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United States

Enhance the Use of U.S. Foreign Assistance Information (US0085)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: United States Action Plan 2015-2017

Action Plan Cycle: 2015

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: NA

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Aid, E-Government

IRM Review

IRM Report: United States End-of-Term IRM Report 2015-2017, United States Mid-Term Report 2015-2017

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Greater transparency and quality of foreign aid data promotes effective and sustainable development by helping recipient governments manage their aid flows and by empowering citizens to hold governments accountable for the use of assistance. Increased transparency also supports evidence-based, data-driven approaches to foreign aid. The first two NAPs called for agencies administering foreign assistance to publish their aid information in line with the internationally agreed-upon standard. Agencies have published information and data to ForeignAssistance.gov, with plans for incremental progress to address the quality and completeness of the data. However, producing additional, higher-quality data does not address the capacity of stakeholders to use the data, nor does it ensure that stakeholders know the data even exists.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 32. Increase Transparency in Spending

Commitment Text:

Increase Transparency in Spending

The Administration continues to look for new ways to increase transparency in Federal spending. In 2015, the Budget of the U.S. Government was made available in an open-source format for the first time, allowing the public to explore it in new and creative ways. In addition, the Administration finalized data standards as required by landmark legislation mandating transparency of spending data, the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act). These data standards provide a basis to improve the quality and consistency of Federal spending data, and as a result, help provide the public with valuable, usable information on how Federal dollars are spent. Better understanding of U.S. government finances will increase public confidence and increased use of the data will drive innovation and economic growth. In addition to continually engaging stakeholders from inside and outside of government on expanding Federal spending transparency efforts, the United States will:

  • Publish Standardized, Reliable, and Reusable Federal Spending Data. The Department of the Treasury and the Office of Management and Budget will leverage technology to engage stakeholders and adopt a highly participatory and innovative approach to develop a re-imagined USAspending.gov to make spending data more accessible and searchable. This will also include an expansion of the data disclosed to include all account-level expenditures in a structured industry format. The Administration will provide regular progress updates to give both Federal agencies and taxpayers a better understanding of the impact of Federal funds.
  • Improve the Usability of Public Procurement and Grants Systems and Make It Easier to Identify Awardees. The United States will leverage digital technologies and stakeholder feedback to improve the effectiveness of the public procurement and grants systems and foster openness and competition. This includes modernizing the online environment in which contract opportunities can be found and where grant programs are catalogued, and establishing a transparent process to explore alternatives for how Federal awardees are identified.
  • Centralize Integrity and Ownership Information of Contractors. The Administration will facilitate the display, in a unified view, of the integrity information of Federal contractors and grant recipients. For contractors, this will include additional information on labor violations, identification of parent and subsidiary organizations, and information about corporate contractor performance in order to give acquisition officials a comprehensive understanding of the performance and integrity of a corporation in carrying out Federal contracts and grants.

Responsible Institutions: Office of Management and Budget, Department of Treasury, and General Services Administration

Supporting Institutions: All Federal agencies, civil society organizations

Start Date: Not Specified End Date: Not Specified

Commitment 33. Improve the Quality and Use of US Foreign Assistance Information

Commitment Text:

Improve the Quality and Enhance the Use of U.S. Foreign Assistance Information

Greater transparency and quality of foreign aid data promotes effective and sustainable development by helping recipient governments manage their aid flows and by empowering citizens to hold governments accountable for the use of assistance. Increased transparency also supports evidence-based, data-driven approaches to foreign aid. The first two NAPs called for agencies administering foreign assistance to publish their aid information in line with the internationally agreed-upon standard. Agencies have published information and data to ForeignAssistance.gov, with plans for incremental progress to address the quality and completeness of the data. However, producing additional, higher-quality data does not address the capacity of stakeholders to use the data, nor does it ensure that stakeholders know the data even exists. To raise awareness, increase accessibility, and build demand for foreign assistance data, the United States will:

  • Improve the Quality, Comprehensiveness, and Completeness of Foreign Assistance Data. U.S. agencies will substantially improve the quality and increase the comprehensiveness and completeness of the data reported in accordance with the internationally recognized Busan common standard, emphasizing the reporting of commonly established subnational geographic information, project documents and information, results, and sector codes as priority data needs for users.
  • Build Capacity to Use Data. The Administration will support selective capacity-development efforts in partner countries to make it easier to use U.S. foreign assistance data for effective decision-making, including in pursuit of achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The United States will explore ways to promote and increase data accessibility and the dissemination of data to stakeholders through offline methods and will promote existing foreign assistance information sources and raise awareness for aid transparency efforts to contribute to increased data use by U.S. Government and civil society and the international community.

Responsible Institutions: Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), Department of State, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Supporting Institutions: Agencies that have foreign assistance funds in their portfolio and civil society organizations

Start Date: Not Specified End Date: Not Specified

Commitment Aim

This commitment aimed to improve the quality of US Foreign Assistance Information and enhance the accessibility and usage of that information by:

  • Improving the quality and comprehensiveness of foreign aid data reporting by federal agencies administering foreign assistance, with reported data using the Busan common standard; and
  • Supporting capacity-development programs in partner countries to enhance partners’ ability to use US foreign aid data.

The ultimate goal of the commitment is to promote effective and sustainable development, empower citizens to hold governments accountable for the use of assistance, and support evidence-based, data-driven approaches to foreign aid. However, the commitment activities focus, at least in the short term, on improving the quality, dissemination, and usage of information.

Status

Midterm: Limited

At the midterm, the government had made limited progress on this commitment:

  • With respect to data quality and comprehensiveness, and as described in the government’s midterm self-assessment report, in November 2016 the US State Department released an onboarding toolkit and coaching sessions directed at agencies that had not yet begun to report their aid data on ForeignAssistance.gov, resulting in the onboarding of several additional federal agencies by mid-2016.[1] However, by the close of the midterm reporting period (June 2016), no additional agencies had begun reporting data on ForeignAssistance.gov relative to the start of the evaluation period (October 2015).[2] Completion on Milestone 33.1 was therefore limited at the midterm.
  • With respect to capacity-building program to facilitate aid data usage in partner countries, the US State Department, alongside the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Millennium Challenge Corporation, engaged in a variety of public-facing activities to raise awareness and usage of aid data (including through the use of ForeignAssistance.gov), such as through blog posts,[3] hackathons organized as part of the National Day for Civic Hacking,[4] and working with university-level students through the State Department’s Diplomacy Lab Program.[5] The government also launched an Application Programming Interface (API) for ForeignAssistance.gov.[6] In light of these activities, Milestone 33.2 was assessed as substantially complete at the midterm. The milestone was not complete because there was no evidence of capacity-building programs in partner countries, as stipulated in the commitment text.

End of term: Substantial

At the end of term, the government had made substantial progress on this commitment.

With the exception of the Department of Commerce, all other agencies that completed the onboarding process at the midterm (the Departments of Energy, Labor, Transportation, and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation) had begun reporting data to ForeignAssistance.gov by the close of the end-of-term evaluation period, for a total of 18 reporting agencies (Milestone 33.1).[7] Overall, this represents a substantial increase relative to the close of the midterm evaluation period (June 2016), when only 10 agencies reported data to the site.[8] The other federal agencies that are engaged in foreign assistance but that do not yet report data to ForeignAssistance.gov are the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, and the US Trade Development Agency.[9]

At the end of term, the government had made less progress in enhancing the quality and comprehensiveness of the aid data available on the site. In particular, for fiscal year 2016—the most recently completed year covered by the evaluation period—the 18 agencies reporting aid data were each responsible for reporting data on four types of financial information (planned data, obligations, disbursements, and individual transactions), for a total of 72 data points.[10] However, at the time of writing, complete data was only available for 29 of 72 data points across all reporting agencies for 2016, covering only 40% of the requested data. Agencies reported partial data for 24 of 72 data points, covering roughly 33.5% of the requested data, and reported no data for 19 of 72 data points, indicating that data was lacking for roughly 26.5% of the requested data.[11] Through the first three quarters of 2017, data was fully available for 28 of 72 data points (39%), partially available for 17 of 72 data points (23.5%), and unavailable for 27 of 72 data points (37.5%).[12] These figures should be interpreted cautiously relative to 2016, as several months of data reporting remained in 2017 as of the time of writing.

