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Armenia

Ensuring Open, Transparent, Participatory and Accountable Process of State Policies and Legislative Reforms (AM0022)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Armenia, Second Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Justice

Support Institution(s): ARAZA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Legislature, Public Participation, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Armenia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Making amendments in the agenda of the boards/councils of Ministries of the RA established by the protocol decision N 47 of November 20, 2008 of the RA government decision , that will:
• Separate and clarify the functions of boards and councils, will further specify the list of participants, their rights and responsibilities,
• Define open and transparent formation procedures and activities of councils, as well as the standards of CSO representation and professional qualification,

• Determine the introduction of electronic accountability system on the official websites of the RA Government and Ministries for making transparent and available the public proposals and official comments thereon, the annual reports of participatory and consultative bodies

IRM End of Term Status Summary

7. State Policies and Legislative Reforms

Commitment Text:

Independent research results show that the managing process of the Republic of Armenia public agencies sometimes has an informal nature because of the perception of the fundamental values ​​of open governance and legal problems. This gives rise to public mistrust and civic apathy towards the country’s governance and oversight. Therefore, the issue of the formation of the efficient, transparent and accountable civil society is necessary in the process of policy and legislative amendments.

Making amendments in the agenda of the boards/councils of Ministries of the RA established by the protocol decision N 47 of November 20, 2008 of the RA government decision, that will:

  1. Separate and clarify the functions of boards and councils, will further specify the list of participants, their rights and responsibilities,
  2. Define open and transparent formation procedures and activities of councils, as well as the standards of CSO representation and professional qualification,
  3. Determine the introduction of electronic accountability system on the official websites of the RA Government and Ministries for making transparent and available the public proposals and official comments thereon, the annual reports of participatory and consultative bodies.

Responsible Institution: Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Armenia

Supporting Institution(s): None

Start Date: August 2014 .......                                                                     End Date: August 2015

 

Commitment Aim

This commitment aims to promote public participation in policy development by including CSOs in the consultative bodies of governmental agencies. The Government set a goal to come up with a transparent mechanism of engaging CSOs in policy dialogue to address the issue of mistrust and civic apathy towards governance and oversight in Armenia.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

By July 2015 the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) presented the draft regulation regarding the rules governing the fuctioning of public councils. Civil society was invited to comment on the draft.

End of Term: Complete

Representatives of the NGO Araza and the Freedom of Information Center of Armenia actively participated in discussions around the draft regulation. On 26 November 2015, adopted the rules on the functioning of public councils adjacent to each ministry.  

As of the December 2016, some ministries created Public Councils  See, for example, the information on the Public Council created by following ministries: Ministry of Health available at http://bit.ly/2smEXyk; Ministry of Education and Science available at http://bit.ly/2sW9ekq; Ministry of Culture at http://bit.ly/2rcw4mS; Ministry of Labor and Social Issues at http://bit.ly/2smHCrV. , while others are still in the process of establishment of such councils. According to monitoring conducted by Araza, as of late November 2016, 13 out of 18 Ministries had created the Public Councils; one ministry was in the process of creation, one did not create owing to insufficient number of applications from CSOs, and three did not create Public Councils. Among the 13 Ministries that created Public Councils, three had not conducted any sessions. Araza also highlighted that on ministry websites, it is difficult to find information on Public Councils or on the minutes of their sessions.

Did it Open Government?

Civic Participation: Marginal

The government viewed the establishment of Public Councils as an effective instrument for engaging CSOs in policy development and discussion. Araza, an NGO which cooperated with the government on implementation of this commitment, considered the development as substantial and the MOJ to be cooperative. According to Araza, the change in attitude of different ministries is discernible and could be noticed while working on the draft of the third OGP national action plan. Araza also indicated that the creation of public councils elevates expectations from CSOs by strengthening their capacity to engage in meaningful discussions.

However, Araza also pointed out that implementation of this commitment highlighted certain problems. Specifically, it noted that the Government did not carry out public awareness raising campaign. CSOs’ lack of interest was characterized by a deficit of trust and motivation owing to the belief that Public Councils would be assigned formal roles, thereby minimizing CSOs’ influence in decision making. Ambiguity on roles of CSOs is another challenge that affects proper implementation of this commitment.”

