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Slovak Republic

National Open Science Strategy (SK0131)



Action Plan: Slovak Republic Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Minister of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Records Management, Science & Technology

IRM Review

IRM Report: Slovakia Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



Promoting open access to the results of science and research contributes to increasingtransparency in the management of public resources, giving citizens the opportunity to inform themselveson publicly funded science and research outputs. The benefits of open accessto the results of science and research in increasing transparency and having a positive impact onimproving the quality of science and research is also acknowledged by the European Union, which, under Horizon2020 28 introduced a condition for publishing the results of this program to the publicLicensed. Horizon 2020 will be followed by the Horizon Europe program in which it is being puta strong emphasis on the transition from strengthening openness towards open science policies. 29In addition, several research funding institutions (eg from Germany, Finland, Norway, Luxembourg orWith the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council in September2018 the establishment of Coalition S and subsequently Plan S, whose vision is to "with effect from2021 were all scientific publications concerning the results of publicly funded research; orprivate resources provided by national, regional and international researchresearch funding boards and institutions compulsorily published in scientific journalsopen access platforms or open access platforms, or instantly accessible withoutany embargo through open access repositories. '30 SupportedFor the development of open access, it is desirable for the Agency to sign up to Plan S as of 31 December 2020to support research and development in Slovakia.

To achieve this, it is necessary to develop a national strategy of open science that will:build on previous action plans, similar to the theme of open learningresources were devoted primarily to the initial mapping of the situation, existing conditionsand the creation of space for the development of open access to the results of science and research in Slovakiathrough the establishment of the legislative framework and the financial and technical background or disseminationawareness of this topic.

An important part of the development of the theme of open access to the results of science and research remainsbuilding and filling a repository for storage, long-term archiving and accessSlovak scientific and professional publications, research data and gray literature from the Action PlanOGP 2017 - 2018. In parallel with the repository, however, it is necessary to complete mapping of formatsoutputs from scientific and research institutions in Slovakia, which will be used for the repository.

In order to further develop the topic of open science in Slovakia, it is appropriate to continue educationmanagement of researchers, academics or library staff of individual universities; andresearch institutions on the benefits of open access. Mapping readiness themselvesscience and research and academic institutions on open access that will be in the futurethe European Structural and Investment Funds programming periodfinancial resources will benefit the effective setting of the Open Science Strategy. Within strategy is desirable to map the amount of APC fees that currently pay for science-research institutes (mainly universities and Slovak Academy of Sciences). Is anit is necessary to create space for pilot testing of open access on at least onethe Slovak Public High School and the Slovak Academy of Sciences with a view to the futurethey were able to set the conditions that must be met for the introduction of broad-based open access(personnel and material provision of workplaces, training, education, providing incentives andrewards to researchers publishing in open access, evaluation criteria for research,which take into account the use of open scientific procedures, etc.).In the context of Open Access and Open Science / Science 2.0, new approaches are also being exploredevaluation of research at all levels (eg research publications and projects, researchworkers, laboratories, universities) that reflect the urgent need to change the current paradigm andthey require a multifactorial and multidimensional assessment, taking into account a wide range of elementsbeyond the impact factor of the magazine used today. The European Commission in its activities inIn the area of ​​open science and Horizon 2020, it has also developed several evaluation initiativesresearch, set up working groups and published two reports on remuneration and skills foropen science. The proposed changes can have a positive impact on increasing visibilityand citation of Slovak science and its use at the application level.It is necessary to continue to develop favorable conditions and tools to improve accesspublic to the results of science (the concept of the so-called citizen science 36 ), thanks to which participatory developsthe potential of the public to participate in science and research. Involvement of citizens in research requiresat least a minimum degree of openness, including methodology, access to literature and data,communication on the objectives and results of research projects. The concept of "citizen science" canwith the concept of open science together to address major challenges such as reducing the trust of societyscience and facilitating the transfer of knowledge between science and society to stimulate innovation.

Specific milestones towards the goal:
14. Develop a National Strategy for Open Science together with an Action Plan and submit it to Negotiations of the Slovak Government
Deadline: 20 December 2020
Responsible: Minister of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic

15. Prepare and launch pilot projects to introduce open access to science results and research in academic and scientific libraries
Deadline: until 31 December 2021
Responsible: Minister of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic

IRM Midterm Status Summary

6. Advance and implement the National Strategy for Open Science   

Main Objective

“Develop and adopt the National Strategy for Open Science.” [97] 


  1. Prepare the National Strategy for Open Science accompanied by the first Action Plan and submit both to the Government of the Slovak Republic.
  2. Prepare and launch pilot projects on open access to scientific research and development in selected academic and scientific libraries.