In addition, the State Department has made an effort to improve the quality and availability of foreign assistance information through the Foreign Assistance Data Review (FADR). In December 2015, an interagency FADR working group proposed recommendations to improve the State Department’s ability to monitor and report on foreign assistance activities.[13] In 2016, the working group also announced a new Data Element Index.[14] Nonetheless, according to a June 2017 report by the Office of Inspector General, the working group “had made limited progress in meeting its goal of developing a comprehensive plan to improve the Department’s foreign assistance data tracking and reporting” and “lacked executive guidance and support.”[15] According to the State Department, since June 2017, the agency has been implementing a new solution for reporting and maintaining foreign assistance data in accordance with FADR recommendations. The State Department further noted that these efforts had led to increased transaction data and improved data reporting on ForeignAssistance.gov as of March 2018, after the close of the action plan.[16]

Relatedly, on 15 July 2016, President Obama signed into law the Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016.[17] Under Section 4 of the act, federal agencies that administer covered US federal assistance must provide the Secretary of State with “comprehensive information” on their foreign assistance programs, to be subsequently published on ForeignAssistance.gov. Agencies are required to begin reporting this information on a quarterly basis no later than two years after the act’s enactment (i.e. by 15 July 2018).[18] In this regard, the act’s passage reinforces the data reporting efforts being carried out under this commitment. In light of the increased number of agencies reporting data to ForeignAssistance.gov, the IRM researcher assesses that Milestone 33.1 is substantially complete.

With respect to capacity-building programs involving partner countries (Milestone 33.2), the State Department informed the IRM that the ForeignAssistance.gov team traveled to Indonesia, Thailand, and Malawi to raise awareness of foreign assistance data and encourage data use.[19] A State Department blog post provides additional details on the Malawi trip.[20] For example, the one-week-long trip focused on understanding the demand for and use of foreign assistance data, as well as raising awareness of the data. The State Department further noted that the ForeignAssistance.gov team discussed with Malawi’s Ministry of Finance how data from ForeignAssistance.gov could be incorporated into Malawi’s Aid Management System.[21]

While these visits represent concrete efforts to promote data usage, the text of Milestone 33.2 is too vague for the IRM to determine that these visits fulfill the milestone completely. For instance, the milestone does not specify how many “capacity-development efforts in partner countries” the US government will undertake, nor if these “efforts” constitute trips like that to Malawi, or something else entirely. In light of this ambiguity, the IRM considers that Milestone 33.2 remained substantially complete at the end of term.

Nonetheless, the trips aimed at raising awareness of foreign assistance data are important initiatives. According to Oxfam America, it “and others in the advocacy community urged the US to incorporate this data use commitment with a specific focus on efforts to promote awareness and use of data about US foreign aid programs in the countries where those programs take place… this local use of the information is part of the point of aid transparency.”[22]

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Marginal

This commitment has marginally opened government with respect to access to information. While the number of federal agencies reporting data to ForeignAssistance.gov has roughly doubled over the course of the evaluation period, there are ongoing gaps in data availability at the end of term, as described above.

In addition, there are still issues of data quality and standardization. For example, a November 2017 analysis by Publish What You Fund highlighted major inconsistencies between foreign assistance data platforms, such as USAID’s Foreign Aid Explorer and ForeignAssistance.gov.[23] While the author noted the usefulness of being able to download the latest planned data from the latter site, she also pointed out that “having such vast differences in the data seriously undermines credibility and discourages use.”[24] A September 2016 report from the Government Accountability Office similarly noted that the data on ForeignAssistance.gov was incomplete and lacked verified annual data.[25] While the government also launched the ForeignAssistance.gov API and carried out capacity-building efforts as part of this commitment, more significant improvements to data availability and quality are needed to achieve a major change in the level of public access to foreign assistance information.

Carried Forward?

At the time of writing, the US government had not published its fourth national action plan, so it is unclear if this commitment will be carried forward. The government should nevertheless continue to improve the scope and quality of foreign assistance data reported to ForeignAssistance.gov, with the goal of having all federal agencies engaged in covered foreign assistance report full data to the platform by mid-July 2018.

The Foreign Aid Accountability and Transparency Act of 2016 has the potential to reinforce and invigorate agencies’ reporting efforts substantially over the next two years, including by streamlining different platforms, and is a necessary regulatory complement to ForeignAssistance.gov in light of agencies’ partially-incomplete reporting efforts thus far.


[1] Open Government Partnership. “United States of America Midterm Self-Assessment Report for the Open Government Partnership: Third Open Government National Action Plan, 2015–2017.” p. 35 September 2016. https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2001/01/USA_NAP3_self-assessment-report_20160916.pdf. Consulted 9 October 2017.

[2] Based on archived versions of ForeignAssistance.gov from 30 October 2015 (available here: http://bit.ly/2hcOEuC) and 1 July 2016 (available here: http://bit.ly/2walmPQ), the number of agencies submitting data to ForeignAssistance.gov remained the same (10).

[3] Vega, Dennis.. “Call to Action: Drive Demand For Open Foreign Assistance Information.” InterAction. 26 May 2016 https://www.interaction.org/newsroom/blog/call-action-drive-demand-open-foreign-assistance-information. Consulted 9 October 2017.

[4] Code for America. “National Day of Civic Hacking, Challenge: Open Foreign Assistance.” 4 June 2016. https://www.codeforamerica.org/events/national-day-2016/challenge-open-foreign-assistance. Consulted 9 October 2017.

[5] International Development in Practice. “Assessing and Developing Usability For Foreign Aid Data Diplomacy Lab.” 2 January 2016. http://intdev.squarespace.com/dat-projects/2016/1/2/assessing-and-developing-usability-for-foreign-aid-data-diplomacy-lab-fall-2015. Consulted 9 October 2017.

[6] ForeignAssistance.gov. “For Developers.” http://www.foreignassistance.gov/developers. Consulted 9 October 2017.

[7] ForeignAssistance.gov. “Homepage.” https://foreignassistance.gov/. Consulted 24 September 2017.

[8] Assessed using the Wayback Machine to assess the number of reporting agencies as of 1 July 2016 as indicated on the ForeignAssistance.gov homepage from that date. For the Wayback Machine, see https://web.archive.org/. Consulted 24 September 2017.

[9] This assessment was carried out by comparing the list of reporting agencies appearing on the homepage of ForeignAssistance.gov to a list of US government agencies managing foreign assistance funds and programs on the “About ForeignAssistance.gov” page of that website. See ForeignAssistance.gov. “Homepage.” https://foreignassistance.gov/. Consulted 24 September 2017. See also ForeignAssistance.gov. “About ForeignAssistance.gov.” https://foreignassistance.gov/. Consulted 24 September 2017.

[10] As indicated on ForeignAssistance.gov, the 18 agencies reporting aid data were each responsible for reporting data on four different types of financial information: planned data, obligations, disbursements, and individual transactions. See ForeignAssistance.gov. “Understanding the Data.” https://foreignassistance.gov/learn/understanding-the-data. Consulted 24 September 2017.

[11] Ibid.

[12] Ibid.

[13] “Findings Report,” US Department of State, Foreign Assistance Data Review, December 2015, https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/250931.pdf, consulted 7 May 2018.

[14] “Phase Two – Data Element Index,” US State Department, Foreign Assistance Data Review, Winter 2016, https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/267146.pdf, consulted 7 May 2018.

[15] “Compliance Follow-up Review: Department of State is Still Unable to Accurately Track and Report on Foreign Assistance Funds,” US Department of State, Office of Inspector General, June 2017, https://oig.state.gov/system/files/isp-c-17-27.pdf, consulted 7 May 2018, 1-3.

[16] The IRM first received this information from the State Department on 30 April 2018 in a comment submitted as part of the pre-publication review of this report. The information was later clarified on 21 May 2018 in a comment submitted as part of the public commenting period of this report. All information was received via e-mail correspondence.

[17] Congress.gov. “H.R.3766 - Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016.” https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/3766/text. Consulted 24 September 2017.

[18] Ibid. Section 4.

[19] The State Department submitted this information to the IRM in a comment during the pre-publication review of this report. The IRM received the comment via e-mail on 30 April 2018.

[20] Dennis Vega, “Dispatches from the Field: Exploring Aid Transparency in Malawi,” 13 January 2017, http://2007-2017-blogs.state.gov/stories/2017/01/13/dispatches-field-exploring-aid-transparency-malawi.html, consulted 7 May 2018.

[21] The State Department submitted this information to the IRM in a comment during the pre-publication review of this report. The IRM received the comment via e-mail on 30 April 2018.

[22] Comments submitted to the IRM researcher during the drafting of the report.

[23] Paxton, Sally. “US Data on Foreign Assistance: What to know and what to use,” Publish What You Fund, 13 November 2017, http://www.publishwhatyoufund.org/us-data-foreign-assistance/

[24] Ibid.

