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Open Data (IT0057)



Action Plan: Italy Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Department for Public Administration (PCM – DFP) – Elio Gullo

Support Institution(s): Agency for Digital Italy (AGID), Department Casa Italia (PCM – DCI), Department for Cohesion Policies (PCM – DPCoe - NUVAP), Department for programming and economic policy coordination (PCM – DIPE), Italy’s Statistical Institute (ISTAT), Ministry of Culture (MIBAC), Team for Digital Transformation, Union of Chambers of Commerce (Unioncamere) Regions and Autonomous Provinces City of Milan

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Open Data, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Italy Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Background and objectives

As shown by international surveys and indicators (i.e. the Open Data maturity report and the DESI - Digital Economy & Social Index 2019) over the last two years, Italy significantly improved its ranking with regards to open data. However, although many efforts were made to promote the release of open data by administrations, there are still difficulties which affect the possibility to reuse that stock of information. As shown by the European Report on Re-using Open Data (2017), one of the main barriers to achieve the full potential of open data is the mismatch between demand and supply. This includes a lack of knowledge about the phenomenon of open data and the potential of data reuse, the release of datasets typically not driven by potential users and, sometimes, so bad in terms of quality to make reuse too costly for citizens and businesses. Add to that the uneven compliance with European metadata standards – especially for non-geographical data – as well as the non-compliance with data representation standards to integrate and compare them. However, we need to grant everybody access to data, avoiding legal and technological barriers and, thus, facilitate the usability of data themselves

In this scenario, in addition to the need to continue promoting data reuse, it is crucial to pursue synergic actions based on the involvement of both sides: open data demand and open data supply. These actions should focus on the major barriers identified by setting shared rules and, at the same time, encourage the publication of quality open datasets (the values depends on the measured qualitative features) for the contribution they could make in terms of transparency and also for the reuse potential in the business sector.


The initiative as a whole has multiple purposes involving both national and regional actors:
Setting measures at national level that – starting from the current context and involving all necessary actors (including the so-called RTDs - Responsabili per la transizione digitale – Coordinators for Digital Transition from the administration side, domain experts and OGP Forum participants from the open data demand side together with businesses) – can lead to:
-adopting a national license or, where useful and applicable, different licenses (i.e. for homogeneous data categories) which can encourage an appropriate and effective data reuse, overcoming the current incompatibility problems resulting from the use of different types of licenses; a special focus will be on major reuse platforms so to facilitate the association of the most appropriate licenses based on the purpose and magnitude of reuse;
-setting common standards for types of data released, involving specifically the relevant administrations in terms of field of expertise and domain, relying on what has already been done in this field (i.e. network ontologies and controlled vocabularies, notwithstanding already existing specific national and European frameworks, like for Geographical Information) and defining quality indicators for open data relying especially on existing ISO standards for data quality, already mentioned in the national Guidelines for enhancing the stock of public information;
-releasing, starting from the specific real and potential demand-driven commitments of administrations, a growing number of high-value open datasets, also from a gender point of view, as well as tools to support their exploitation, including data visualization solutions and documented API (Application Programming Interface – open software interfaces allowing for machine-to-machine interaction).

At regional level, developing joint open data initiatives as a key lever to increase transparency and accountability and foster data reuse, in particular:
-enhancing the quality and quantity of released data in an open format, through the definition of a shared ‘basket’ of 10 useful datasets, also building on existing initiatives;
-enhancing the ability to manage data and the use of data included in the ‘basket’ defined through the availability of APIs;
-promoting the use of open data for accountability and impact assessment processes on public policies as well as for decision-making.

Lead Administration
Department for Public Administration (PCM – DFP) – Elio Gullo

Other administrations involved
• Agency for Digital Italy (AGID), Department Casa Italia (PCM – DCI), Department for Cohesion Policies (PCM – DPCoe - NUVAP), Department for programming and economic policy coordination (PCM – DIPE), Italy’s Statistical Institute (ISTAT), Ministry of Culture (MIBAC), Team for Digital Transformation, Union of Chambers of Commerce (Unioncamere)
• Regions and Autonomous Provinces
• City of Milan

Monitoring contact person from the Open Government Forum
Cittadini Reattivi – Rosy Battaglia

IRM Midterm Status Summary

1. Open data

For details of this commitment, see Italy Design Report 2019-2021.


