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Indonesia

Participatory Village Government Planning (ID0096)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Indonesia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: 1. Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration 2. Ministry of Home Affairs

Support Institution(s): Ministry of National Development Planning/ Bappenas, PATTIRO World Vision Indonesia

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Public Participation, Subnational, Sustainable Development Goals

IRM Review

IRM Report: Indonesia Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

January 2019 - December 2020
Commitment Description
Lead implementing
agency/actor
1. Ministry of Village, Development of
Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration
2. Ministry of Home Affairs
Public participation in village meetings is still low and
this becomes a concern to the national government. There are some regulations to be revised to support
the implementation of this commitment. The revised
regulations are expected to provide assurance to the
communities. In addition to that, people could exercise
their rights in monitoring the administration of the
village government. Furthermore, socialization and
capacity building are conducted in the village
government, woman and communities. Through these
activities, hopefully, society can be more encouraged
to participate and be involved in the process of
government planning and implementation.
● This commitment is relevant to the principle of
public participation because it encourages active
participation from village communities in
monitoring and overviewing the course of
government.
● This commitment is also relevant to the principle of
openness and accountability to improve the quality
of village government. With openness in the
process of formulating village development
program, it will encourage the government to
become more transparent, at the same time
ensuring the use of village budget to be efficient
and effective as much as possible.
Why is this commitment relevant
to OGP values?
This commitment is also linked with the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs) which happens to be an
international agenda in creating a more transparent
and inclusive development. This commitment is
tangible in the development goal Number 16 which
states about Peace, Justice and Strong Institution.
Because, a strong institution is also reflected in
accountability, transparency, and integrity. This
commitment will encourage the achievement of other
SDGs, especially SDGs Number 1 in regards to
reducing poverty.
Additional information
How will the commitment
contribute to solve the public
problem?
23
Milestone Activity with a verifiable
deliverable
Start Date: End Date:
1. Ministry of Home Affairs will be
conducting the workshop on Village
Budget in 30 villages.
January 2019 December 2019
Ministry of Home Affairs
2. The development of Village
Forum Guidance held by Ministry of
Home Affairs will be followed by
Focus Group Discussion. This FGD
will include the participation of civil
society to enrich the content.
January 2020 December 2020
Village meetings lack the invo lvement of various
stakeholders and instead are only exclusively limited
to the village elites. It is common that the village
meetings only consist of the head of the village and
the village secretary. As the result, the programs that
are proposed only cater the interest of the village
elites. Village meetings should be done with inclusive
participation forum which involves communities from
various elements such as work background, age,
gender and so on.
Policy improvements have been issued gradually and
among them is the issuance of the Minister of Home
Affairs Regulation Number 20/2018 on Village
Financial Management. In detail, this regulation
identifies the programs and activities carried out by
the village government to be more effective and
efficient.
However, the opportunities in improving the quality of
village government do not end there. The quality of
village community participation is still an unavoidable
task. Communities have to gain enough capability to
criticize their own government. The accountability of
village government can be done by increasing the role
of village facilitators especially in the planning and
implementation process of the government.
What is the public problem that
the commitment will address?
The limited access in the participation of Village
Development Planning will cause incompatible
development. Thus, this commitment encourages the
participation of diverse livelihoods of people through
the government’s policy.
Regarding this commitment, there will be two ministries
responsible to implement it.
What is the commitment?
1. Ministry of Home Affairs will take a role to give
capacity building for village and province.
Moreover, they will develop the Village Forum
Guidance in 30 villages of three provinces.
2. Ministry of Village, Development of
Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration
will revise the regulation on Village Forum and
Village Assistant. Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration
3. The availability of the revised
draft of ministry regulation related
to village forum. In this milestone,
the development of ministry
regulation draft will involve the civil
society and other stakeholders.
January 2019 December 2019
4. The availability of the revised
draft of ministry regulation related to
village assistant. In this milestone,
the development of ministry
regulation draft will involve the civil
society and other stakeholders.
January 2020 December 2020
Contact information
Other Actors
Involved
State actors
involved
Ministry of National Development Planning/
Bappenas
CSOs, private
sector, multilaterals,
working groups
1. PATTIRO
2. World Vision Indonesia

IRM Midterm Status Summary

5. Encouraging More Accountable and Participative Village Government Planning

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

The limited access in the participation of Village Development Planning will cause incompatible development. Thus, this commitment encourages the participation of diverse livelihoods of people through the government’s policy.

Regarding this commitment, there will be two ministries responsible to implement it.

