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Republic of Korea

Open Data (KR0044)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Republic of Korea Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: ICT Management Division, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism

Support Institution(s): Public Data Policy Division, Ministry of the Interior and Safety - KCISA (Expert Org in Cultural Information) : Public organization under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism - Public-Private Partner Org. in disclosing and using Cultural Data : the KCISA will operate the Org

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Republic of Korea Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Open Data for Future Culture - and - Tourism Industries
Commitment Start and End Date
September 1, 2018 ~ August 31, 2020
Lead Implementing Agency/Actor
ICT Management Division, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
Commitment Description
What is the public problem that the commitment will address?
The number of foreign visitors to Korea has increased, but they have not been provided with sufficient information on culture and tourism, which led to growing visitor complaints. The Korea Tourism Organization (KTO) does have quality content; yet, it is not equipped with proper information technologies to manage and use such content. Consequently, the KTO has focused on merely providing information without tapping into new technologies to provide cultural content. Meanwhile, the number of global companies providing the cultural content of Korea through their own platforms has been on the rise. That said, domestic start-ups have not been actively engaged in building content, and companies in the travel industry have not invested in developing new technologies
What is the commitment?
The purpose of this commitment is to further disclose the core data on culture, thereby supporting new industries. The scope of this initiative does not include the data made public through the Korea Tourism Organization and the National Museum of Korea. A relevant service platform will be established as a part of this commitment to provide services integrating local governments’ cultural data.
How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem?
The detailed implementation methods are as follows: 1) to gather core data that could be used to support the VR, AR, AI and IoT industry and disclose them; to this end, a cooperation system to work with local governments should be built to mine core data at the local level; 2) to build a platform providing connected services that allows integrated collection, sharing and utilization of cultural data; the establishment of the platform involves the standardization of cultural information meta data, the establishment of the meta data management platform, the establishment of a system to use the external knowledge base (i. e. the Korean dictionary and the encyclopedia of Korean culture) and the establishment of a LOD-based cultural data base categorized by topic (i. e. traditional patterns, the Korean cuisine and Hangul).
Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values?
Transparency / Citizen Participation / Government Accountability
Exchange and Peer Learning
N/A
Additional Information
- Relevant Policy : policy to provide public data and encourage usage of the data - Relevant Project : building cultural information focused, multi-ministry connected service platform (2018 - 2021)
Milestone Activity with a Verifiable Deliverable
Disclosing more cultural data essential in new industries
Creating a Public-Private Partner entity in disclosing and using cultural data
Creating standards to share and connect cultural data
Building a platform connecting services provided by local governments
Contact Information
Name of Responsible Person from Implementing Agency
Taewook Kwon
Title, Division
Assistant Director in charge of Public Data, ICT Management Division
Email and Phone
tukwon@korea.kr, +82-44-203-2271
Other Actors Involved,
- Public Data Policy Division, Ministry of the Interior and Safety - KCISA (Expert Org in Cultural Information) : Public organization under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism - Public-Private Partner Org. in disclosing and using cultural data : the KCISA will operate the org

IRM Midterm Status Summary

8. Open Data for Future Culture and Tourism Industries

Commitment Text:

"Open Data for Future Culture and Tourism Industries"

The purpose of this commitment is to further disclose the core data on culture, thereby supporting new industries. The scope of this initiative does not include the data made public through the Korea Tourism Organization and the National Museum of Korea. A relevant service platform will be established as a part of this commitment to provide services integrating local governments' cultural data.

The detailed implementation methods are as follows:

1) to gather core data that could be used to support the VR, AR, AI and IoT industry and disclose them; to this end, a cooperation system to work with local governments should be built to mine core data at the local level;

2) to build a platform providing connected services that allows integrated collection, sharing and utilization of cultural data; the establishment of the platform involves the standardization of cultural information meta data, the establishment of the meta data management platform, the establishment of a system to use the external knowledge base (i. e. the Korean dictionary and the encyclopedia of Korean culture) and the establishment of a LOD-based cultural data base categorized by topic (i. e. traditional patterns, the Korean cuisine and Hangul).

