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Spain

Education in Open Government (ES0042)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Education Culture and Sport and Finance and Public Service

Support Institution(s): Autonomous Communities of Asturias, Galicia, Madrid, Valencia, Ceuta and Melilla Autonomous Cities and other Autonomous Communities and Local entities that adhere

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Education, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Spain Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Ministry Responsible: Education Culture and Sport and Finance and Public Service; Other actors: Government: Autonomous Communities of Asturias, Galicia, Madrid, Valencia, Ceuta and Melilla Autonomous Cities and other Autonomous Communities and Local entities that adhere; Status quo or problem to be addressed: Bring the knowledge of the Administration and Government to the students and teachers at Primary, Secondary and High School level.; Main objective: Objective of the activity: to train students in the development of social and civic competences and, specifically, the principles of Open Government. Train teachers for the evaluation of social and civic competences. Prepare students for exercising democratic citizenship, transparency and to be able to interact and participate in the public sphere.; Brief description of the commitment: The training will consist of activities to be carried out in the educational center through the teaching of a course by the teacher or through an official visiting the school program: Back to school. It will be completed with visits to administrative units of interest (ministries, government delegations, councils, municipalities, community institutions, embassies...). It will include the elaboration of didactic guides for the different stages of education, the provision of training courses for teachers and the implementation of complementary activities with students both in their educational centers and in other official offices in Ceuta, Melilla and Spanish centers abroad. Furthermore, the dissemination of the project between the educational community and the Autonomous Communities. Open training will also be offered for teachers in MOOC (Masive Online Open Courses).; Addressed challenge of the OGP by the commitment: Increase in public integrity; Relevance: This commitment seeks to train students in the values and principles of Open Government.; Aim: This training measure, just as there are training measures aimed at civil society groups and the public employees themselves, is aimed at young people so that they have a comprehensive knowledge of the possibilities they will have in the future to participate in the public sphere. The implementation of this action will lead to a society much more aware and informed on public matters, which will further enrich debate and criticism in the development of policies and services at all levels of the Administration, with it being a Pioneering measure in Spain.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

EJE FORMACIÓN

5.2 Sensibilización y Formación de la Sociedad Civil

Texto del compromiso como aparece en el plan de acción:

Difundir entre los ciudadanos información sobre sus derechos en sus relaciones con las Administraciones Públicas, dar a conocer los mecanismos para participar y colaborar con ellas, así como acercar la Administración a los ciudadanos y estimular la participación mediante la información y la formación sobre los mecanismos existentes.
Consistirá en el desarrollo y difusión de recursos informativos y formativos abiertos, gratuitos y a disposición de los ciudadanos, así como la organización de actividades de apertura de las oficinas públicas en jornadas de puertas abiertas y de actividades de comunicación directa de los empleados públicos con los ciudadanos en sus ciudades de origen.

Metas:

  1. Desarrollo de material didáctico (MOOC) sobre derechos ciudadanos y mecanismos de participación. 2 Jornadas de puertas abiertas en distintas AAPP. 3 Campaña de sensibilización. 4.Programa “gobierno abierto en tu ciudad”.

El texto completo del compromiso se encuentra en Tercer Plan de Acción de Gobierno Abierto 2017-2019 de la Alianza para el Gobierno Abierto, disponible aquí: https://bit.ly/2Wubeyk.

Fecha de inicio: Julio 2017 Fecha de término: Abril 2019

Contexto y objetivos

Objetivo general y relevancia

El compromiso contiene una estrategia formativa y divulgativa orientada a dar a conocer los mecanismos participativos existentes en la administración, así como acercarla a los ciudadanos y estimular su participación. Como se señaló en el compromiso anterior, este eje se orienta a que una cultura de integridad y participativa permee entre la sociedad española. Para ello es preciso abordarla con un enfoque integral y multiactor, puesto que existe un desconocimiento generalizado en la sociedad de las oportunidades de incidencia que su participación puede aportar.

El compromiso comprende cuatro metas. La primera de ellas consiste en el desarrollo de materiales didácticos e informativos: cursos online MOOC y Guías de Gobierno Abierto sobre derechos ciudadanos y mecanismos de participación, abiertos a los ciudadanos y a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil. Se incluyen guías de educación en gobierno abierto dirigidas hacia educación primaria, secundaria y bachillerato, que serán objeto de análisis en el siguiente compromiso: 5.3 Educación en Gobierno Abierto.

