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Ukraine

Asset disclosure on a single web portal (UA0044)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ukraine Second Action Plan 2014-2015

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: National Agency for Corruption Prevention

Support Institution(s): State Fiscal Service, National Agency for Civil Service, Ministry of Justice, Administration of the State Service for Special Communications and Information Protection, State Agency for E-Governance, NGO Transparency International-Ukraine, International Renaissance Foundation, other unspecified NGOs and international organisations

Policy Areas

Asset Disclosure

IRM Review

IRM Report: Ukraine End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Outstanding Outstanding

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Public Accountability , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Creating a unified web-portal of civil servants’ declarations of income, property and expenditures for their public-domain disclosure

IRM End of Term Status Summary

✪ 12. Asset disclosure portal

Commitment Text: 12. Creating a unified web-portal of civil servants’ declarations of income, property and expenditures for their public disclosure in open access.

Expected result: web-portal created.

Lead institution(s): National Agency for Corruption Prevention

Supporting institution(s): State Fiscal Service, National Agency for Civil Service, Ministry of Justice, Administration of the State Service for Special Communications and Information Protection, State Agency for E-Governance, NGO Transparency International-Ukraine, International Renaissance Foundation, other unspecified NGOs and international organisations

Start Date: Not specified                                                        End Date: 31 December 2015

Commitment aim

Online disclosure of the asset declarations of public officials is an important instrument with which to prevent corruption and detect unexplained wealth and conflicts of interest. The commitment aimed to introduce a new system of financial disclosure by setting up an online system for the submission and automatic publication of the asset declarations of public officials. The previous system of asset disclosure in Ukraine was ineffective, as it was paper-based and limited the public’s access to the declarations of officials.

Status

Midterm: Limited

The new Law on Corruption Prevention (enacted in April 2015[Note 53: http://bit.ly/1KhE3pn. ]) replaced the paper-based declarations filed by officials at their workplace with an online system that provides public access to all declarations. It ordered the new anti-corruption institution, the National Agency for Corruption Prevention (NACP), to set up a central government web portal for all public officials to submit and disclose their asset declarations. The government’s delay in selecting members of the NACP also delayed the launch of the new e-declarations system (the NACP was responsible for developing the necessary regulations for asset disclosures, and launching the web portal).[Note 54: Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) Progress Report 2014-15: Ukraine, 50-51.]

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Justice, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank, began preparing the future system for electronic asset disclosures. In September 2015, the UNDP launched a tender to select a contractor to develop e-declarations software according to the terms of reference developed by the World Bank.[Note 55: Ibid, 51.]

Since adoption of the Law on Corruption Prevention, the Ukrainian Parliament has introduced several changes to it to extend the scope of the asset declarations by adding new elements  (e.g., beneficiary ownership of legal persons or assets, and real estate of unfinished construction).[Note 56: Ibid, 51.]

End of term: Complete

Between December 2015 and March 2016, the government appointed four (out of five) NACP members. From an open tender, the UNDP selected a contractor in December 2015 to develop the e-declarations software, and presented the prototype system the following March. During May-June 2016, the software was transferred to the NACP. In June 2016, the NACP adopted the e-declarations form and other necessary bylaws, and also decided on the timing of the new system’s launch. The first stage, which involved high and upper-middle level public officials, was to be launched on 15 August 2016, while all other declarants were included in the second stage beginning 1 January 2017. A delay in the data security certification of the software postponed the start date, which was changed to 1 September 2016. The UNDP covered the expenses related to the e-system’s hosting during the initial period. The system was launched successfully on 1 September 2016, despite technical issues related to the declarants’ authorisation in the system, saving of data, and revised e-declaration form. During the first stage (1 September to 30 October), more than 100,000 declarants filed their first annual electronic declarations for 2015. As of the end of December 2016, the public web portal contained more than 135,00 electronic documents (declarations of different types, notifications of significant changes in declarant’s assets) for public scrutiny, including in machine-readable format.  

Did it open government?

Access to information: Outstanding

Public accountability: Outstanding

The new electronic asset disclosure system for public officials replaced the previous ineffective paper-based system, and allowed an unprecedented level of transparency of public officials’ assets. It is a powerful tool against corruption by making it easier to detect and prosecute illicit enrichment and conflicts of interests. The new system was launched 1 September 2016, and drew enormous media and public attention. It resulted in numerous journalist investigations and media reports in the national and foreign press.[Note 57: See, among others, http://bit.ly/2f65C9J, http://dailym.ai/2hNQtxN, http://reut.rs/2dVY6QQ, http://bit.ly/2iXzRQe, http://bit.ly/2fWzyc2, http://bit.ly/2eeftvo, http://bit.ly/2j16P6o. ] The portal has helped create greater public demand for accountability of public officials whose wealth was revealed by the e-declaration system. Declarations are automatically made public once submitted, and NGOs, media watchdogs, and citizens can report irregularities detected in the declarations to authorities. Under the corruption prevention law (Article 50),[Note 58: Ukrainian Parliament: Corruption Prevention Law (Article 50) http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1700-18/print1486668593628465.] the NACP is required to investigate irregularities or complaints of fraudulent asset declarations. The verification process can result in a criminal investigation (under criminal procedure code (Article 214)),[Note 59: Criminal Procedure Code, Article 214: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17/print1486668593628465] thereby creating an accountability mechanism for following up on irregularities discovered through increased transparency. The National Anti-Corruption Bureau started several criminal investigations into unjustified wealth and false statements, based on the new e-declarations.[Note 60: http://bit.ly/2grkaPw. ] International organisations and foreign governments recognised the new e-declarations system as a major breakthrough.[Note 61: See, among others, http://bit.ly/2fysVZJ, http://bit.ly/2i3aHQg, http://bit.ly/2irbCwJ, http://bit.ly/2irosLt. ] According to the December 2016 national poll, Ukrainian citizens also considered the e-declarations system launch to be the fourth most successful event of 2016.[Note 62: http://bit.ly/2hIb0Poю. ]

Carried forward?

The commitment was carried over to the new action plan. It is important to ensure that the system operates smoothly after 1 January 2017, and that an effective procedure for verification of the submitted declarations by the NACP is introduced. For this to occur, the NACP has to adopt, and the Ministry of Justice register and publish, relevant bylaws; the NACP has to obtain direct and automated access to registers and databases held by various public authorities; and the e-declarations software has to be upgraded to allow integration with external registers and automated verification of declarations. The NACP should be granted sufficient funds to build the capacity to host and run the system securely within the NACP. The NACP should also continue conducting an extensive awareness-raising campaign and train public officials on how to use the e-declarations system.


Ukraine's Commitments

  1. Infrastructure data portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  2. open standard for e-system

    UA0071, 2018, E-Government

  3. Ensuring openness and transparency of selling public assets and property

    UA0072, 2018, E-Government

  4. Transparency in public procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  5. Awarenss raising about social and economic development

    UA0074, 2018, Aid

  6. e-calls for proposals to support CSOs

    UA0075, 2018, Civic Space

  7. Beneficial ownership registry

    UA0076, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  8. Anti-corruption Training

    UA0077, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Publishing environmental information

    UA0078, 2018, E-Government

  10. Database of natural resources

    UA0079, 2018, E-Government

  11. Interactive map of mines

    UA0080, 2018, E-Government

  12. Priority electronic services

    UA0081, 2018, Citizenship and Immigration

  13. online platform for executive bodies and CSOs

    UA0082, 2018, Civic Space

  14. EITI online data

    UA0083, 2018, E-Government

  15. electronic resources for education

    UA0084, 2018, E-Government

  16. online verification of education certificates

    UA0085, 2018, E-Government

  17. Free access to national repository for academic texts

    UA0086, 2018, E-Government

  18. Administrative Service Decentrilisation and Improvement

    UA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. United State Portal Extension; Electronic Government Information Services Unification; Modern Tools for Electronic Identification

    UA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Free Urban Planning Documentation

    UA0060, 2016, E-Government

  22. Beneficial Ownership Verification System

    UA0061, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  23. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  24. Transpartent Budget System

    UA0063, 2016,

  25. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0065, 2016, Extractive Industries

  27. Environmental Public Monitoring

    UA0066, 2016, Environment and Climate

  28. Community Policing System

    UA0067, 2016, Education

  29. Draft Law on Public Consultations

    UA0068, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  30. Development of E-democracy.