Milestones:

  • Disclosing more cultural data essential in new industries
  • Creating a Public-Private Partner entity in disclosing and using cultural data
  • Creating standards to share and connect cultural data
  • Building a platform connecting services provided by local governments

Start Date: 1 September 2018 End Date: 31 August 2020

Editorial Note: For the full text of the commitment, please see Korea's 4th National Action Plan 2018-2020 at https://bit.ly/2JvQr98.

Commitment Overview

Verifiability

OGP Value Relevance (as written)

Potential Impact

Completion

Did It Open Government?

Not specific enough to be verifiable

Specific enough to be verifiable

Access to Information

Civic Participation

Public Accountability

Technology & Innovation for Transparency & Accountability

None

Minor

Moderate

Transformative

Not Started

Limited

Substantial

Completed

Worsened

Did Not Change

Marginal

Major

Outstanding

8. Overall

Assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.

Assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.

Context and Objectives

The purpose of this commitment is to increase disclosure of core data on culture and tourism and, in doing so, support the local tourist industry to develop innovative, technology-driven content. The commitment will create a new public-private partner organization, operated by the Korean Cultural Information Centre (KCSIA) [36], under the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. The commitment will also establish a multi-ministry service platform which will integrate and publicly share cultural data from across the different levels of government, including local governments. [37]

This commitment is generally verifiable as it outlines a number of measurable milestones including the establishment of a public-private organization to lead the disclosure of core cultural data, the introduction of standards on the sharing of such data, and the creation of a service platform. While the commitment does not specify the channels through which the data will be published, GPS-based cultural information is generally shared via the online platform, http://www.culture.go.kr. The commitment also does not identify the new categories of information that will be made available, specify the composition of the proposed public-private organization, or describe its roles and functions.

This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information as it entails increasing the disclosure of core tourism and cultural data for public use. The commitment is also relevant to the OGP value of technology and innovation for transparency as it aims to build an online service platform to integrate and publish this data.

This commitment stands to have minor potential impact on increasing the disclosure of cultural and tourism data to support content creation in the local tourist industry. The commitment will disclose new core data, and also aims to establish a new service platform to collect and integrate meta data from across local governments. National and local governments manage data in different formats, with data from local government often being more detailed. [38] This represents an opportunity for local tourism industries to develop new technology and upgrade information available for tourists.

However, according to the action plan, the Korea Tourism Organization (KTO) and the National Museum of Korea already possessed quality content and were making some data public, such as the number of tourist arrivals [39] or the museum's collection of items, prior to this commitment. [40] These organizations lacked access to technology to manage and disseminate such data effectively. As it is unclear what new data will be disclosed, the full scope of this commitment is difficult to determine.

Next steps

Increasing disclosure of core cultural data will equip the local tourism industry, and related private-sector organizations, with the information necessary to develop and upgrade technology-driven cultural content. However, as the scope of added value of this commitment remains unclear, the IRM does not recommend that it is carried forward into the next action plan.

To increase the overall positive outcome of data disclosure initiatives in the culture sector, the IRM recommends the following:

  • Develop a user-friendly, interactive, and multilingual features on the online platform that consolidates cultural data and information from across South Korea.
  • Introduce a multilingual public feedback mechanism that collects and responds to requests for cultural information from domestic and international tourists to South Korea. This mechanism could be a feature of the online platform.
  • Publish and disseminate responses to frequently asked questions, obtained through the public feedback mechanism. These responses could also be featured on the online platform.
[36] The Korean Cultural Information Centre is available at: https://www.kcisa.kr/.
[37] Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, Cultural Data, "문화데이터" [Culture data] (accessed Jul. 2020), https://www.mcst.go.kr/kor/s_open/government/appCase.jsp; KCISA, "문화데이터 개방 및 이용활성화" [Opening and Activating Cultural Data] (accessed Jul. 2020), https://www.kcisa.kr/kr/contents/buss_data_open_4/view.do.
[38] Soohyang Kim (C.O.D.E. Korea), interview by IRM researcher, 3 Jun. 2020.
[39] Korea Tourism Organization, "Visitor Arrivals, Korean Departures, Int'l Tourism Receipts & Expenditures" (2015), http://kto.visitkorea.or.kr/eng/tourismStatics/keyFacts/visitorArrivals.kto.
[40] National Museum of Korea, "Collection Database" (accessed Jul. 2020), https://www.museum.go.kr/site/eng/relic/search/list.