Por otra parte, el compromiso contiene actividades divulgativas con tres tipos de acciones:

1) Jornadas de puertas abiertas en administraciones públicas como la jornada “Semana de la Administración Abierta 2018”, enmarcada dentro de la “opengov week” [88]. En esta jornada España tuvo una participación muy elevada y realizó un gran número de eventos, convirtiéndose en el Estado miembro OGP que más actividades organizó. El desarrollo de la misma se analizará en el próximo informe del IRM, sobre la implementación del tercer plan.

2) Campaña de sensibilización a través de medios y redes sociales: los actores entrevistados reconocen la constante disponibilidad del equipo de la Dirección General de Gobernanza Pública (DGGP) para asistir a cuantos actos se organicen en materia de gobierno abierto afirmando sobre el equipo coordinador: “Están siempre dispuestos a participar en los eventos que organices, antes ni siquiera sabíamos quiénes eran” [89] lo que muestra un avance en el liderazgo de OGP, tal como se analizó en el apartado III Liderazgo y Proceso Multiactor.

3) La meta “Gobierno Abierto en tu ciudad” consiste en organizar actos de comunicación con funcionarios locales voluntarios y OSC. La organización de actividades presenciales en el contexto local aporta un elemento de cercanía que la ciudadanía necesita para captar su interés e implicación.

Respecto a la relevancia de las metas propuestas, la formación y divulgación suponen un aporte crucial para el cambio cultural que implica la apertura del Gobierno. Por tanto, las metas propuestas son relevantes para la participación ciudadana así como para el acceso a la información, en cuanto se presume que los actores sociales tendrán mayor acceso a información pública a través de las formaciones. Las acciones divulgativas son asimismo relevantes para el acceso a la información. Respecto a la rendición de cuentas, no se observan mecanismos de asunción de responsabilidades y consecuencias claras en correlación con las mismas.

Verificabilidad e impacto potencial

Las metas del compromiso son verificables porque resultan en productos tangibles como formaciones online o la organización de visitas de estudios dentro del programa “Gobierno abierto en tu ciudad”. Las acciones divulgativas, si bien se pueden comprobar, resultan menos específicas.

De implementarse en su totalidad las medidas planificadas tendrán un impacto potencial moderado. La formación orientada a la sociedad civil implica su capacitación para participar en los asuntos públicos y su eventual empoderamiento. Sin embargo, los programas formativos por sí solos no necesariamente se traducen en la mejora de la participación ciudadana. Por esta razón su impacto se ve limitado al no poderse determinar claramente cómo el compromiso transformará el problema que identifica- la desafección ciudadana, el escepticismo y la desmotivación de la sociedad-.

A las formaciones online MOOC se les asigna un impacto potencial moderado, dado el potencial que poseen este tipo de cursos en línea para aportar conocimientos a un gran segmento de la población. Para verificar su impacto definitivo será necesario analizar en el siguiente informe si su contenido diferenció al público objetivo al que se dirigen los cursos.

Siguientes pasos

La investigadora del IRM considera muy pertinentes los objetivos de este quinto eje formativo, dirigido a expandir conocimiento sobre gobierno abierto y sembrar las semillas de una cultura de gobierno abierto entre la ciudadanía, las OSC, los servidores públicos y la población más joven. No obstante, propone ampliar la relevancia con respecto a los valores de gobierno abierto, para generar herramientas que puedan concretarse en medidas de apertura del Gobierno. En este sentido, el foro podría considerar:

  • Continuar con la realización de los cursos online MOOC, introduciendo distintos contenidos según el público objetivo al que se dirija: cursos para ciudadanía y cursos para OSC.
  • Diseñar acciones formativas presenciales en forma de: talleres, mesas de trabajo, fines de semana de cocreación y team building o cualquier otro formato que favorezca espacios para la reflexión conjunta entre los miembros del Foro de Gobierno Abierto en España. Sería muy pertinente la organización de alguna sesión de trabajo colaborativo, diseñada en conjunto entre las OSC y el Gobierno, durante el proceso de cocreación del cuarto plan de gobierno abierto.
  • Compartir el liderazgo de la Semana de la Administración Abierta entre las OSC y las administraciones públicas permitiendo la definición compartida del diseño, organización y puesta en escena.  
[88] Semana del Gobierno Abierto, impulsada por OGP en los países participantes: http://www.opengovweek.org
[89] Fran Delgado (ACREDITRA), entrevista de la investigadora del IRM, diciembre 2018.