Carried Forward?

The commitment is not included in the third action plan.


Armenia's Commitments

  1. Open Data in Official Declarations

    AM0035, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  2. Government Grant Transparency

    AM0036, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  3. Beneficial Ownership Register

    AM0037, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  4. Modernization of Community Website

    AM0038, 2018, E-Government

  5. State Water Cadastre

    AM0039, 2018, E-Government

  6. Land Cadastre

    AM0040, 2018, E-Government

  7. Integrated Social Services

    AM0041, 2018, E-Government

  8. Unified Information System for Management of Education

    AM0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Exploring Medical Assistance Program

    AM0043, 2018, E-Government

  10. Platform for Submitting Petitions

    AM0044, 2018, E-Government

  11. Public Service Dashboard

    AM0045, 2018, E-Government

  12. State Travel Transparency

    AM0027, 2016, E-Government

  13. Accountability for Grants of the Government

    AM0028, 2016, E-Government

  14. Transparency of the State Budget

    AM0029, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  15. "Open Data" in Official Declaration:

    AM0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  16. Portal for Community Decisions.

    AM0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Accountability Licensing

    AM0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Accessibility of Integrated Social Services

    AM0033, 2016, E-Government

  19. "One-Stop-Shop" Pilot Project Within Military Registration Offices

    AM0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Digitization and publication of data in the “Republican Geological Fund” SNCO

    AM0016, 2014, Extractive Industries

  21. Ensuring Transparency in Mining

    AM0017, 2014, Extractive Industries

  22. Ensuring Public Awareness About Health Care Financing

    AM0018, 2014, E-Government

  23. Ensuring Transparency of Asset and Income Declarations of the RA High-Ranking Officials

    AM0019, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  24. Online Broadcasting of the State Procurement Appeals Board Sessions

    AM0020, 2014, E-Government

  25. Community Microsurvey Introduction in 10 Communities

    AM0021, 2014, E-Government

  26. Ensuring Open, Transparent, Participatory and Accountable Process of State Policies and Legislative Reforms

    AM0022, 2014, E-Government

  27. Public Awareness on the Lawmaking Activity of State Governance Bodies

    AM0023, 2014, E-Government

  28. Ensuring Transparency of the Election of Governing Boards of the RA General Secondary Education Institutions and of the Annual Budget Planning and Expenses of Ra General Secondary Education Institutions

    AM0024, 2014, Education

  29. Knowledge and Capacity Building of Public Servants in the Freedom of Information and Anticorruption Field

    AM0025, 2014, Capacity Building

  30. Ensuring Transparency of Local Self Government Bodies of Large Communities

    AM0026, 2014, E-Government

  31. Reviewing the Regulatory Normative Legal Acts (Regulatory Guillotine Project)

    AM0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  32. Improving Internal Audit System for the Public Sector

    AM0002, 2012, Audits and Controls

  33. Improving Procurement Procedures

    AM0003, 2012, Capacity Building

  34. Improving Budget Planning and Reporting Systems Through Full Utilization of Program Budgeting

    AM0004, 2012, Audits and Controls

  35. Promoting Transparency and Objectiveness in Tax Administration

    AM0005, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  36. Fight Against Corruption

    AM0006, 2012, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  37. Introduction of a Unified Payment System (Portal)

    AM0007, 2012, E-Government

  38. State Car Inspection Improvements

    AM0008, 2012, Infrastructure & Transport

  39. Implementation of an Electronic System for Consular Services

    AM0009, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration

  40. Implementation of Mail-Armenia System

    AM0010, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration

  41. Introduction of e-Statistics System

    AM0011, 2012, E-Government

  42. Introduction of e-Documentation Sharing System in Urban Communities

    AM0012, 2012, E-Government

  43. Ensuring Transparency of Asset Declarations

    AM0013, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  44. Standardization of Offical Websites Content

    AM0014, 2012, E-Government

  45. Improvement of Knowledge and Skills of Public Servants on Access to Information

    AM0015, 2012, Capacity Building