  1. Ministry of Home Affairs will take a role to give capacity building for village and province. Moreover, they will develop the Village Forum Guidance in 30 villages of three provinces.
  2. Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration will revise the regulation on Village Forum and Village Assistant.

Milestones:

Ministry of Home Affairs

  1. Ministry of Home Affairs will be conducting the workshop on Village Budget in 30 villages.
  2. The development of Village Forum Guidance held by Ministry of Home Affairs will be followed by Focus Group Discussion. This FGD will include the participation of civil society to enrich the content.

Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration

  1. The availability of the revised draft of ministry regulation related to village forum. In this milestone, the development of ministry regulation draft will involve the civil society and other stakeholders.
  2. The availability of the revised draft of ministry regulation related to village assistant. In this milestone, the development of ministry regulation draft will involve the civil society and other stakeholders.

Start Date: January 2019                                                               End Date: December 2020

Context and Objectives

Indonesia’s fourth action plan included a commitment to strengthen village governance in terms of transparency, participation, and responsiveness. In the previous commitment, the Ministry of Home Affairs aimed to establish pilot projects across 30 villages in the Provinces of West Sumatera, Maluku, and Central Java. The commitment fell short of ensuring implementation of public consultations and reviews of village development and budget plans. [73] However, it did set up a basic framework which was disseminated in the 30 villages through a series of workshops.

In this commitment, the Ministry of Home Affairs collaborates with the Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration. The ministries have two different roles in implementing this commitment. The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for building local government capacity through workshops on how to involve citizens in development planning and budgeting. The Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration is responsible for renewing ministerial regulations No. 2/2015 on Village Forum [74] Mechanism [75] and No. 3/2015 on Village Facilitation. [76]

Public participation in local governance, including at the village level, is mandated by Law No. 23/2014 on Local Governments. [77] Local governments are responsible for encouraging public participation by disclosing information, building capacity for active participation, and institutionalizing a decision-making mechanism that enables effective public participation. [78] The scope of public participation includes the development of local regulations (Perda), development planning, budgeting, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, natural resource and asset management, as well as public service delivery. [79]

Currently, however, governance at the village level rarely involves members of the public. The government’s assessment found that village forums (Musdes) often involve only the top leadership of village governments. [80] Through this commitment, the government aims to establish a clear mechanism for public participation by revising existing regulations. At the same time, the government will continue organizing workshops for village government officials to build capacity in involving citizens in development planning and budgeting. The workshops will also involve civil society and the public. However, the commitment does not go beyond facilitating the workshops. Compared to the same commitment in the prior action plan, this commitment has only a minor potential impact.

Next Steps

This commitment is similar to the village governance commitment in the previous action plan. The government could ensure its continuation results in more concrete outcomes as the groundwork is already established. For example, the government could design a model implementation of the accountable and participatory village government planning through a series of pilot projects in select locations. Findings, comprising of existing best practices, regulatory and practical challenges, as well as potential new mechanisms can then be replicated in other villages. However, if this commitment is something that the government intends to continuously work on through the OGP process, the ambition must increase to actually result in significant changes to village government planning. For example, the government facilitate public consultation forums with village citizens and monitor how village governments respond to citizens in their finalized development plans and budgets.

Within the context of this commitment, the government should consider the following actions to achieve more substantial results:

  • Collaborate with the Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform to develop a standard mechanism for public participation in line with the public consultation forum commitment. This would help minimize confusion within governments at different levels due to inconsistent standards and mechanisms used for the same activities;
  • Collect feedback from CSOs and citizens in the 30 pilot villages and incorporate their input into designing the public participation mechanism. This is important to capture the unique challenges faced by village citizens, such as lack of information technology infrastructure, lower access to information, and capacity gaps; and
  • Beyond revising regulations and facilitating workshops, support village governments’ initial attempts to involve the public in development planning and budgeting. Instead of creating an entirely new mechanism, the government could utilize existing avenues such as village forums (Musdes) and village development planning forums (Musrenbang).

[73] Open Government Partnership, “Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) Indonesia End-of-Term Report 2016–2017” (2019), https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Indonesia_End-of-Term_Report_2016-2017_EN.pdf.

[74] Within the context of village governance, village forums (Musyawarah Desa or Musdes) are mandated by Article 54 of Law No. 6/2014 on Villages (Government of Indonesia, 2014, http://www.dpr.go.id/dokjdih/document/uu/UU_2014_6.pdf). The scope of the village forum, in accordance with the law, includes village governance, village development planning, village cooperation, incoming investment plans, formation of a village-owned enterprise, changes in village assets, and any extraordinary situations.

