ciudadanos como para las instituciones públicas.
  • Garantizar la asignación de recursos necesaria para la habilitación de la plataforma, su actualización continua y el manejo del sistema de solicitudes y quejas presentadas por los ciudadanos.
[92] Congreso Nacional (1993). “Ley de Servicio Civil”. Disponible aquí: https://bit.ly/2Z8K5SG
[93] MESICIC (2016). “Informe final: Honduras”. Disponible aquí: http://www.oas.org/es/sla/dlc/mesicic/docs/mesicic5_hnd_final_sp.pdf
[94] Instituto Nacional de Estadística (2016). “Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propósitos Múltiples”. Disponible aquí: https://bit.ly/2HqIEef

Commitments

  1. Accountability Portals

    HN0060, 2018, Access to Information

  2. Access to Municipal Information

    HN0061, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Open Data

    HN0062, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Open Data in Public Works

    HN0063, 2018, Access to Information

  5. Civic Electoral Education

    HN0064, 2018, Access to Information

  6. Integrity in Public Management

    HN0065, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Electronic Catalogs and Public Purchase Platform

    HN0066, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  8. Open Congressional Data

    HN0067, 2018, Access to Information

  9. ISO 9001 Certification

    HN0068, 2018, E-Government

  10. Citizens Management of Budget

    HN0069, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Women in Public Works Projects

    HN0070, 2018, E-Government

  12. Online Citizen Complaint Process

    HN0071, 2018, Access to Justice

  13. Citizens Participation in Public Service

    HN0072, 2018, E-Government

  14. Human Rights in Business Plans

    HN0073, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Open Justice

    HN0074, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Education Sector Transparency

    HN0075, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Regulatory Improvements

    HN0076, 2018, Public Participation

  18. Patient Response System

    HN0077, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    HN0078, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  20. Business Integrity Standards

    HN0079, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  21. Integral Policy Transparency, Probity and Ethics

    HN0047, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  22. Application Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information

    HN0048, 2016, Access to Information

  23. Transparency in Civil Service

    HN0049, 2016, Access to Information

  24. Transparency in Municipalities

    HN0050, 2016, Access to Information

  25. Monitoring Public Spending.

    HN0051, 2016, Access to Information

  26. Shopping Open.

    HN0052, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Information Educational Center.

    HN0053, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Monitoring Health Sector

    HN0054, 2016, Access to Information

  29. Monitoring Water and Sanitation Services

    HN0055, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Unified System Procedures.

    HN0056, 2016, E-Government

  31. Citizen Innovation.

    HN0057, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Resilient Communities

    HN0058, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  33. Starred commitment National Climate Change Plan

    HN0059, 2016, E-Government

  34. Public Information Quality for Everyone

    HN0033, 2014, Access to Information

  35. Respect for the Citizen's Right to Obtain Information from Public Records

    HN0034, 2014, Records Management

  36. Ethics in Public Service.

    HN0035, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  37. Development of Administrative Career and Transparency in the Civil Service

    HN0036, 2014, Labor

  38. Fight Against Corruption and Impunity

    HN0037, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  39. Citizen Empowerment on the Budget.

    HN0038, 2014, Fiscal Openness

  40. Accountability for Public Expenditure Management.

    HN0039, 2014, Fiscal Openness

  41. Planning, Efficiency and Transparency in Public Procurement

    HN0040, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  42. Surrender of Municipal Accounts.

    HN0041, 2014, Local Commitments

  43. Knowing the EITI and Its Results.

    HN0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Transparency in the Education Sector

    HN0043, 2014, Education

  45. Starred commitment Towards a Better Infrastructure in Schools.

    HN0044, 2014, Education

  46. Monitoring the Path of Medicines and Supplies

    HN0045, 2014, Health

  47. Strengthening Citizen Participation in the System of Public Safety

    HN0046, 2014, Access to Information

  48. Promote the Passage of a National Archives Law

    HN0005, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Develop Regulatory Sanctions on Code of Ethics

    HN0006, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  50. Present Preliminary Project on Internal Control Law

    HN0007, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  51. Approve Comprehensive Policy on Anti-Corruption

    HN0008, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  52. Starred commitment Publish Information on Public Finances

    HN0009, 2012, Access to Information

  53. Empowering Citizens with Budgetary Information

    HN0010, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  54. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Implement Framework Agreements and Corporate Purchasing

    HN0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  55. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Post Annual Plans Procurement and Contracting Institutions Connected to SIAFI

    HN0012, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  56. Improve Transparency, Competition, and Controls Over State Purchases: Update the Registry for Providers and Contractors

    HN0013, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  57. Starred commitment Incorporate 30 Municipalities to the SAMI

    HN0014, 2012, Local Commitments

  58. Report on Public Expenditures and Financial Accountability (PEFA): Develop the Report

    HN0015, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  59. Report on Public Expenditures and Financial Accountability (PEFA): Disseminate Report

    HN0016, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  60. Regional Development Plans in 16 Regions

    HN0017, 2012, Local Commitments

  61. Enhance Vision for the Country and National Plan: Increase Activities of Dissemination and Training Associated with the Plans

    HN0018, 2012, Capacity Building

  62. Enhance Vision for the Country and National Plan: Implement Online Seminars Relating to the Plans

    HN0019, 2012, Capacity Building

  63. Enhance Vision for the Country and National Plan: Create an Operative Public-Private Platform with Civil Society to Design and Manage the Strategic Image of the Country

    HN0020, 2012, Capacity Building

  64. Implement GAN in Relation to Public Spending

    HN0021, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  65. Public Security Reform under GAN

    HN0022, 2012, Justice

  66. Strengthen Eregulations Honduras

    HN0023, 2012, E-Government

  67. Simplify Administrative Process Under the GAN: Simplify Contract Licenses

    HN0024, 2012,

  68. Simplify Administrative Process Under the GAN: Simplify Licensing for Imports and Exports

    HN0025, 2012,

  69. Simplify Administrative Process Under the GAN: Simplify Ownership Registries

    HN0026, 2012,

  70. Simplify Administrative Process under the GAN: Simplify Operational Permits

    HN0027, 2012,

  71. Simplify the Process of Opening Businesses

    HN0028, 2012,

  72. Promote Fiscal Education

    HN0029, 2012, E-Government

  73. CSO Monitoring of Public Expenditure and Provision of Services: Carry Out Evaluations with CSOs on Public Expenditure and Provisions of Services

    HN0030, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  74. Carry Out Monitoring and Evaluation with Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) on Public Expenditure and Provision of Services: Monitor Annual Plans (PAO) on Regional Budgets

    HN0031, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  75. Starred commitment Implement the Fundamental Law on Education

    HN0032, 2012, Education

  76. Promote Compliance with the PTLCC

    HN0001, 2012, Public Participation

  77. Increase Access to Information through Compliance with the LTAIP: Improve Oversight Mechanisms

    HN0002, 2012, Access to Information

  78. Increase Access to Information through Compliance with the LTAIP: Apply Sanctions in Accordance with the LTAIP

    HN0003, 2012, Access to Information

  79. Increase Access to Information through Compliance with the LTAIP: Improve the National Anti-Corruption Council's (CAN) role to oversee compliance with the LTAIP

    HN0004, 2012, Access to Information

Open Government Partnership