Commitments

  1. Public-Private Anti-Corruption System

    KR0036, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  2. Management System for Performance Venues

    KR0037, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Real-Name Policy System

    KR0038, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Safety Inspection System

    KR0039, 2018, E-petitions

  5. Public Diplomacy System

    KR0040, 2018, Public Participation

  6. Open Communication Forum

    KR0041, 2018, E-Government

  7. Citizen Participation in Policy-Making

    KR0042, 2018, E-Government

  8. Disclosure of the Amount of Harmful Substance Contained in Foods

    KR0043, 2018, Access to Information

  9. Open Data

    KR0044, 2018, Access to Information

  10. Discosure of Cultural Heritage Resources

    KR0045, 2018, Infrastructure & Transport

  11. Open National Priority Data

    KR0046, 2018, Access to Information

  12. Public Data Qulity Management

    KR0047, 2018, Access to Information

  13. Voluntary Compliance Customs Administration

    KR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Organization Information Disclosure Online

    KR0022, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Information in Original Form

    KR0023, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Standard Model for Pre-Release Information

    KR0024, 2016, Access to Information

  17. National Data Disclosure

    KR0025, 2016, Access to Information

  18. Public Data Quality Management

    KR0026, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Free Open Format Use

    KR0027, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Open Data Standards

    KR0028, 2016, Access to Information

  21. Citizen Groups Government Service Design

    KR0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. e-Government Service Environment

    KR0030, 2016, E-Government

  23. Citizen Service Portals

    KR0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Citizen Services Application

    KR0032, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  25. Public Sector Corruption Research

    KR0033, 2016, E-Government

  26. Citizens' Accessibility to ODA Statistics

    KR0034, 2016, Aid

  27. Disclosing Information on International Aids

    KR0035, 2016, Aid

  28. Strengthening Public-Private Collaboration

    KR0017, 2014, E-Government

  29. Providing Customized Services

    KR0018, 2014, Marginalized Communities

  30. Enhancing Information Disclosure

    KR0019, 2014, Access to Information

  31. Strengthening Public Service Ethics

    KR0020, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  32. Encouraging the Private Sector to Utilze Public Data

    KR0021, 2014, Access to Information

  33. Provision of Diverse Public Services

    KR0001, 2012, E-Government

  34. Strengthening Citizens’ Monitoring of Government

    KR0002, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  35. Use e-People to Promote Public Input in Policy Development

    KR0003, 2012, Public Participation

  36. Promote the Proposal System for Receiving Public Input Electronically

    KR0004, 2012, E-Government

  37. Develop a Manual on Consensus Building Among Various Stakeholders

    KR0005, 2012, E-Government

  38. Conduct Field Visits to Interact Directly with Stakeholders

    KR0006, 2012, E-Government

  39. Simplify Online Civil Affairs Application Forms

    KR0007, 2012, E-Government

  40. Refine the Portal to Be More User Friendly

    KR0008, 2012,

  41. Customise Online Services for Business

    KR0009, 2012, Private Sector

  42. Establish an Online Civil Affairs Hub to Provide 24-Hour Services

    KR0010, 2012, E-Government

  43. Disclose Critical Information on Food, Environment, and Education

    KR0011, 2012, E-Government

  44. Engage CSOs on Relevant Information to Be Disclosed

    KR0012, 2012, Public Participation

  45. Strengthen Asset Disclosure for Public Servants

    KR0013, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  46. Monitor Restrictions on Post-Public Employment

    KR0014, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  47. Release Public Information for Private Sector Use on the Data Sharing Portal

    KR0015, 2012, E-Government

  48. Engage Citizens in Administrative and Budget Processes

    KR0016, 2012, E-Government

Open Government Partnership