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Slovakia’s action plan at

IRM Design Report Assessment





Access to Information

Potential impact:


Commitment Analysis

This commitment will put into practice the National Strategy for Open Science and prepare and launch pilot open access projects in scientific institutions.

It is relevant to the OGP value of access to information as it will help to put more scientific research into the public sphere.

Although open science commitments have appeared in the Slovak action plans [98] since 2015, no scholarly organization in Slovakia has signaled interest in open access by endorsing OA2020 Expression of Interest, [99] and the Slovak national research funding body [100] has not joined the European-level initiative to full open access of publicly funded research and scholarly outputs (known as Plan S). From V4 countries, [101] only the National Science Center in Poland [102] has ratified Plan S. Although joining Plan S does not appear in the new action plan as a formal commitment, the action plan clearly states that it would be desirable for the Slovak Research and Development Agency to do so. [103]     

Previous action plans established the Open Access (OA) Point of Contact, [104] a contact office responsible for promoting open access in the Slovak research and scientific community and providing advice. A survey completed by 109 scientists, conducted by the IRM researcher for this report, shows that they are familiar with the concept of open access. [105] Only 17 percent of respondents had heard of the OA Point of Contact and only 4 percent had participated in some of their events or training. An expert on open education and access [106] stated that the OA Point of Contact is fit for purpose, its staff has expert knowledge in the topics, and events and materials they produce are of high quality.

The pilot projects could help demonstrate how a centralized repository for research outputs and data would improve current data management practices significantly. In the absence of a repository and joined strategy, the access to research and scholarly outputs and data is burdensome as the management is too decentralized (if at all existing), as an interviewee for this report [107] argued. Only 12 percent of scientists surveyed for this report stated that their research institutes and universities had issued data management guidance. At the time of writing this report (April 2020), the repository developed under previous action plans [108] is due to be launched in July 2020 and is undergoing final touches. In addition, with public availability of research outputs and data, the pilot projects could also encourage civic engagement in scientific projects. Citizen science is a topic the strategy plans to include.    

However, an interviewed researcher [109] argued that he did not see substantial benefit of the repository for his work. Researchers and scientists can choose from several open-access archives to publish their pre-prints (pre-reviewing versions) and often accepted (post-reviewing) versions of their articles as many publishers’ licensing policies allow it. Many of them already use collaborative open-source tools, such as GitHub, [110] to share the data. That said, if it will be mandatory to publish publicly funded research outputs and data in the repository, it will provide a better overview of the research conducted in Slovakia.       

As for the National Strategy for Open Science, surveyed researchers raised a number of concerns that could be addressed. While an expert [111] interviewed for this report argued that having a strategy is a step forward, respondents to the survey for this report repeatedly mentioned several issues as necessary to be addressed in the strategy: emphasis on green open access (the practice of publishing journal articles into a free and publicly accessible repository), [112] research transparency and access to data, easily accessible and systematic funding for publishing research outputs in an OA regime (not as a part of individual research grants), guidance on predatory open access journals, and most importantly better access to literature in their fields and to scientific databases. Although Slovakia increased its R&D investment intensity over the past decade, it is still low compared to other EU member states. [113]

All in all, the commitment to develop and adopt the National Strategy for Open Science is a timely and important effort. However, with only a series of pilot projects to test the strategy, the commitment will have minor overall impact. The strategy preparation could involve members of the research and scientific community. 

