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United Kingdom

Open Policy Making (UK0092)



Action Plan: United Kingdom Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Cabinet Office

Support Institution(s): Other actors involved - government Policy Lab, Cabinet Office What works team, Cabinet Office GDS Other actors involved - CSOs, private sector, working groups, multilaterals, etc Children’s Rights Alliance for England, Sense about Science

Policy Areas

Open Regulations, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


To work with the UK government’s Policy Lab in continuing to develop
resources to support Open Policy Making (OPM) for more informed and better
designed policies with the human experience in mind.
Policy Lab will deliver at least four ‘demonstrator’ projects commissioned by
departments which put citizens at the centre of policymaking and reach groups
whose voices may otherwise not be heard. Learnings from the projects will be
shared through the OPM toolkit, blogs, and reflective sessions with Civil
Society groups.
Together, we will share ideas on integrating best practices into policymaking;
consider the processes governments go through to consult people on policy;
and codesign materials that are tailored to different types of open
policymaking engagements. Policy Lab will continue working with departments
to increase the transparency and accessibility of evidence and to make policy
resources publicly available. GOV.UK team will work with the Civil Society and
Policy Lab to improve using and sharing their data as openly as possible.

What is the public problem that the commitment will address?
Open Policy Making (OPM) is a way for the government to create and deliver
policy that meets the demands of a fast-paced and increasingly digital world. It
means that policy is more informed and better designed for both, the
government and the people who use, or are impacted by, services. Open
policymakers design around the human experience, enable co-design
supported by evidence, and test policies as they develop them.
A core element of OPM is ensuring that evidence is used in a transparent and
open manner. This enables policymakers to have a common understanding of
people’s needs; for Civil Society, it helps understand the evidence base that
has informed decision making. It also provides opportunity to see if there are
gaps in the knowledge base and where further research might be
However, understanding the OPM theory differs from delivering it in practice.
OPM is not fully embedded across the government yet, and we have not fully
realised its potential.
It is vital that Open Policy Making is not an ‘add on’ to policymakers day to day
work. It should be embedded across Government organisations - at all levels
and at all points in the policymaking process. Policymakers need to be
supported to develop, trial, and understand a range of different approaches.
Further, citizen and end-user engagement is a continuously developing field,
with different tools and techniques advancing on an ongoing basis. The
Government has great expertise to draw on. Meeting people’s needs has
always been at the heart of GOV.UK’s mission. HMG can learn a lot about
citizens’ needs and behaviours from their interactions with government online.
This can help us to be more responsive to people, develop better services, and
inform more effective policymaking.

How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem?
Open policymaking is a means of civic participation. Citizen engagement, as
part of that process, is a continuously developing field, with new evidence of
benefits and limitations of different techniques in different settings emerging
on an ongoing basis. There is no single correct model that should be adopted in
any given scenario, but instead a range of possible approaches, the design of
which needs to be adapted to the specific context of implementation as well as
the user groups you are designing for.
It is, therefore, important that governments and civil society continue to
explore the efficacy of different approaches to inclusive citizen engagement in
different scenarios, but do so in an agile way that enables continued
development of approaches, and encourages the sharing of best practice
across both Whitehall and local government.

Lead implementing organisation
Cabinet Office

March 2019 - Autumn 2021

OGP values
Civic participation, Access to information.

Other actors involved - government
Policy Lab, Cabinet Office What works team, Cabinet Office GDS
Other actors involved - CSOs, private sector, working groups, multilaterals, etc
Children’s Rights Alliance for England, Sense about Science

Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfil the commitment

Update the Open Policy Making Toolkit in collaboration
with delivery partners and stakeholders

Deliver at least 4 Open Policy Making demonstrator
projects (share learnings from 2018/19 in April and May
of 2019/20, feeding into NAP governance)

Identify stakeholders and proactively engage to verify
and publish outcomes of Open Policy Making impacts

Convene stakeholders to co-create new, and update
existing, standards for Open Policy Making approaches
based on mutually agreed best practice

Showcase Open Policy Making approaches and projects
back to stakeholders through existing channels (blogs,
toolkit, in-person presentations etc)


  1. Grants Data

    UK0090, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Public Participation

    UK0091, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Open Policy Making

    UK0092, 2019, Open Regulations

  4. Open Contracting Data

    UK0093, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Natural Resource Transparency

    UK0094, 2019, Access to Information

  6. Innovation in Democracy Programme

    UK0095, 2019, Open Regulations

  7. Sustainable Open Government

    UK0096, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Local Transparency

    UK0097, 2019, Access to Information

  9. Beneficial Ownership – UK

    UK0063, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  10. Natural Resource Transparency

    UK0064, 2016, Access to Information

  11. Anti-Corruption Strategy

    UK0065, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  12. Anti-Corruption Innovation Hub

    UK0066, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  13. Open Contracting

    UK0067, 2016, Access to Information

  14. Grants Data

    UK0068, 2016, Access to Information

  15. Elections Data

    UK0069, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Revising Freedom of Information Act Code of Practice

    UK0070, 2016, Access to Information

  17. Identifying and Publishing Core Data Assets

    UK0071, 2016, Access to Information

  18. Involving Data Users in Shaping the Future of Open Data

    UK0072, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Better Use of Data Assets

    UK0073, 2016, Access to Information

  20. GOV.UK

    UK0074, 2016, Access to Information

  21. Ongoing Collaborative Approach to Open Government Reform

    UK0075, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Government at All Levels

    UK0076, 2016, Public Participation

  23. Open Policy-Making and Public Engagement

    UK0077, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Public Sector Innovation

