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Romania

Improving Access to Cultural Heritage (RO0043)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Culture

Support Institution(s): Public cultural institutions under the subordination of the Ministry of Culture Devolved departments of the Ministry of Culture National Archives; Open Data Coalition Inițiativa România

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Romania End-of-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment Romania has submitted only 7,66% of the digital material that should be published on Europeana.eu, the Digital European Library, as pledged in the National Strategy for the Digital Agenda for Romania (2014). According to Romania’s targets, 750.000 items should have been submitted by 2015. Given the fact that some of the public cultural institutions have already digitised a large part of their specific cultural resources, but did not report or communicate this fact, there is a clear need to analyse the publishing conditions for this digitised material, under the provisions of the PSI directive (implemented in national legislation through Law no. 299/2015 on the re-use of public information). Main objective Improve accessibility and re-use of cultural heritage through digitisation. Brief description of commitment The massive digitisation of cultural resources (particularly the movable heritage) that will be done within the eCultura project will focus on: - development of a single online platform that will host a catalogue and a digital library and will be available to all cultural institutions in Romania and open to the public; - digitisation and publishing online (until 2020) in the Digital Library of Romania and the European Digital Library (europeana.eu) of over 750.000 digital objects. Drafting the analysis regarding the publication of public resources in an open format and under an open license, followed by the actual publication, will result in boost of the access to knowledge, creativity and innovation. OPG challenge addressed by the commitment Improving public services; More Effectively Managing Public Resources Relevance Access to information; Civic participation; Technology and Innovation; Ambition Improving the visibility of the national cultural heritage; Implementing a national shared catalogue of the collections owned by public cultural institutions, ensuring a uniform update of the indexing system and eliminating double recordings; Identifying the collections that can be published as open works.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

14. Improving access to cultural heritage

Commitment Text:

The massive digitization of cultural resources (particularly the movable heritage) that will be done within the eCultura project will focus on (1) the development of a single online platform that will host a catalogue and a digital library and will be available to all cultural institutions in Romania and open to the public; (2) the digitization and publishing online (until 2020) in the Digital Library of Romania and the European Digital Library (europeana.eu) of over 750.000 digital objects.

Main Objective:

Improve accessibility and re-use of cultural heritage through digitization.

Milestones:

    • Development of a single online platform that will host a catalogue and a digital library and will be available to all cultural institutions in Romania and open to the public
    • Digitization and publishing online (until 2020) in the Digital Library of Romania and the European Digital Library (europeana.eu) of over 750.000 digital objects.
    • Analysis and drafting of an action plan for the development of a collaborative tool regarding the publication of cultural digitized resources of public cultural institutions as open works

Responsible Institution: Ministry of Culture and National Identity (MCNI)

Supporting Institution(s): Public cultural institutions under the subordination of the Ministry of Culture, Devolved departments of the Ministry of Culture, National Archives Open Data Coalition, Initiativa Romania

Start date: September 2016                                                  End date: June 2018

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2016–2018 national action plan.

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to increase the amount of cultural resources digitized for preservation and use by the public. To this end, the commitment aimed to create the culturalia.ro portal (Milestone 1) to store the catalogue of 750,000 digitized items (Milestone 2) [96] and make it available to the public in Romania (culturalia.ro) and in Europe (europeana.eu). Finally, the commitment also aimed to create an instrument independent of eCultura to digitize video cultural heritage (Milestone 3).

STATUS

Midterm: Limited

The development of an online platform was part of the E-Culture: Digital Library of Romania—an EU cofunded project. [97] As of July 2017, the MCNI bought the culturalia.ro domain.

End-of-term: Limited

This commitment remained limited in completion. According to the government’s self-assessment report, the E-Culture project—which secures the budget for the commitmentnow follows a new timeline. The accreditation of the Management Authorities needed to secure the EU cosponsorship suffered big delays, [98] and therefore delayed all EU cofunded projects. In November 2018, the acquisitions of the necessary human capital were underway and the tender specifications for the acquisition of the necessary equipment were being finalized. [99] Moreover, Milestone 3—the design of a collaborative tool for the publication of digitized video cultural heritage—was incorporated in the eCultura project. [100]

Did it Open Government?

Access to information: Did not change

Due to the project delays, citizens will only have access to the digitized items in 2020, at the earliest. The commitment therefore did not facilitate any changes for greater access to information at the end-of-term.

Carried forward?

This commitment is not continued in the2018–2020 national action plan.

[96] According to the MNCI, this commitment had two different targets: (1) within the National Strategy regarding the Digital Agenda for Romania (2014) where the target for digitization was 750.000 items (by 2015), and (2) within the eCultura project, where the target was set to 550.000 items. See: https://www.umpcultura.ro/proiecte-in-implementare_doc_883_e-cultura-biblioteca-digitala-a-romaniei_pg_0.htm

[97] “Government Launches Romania’s Digital Library project”, Romania Insider, 6 September 2018, available at https://goo.gl/B6iFfq.

[98] Iulian Anghel, “Un lucru nespus în polemica premierilor privind absorbţia fondurilor UE. Autorităţile de management nu sunt acreditate, iar România nu poate cere decontări de la Bruxelles”, Ziarul Financiar, 22 February 2017, available [in Romanian] at https://goo.gl/XEmXmy.

[99] Cristina Cotenescu and Mihai Monoranu, Ministry of Culture and National Identity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.

[100] Cristina Cotenescu and Mihai Monoranu, Ministry of Culture and National Identity, interview by IRM researcher on 8 November 2018.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, E-Government

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, E-Government

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, E-Government

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, E-Government

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Capacity Building

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, E-Government

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Asset Disclosure

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, E-Government

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Open Data

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Health

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Open Data

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014, Records Management

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Open Data

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Open Data

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Open Data

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Open Data

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Open Data

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Open Data

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Open Data

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Open Data

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Open Data

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Open Data

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, E-Government

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, E-Government

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Open Data

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Open Data

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Open Data

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Open Data

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration