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Ukraine

Development of E-Democracy. (UA0069)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ukraine Third National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: State Agency for E-governance, other executive agencies.

Support Institution(s): EGAP Programme, Centre for Innovations Development at the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the non-governmental organisations Centre of Policy and Legal Reform, e-democracy, and Eidos Centre for Political Studies and Analysis, other civil society institutions and international organisations (by consent).

Policy Areas

Money in Politics

IRM Review

IRM Report: Ukraine End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Ukraine Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Major Major

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Event: Development of e-democracy.; Implementation timeframe: 2017; Entities responsible: State Agency for E-governance, other executive agencies.; Partners: EGAP Programme, Centre for Innovations Development at the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the non-governmental organisations Centre of Policy and Legal Reform, e-democracy, and Eidos Centre for Political Studies and Analysis, other civil society institutions and international organisations (by consent).; Expected results: Ensuring the: Development of the Conceptual design for the development of e-democracy and submission in accordance with established procedures for consideration by the Government (May 2017). Development of the action plan for for the development of e-democracy and submission in accordance with established procedures for consideration by the Government (November 2017).

IRM End of Term Status Summary

13. Elaborate e-democracy roadmap

Commitment Text:

Development of e-democracy

Expected results: Development of the Conceptual design for the development of e-democracy and submission in accordance with established procedures for consideration by the Government (May 2017). Development of the action plan for the development of e-democracy and submission in accordance with established procedures for consideration by the Government (November 2017).

Responsible institution: State Agency for E-governance.

Supporting institutions: EGAP Program, Center for Innovations Development at the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the non-governmental organizations Center of Policy and Legal Reform, e-democracy, and Eidos Center for Political Studies and Analysis, other civil society institutions and international organizations (by consent).

Start date: December 2016..                                     End date: August 2018

Commitment Aim:

This commitment aims to produce a conceptual design for the development of e-democracy (The Concept Paper) and submit it for consideration by the government. The commitment would also produce an action plan for the development of e-democracy. And it would result in the submission of that plan in accordance with established procedures for consideration by the government.

Status

Midterm: Complete

A multi-stakeholder coalition developed the concept paper and the action plan. This coalition consisted of civil society, nongovernmental organizations, international donors, representatives from academic institutions, and public service sector representatives, including the State Agency for E-Governance. The coalition submitted the concept paper and action plan to the Cabinet of Ministers for revision and further approval on 22 May 2017. [232] For further information, please see “Ukraine Mid-Term Report 2016–2018.” [233]

The government approved the e-democracy roadmap on 8 November 2017. [234] The approval allowed the coalition members to start implementing plan directives in 2018. [235] Since January 2018, the State Agency for E-Governance and the multi-stakeholder coalition have executed the action plan by engaging in projects that aim to facilitate the development of e-democracy in Ukraine. According to a civil society expert from the E-Governance and Accountability for Participation (EGAP) Program who actively participated in coalition activities from the beginning, coalition members felt a responsibility to actively execute the action plan because they had formally committed to the coalition and treated each other as equal partners. [236] Some policy changes resulted from the e-democracy commitment. The government made adjustments to the normative-legal act on “Citizens’ Appeal” to regulate the processing of electronic petitions on local levels. This report discusses more examples of the results associated with the e-democracy commitment in the following section.

Did It Open Government?

Civic Participation: Major

Before the implementation of this action plan, no consolidated government policy existed regarding the support of digital democracy in the country. All the existing initiatives were uncoordinated and depended on the goodwill of individual officials and politicians. The e-democracy roadmap established a common framework, opened new ways of engagement and cooperation between members of civic society, and instituted clear priorities. The creation and operation of the multi-stakeholder coalition established an inclusive and collaborative framework for authority–civil society interaction. As all coalition members had an equal voice during the drafting of the concept paper and the action plan, there was a substantial level of public influence. This approach has been sustained in the subsequent government practice of and inclusive and collaborative policy making in the domain of digital democracy.

