OGP Minimum Eligibility Criteria
The timely publication of essential budget documents forms the basic building blocks of budget accountability and an open budget system.
Measurement: Two points awarded for publication of each of two essential documents (Executive’s Budget Proposal and Audit Report) for open budgets, using a sub-set indicators from the 2012 Open Budget Index, conducted by the International Budget Partnership, which covers 100 countries.
Access to Information
An access to information law that guarantees the public’s right to information and access to government data is essential to the spirit and practice of open government.
Measurement: 4 points awarded to countries with access to information laws in place, 3 points if a country has a constitutional provision guaranteeing access to information, and 1 point if a country has a draft access to information law under consideration. Countries with both a constitutional provision and a draft law under consideration will only be awarded the 3 points for the constitutional provision. Information taken from an ongoing survey by Right2Info.org (a collaboration of the Open Society Institute Justice Initiative and Access Info Europe) that covers 197 countries.
Disclosures Related to Elected or Senior Public Officials
Rules that require public disclosure of income and assets for elected and senior public officials are essential to anti-corruption and open, accountable government.
Measurement: 4 points awarded to countries with a law requiring disclosures for politicians and senior public officials to the public, 3 points awarded to countries with either a law requiring disclosures for politicians OR senior public officials to the public, and 2 points awarded for a law requiring non-public disclosures for elected or senior officials. Based on a 2009 World Bank-commissioned survey on disclosure by elected officials entitled "Disclosure by Politicians," by Simeon Djankov, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer, which covers 175 countries, a 2009 World Bank study on income and asset disclosure by senior officials entitled “Income and asset disclosure in World Bank client countries,” by Richard Messick, World Bank Senior Public Sector Specialist, which covers 149 countries and OECD Governance at a Glance 2009, covering 28 countries. Additionally supplemented by the World Bank's Public Officials Financial Disclosure database, which is updated on a rolling basis.
Open Government requires openness to citizen participation and engagement in policymaking and governance, including basic protections for civil liberties.
Measurement: Using the 2012 EIU Democracy Index’s Civil Liberties sub-indicator where 10 is the highest and 0 is the lowest score, 4 points for countries scoring above 7.5, 3 points for countries scoring above 5, 2 points for countries scoring above 2.5, and 0 points otherwise. The 2012 Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index covers 167 countries.
Countries can earn a total of 16 points for their performance against these minimum standards of open government. As the Open Budget Index covers only 100 countries, some countries are only measured on three criteria (and can earn up to 12 points). In order to participate in OGP, countries must score at least 75% of the total possible points available to them (e.g. 12 out of 16, or 9 out of 12).
An independent group of experts will oversee the minimum criteria for participation to ensure that all OGP participating countries remain in good standing and that the performance measures are up to date. The OGP Support Unit works with this independent group of experts to review countries scores each year and posts the updated results to the OGP website. The Support Unit is charged with informing the Steering Committee if a participating country falls below the minimum eligibility criteria at any point.
Any government can join OGP at any time once they have demonstrated that they meet these minimum criteria. For any questions, or for governments wishing to provide OGP with additional information regarding their performance on the eligibility criteria, please get in touch with OGP at email@example.com.
Countries Eligible to Participate in the Open Government Partnership
In order to participate in OGP, governments must exhibit a demonstrated commitment to open government in four key areas, as measured by objective indicators and validated by independent experts. As of March 31, 2013, 85 countries are eligibile to join OGP. Any government can join OGP at any time once they have demonstrated that they meet these minimum criteria, and can contact OGP at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.