[97] Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2020 – 2021,
[98] Office of the Plenipotentiary, Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2015,
[99] The list of scholarly organizations that have officially signed or endorsed the OA2020 Expression of Interest,
[100] More information about the Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV), 
[101] The Visegrad Group (V4) is a cultural and political alliance between Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.
[102] Centrum Cyfrowe, The National Science Center joined the coalition for the implementation of Open Access, (in Polish).
[103] Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2020 – 2021, page 14,
[104] More information about the Open Access Point of Contact and its activities,
[105] The survey was sent to all institutes of the Slovak Academy of Sciences as the major public research institution and to departments of five major universities in Bratislava, Banská Bystrica, and Košice to safeguard different geographical representation. When reading the results, it is important to consider that the sampling strategy was neither random nor representative. Therefore, by no means, can the results be extended beyond this group of participants.    
[106] Interview with Ján Gondoľ, expert on open education, 9 March 2020, Section VI for more information.
[107] Ibid.
[108] The repository was envisaged to include peer-reviewed publications, research data, and grey literature.  
[109] Interview with Jozef Miškolci, Pedagogical Faculty, Comenius University, and Initiative To dá rozum, 27 April 2020, Section VI - Methodology and Sources for more information.
[110] Interview with Ján Gondoľ, an expert on open education, 9 March 2020, Section VI - Methodology and Sources for more information.
[111] Ibid.
[112] Definition of Green OA by Springer publishing company: “Green OA, also referred to as self-archiving, is the practice of placing a version of an author’s manuscript into a repository, making it freely accessible for everyone. The version that can be deposited into a repository is dependent on the funder or publisher. Unlike Gold OA, the copyright for these articles usually sits with the publisher of, or the society affiliated with, the title and there are restrictions as to how work can be reused”,
[113] Eurostat – statistics explained, R & D expenditure,


  1. Publish Implementation Plans for Regulations

    SK0126, 2019, E-Government

  2. Regularly Publish Government Datasets

    SK0127, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Publish Data on Use of EU Grant Funding

    SK0128, 2019, Aid

  4. Publish Beneficial Ownership Data

    SK0129, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  5. Educational Resources Portal

    SK0130, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. National Open Science Strategy

    SK0131, 2019, Capacity Building

  7. Continuous Education for Participatory Policymaking

    SK0132, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking

    SK0133, 2019, Public Participation

  9. Civil Society - Government Partnerships

    SK0134, 2019, Local Commitments

  10. Legislation Materials Portal

    SK0135, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Monitor Fulfillment of the Next Action Plan

    SK0136, 2019, Public Participation

  12. Open Data Portal

    SK0058, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Submit a Draft Law on Data to the Government.

    SK0059, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Public Administration Employee Training

    SK0060, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Data Publication Standards

    SK0061, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Update Open Data Portal

    SK0062, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Open Data Publication

    SK0063, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Open Data Awareness-Raising

    SK0064, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Survey About Open Data

    SK0065, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Publish Open Data

    SK0066, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Analysis of Open Data

    SK0067, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Open Data Strategy

    SK0068, 2017, Access to Information

  23. Develop Standards for Publicly Available Application Programming Interfaces and Submit Them to the Commission for the Standardization of Information Systems in Public Administration.

    SK0069, 2017, E-Government

  24. Ensure Open Data Publication

    SK0070, 2017, Access to Information

  25. Survey of Public Demand for Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0071, 2017, E-Government

  26. Publish Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0072, 2017, Access to Information

  27. Enable the Disclosure of Source Code and Development Using Open Methods for Newly Developed Plug-Ins and Extensions of Web Browsers and Client Applications.

    SK0073, 2017, Access to Information

  28. Custom-Made Information Systems

    SK0074, 2017, Access to Information

  29. Publish Open Source Software Data

    SK0075, 2017, Access to Information

  30. Study About Open Source Software

    SK0076, 2017, Access to Information

  31. Feasibility Study on NGO Satellite Account

    SK0077, 2017, Access to Information

  32. Define the Minimum Scope and Structure of the Disclosed Data on the Use of European Structural and Investment Funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and Subsidy Schemes From the State Budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  33. Publish Financial Data

    SK0079, 2017, Access to Information

  34. Propose Changes to Central Register of Contracts Regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  35. Create Space for the Publication of Local Self-Government (Municipality) Contracts in a Single Central Repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  36. Establish and Operate a Repository of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic for Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Access to Educational Resources.

    SK0082, 2017, Access to Information

  37. Open Education Resources

    SK0083, 2017, Access to Information

  38. Reach Out to Partners Who Have Provided Educational Resources After 2008 to the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic Or to Its Directly Managed OrGanizations, with a Suggestion to Make Educational Resources Available Under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License.

    SK0084, 2017, E-Government

  39. Enforce Public Licensing

    SK0085, 2017, Education

  40. Make Educational Resources Available in Local Langage

    SK0086, 2017, Education

  41. Ensure Availability of University Textbooks

    SK0087, 2017, Access to Information

  42. Introduce Specific Rules for Open Publication and the Obligation to Provide Free Access of Selected Publicly Funded Publica-Tions

    SK0088, 2017, Access to Information

  43. Analyze the Possibility of Applying Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License As Standard for Selected Works Mandatorily Published in the Central Registry of Theses and Dissertations.

    SK0089, 2017, E-Government

  44. Awareness-Raising About Open Education Resources

    SK0090, 2017, E-Government

  45. Publish the Outcomes of the Approval Process of Educational Resources on the Web-Site of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

    SK0091, 2017, Access to Information

  46. To Introduce the Basic Principles of Open Access to Scientific Publications Under a Public License Under the Operational Program Research and Innovation.

    SK0092, 2017, Access to Information

  47. Ensure the Implementation of Public License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)

    SK0093, 2017, Access to Information

  48. Establish Contact Office for Open Access.

    SK0094, 2017, Access to Information

  49. Establish Conditions for Passportization of Open Research Data Under a Public License and Monitor Its Implementation in Practice.

    SK0095, 2017, Access to Information

  50. Establish and Operate a Repository to Provide Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Ac-Cess to Slovak Scientific and Academic Publications, Research Data and Gray Literature.

    SK0096, 2017, Access to Information

  51. Design Systematic Benchmarking Monitoring Mechanisms for the Measurement and Comparison and Propose Further Analyses Related to Acquiring, Processing and Re-Use of Research Data and Open Access Scientific Publications.

    SK0097, 2017, Access to Information

  52. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0098, 2017, Access to Information

  53. Participate in International Coordination on Open Education Reforms

    SK0099, 2017, Access to Information

  54. Participatory Public Policy

    SK0100, 2017, E-Government

  55. Citizen-Traingin on Public Policy Making

    SK0101, 2017, Capacity Building

  56. Create Engaging Public Policies

    SK0102, 2017, Capacity Building

  57. Government Employee Peer-Exchange

    SK0103, 2017, Capacity Building

  58. Evaluate Identified Participatory Processes of Creation and Implementation of Pub-Lic Policies and Disseminate Examples of Good Practice Based on This Evaluation.

    SK0104, 2017, Capacity Building

  59. Promote Partnership and Dialogue Between Public Authorities, Citizens and NGOs at National, Regional and Local Level in the Area of Participatory Public Policy-Making.

    SK0105, 2017, Capacity Building

  60. Propose a Recommendation of Internal Guidelines on the Use of Free On-Line Tools in Participatory Creation of Public Policies.

    SK0106, 2017, Capacity Building

  61. Create Learning Tools in the Field of Participation.

    SK0107, 2017, Capacity Building

  62. Use Educational Tools About Participation in Formal Education Using Informal Learn-Ing Methods.

    SK0108, 2017, E-Government

  63. Develop Recommendations for Embedding Participatory Processes Into Organiza-Tional Processes, Internal Guidelines and Other Documents for the Needs of Central Government Bodies.

    SK0109, 2017, Capacity Building

  64. Reassess the Implementation of the Publication of Assessments of Judges in Terms of the Clarity and Making Further Analysis Easier

    SK0110, 2017, E-Government

  65. Specify Which Court Decisions Do Not Need to Be Published.

    SK0111, 2017, E-Government

  66. Standardize Submission Requirements for Slov-Lex Portal

    SK0112, 2017, Access to Information

  67. Draft Legislation About the Responsibility of Judges

    SK0113, 2017, E-Government

  68. Draft Legislation to Ensure Public Scrutiny of Judges

    SK0114, 2017, Judiciary

  69. Prepare Legislation That Will Ensure the Publication of the Seat of Office of Individual Prosecutors

    SK0115, 2017, E-Government

  70. Create Draft Legislation to Extend the Right to Recommend Candidates for the Post of Attorney-General.

    SK0116, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  71. Participatory Analysis of Prosecutor's Affairs

    SK0117, 2017, E-Government

  72. In a Participatory Manner, Analyze the Selection Procedures

    SK0118, 2017, Justice

  73. Awareness-Raising About Anti-Social Activities

    SK0119, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  74. Analyze and Evaluate Preliminary Information and Reports on Public Participation in the Process of Drafting and Commenting on Draft Legislation.

    SK0120, 2017, E-Government

  75. Analyze and Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Electronic Collective Petition.

    SK0121, 2017, E-Government

  76. Identify the Person Responsible for Implementing the Tasks of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019 in the Organization.