A prominent example of cooperation between the coalition members on the action plan implementation is the project carried out with the State Statistics Service of Ukraine [237] (SSSU). SSSU intended to create a report about the development of e-democracy at local levels throughout the country. For that aim, it required a methodology. SSSU requested a methodological input from the State Agency for E-Governance. The latter, in turn, requested information from coalition members, who provided a detailed set of indicators for evaluating the advance of e-democracy. These indicators are expected to be used by SSSU for annual measurement. This stands as an unprecedented case of the direct involvement of civil society in drafting the policy of statistical indicators on e-participation. Another model engagement of civil society in the development of e-democracy is the national competition Open Data Challenge. [238] The competition attracted 190 information-technology projects that use open access data for grassroots activism and collaboration with authorities. Projects covered digital health, infrastructure, agriculture, legal technology, and ecology, among other topics. This competition embodied multi-stakeholder (uniting authorities, business, and the non-governmental sector) support of open data for online participation.

Carried Forward?

When this report was written (September 2018), the commitment had been fully completed in terms of development of the e-democracy concept paper and action plan. [239] The next steps should focus on finishing the implementation of the current action plan, evaluating its effectiveness [240] and feasibility, and finally, developing a new action plan for the next two years. [241]

[232] “Ukraine Mid-Term Report 2016–2018,” Open Government Partnership, accessed 15 September 2018, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/ukraine-mid-term-report-2016-2018-year-1/.

[233] Ibid.

[234] “The Government Approves the E-democracy Concept Paper and the Action Plan (2017),” State Agency for E-Governance, accessed 13 September 2018, https://www.e.gov.ua/content/uryad-shvalyv-koncepciyu-rozvytku-elektronnoyi-demokratiyi-ta-plan-zahodiv-z-yiyi.

[235] Serhiy Karelin (EGAP), interview with junior researcher, 13 September 2018.

[236] Ibid.

[237] Ibid.

[238] Open Data Challenge, https://odc.in.ua/.

[239] Valeriya Tkach (State Agency for E-Governance), email exchange with junior researcher, 15 September 2018.

[240] Ibid.

[241] Serhiy Karelin (EGAP), interview with junior researcher, 13 September 2018.


Commitments

  1. Infrastructure Data Portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Standard for e-System

    UA0071, 2018, E-Government

  3. Ensuring Openness and Transparency of Selling Public Assets and Property

    UA0072, 2018, E-Government

  4. Transparency in Public Procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  5. Awarenss Raising About Social and Economic Development

    UA0074, 2018, Aid

  6. e-Calls for Proposals to Support CSOs

    UA0075, 2018, Civic Space

  7. Beneficial Ownership Registry

    UA0076, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  8. Anti-Corruption Training

    UA0077, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Publishing Environmental Information

    UA0078, 2018, E-Government

  10. Database of Natural Resources

    UA0079, 2018, E-Government

  11. Interactive Map of Mines

    UA0080, 2018, E-Government

  12. Priority Electronic Services

    UA0081, 2018, Citizenship and Immigration

  13. Online Platform for Executive Bodies and CSOs

    UA0082, 2018, Civic Space

  14. EITI Online Data

    UA0083, 2018, E-Government

  15. Electronic Resources for Education

    UA0084, 2018, E-Government

  16. Online Verification of Education Certificates

    UA0085, 2018, E-Government

  17. Free Access to National Repository for Academic Texts

    UA0086, 2018, E-Government

  18. Administrative Service Decentrilisation and Improvement

    UA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. United State Portal Extension; Electronic Government Information Services Unification; Modern Tools for Electronic Identification

    UA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Free Urban Planning Documentation

    UA0060, 2016, E-Government

  22. Beneficial Ownership Verification System

    UA0061, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  23. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  24. Transpartent Budget System

    UA0063, 2016,

  25. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0065, 2016, Extractive Industries

  27. Environmental Public Monitoring

    UA0066, 2016, Environment and Climate

  28. Community Policing System

    UA0067, 2016, Education

  29. Draft Law on Public Consultations

    UA0068, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  30. Development of E-Democracy.