  1. Open Data

    IT0057, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Transparency

    IT0058, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Register of Beneficial Owners

    IT0059, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  4. Support to Participation

    IT0060, 2019, Capacity Building

  5. Regulation of Stakeholders

    IT0061, 2019, E-Government

  6. Culture of Open Government

    IT0062, 2019, E-Government

  7. Corruption Prevention

    IT0063, 2019, Access to Information

  8. Simplification, Performance, and Equal Opportunities

    IT0064, 2019, E-Government

  9. Digital Services

    IT0065, 2019, Capacity Building

  10. Digital Citizenship and Skills

    IT0066, 2019, Capacity Building

  11. Shared National Agenda for the Enhancement of Public Data

    IT0023, 2016, Access to Information

  12. Opening Data on Mobility Through Opentrasporti

    IT0024, 2016, Access to Information

  13. Starred commitment Istat Linked Open Data

    IT0025, 2016, Access to Information

  14. Access and Reuse of Data from the Education System

    IT0026, 2016, Access to Information

  15. OpenCUP Portal – National Registry of Public Investment Projects

    IT0027, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Firenze Open Data

    IT0028, 2016, Access to Information

  17. FOIA: Implementation and Monitoring

    IT0029, 2016, Access to Information

  18. (More) Transparent Administration

    IT0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Social Networks for Transparency in PA

    IT0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Transparency of Data on Penitentiaries

    IT0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Consip Tenders’ Dashboard

    IT0033, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  22. Transparent Milan: Public Registry of Elected and Appointed Representatives

    IT0034, 2016, E-Government

  23. Starred commitment Open Administration Week

    IT0035, 2016, Public Participation

  24. Strategy for Participation

    IT0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Public Works 2.0

    IT0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Rome Cooperates

    IT0038, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Bologna Decides and Transforms

    IT0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Supporting and Protecting Whistleblowers

    IT0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Follow the UBB

    IT0041, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Opencoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Access to Information

  31. OPENAID 2.0

    IT0043, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Anticorruption Academy

    IT0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  33. Network of Digital Animators

    IT0045, 2016, E-Government

  34. Schoolkit: a Strategy to Value Best Practices in Education

    IT0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Monitor the Education Reform “La Buona Scuola”

    IT0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Transparency Registry of the Ministry for Economic Development

    IT0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Roma Capitale - Transparent Agenda

    IT0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Transparent Milan: Public Agenda of Meetings of Public Decision-Makers

    IT0050, 2016, E-Government

  39. Italia.It

    IT0051, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Starred commitment Deployment of SPID to Support Innovation

    IT0052, 2016, Access to Justice

  41. Observatory on Digital Rights

    IT0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Lecce - Start-Up in the City

    IT0054, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Promoting Digital Skills

    IT0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Becoming Digital Citizens

    IT0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Open public procurement data

    IT0067, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Transparent regulations

    IT0068, 2016, E-Government

  47. Digitalize administrative processes

    IT0069, 2016, Access to Information

  48. Environmental evaluations portal

    IT0070, 2016, E-Government

  49. Digital system for waste managment data

    IT0071, 2016, E-Government

  50. Guidelines for Senate consultations

    IT0072, 2016, Public Participation

  51. Participa!

    IT0017, 2014, E-Government

  52. Equip Public Administrations (PA) for Participation

    IT0018, 2014, Capacity Building

  53. TransPArenti+1

    IT0019, 2014, Access to Information

  54. Open Data Portal

    IT0020, 2014, Access to Information

  55. Starred commitment Follow the Money (Soldipubblici)

    IT0021, 2014, Access to Information

  56. Digital Citizenship

    IT0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Transparency Portal

    IT0001, 2012, E-Government

  58. Better Regulatory Framework Against Corruption Within the Public Administration

    IT0002, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  59. Starred commitment Information System on the Status of Actions Falling Under the Unitary Regional Planning

    IT0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Cost Measurement and Reduction

    IT0004, 2012, Public Participation

  61. How To... (Initiative to Promote Transparency on Public Authority’S Websites)

    IT0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. Quantitative and Qualitative Development of Relations with Citizens and PA Stakeholders

    IT0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Facilitate Publication and Reuse of Public Data

    IT0007, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  64. Enhancing the National Open Data Portal (Www.Dati.Gov.It)

    IT0008, 2012, Access to Information

  65. Promoting National Open Data Standards

    IT0009, 2012, Access to Information

  66. National Open Data Contest

    IT0010, 2012, Access to Information

  67. Preparation of the National Plan for Smart Communities

    IT0011, 2012, Subnational

  68. Public Consultation on New Policies and New Legislations

    IT0012, 2012, Public Participation

  69. Enhancing Participation and Collaboration in Territorial Innovative Actions

    IT0013, 2012, Public Participation

  70. Opening up of New Areas for Public Service Development and Delivery

    IT0014, 2012,

  71. ICT Infrastructure Enhancement in Public Administrations

    IT0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Cloud Computing Strategic Plan, Creation of PA Data Centres Within a Public-Private Partnership

    IT0016, 2012, E-Government

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