Commitments

  1. Reform laws related to transparency and access to information

    ES0044, 2020, Access to Information

  2. Establish transparency certification system for public and private institutions

    ES0045, 2020, E-Government

  3. Improve central government's transparency website

    ES0046, 2020, E-Government

  4. Incorporate EU direction on open public sector data

    ES0047, 2020, Access to Information

  5. Increase publication of budget and public contracting information

    ES0048, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  6. Open data related to training of civil servants

    ES0049, 2020, Access to Information

  7. Improve access to information in Business Registry

    ES0050, 2020, E-Government

  8. Promote citizen participation in public affairs

    ES0051, 2020, Capacity Building

  9. Improve traceability of regulatory draft and approval processes

    ES0052, 2020, Capacity Building

  10. Diagnose and strengthen public integrity systems

    ES0053, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  11. Establish law regarding lobbying transparency

    ES0054, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  12. Reform law regarding conflicts of interest

    ES0055, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  13. Identify and encourage ethical uses of artificial intelligence within public sector

    ES0056, 2020, Automated Decision-Making

  14. Establish legal whistleblower protections

    ES0057, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  15. Provide open government training to public

    ES0058, 2020, Capacity Building

  16. Prepare guide on open government

    ES0059, 2020, Sustainable Development Goals

  17. Provide professional training and materials for women in rural communities

    ES0060, 2020, Capacity Building

  18. Implement and evaluate open government training for civil servants

    ES0061, 2020, Capacity Building

  19. Disseminate information and raise awareness of open government principles

    ES0062, 2020, E-Government

  20. Promote research on open government principles

    ES0065, 2020, Capacity Building

  21. Disseminate research on open government principles

    ES0066, 2020, E-Government

  22. Observatory of Open Government

    ES0067, 2020, E-Government

  23. Create Observatory of best open government practices in Spain

    ES0068, 2020, E-Government

  24. Creation of a Committee of Patients and Users

    ES0069, 2020, Health

  25. Incorporate patient associations in developing Clinical Practise Guides

    ES0070, 2020, Health

  26. Incorporate patient associations in new working groups

    ES0071, 2020, Health

  27. Increase participation of Roma People in health policy

    ES0072, 2020, Health

  28. Prevent and manage health supply problems

    ES0073, 2020, Health

  29. Publish data regarding adverse reactions to medications

    ES0074, 2020, E-Government

  30. Publish open data for the Spanish Tourism Quality System

    ES0075, 2020, Access to Information

  31. Extend access to digital infrastructure

    ES0076, 2020, Infrastructure & Transport

  32. Promote integration of open geographic data

    ES0077, 2020, Access to Information

  33. Publish significant data regarding housing sector

    ES0078, 2020, E-Government

  34. Promote citizen participation in debating the Safe, Sustainable and Connected Mobility Strategy

    ES0079, 2020, E-Government

  35. Create website for open climate data

    ES0080, 2020, Access to Information

  36. Create Open Registry of Climate Information of Spain (RAICES)

    ES0081, 2020, Access to Information

  37. Regulate citizen collaboration on meterology

    ES0082, 2020, Environment and Climate

  38. Facilitate public participation in marine NATURA 2000 NETWORK

    ES0083, 2020, Environment and Climate

  39. Open participation process regarding MeteoAlerta plan

    ES0084, 2020, Environment and Climate

  40. Modify decree on State Council for the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity

    ES0085, 2020, Environment and Climate

  41. Establish mechanisms to reconsider coastal governance

    ES0086, 2020, Environment and Climate

  42. Increase public participation in coastal protection strategies

    ES0087, 2020, Environment and Climate

  43. Increase access to and comprehension of legal knowledge

    ES0088, 2020, E-Government

  44. Establish channels for citizens to propose research topics to Sociological Research Centre

    ES0089, 2020, Public Participation

  45. Publish information related to financing and performance of science and innovation

    ES0090, 2020, E-Government

  46. Publish information regarding Aneca accreditation process

    ES0091, 2020, Education

  47. Promote participation of university community in regulatory design processes

    ES0092, 2020, E-Government

  48. Publish mandate commitments to allow for social auditing

    ES0093, 2020, E-Government

  49. Encourage citizen participation through online platform

    ES0094, 2020, Capacity Building

  50. Create citizen Monitoring Space for anti-corruption strategy

    ES0095, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  51. Publish open data to promote gender equality policies

    ES0096, 2020, Access to Information

  52. Develop regulation for evaluating public service quality

    ES0097, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  53. Draft Institutional Integrity Framework Programme