[75] Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration, “Peraturan Menteri No. 2/2015 tentang Pedoman Tata Tertib dan Mekanisme Pengambilan Keputusan Musyawarah Desa” (2015), https://ppidkemkominfo.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/pm-desa-no-2-tahun-2015-tentang-pedoman-tata-tertib-dan-mekanisme-pengambilan-keputusan-musyawarah-desa.pdf.

[76] Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration, “Peraturan Menteri No. 3/2015 tentang Pendampingan Desa” (2015), https://ppidkemkominfo.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/pm-desa-no-3-ta-2015-tentang-pendampingan-desa.pdf.

[77] Government of Indonesia, “Undang-Undang No. 23/2014 tentang Pemerintah Daerah” (2014), https://pih.kemlu.go.id/files/UU0232014.pdf.

[78] Ibid.

[79] Ibid.

[80] Open Government Indonesia National Secretariat, “Indonesia OGP National Action Plan 2018–2020” (2018) 22, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Indonesia_Action-Plan_2018-2020.pdf.


Commitments

  1. Platform for Improved Legislative Data and Information

    ID0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Make Legislative Information More Accessible

    ID0107, 2018, E-Government

  3. Improving Documentation and Access to Information on Parliamentary Sessions

    ID0108, 2018, E-Government

  4. Formulation of the Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap

    ID0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia Institution

    ID0110, 2018, Legislative

  6. Extractives Data Management

    ID0092, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Transparency and Participation in Health Data

    ID0093, 2018, E-Government

  8. Public Service Data

    ID0094, 2018, E-Government

  9. Participatory Education Budget

    ID0095, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Participatory Village Government Planning

    ID0096, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Civic Participation in E-Legislation Portal

    ID0097, 2018, E-Government

  12. Election Data Openness

    ID0098, 2018, Access to Information

  13. Health Service Data

    ID0099, 2018, E-Government

  14. Public Consultation Reform

    ID0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. LAPOR!-SP4N Quality Improvements

    ID0101, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Complaint System for Environment

    ID0102, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  17. Government Procurement Transparency

    ID0103, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  18. Strenthening Open Data

    ID0104, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improvements to Legal Aid

    ID0105, 2018, Access to Justice

  20. Open Government Strategic Plan

    ID0047, 2016,

  21. Public Agency Consultation Guidlines

    ID0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Good Governance Manual and Public Consultations to Reach SDGs

    ID0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Geospatial Information Management

    ID0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Monitoring Public Services by Ombudsman

    ID0051, 2016, E-Government

  25. Ombudsman Overseeing Public Services

    ID0052, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  26. Public Services at Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Public Services at Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0054, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  28. Development of LAPOR into SP4N

    ID0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Public Complaints Administration Integration into LAPOR!-SP4N

    ID0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  30. LAPOR!- SP4N as Citizen Aspiration and Complaints Platform

    ID0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  31. 1 Million Complaints Via LAPOR! by 2016

    ID0058, 2016, E-Government

  32. LAPOR! Public Accountability

    ID0059, 2016, Public Participation

  33. Interconnectivity of SOEs to LAPOR!

    ID0060, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Environment and Forrest Sector Public Complaints

    ID0061, 2016, E-Government

  35. Strengthened Village Governance

    ID0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Health

    ID0063, 2016, E-Government

  37. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0064, 2016, E-Government

  38. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education

    ID0065, 2016, E-Government

  39. Public Information Disclosure at Higher Education Institutions

    ID0066, 2016, E-Government

  40. Budget Transparency Information System

    ID0067, 2016, E-Government

  41. Inter Agency Data Governance

    ID0068, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Open Data Implementation

    ID0069, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Public Complaints Channels

    ID0070, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Information Disclosure at Village Levels

    ID0071, 2016, E-Government

  45. Increase in Number of Open Data

    ID0072, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Improved Public Services

    ID0073, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Transparency in the Regional Government Budget System

    ID0074, 2016, E-Government

  48. Procurement Disclosure in Bandung

    ID0075, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  49. Enhancing the LAPOR! Application

    ID0076, 2016, E-Government

  50. Public Complaints Services in the City of Bandung

    ID0077, 2016, Public Participation

  51. Information Disclosure on Citizens’ Proposals to DPRD

    ID0078, 2016, E-Government

  52. Greater Public Participation in Disseminating Development Information

    ID0079, 2016, Education

  53. "One Data Indonesia” in Semarang.