    UK0078, 2016, Access to Information

  25. OCDS Implementation

    UK0079, 2016, Access to Information

  26. Open-Up Government

    UK0080, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Open Data Plan

    UK0081, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Open Data Service

    UK0082, 2016, Access to Information

  29. Statswales

    UK0083, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Data Research Centre Wales

    UK0084, 2016, E-Government

  31. Government Social Research Publication Protocol

    UK0085, 2016, E-Government

  32. Gov.Wales

    UK0086, 2016, E-Government

  33. Code of Practice in Supply Chains

    UK0087, 2016, Labor

  34. Starred commitment National Indicators for Wales

    UK0088, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  35. Starred commitment Well-Being Duty

    UK0089, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. National Information Infrastructure

    UK0042, 2013,

  37. NHS England Website and Network

    UK0043, 2013, Health

  38. Revised Local Authories Data Transparency Code

    UK0044, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Transparent Social Investment Market

    UK0045, 2013, Access to Information

  40. Manage and Capture Digital Records

    UK0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  41. Starred commitment Cross-Government Anti-Corruption Plan

    UK0047, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  42. Starred commitment Company Beneficial Ownership Information

    UK0048, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  43. Access to Police Records

    UK0049, 2013, Justice

  44. Transparency in Construction

    UK0050, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  45. Legislative Openness

    UK0051, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  46. Whistleblowing

    UK0052, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  47. Open Contracting

    UK0053, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  48. Open Contracting Scotland

    UK0054, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  49. Starred commitment International Aid Transparency

    UK0055, 2013, Access to Information

  50. Health Care Data

    UK0056, 2013, Access to Information

  51. Open Policy Making

    UK0057, 2013, E-Government

  52. Sciencewise

    UK0058, 2013, E-Government

  53. Publication of Draft Legislation

    UK0059, 2013, Legislative

  54. OpenDataCommunities Programme

    UK0060, 2013, Access to Information

  55. PSI Re-Use Directive

    UK0061, 2013, Access to Information

  56. Starred commitment Extractive Transparency

    UK0062, 2013, Access to Information

  57. Ensuring a Clear Process to Support Reduction in Collection of ‘Unnecessary Data’

    UK0024, 2011, E-Government

  58. Developing Data.Gov.Uk and Identifying Other Digital Channels to Support Users

    UK0025, 2011,

  59. Evidence and Databases Behind Policy Statements

    UK0026, 2011, E-Government

  60. Data Underlying Surveys

    UK0027, 2011, E-Government

  61. Examining Ways for Improving the Use of Existing Published Data

    UK0028, 2011, E-Government

  62. Stimulate the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    UK0029, 2011, Access to Information

  63. Spend up to 5% of Budget Support on Accountability

    UK0030, 2011, E-Government

  64. Include the OGP Eligibility Criteria to Determine Readiness for UK Budget Support

    UK0031, 2011, Aid

  65. Publish Aid Information from All ODA Government Departments

    UK0032, 2011, Aid

  66. Use a Single Domain for Government Services

    UK0033, 2011, E-Government

  67. Mandate ‘Channel Shift’

    UK0034, 2011, E-Government

  68. Go Online for All Consultations

    UK0035, 2011, E-Government

  69. Develop Practical Guidelines on Departmental Access to Internet and Social Media

    UK0036, 2011, Civic Space

  70. Open Data and Application Interfaces in Ways That Encourage Businesses

    UK0037, 2011, Access to Information

  71. Create Cross-Government Standards on APIs

    UK0038, 2011,

  72. Establish Standardised Formats for User-Satisfaction Data

    UK0039, 2011,

  73. Provide Government Documents in Open Standard Format

    UK0040, 2011, Access to Information

  74. Implement Crowd-Sourcing and Engagement Processes

    UK0041, 2011,

  75. New Power to Secure Release of Valuable Datasets

    UK0001, 2011,

  76. New, Higher Cost Cap for FOI

    UK0002, 2011, Access to Information

  77. Meaningful Disincentives

    UK0003, 2011,

  78. Maximum Time Limits

    UK0004, 2011, Access to Information

  79. Altered Procurement Rules

    UK0005, 2011,

  80. Mandating Phased Introduction of ‘Public by Default’

    UK0006, 2011, E-Government

  81. Formalising Public Data Principles

    UK0007, 2011,

  82. Having in Place an Open Data Compliance Monitoring Process

    UK0008, 2011,

  83. Making Clear the Minimum Citizens Can Expect on Publication and Quality of Data

    UK0009, 2011,

  84. Ensuring a Line of Continuous Improvement for Public Service Providers

    UK0010, 2011, Access to Information

  85. Encourage Continuous Improvement

    UK0011, 2011,

  86. Setting Out How Citizens Can Challenge Where There Is Failure in the Process

    UK0012, 2011, Public Participation

  87. Establishing an Obligation to Consider and Act on User Feedback

    UK0013, 2011, Public Participation

  88. Making Clear That Licenses Must Cover Free, Commercial Re-Use

    UK0014, 2011,

  89. Merge Information Asset Registers…Into a Single Data Inventory

    UK0015, 2011,

  90. Set Consistent Expectations of the Appropriate Quality of Meta-Data

    UK0016, 2011, Records Management

  91. For Data Co-Ordinated Across Government, Set Definitions

    UK0017, 2011, E-Government

  92. Introducing Corporate Responsibility at Transparency Board Level

    UK0018, 2011,

  93. Strengthening and Broadening the Public Sector Transparency Board

    UK0019, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  94. Bringing the Sector Transparency Board Model to Other Parts of Public Sector

    UK0020, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  95. Reviewing the Existing Governance and Regulatory Model

    UK0021, 2011,

  96. Establishing a Framework for Public Service Providers Data Inventories

    UK0022, 2011, Records Management

  97. Developing a Clear Methodology to Support Intelligent Inventories

    UK0023, 2011,

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