[25] Government Accountability Office, “Actions Needed to Improve Transparency and Quality of Data on ForeignAssistance.gov.” 7 September 2016, https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-16-768


Commitments

  1. Federal Data Strategy

    US0105, 2019, E-Government

  2. Grants Accountability

    US0106, 2019, E-Government

  3. Public Access to Federally Funded Research

    US0107, 2019, E-Government

  4. Workforce Data Standards

    US0108, 2019, E-Government

  5. Chief Data Officers

    US0109, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. Open Data for Public Health

    US0110, 2019, E-Government

  7. Enterprise Objective

    US0111, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Developing Future Action Plans

    US0112, 2019, OGP

  9. Reconstitution of the USA.gov

    US0053, 2015, E-Government

  10. Accessibility of Government Information Online

    US0054, 2015, Marginalized Communities

  11. Access to Educational Resources

    US0055, 2015, Open Data

  12. Public Listing of Every Address in the US

    US0056, 2015, Open Data

  13. Informed Decisions About Higher Education.

    US0057, 2015, Open Data

  14. New Authentication Tools to Protect Individual Privacy and Ensure That Personal Records Go Only to the Intended Recipients.

    US0058, 2015, Public Service Delivery

  15. Transparency of Open311

    US0059, 2015, E-Government

  16. Support Medicine Research Throught Opening up Relevant Data of the Field

    US0060, 2015, Health

  17. Access to Workforce Data

    US0061, 2015, Open Data

  18. Using Evidence and Concrete Data to Improve Public Service Delivery

    US0062, 2015, Capacity Building

  19. Expand Use of the Federal Infrastructure Permitting Dashboard

    US0063, 2015,

  20. Consolidation of Import and Export Systems

    US0064, 2015, E-Government

  21. Improving Government Records

    US0065, 2015, Open Data

  22. Starred commitment Ammendments to FOIA

    US0066, 2015, Open Data

  23. Streamline the Declassification Process

    US0067, 2015, Capacity Building

  24. Implement the Controlled Unclassified Information Program

    US0068, 2015, Open Data

  25. Transparency of Privacy Programs and Practices

    US0069, 2015, Capacity Building

  26. Transparency of Federal Use of Investigative Technologies

    US0070, 2015, E-Government

  27. Increase Transparency of the Intelligence Community

    US0071, 2015, Capacity Building

  28. Starred commitment Open Science Through Open Data

    US0072, 2015, Open Data

  29. Open Data Portal

    US0073, 2015, E-Government

  30. Increase Transparency of Trade Policy and Negotiations

    US0074, 2015, E-Government

  31. Develop a Machine Readable Government Organizational Chart

    US0075, 2015, E-Government

  32. Improving Public Participation

    US0076, 2015, Public Participation

  33. Expand Public Participation in the Development of Regulations

    US0077, 2015, Public Participation

  34. Civic Engagement in Decision-Making Processes

    US0078, 2015, Public Participation

  35. Open Mapping

    US0079, 2015, E-Government

  36. Tracking OGP Implementation

    US0080, 2015, OGP

  37. Strengthening Whistleblower Protection

    US0081, 2015, Capacity Building

  38. Transparency of Legal Entities

    US0082, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  39. Extractive Industries Transparency

    US0083, 2015, Extractive Industries

  40. Spending Transparency

    US0084, 2015, E-Government

  41. Enhance the Use of U.S. Foreign Assistance Information

    US0085, 2015, Aid

  42. Participatory Budgets and Responsive Spending

    US0086, 2015, Participation in Budget Processes

  43. Expand Access to Justice to Promote Federal Programs

    US0087, 2015, E-Government

  44. Starred commitment Build Safer Communities with Police Open Data

    US0088, 2015, E-Government

  45. Open Federal Data to Benefit Local Communities

    US0089, 2015, E-Government

  46. Support the Municipal Data Network

    US0090, 2015, E-Government

  47. Foster Data Ecosystems

    US0091, 2015, Capacity Building

  48. Extend Digital, Data-Driven Government to Federal Government’S Support for Communities

    US0092, 2015, Capacity Building

  49. Promote Implementation of SDGs

    US0093, 2015, Open Data

  50. Starred commitment Promote Open Climate Data

    US0094, 2015, E-Government

  51. Air Quality Data Available

    US0095, 2015, E-Government

  52. Promote Food Security and Data Sharing for Agriculture and Nutrition

    US0096, 2015, Capacity Building

  53. Promote Data Sharing About Global Preparedness for Epidemic Threats

    US0097, 2015, Capacity Building

  54. Promote Global Interconnectivity

    US0098, 2015, Aid

  55. Open Contracting

    US0099, 2015, Capacity Building

  56. Harness the Data Revolution for Sustainable Development

    US0100, 2015, OGP

  57. Open Government to Support Global Sustainable Development

    US0101, 2015, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Open Collaboration Onf the Arctic