    ID0080, 2016, Access to Information

  54. One Data Basis for Semarang

    ID0081, 2016, Access to Information

  55. Enhanced Public Information Disclosure

    ID0082, 2016, E-Government

  56. Public Monitoring of Services in Semarang

    ID0083, 2016, Capacity Building

  57. Access to Information on DPRD

    ID0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Data Governance of DPRD

    ID0085, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  59. Infrastructure for Fublic Information Disclosure

    ID0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  60. Public Information Communications Strategy

    ID0087, 2016, Subnational

  61. Information Through Jakarta.Go.Id Portal

    ID0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  62. Public Services Complaint Channel

    ID0089, 2016, Public Participation

  63. Strengthening of Data Governance

    ID0090, 2016, Access to Information

  64. Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0091, 2016, E-Government

  65. Strengthening Transparency Infrastructure of Public Bodies

    ID0028, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  66. Strengthening Infrastructure of Central and Local Information Commission

    ID0029, 2014, Capacity Building

  67. Strengthening Institutional and Human Resources Infrastructure for Public Services

    ID0030, 2014, Public Participation

  68. Improve Quality of Openness in Health Services

    ID0031, 2014, Health

  69. Improve Quality of Openness in Education Services

    ID0032, 2014, E-Government

  70. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Law Enforcement

    ID0033, 2014, E-Government

  71. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Goods and Services Procurement

    ID0034, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  72. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Business Development and Investment Sector

    ID0035, 2014, Capacity Building

  73. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Land Affairs

    ID0036, 2014, Land Rights and Spatial Planning

  74. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Management of Migrant Workers

    ID0037, 2014, Citizenship & Immigration

  75. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Hajj Management

    ID0038, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  76. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Natural Resources Management

    ID0039, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  77. Improve Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0040, 2014, E-Government

  78. Improve Public Participation in House of Representative and Regional Representative Council

    ID0041, 2014, Legislative

  79. Improve Public Participation in Environmental Preservation

    ID0042, 2014, Environment and Climate

  80. Community Empowerment to Handle Poor Society and People with Disabilities and Special Needs

    ID0043, 2014, Health

  81. Community Empowerment to Support Environmental Sustainability

    ID0044, 2014, Environment and Climate

  82. Community Empowerment to Strengthen Agriculture Sector

    ID0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Community Empowerment to Develop Creative Sector

    ID0046, 2014, E-Government

  84. Motor Vehicle Services

    ID0013, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  85. Public School Funding

    ID0014, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  86. Hajj Services: Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0015, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  87. Marriage Services: Office of Religious Affairs

    ID0016, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  88. Toll Roads

    ID0017, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  89. Land Affairs Transparency

    ID0018, 2013, E-Government

  90. Forest Management

    ID0019, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  91. Transparency and Accountability in Natural Resources Management Activity

    ID0020, 2013, Access to Information

  92. Oil, Gas, and Mining Revenue Transparency

    ID0021, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  93. Appointments of Information and Documentation Management Officials (PPID) in National Agencies and Enactments of their Standard Operating Procedure

    ID0022, 2013, Access to Information

  94. Starred commitment Formulation of a Working Plan and a Well-Operated Tracking System for Business/Investment Licensing Servies in 10 Provinces and 10 Regencies/Cities

    ID0023, 2013, E-Government

  95. Encouraging the Acceleration of the Operational Formation for Information Services in Local Government through the Formation of Local Government's PPID and its Tools

    ID0024, 2013, Access to Information

  96. Encouraging Comprehensive Implementation of Open Government in Pilot Province/Regency/City

    ID0025, 2013, Subnational

  97. Integration of Performance-Based Budgeting

    ID0026, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  98. Ensuring the Publication of Budget Plan (RKA/DIPA)

    ID0027, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  99. Poverty Reduction

    ID0001, 2011, E-Government

  100. Education Subsidies

    ID0002, 2011, Education

  101. Health Subsidies

    ID0003, 2011, Health

  102. Police

    ID0004, 2011, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  103. High Corruption Risk

    ID0005, 2011, E-Government

  104. Civil Service Recruitment

    ID0006, 2011, Capacity Building

  105. Land Administration

    ID0007, 2011, E-Government

  106. National Budget Information

    ID0008, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. District Budget Information

    ID0009, 2011, Fiscal Openness

  108. e-Procurement

    ID0010, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  109. One-Map Portal

    ID0011, 2011, E-Government

  110. Environmental Openness

    ID0012, 2011, Anti-Corruption

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