    UA0069, 2016,

  31. Improve government rules on CSO involvement

    UA0031, 2014, E-Government

  32. Financing of charities

    UA0032, 2014, Civic Space

  33. Not-for-profit status for CSOs

    UA0033, 2014, Civic Space

  34. Public participation law

    UA0034, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing Rules on Processing Official Information

    UA0035, 2014, E-Government

  36. Access to Urban Planning Documents

    UA0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Starred commitment Access to Communist-Era Archives

    UA0037, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  38. Starred commitment Draft law on open data

    UA0038, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment Supervisory mechanism for the right to information

    UA0039, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Compliance with EITI

    UA0040, 2014, Extractive Industries

  41. Monitoring of infrastructure projects

    UA0041, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  42. Adopt regional anti-corruption programmes

    UA0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Corruption risk assessment methodology

    UA0043, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  44. Starred commitment Asset disclosure on a single web portal

    UA0044, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  45. Law on administrative procedure

    UA0045, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Law on streamlining payment of administrative fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  47. Administrative services portal

    UA0047, 2014, E-Government

  48. Draft law on decentralisation of administrative services

    UA0048, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Draft law on social services

    UA0049, 2014, E-Government

  50. e-Government laws

    UA0050, 2014, E-Government

  51. Electronic readiness assessment

    UA0051, 2014, E-Government

  52. Government regulations on open data

    UA0052, 2014, E-Government

  53. Electronic democracy development roadmap

    UA0053, 2014, E-Government

  54. Open budget initiatives

    UA0054, 2014, E-Government

  55. e-Petitions

    UA0055, 2014, E-Government

  56. e-Governance training for local government

    UA0056, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Laws on public participation

    UA0001, 2012, Civic Space

  58. Amendments to the law on community associations

    UA0002, 2012, Civic Space

  59. Amendments to resolutions on collaboration with civil society

    UA0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Training for public servants on consultations

    UA0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  61. Harmonisation of access to information laws

    UA0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. By-laws on access to information

    UA0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Guidelines for classifying data

    UA0007, 2012, Public Participation

  64. Public information recording systems

    UA0008, 2012, Records Management

  65. Law on public broadcasting

    UA0009, 2012, Civic Space

  66. Public access to information in state registers

    UA0010, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0011, 2012, E-Government

  68. Law for controlling declarations of public servants

    UA0012, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  69. Public declarations of officials’ assets

    UA0013, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  70. Guidelines on conflicts of interest

    UA0014, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  71. Updated anti-corruption laws

    UA0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Regional anti-corruption programmes

    UA0016, 2012, E-Government

  73. Law on competitive e-government procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  74. Starred commitment Administrative services reforms

    UA0018, 2012, E-Government

  75. Electronic access to administrative services

    UA0019, 2012, E-Government

  76. Governmental web portal of administrative services

    UA0020, 2012, E-Government

  77. Administrative services in a digital format

    UA0021, 2012,

  78. Starred commitment Regional administrative service centres

    UA0022, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  79. Programme for promotion of e-government

    UA0023, 2012, E-Government

  80. Electronic collaboration between executive agencies

    UA0024, 2012,

  81. Web-based petitions system

    UA0025, 2012,

  82. One stop shop for e-Reporting

    UA0026, 2012, E-Government

  83. E-region pilot project

    UA0027, 2012, E-Government

  84. Network of e-government practitioners

    UA0028, 2012, Public Participation

  85. Public libraries as bridges towards e-governance

    UA0029, 2012, E-Government

  86. E-government knowledge management portal

    UA0030, 2012,