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Romania

Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro (RO0019)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania, Second Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Chancellery of the Prime-Minister

Support Institution(s): Public institutions CSOs: Open Data Coalition

Policy Areas

E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Promoting government transparency is one of the main objectives of the OGP. This project will confirm to this objective by facilitating the public’s access to information of public interest on a single government gateway.
The information will be issued officially being uploaded by each institution.
In the first phase of the project, the institutions will upload on the gateway the information that is subject to compulsory disclosure according to Law no. 544/2001:
a) the normative deeds regulating the organization and operation of the public authority or institution;
b) the organizational structure, the attributions of the departments, the working hours, the audience hours of that public authority or institution;
c) the surnames and given names of the people from the management of that public authority and institution and of the officer in charge with the disclosure of the public information;
d) the contact information for that public authority and institution, meaning: denomination, office, phone and fax numbers, e-mail address and its website;
e) the financial sources, the budget and the balance sheet;
f) own programs and strategies;
g) the list including the public interest documents;
h) the list including the categories of documents prepared and/or administered according to the law;
i) the ways of objecting to the decision made by the public authority and institution in case the person considers itself to be prejudiced as far as the right of access to the requested public interest information is concerned;
j) yearly activity report.
Benchmarking will be used to measure the degree to which the different institutions publish their data and evaluate the transparency levels of these institutions.
In the following phases of the project, the published data will extend to include other types of information of public interest as well. These new types of information will be selected by consulting public institutions, analysing court decisions and through civil society and private sector consultations.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 1. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: transparenta.gov.ro

Commitment Text:

Publishing the public interest information on a single government portal: transparenta.gov.ro

1.     The procedures for the upload of public interest information on the gateway, including the open data, will be established (September 2014)

2.     Official launch of the portal, presenting to the public its intended purpose, functions and planned future steps for the increase of published information. (October 2014)

3.     Each ministry and subordinate agencies will publish the information that is subject to compulsory disclosure according to Law no. 544/2001 on the single gateway transparenta.gov.ro regular updates

4.     Updating the list comprising the public information that is subject to compulsory disclosure following consultations with public institutions, the civil society and private sector and analysis of court decisions. (September 2015)

5.     Amendment of Law no. 544/2001 to include the new list of public information that resulted following consultations and subsequent portal update. (June 2016)

Responsible institution: Chancellery of the Prime Minister

Supporting institution(s): Public institutions,[Note 1: The list of public institutions is included in the Annex of the national action plan (http://bit.ly/2g7kvde). The list includes 17 ministries (Foreign Affairs; Internal Affairs; Agriculture and Rural Development; National Defense; Culture; Regional Development and Public Administration; Economy; National Education; Public Finance; European Funds; Justice; Environment and Climate Change; Labor; Family, Social Protection, and Elderly; Health; Information Society; Youth and Sport; and Transportation) and the authorities, agencies, and central institutions subordinate to or under the coordination of ministries. ] Open Data Coalition

Start date: September 2014                           End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:

This commitment aims to create a centralized repository for public information. At the time the commitment was adopted, most public institutions were already publishing required information on their own websites. The institutions were adhering to Law 544/2001, which set standards for free access to public information.[Note 2: The text of the law is available on the Romanian legislation portal: http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocument/31413. ] However, public institutions did not adhere to a standardized format and therefore the information was not always easily accessible. For this reason, navigating government documents can be confusing and time consuming for users.[Note 3: Examples of offering access to public interest information: http://www.just.ro/transparenta-decizionala/, http://www.fonduri-ue.ro/transparenta/interes-public, http://www.mdrap.gov.ro/transparenta/prezentare-generala, http://edu.ro/transparenta-institutionala. ]  Moreover, stakeholders had difficulty verifying and monitoring each institution’s compliance with the law.

Status

Midterm: Limited

At the midterm, progress on this commitment was limited as implementation had not progressed beyond the discussion phase. Most ministries had not yet introduced uploading procedures, nor made information on the process publicly available. Civil society organizations (CSOs) were in charge of updating the list of public interest information that the government must disclose, but little progress has been made. Among CSOs there is still uncertainty about how the Romanian courts have defined public interest documents. For more information, please see the 2014–2015 IRM midterm report.[Note 4: The report is available at http://bit.ly/2gUBpx5.]

End of term: Limited

Based on the government’s self-assessment report and on interviews with the OGP team members from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister, there was no further progress on the implementation of any of the milestones included in this commitment. Although some discussions took place by the midterm, according to the government work on this commitment never officially began, and no activities have been carried out. The main reason for stalled progress is administrative: the commitment did not receive the resources it required. Funding and management shortages are a significant problem affecting the national action plan as a whole and are not particular to this commitment.

Furthermore, there are few trained personnel familiar with the commitment, which has resulted in a shortage of civil servants working exclusively on coordinating implementation. High rates of employee turnover also complicate implementation, requiring frequent retraining. The process additionally lacks a normative framework that would require ministries to upload and update public information on the portal. Since the milestones in this commitment are cumulative, the failure to establish procedures for uploading information has stalled the whole commitment. The ministries did not advance beyond preliminary talks, and the Open Data Coalition and other CSOs charged with monitoring the implementation of this commitment did not receive the information they needed to fulfill their role. As there has been no further progress since the midterm, this commitment remains limited in completion.  

Did it open government?

Access to information: Did not change

Civic participation: Did not change

This commitment focused on standardizing and improving the information available on a single government web portal. While government ministries generally comply with information disclosure requirements, this commitment did not lead to the introduction of a unified or standardized system for publishing information. Therefore, it did not improve information access or opportunities for civic participation.

Carried forward?

The commitment has been carried forward with some changes in the third national action plan. The Chancellery of the Prime Minister has taken over responsibility for this commitment, and the work plan has been updated to improve collaboration among ministries. The IRM researcher recommends prioritizing human resource training for implementing officials, as this was a primary cause for limited progress in the previous implementation period. In addition, the researcher recommends developing standards for uploading documents and interviewing civil society, academics, and other stakeholders to create a list of high-priority information.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, E-Government

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, E-Government

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, E-Government

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Asset Disclosure

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, E-Government

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Open Data

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Open Data

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Records Management

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Open Data

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Open Data

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Open Data

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Open Data

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Open Data

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Open Data

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Open Data

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Open Data

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Open Data

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Open Data

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, E-Government

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, E-Government

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Open Data

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Open Data

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Open Data

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Open Data

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration