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Open Contracting (RO0025)



Action Plan: Romania, Second Action Plan, 2014-2016

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: National Authority for Regulating and Monitoring Public Procurement (ANRMAP)

Support Institution(s): Ministry of the Information Society (Digital Agenda Agency); Ministry of Public Finance; Ministry of European Funds CSOs: Funky Citizens Association; Open Society Foundation

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Open Contracting and Public Procurement, Public Procurement

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania End-of-Term Report 2014-2016, Romania Progress Report 2014-2015 – Public Comment Version

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Public Accountability , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



This commitment aims to increase transparency and lead to a more efficient spending of public money by involving citizens in the public contracting process including tendering, performance and completion.
In this way, the government commits to work with the civil society and other stakeholders to endorse the open contracting principles and enhance the transparency of public contracting.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 7. Open Contracting

Commitment Text:

1.     The agencies will initiate consultations and explore the possibility of obtaining technical assistance from the World Bank (the coordinator of open contracting efforts worldwide).

2.     The agencies will consult all stakeholders in the Romanian procurement system – citizens, civil society, public institutions involved in the process - and deliver a written Report. The report should include an assessment of the present context and issues, identify needs and required resources and next steps recommendations for the implementation of open contracting in Romania.

3.     The agencies will carry out an open contracting pilot project to build on the findings and help adjust the international principles to the Romanian context. Representatives of the civil society will take part in development and monitoring of the pilot.

4.     Analysis and presentation of the pilot’s results. The project evaluation report, developed in collaboration by the representatives of public administration and civil society, will be presented in a public conference.

5.     Depending on the conclusions of the assessment Report, draft the proposal to amend current legislation to allow implementation of open contracting.

Responsible institution: National Authority for Regulating and Monitoring Public Procurement

Supporting institution(s): Ministry of the Information Society (Digital Agenda Agency), Ministry of Public Finance, Ministry of European Funds, Funky Citizens Association, Open Society Foundation

Start date: July 2014                                                                          End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:


The commitment’s main goal is to apply the principles of open contracting to publicly funded contracts exceeding RON 250,000 (about EUR 55,000).[Note 23: Existing legislation (Emergency Government Ordinance 34/2006) establishes two thresholds that are different from the one mentioned in the commitment: EUR 30,000 for acquisition of goods and services, and EUR 100,000 for execution of works.] (Contracts containing confidential information are excluded).[Note 24: On the definition of confidential information: OUG 34/2006, Art. 215 available in Romanian at It states: “The public procurement file is a public document in the form it had at the moment someone required access to information in the file. Access to this information […] can be restricted only to the extent the information is confidential, classified, or protected under intellectual property law.” It is unclear if only the confidential information within a file is excepted or if institutions will argue that the confidential character extends to the whole file.] Officials then publish contracts on the Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP), a public procurement portal. To complete this commitment, the government has to elucidate the required steps for implementation, based on consultations with the World Bank and Romanian stakeholders. A pilot open contracting project will then be used to test strategies and will culminate in civil society and government recommendations for changes in current practice or legislative amendments needed to implement open contracting.


Midterm: Limited

Consultations with the World Bank and with all procurement system stakeholders were concluded or substantially completed by the time of the midterm evaluation. The government held a set of broad consultations among public institutions, civil society, and citizens to identify the needs and required resources for the implementation of open contracting in Romania. The Digital Agenda Agency of Romania (AADR) studied and pledged to apply the Open Contracting Data Standard (OCDS) to the next version of the SEAP portal with assistance and input from civil society.

The third milestone activity required a pilot project. Due to administrative and bureaucratic hurdles, the government did not start the project, which halted implementation. All remaining activities relied on the pilot project’s completion and have therefore stalled. For more information, please see the 2014–2015 IRM midterm report.

End of term: Limited

There has been little progress on implementing this commitment since the midterm evaluation. The pilot project remains stalled, and as a result the remaining milestone activities could not be completed.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Marginal

Public accountability: Did not change

In its current stage, the commitment did not stretch government practice in public accountability because the government did not create a mechanism to hold officials accountable. However, despite its limited completion, the commitment resulted in some marginal improvements for access to information. The Digital Agenda Agency’s implementation of the Open Contracting Data Standard (OCDS)[Note 25: Civil society representatives working on budgets and public procurement think the commitment could be successful given the decision to implement the OCDS. During the OGP Club meeting dedicated to the self-assessment report, a representative of an NGO suggested the pilot project that the Ministry for Public Consultation and Civic Dialogue is in charge of implementing.] and the thorough discussions with civil society representatives have led to some positive progress. The government self-assessment report states that the open contracting standard for publishing data has been applied to the SEAP portal. However, a CSO representative clarified that the only information available to date is what the government has presented during OGP Club meetings. There is no outside verification that the government has applied the OCDS system to the procurement portal, though the CSO representative confirmed that the government is regularly updating the portal every three months. Civil society organizations have continued to pressure the government to complete this commitment and successfully advocated for its upgrade and inclusion in the next action plan. The revised commitment will attempt to overcome the problems encountered during the recent implementation period. Although there have been some positive changes, some CSOs remain skeptical that the platform is near completion and will be fully function in the near future, given the lack of verifiable information on progress.

Carried forward?

Open contracting has been, in one way or another, present in all of Romania’s national action plans: creating an electronic platform in the first action plan, implementing open contracting principles in the second action plan, and implementing the Open Contracting Data Standard (OCDS) in the upcoming third action plan. The commitment has been carried forward in the third action plan and will aim to implement the stalled pilot program.


  1. Streamline processes of consulting and involving citizens in innovative policy-making

    RO0066, 2020, Capacity Building

  2. Increase youth involvement in decision-making processes

    RO0067, 2020, E-Government

  3. Extend open government initiatives to the local level

    RO0068, 2020, Capacity Building

  4. Improving access to social services for vulnerable citizens

    RO0069, 2020, Capacity Building

  5. Create centralized public database for non-reimbursable financing

    RO0070, 2020, E-Government

  6. Analyze and increase availability of data on public allocations and procurements

    RO0071, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  7. Publish information about projects financed by Romania in the Republic of Moldova

    RO0072, 2020, Aid

  8. Promote rights of citizens belonging to national minorities

    RO0073, 2020, Access to Justice

  9. Assess and draft recommendations to improve health services

    RO0074, 2020, Access to Information

  10. Analyze data and train health professionals in reducing patient risk

    RO0075, 2020, Capacity Building

  11. Eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic procedures at central government level

    RO0076, 2020, E-Government

  12. Increase amount of open data

    RO0077, 2020, Access to Information

  13. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  14. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  18. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  19. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  21. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  22. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  23. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  24. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  25. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  26. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  27. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  28. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  29. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  30. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  31. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  39. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  41. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  42. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  43. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  44. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  48. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  49. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  51. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  52. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  53. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  54. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  55. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  56. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  57. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  58. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  59. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Public Participation

  60. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  65. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  66. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  67. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  68. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  69. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  70. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  71. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  72. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  73. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  74. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  75. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  76. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  77. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

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