    US0102, 2015, Environment and Climate

  59. Support Capacity Building for Extractives Transparency

    US0103, 2015, Capacity Building

  60. Support Responsible Investment and Business Practices for Companies

    US0104, 2015, Private Sector

  61. Improve Public Participation in Government

    US0027, 2013, Capacity Building

  62. Modernize Management of Government Records

    US0028, 2013, Records Management

  63. Modernize the Freedom of Information Act

    US0029, 2013, Capacity Building

  64. Transform the Security Classification System

    US0030, 2013, Records Management

  65. Implement the Controlled Unclassified Information Program

    US0031, 2013, Security

  66. Increase Transparency of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Activities

    US0032, 2013, E-Government

  67. Make Privacy Compliance Information More Accessible

    US0033, 2013, E-Government

  68. Support and Improve Agency Implementation of Open Government Plans

    US0034, 2013, OGP

  69. Strengthen and Expand Whistleblower Protections for Government Personnel

    US0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  70. Increase Transparency of Legal Entities Formed in the United States

    US0036, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  71. Starred commitment Implement the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    US0037, 2013, Environment and Climate

  72. Make Fossil Fuel Subsidies More Transparent

    US0038, 2013, Extractive Industries

  73. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Spending

    US0039, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  74. Increase Transparency of Foreign Assistance

    US0040, 2013, Aid

  75. Continue to Improve Performance.Gov

    US0041, 2013, E-Government

  76. Consolidate Import and Export Systems to Curb Corruption

    US0042, 2013, Private Sector

  77. Promote Public Participation in Community Spending Decisions

    US0043, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  78. Expand Visa Sanctions to Combat Corruption

    US0044, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  79. Further Expand Public Participation in the Development of Regulations

    US0045, 2013, Capacity Building

  80. Open Data to the Public

    US0046, 2013, E-Government

  81. Continue to Pilot Expert Networking Platforms

    US0047, 2013, Public Participation

  82. Reform Government Websites

    US0048, 2013, E-Government

  83. Promote Innovation Through Collaboration and Harness the Ingenuity of the American Public

    US0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  84. Promote Open Education to Increase Awareness and Engagement

    US0050, 2013, E-Government

  85. Deliver Government Services More Effectively Through Information Technology

    US0051, 2013, E-Government

  86. Increase Transparency in Spending

    US0052, 2013, E-Government

  87. Reform Records Management

    US0001, 2011, Records Management

  88. Lead a Multi-Agency Effort

    US0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Monitor Agency Implementation of Plans

    US0003, 2011, OGP

  90. Provide Enforcement and Compliance Data Online

    US0004, 2011, Environment and Climate

  91. Advocate for Legislation Requiring Meaningful Disclosure

    US0005, 2011, Legislation & Regulation

  92. Apply Lessons from Recovery Act to Increate Spending Transparency

    US0006, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  93. Government-Wide Reporting Requirements for Foreign Aid

    US0007, 2011, Aid

  94. Use Performanc.Gov to Improve Government Performance and Accountability

    US0008, 2011, Public Service Delivery

  95. Overhaul the Public Participation Interface on Regulations.Gov

    US0009, 2011, Legislation & Regulation

  96. Launch Expertnet

    US0010, 2011, E-Government

  97. Launch International Space Apps Competition

    US0011, 2011, E-Government

  98. Launch “We the People”

    US0012, 2011,

  99. Open Source “We the People”

    US0013, 2011,

  100. Develop Best Practices and Metrics for Public Participation

    US0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  101. Professionalize the FOIA Administration

    US0015, 2011, Right to Information

  102. Harness the Power of Technology

    US0016, 2011, Right to Information

  103. Advocate for Legislation on Whistleblower Protection

    US0017, 2011, E-Government

  104. Explore Executive Authority to Protect Whistleblowers

    US0018, 2011, Legislation & Regulation

  105. Implement the EITI

    US0019, 2011, Extractive Industries

  106. Partnership to Build on Recent Progress

    US0020, 2011, Extractive Industries

  107. Promote Data.Gov to Spur Innovation Through Open Sourcing

    US0021, 2011, Open Data

  108. Data.Gov: Foster Communities on Data.Gov

    US0022, 2011, Education

  109. Begin Online National Dialogue with the American Public

    US0023, 2011, Public Participation

  110. Update Government-Wide Policies for Websites

    US0024, 2011,

  111. Promote Smart Disclosure to Ensure Timely Release of Information

    US0025, 2011, Capacity Building

  112. Publish Guidelines on Scientific Data

    US0026, 2011, Capacity Building