    ES0098, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  54. Develop and monitor ICSS platform for citizen feedback and information requests

    ES0099, 2020, Access to Information

  55. Offer electronic administrative services and channels for citizen participation

    ES0100, 2020, E-Government

  56. Improve transparency and accessiblity of open government website

    ES0101, 2020, E-Government

  57. Implement open government training plan for civil servants

    ES0102, 2020, Capacity Building

  58. Publish data on Open Data Website

    ES0103, 2020, Access to Information

  59. Draft Strategic Transparency Plan

    ES0104, 2020, Capacity Building

  60. Draft citizen participation law

    ES0105, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  61. Draft code of ethics for administration

    ES0106, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  62. Improve public access to transparency and open data websites

    ES0107, 2020, Access to Information

  63. Create catalogue of public information for transparency and open data websites

    ES0108, 2020, Access to Information

  64. Strengthen institutional integrity of Murcia region

    ES0109, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  65. Promote youth participation in designing public policies

    ES0110, 2020, E-Government

  66. Preparation and implementation of a Valencian strategy of open data

    ES0111, 2020, Access to Information

  67. Promote citizen participation in developing budgets

    ES0112, 2020, E-Government

  68. Strengthen institutional integrity in Valencia

    ES0113, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  69. Increase citizen participation in designing public services

    ES0114, 2020, Local Commitments

  70. Ensure greater accessibility in participating in public decisions

    ES0115, 2020, E-Government

  71. Improve youth participation in Aragón

    ES0116, 2020, Capacity Building

  72. Increase democratic innovation and participation through LAAAB Space

    ES0117, 2020, E-Government

  73. Improve citizen participation in drafting public policies

    ES0118, 2020, E-Government

  74. Develop transparency training course for civil servants

    ES0119, 2020, Access to Information

  75. Centralize open data catalogues through website

    ES0120, 2020, Access to Information

  76. Create Canary Islands Network of Open Government

    ES0121, 2020, Local Commitments

  77. Publish and encourage use of open data

    ES0122, 2020, Access to Information

  78. Encourage participation of children and teens in Navarra

    ES0123, 2020, Capacity Building

  79. Streamline processing of right to information requests

    ES0124, 2020, Access to Information

  80. Create citizen laboratories for improving public services

    ES0125, 2020, E-Government

  81. Implement electronic processing of conflict of interest reporting

    ES0126, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  82. Open participation channels for citizen evaluation of public services

    ES0127, 2020, Capacity Building

  83. Analyze and simplify regulations on open government

    ES0128, 2020, Local Commitments

  84. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0129, 2020, Capacity Building

  85. Draft and approve law on transparency

    ES0130, 2020, Access to Information

  86. Draft and approve regulations regarding transparency and right to information

    ES0131, 2020, Access to Information

  87. Design online platform for local citizen participation

    ES0132, 2020, E-Government

  88. Design and implement public hearings for matters of general interest

    ES0133, 2020, Local Commitments

  89. Implement indicators to evaluate public policy

    ES0134, 2020, E-Government

  90. Design tools to improve transparency website

    ES0135, 2020, Capacity Building

  91. Ensure clear and transparent communication to citizens

    ES0136, 2020, Capacity Building

  92. Create online catalogue of public information

    ES0137, 2020, E-Government

  93. Draft and approve law on transparency and right to information

    ES0138, 2020, Access to Information

  94. Publish all information related to drafting regulations

    ES0139, 2020, E-Government

  95. Update design of transparency website

    ES0140, 2020, E-Government

  96. Approve regulation related to transparency and open government

    ES0141, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  97. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0142, 2020, Capacity Building

  98. Raise awareness among civil society on participating in transparency efforts

    ES0143, 2020, Local Commitments

  99. Promote commitment of youth in citizen participation

    ES0144, 2020, Fiscal Openness

  100. Create plan to strengthen the Network of Local Entities in Transparency and Participation

    ES0145, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  101. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  102. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  103. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  104. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  105. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  106. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  107. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  108. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  109. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  110. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  111. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  112. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  113. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  114. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  115. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  116. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  117. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  118. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  119. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  120. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  121. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  122. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  123. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  124. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  125. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014, Public Participation

  126. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  127. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  128. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  129. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  130. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  131. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  133. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  134. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  135. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  136. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  137. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  138. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  139. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  140. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  141. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  142. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  143. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Local Commitments

Open Government Partnership