    SK0122, 2017, E-Government

  77. Coordinate the Working Group on the Implementation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0123, 2017,

  78. Develop the Final Evaluation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0124, 2017, E-Government

  79. Prepare and Submit for the Government of the Slovak Republic the OGP National Action Plan for the Following Period.

    SK0125, 2017, E-Government

  80. List of Open Data Datasets

    SK0023, 2015, Access to Information

  81. Publish Open Data

    SK0024, 2015, Access to Information

  82. Survey of Open Data

    SK0025, 2015, Access to Information

  83. Publish Relevant Open Datasets

    SK0026, 2015, Access to Information

  84. Starred commitment Open Data Publication Strategy

    SK0027, 2015, Access to Information

  85. Grant Scheme Open Data Portal

    SK0028, 2015, Access to Information

  86. Web Portal Promotion Campaign

    SK0029, 2015, Access to Information

  87. Evaluate Grant Funding Open Data Application

    SK0030, 2015, Access to Information

  88. Digital Education Resources

    SK0031, 2015, Access to Information

  89. Map Existing Repositories

    SK0032, 2015, Access to Information

  90. Analyze Procurement Process for Education Resources

    SK0033, 2015, Access to Information

  91. Textbook Procurement Process

    SK0034, 2015, Access to Information

  92. Pilot Procurement Process

    SK0035, 2015, Access to Information

  93. Raise Awareness of Education Resources

    SK0036, 2015, Access to Information

  94. Join Multilateral Activities in Europe and Beyond That Support the Creation, Improvement, Sharing and Re-Use of Open Educational Resources.

    SK0037, 2015, Access to Information

  95. Map Existing Scientific Repositories

    SK0038, 2015, Access to Information

  96. Identify Barriers to Open Data Access

    SK0039, 2015, Access to Information

  97. Submit Analysis of Open Data Publication

    SK0040, 2015, Access to Information

  98. Data Publication Mechanism

    SK0041, 2015, Access to Information

  99. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0042, 2015, Access to Information

  100. Assist Other Countries with Open Access Strategy

    SK0043, 2015, Access to Information

  101. Participatory Policy-Making

    SK0044, 2015, Public Participation

  102. Workshops on Public Involvement in Policymaking

    SK0045, 2015, Capacity Building

  103. Starred commitment Develop Public Policy with Civil Society

    SK0047, 2015, Civic Space

  104. Starred commitment Develop Criteria for Evaluating Participation in Policymaking

    SK0048, 2015, Public Participation

  105. Evaluate Policy Creation

    SK0049, 2015, Public Participation

  106. Map Legislative Environments

    SK0050, 2015, Open Parliaments

  107. Carry Out a Public Campaign to Promote the Collective Electronic Petitions.

    SK0051, 2015, Capacity Building

  108. Publish Evaluation of Justices

    SK0052, 2015, Judiciary

  109. Analyze Publication of Judicial Decisions

    SK0053, 2015, Judiciary

  110. Uniform Reporting of Judicial Decisions

    SK0054, 2015, Judiciary

  111. Publish List of Names of Prosecutors

    SK0055, 2015, Judiciary

  112. Final Evaluation of OGP Action Plan

    SK0056, 2015, Public Participation

  113. Develop Next Action Plan

    SK0057, 2015, Public Participation

  114. Starred commitment Open Data Portal Launch

    SK0001, 2012, Access to Information

  115. Publishing Datasets

    SK0002, 2012, Access to Information

  116. Datasets Mapping

    SK0003, 2012, Access to Information

  117. Data Standards

    SK0004, 2012, Access to Information

  118. Improved Register of Contracts

    SK0005, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  119. Starred commitment Continuous Dataset Publising

    SK0006, 2012, Access to Information

  120. Starred commitment ITMS Dataset

    SK0007, 2012, Access to Information

  121. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring

    SK0008, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  122. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  123. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Portal Launch

    SK0010, 2012, E-Government

  124. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  125. Starred commitment Apply Participatory Policy Making

    SK0012, 2012, Public Participation

  126. Lawmaking Public Participation Rules

    SK0013, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  127. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  128. Collective e-Petitions

    SK0015, 2012, E-petitions

  129. Collective e-Petitions – Draft Amendment

    SK0016, 2012, E-petitions

  130. OGP Steering Committee

    SK0017, 2012,

  131. Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0018, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Develop Criteria for Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0019, 2012, Access to Information

  133. Conduct First Evaluation Using Openess Barometer

    SK0020, 2012, Access to Information

  134. Whistleblowers Protection Act

    SK0021, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  135. 2014-2015 Action Plan Development

    SK0022, 2012,

Open Government Partnership