    UA0069, 2016, Money in Politics

  31. Improve Government Rules on CSO Involvement

    UA0031, 2014, E-Government

  32. Financing of Charities

    UA0032, 2014, Civic Space

  33. Not-For-Profit Status for CSOs

    UA0033, 2014, Civic Space

  34. Public Participation Law

    UA0034, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing Rules on Processing Official Information

    UA0035, 2014, E-Government

  36. Access to Urban Planning Documents

    UA0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Starred commitment Access to Communist-Era Archives

    UA0037, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  38. Starred commitment Draft Law on Open Data

    UA0038, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment Supervisory Mechanism for the Right to Information

    UA0039, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Compliance with EITI

    UA0040, 2014, Extractive Industries

  41. Monitoring of Infrastructure Projects

    UA0041, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  42. Adopt Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Corruption Risk Assessment Methodology

    UA0043, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  44. Starred commitment Asset Disclosure on a Single Web Portal

    UA0044, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  45. Law on Administrative Procedure

    UA0045, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Law on Streamlining Payment of Administrative Fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  47. Administrative Services Portal

    UA0047, 2014, E-Government

  48. Draft Law on Decentralisation of Administrative Services

    UA0048, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Draft Law on Social Services

    UA0049, 2014, E-Government

  50. e-Government Laws

    UA0050, 2014, E-Government

  51. Electronic Readiness Assessment

    UA0051, 2014, E-Government

  52. Government Regulations on Open Data

    UA0052, 2014, E-Government

  53. Electronic Democracy Development Roadmap

    UA0053, 2014, E-Government

  54. Open Budget Initiatives

    UA0054, 2014, E-Government

  55. e-Petitions

    UA0055, 2014, E-Government

  56. e-Governance Training for Local Government

    UA0056, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Laws on Public Participation

    UA0001, 2012, Civic Space

  58. Amendments to the Law on Community Associations

    UA0002, 2012, Civic Space

  59. Amendments to Resolutions on Collaboration with Civil Society

    UA0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Training for Public Servants on Consultations

    UA0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  61. Harmonisation of Access to Information Laws

    UA0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. By-Laws on Access to Information

    UA0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Guidelines for Classifying Data

    UA0007, 2012, Public Participation

  64. Public Information Recording Systems

    UA0008, 2012, Records Management

  65. Law on Public Broadcasting

    UA0009, 2012, Civic Space

  66. Public Access to Information in State Registers

    UA0010, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0011, 2012, E-Government

  68. Law for Controlling Declarations of Public Servants

    UA0012, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  69. Public Declarations of Officials’ Assets

    UA0013, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  70. Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest

    UA0014, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  71. Updated Anti-Corruption Laws

    UA0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0016, 2012, E-Government

  73. Law on Competitive e-Government Procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  74. Starred commitment Administrative Services Reforms

    UA0018, 2012, E-Government

  75. Electronic Access to Administrative Services

    UA0019, 2012, E-Government

  76. Governmental Web Portal of Administrative Services

    UA0020, 2012, E-Government

  77. Administrative Services in a Digital Format

    UA0021, 2012,

  78. Starred commitment Regional Administrative Service Centres

    UA0022, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  79. Programme for Promotion of e-Government

    UA0023, 2012, E-Government

  80. Electronic Collaboration Between Executive Agencies

    UA0024, 2012,

  81. Web-Based Petitions System

    UA0025, 2012,

  82. One Stop Shop for e-Reporting

    UA0026, 2012, E-Government

  83. e-Region Pilot Project

    UA0027, 2012, E-Government

  84. Network of e-Government Practitioners

    UA0028, 2012, Public Participation

  85. Public Libraries as Bridges Towards e-Governance

    UA0029, 2012, E-Government

  86. e-Government Knowledge Management Portal

    UA0030, 2012,