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This policy area covers the transparency, accountability, or participatory aspects of international development aid. Transparent information about aid funding allows countries receiving aid to use it better, citizens to hold their governments to account and donors to judge where aid is most needed.

For aid to be effective it depends on:

Donors and recipient governments (and institutions) being mutually accountable for commitments and results;
Recipient governments and institutions being accountable to their own citizens;
Donor governments being accountable to their own citizens;
Accountability between donors on commitments and coordination (Mulley, 2011).
Transparency underpins all of these forms of accountability. It is therefore important that donors provide information about the aid they give, and that they make this information publicly available in a comparable format and a way that people can easily understand. More and better information about aid will help to maximise the effectiveness of aid in reducing poverty because it helps partner countries and donor institutions plan and manage aid resources more effectively, parliaments and CSOs to hold governments to account for their use of aid resources and domestic taxpayers to see where their money is going, maintaining public support for development cooperation a time of financial stringency.

Without transparent aid information, countries that receive aid lack vital information to make decisions about domestic budgeting and spending, while donors are unable to judge where aid is most needed and how effective it is. Improving transparency and accountability in aid can also help to support the development of comprehensive and transparent national budgets which are crucial for citizens to hold their government to account in managing public money.

In 2005, under the Paris Declaration, donors committed to “provide timely, transparent and comprehensive information on aid flows so as to enable partner authorities to present comprehensive budget reports to their legislators and citizens”. At the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in 2011, donors made their commitments more specific, agreeing to implement a common, open standard for publishing aid information, based on the OECD’s Creditor Reporting System (CRS) and the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI). Each organisation that endorsed Busan Partnership was expected to produce implementation schedules by December 2012 and aim to fully implement the common standard by December 2015.


  1. International aid and development finance, corruption risks and the need for more transparency

    Two years ago, at the London anti-corruption summit, the former UK Prime Minister described Nigeria as a ‘fantastically corrupt country’.…

    2018, Perspective, Web Page

  2. Empowering Citizens, Opening Government

    Exactly 20 years ago, in the early months of 1998, I was a student living in Indonesia, witnessing in person…

    2018, Perspective, Web Page


  1. Starred commitment Disclose Information to the Public Relating to Foreign Loan Assistance Projects and Programs, Including the Total Amounts, Terms, Payback Duration and General Provisions Related to the Loan Rate, Board Members, and Implementation Bodies. Information About the Terms of Implementation of the Projects as Well as General Conditions of Contracts Between Suppliers and Buyers Shall Be Disclosed as Well.

    MN0007, 2014, Fiscal Openness

  2. Starred commitment International Aid Transparency

    UK0055, 2013, Aid

  3. Starred commitment International Aid Transparency Initiative: Publish Plan to Make CIDA Activities Available and Accessible

    CA0010, 2012, Aid

  4. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Civic Space

  5. Publish information about projects financed by Romania in the Republic of Moldova

    RO0072, 2020, Fiscal Openness

  6. Publish budget information online

    LR0038, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  7. Participation in Public Procurement Processes

    MN0038, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  8. Publish Data on Use of EU Grant Funding

    SK0128, 2019, Fiscal Openness

  9. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  10. International Transparency and Citizen Participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  11. Awarenss Raising About Social and Economic Development

    UA0074, 2018, Fiscal Openness

  12. Transparency in Development Policy

    DE0006, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  13. Define the Minimum Scope and Structure of the Disclosed Data on the Use of European Structural and Investment Funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and Subsidy Schemes From the State Budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  14. Publish Financial Data

    SK0079, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  15. Denmark’S Country Program for Uganda

    DK0061, 2017, Aid

  16. IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative)

    DK0063, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  17. Foreign Aid Transparency

    SL0013, 2016, Civic Space

  18. Transparency of Loans and Aid from Foreign Countries

    MN0028, 2016, Civic Space

  19. Publication of Data on Signed Contracts and Received Assistance Through Infrastructure Development Program (Orio) Netherlands

    MK0103, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  20. Publication of Data on Planned and Realized Domestic and Foreign Assistance for Rural Development and Agriculture on a Quarterly Basis

    MK0106, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  21. Determination of Data on State Assistance to Be Published and Their Publication

    MK0107, 2016, Aid

  22. Transparency in Aid Management

    SE0015, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  23. Support Openness and Transparency Initiatives Around the World

    CA0059, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  24. Opencoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  25. OPENAID 2.0

    IT0043, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  26. Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector

    TN0026, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  27. Citizens' Accessibility to ODA Statistics

    KR0034, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  28. Disclosing Information on International Aids

    KR0035, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  29. Strive to Improve the Environment and Provide Support for the Development of Civil Society Organizations

    BG0065, 2016, Civic Space

  30. Transparent Actions in the Integrated Management for Disaster Risk Reduction.

    GT0077, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  31. Open Aid Portal and Publication of Aid Data

    LR0012, 2015, Aid

  32. Link Financial Management System to Aid Management Platform

    LR0013, 2015, Aid

  33. Facilitate Tracking of EVD Funds

    LR0014, 2015, Fiscal Openness

  34. Enhance the Use of U.S. Foreign Assistance Information

    US0085, 2015, Aid

  35. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Civic Space

  36. Promote Global Interconnectivity

    US0098, 2015, Aid

  37. Increased Access to Swedish Aid Information

    SE0010, 2014, Civic Space

  38. Improved Opportunities for Dialogue and Transparency in Aid Management and Implementation

    SE0011, 2014, Aid

  39. Increased Aid Transparency at Global Level

    SE0012, 2014, Civic Space

  40. Open Government Assistance to Myanmar

    DK0048, 2014, Aid

  41. Foreign Aid and Foreign Investment

    MK0074, 2014, Civic Space

  42. Norwegian Grants Portal (MFA)

    NO0028, 2013, Aid

  43. Increase Transparency of Foreign Assistance

    US0040, 2013, Aid

  44. International Aid Transparency Initiative: Implement Plan

    CA0011, 2012, Aid

  45. Continuing the Development of the Openaid.Se Platform

    SE0001, 2012, Aid

  46. Ensuring Full Implementation of the IATI Standard by 2015

    SE0002, 2012, Aid

  47. Implementing the Commitments in the Busan Partnership Document

    SE0003, 2012, Civic Space

  48. Engaging in the Open Aid Partnership and Promoting ICT4D

    SE0006, 2012, Aid

  49. Donor Funding

    TZ0017, 2012, Aid

  50. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Design Aid Programmes

    DK0004, 2012, Aid

  51. Completion of the Second Phase of the Jordan Aid Information Management System-JAIMS

    JO0023, 2012, Civic Space

  52. Consultation and Transparency of Development Aid Programmes: Transparency in Aid

    DK0027, 2012, Aid

  53. Foreign Assistance and Foreign Investments

    MK0029, 2012, Aid

  54. Include the OGP Eligibility Criteria to Determine Readiness for UK Budget Support

    UK0031, 2011, Aid

  55. Publish Aid Information from All ODA Government Departments

    UK0032, 2011, Aid

  56. Transparency in the Management of Oil and Gas Revenues / Financial Transparency

    NO0010, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  57. Government-Wide Reporting Requirements for Foreign Aid

    US0007, 2011, Aid

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