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Brazil

Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities (BR0095)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil Ministry of Planning, Development and Management Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication Government Secretariat Interlegis Program Public Prosecutor's Office State Government of Mato Grosso Government of Federal District City hall of São Paulo, Control and Inspection Institute Social Observatoryof Brasília Transparency International Network for Transparency and Social Participation Brazilian Social Network for Fair and Sustainable Cities

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Public Participation, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Lead government institution Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Adenísio Álvaro Oliveira de Souza Position - Department General Coordinator/Federative Cooperation and Social Control Coordination E-mail adenisio.souza@cgu.gov.br Telephone 55 61 2020 6516 Other involved actors Government Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil Ministry of Planning, Development and Management Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication Government Secretariat Interlegis Program Public Prosecutor's Office State Government of Mato Grosso Government of Federal District City hall of São Paulo Civil society, private sector, group of workers and multilateral actors Control and Inspection Institute Social Observatoryof Brasília Transparency International Network for Transparency and Social Participation Brazilian Social Network for Fair and Sustainable Cities Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed The need of expanding open government tools usage, with emphasis on strategic actors in the states and municipalities by NGOs Main objective To expand the knowledge of strategic actors from subnational governmental bodies and civil society organizations on open government tools. Commitment short description Disseminate good practices related to open government already implemented in states and municipalities, and stimulate a collaborative development of tools for strengthening social participation OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Increase of Public Integrity Establishment of more secure communities Increase of corporative accountability Commitment relevance Relevant for fostering open government policies on subnational levels Goal Existing open government policies in sub-national governments Tangible open government policies on sub-national levels

IRM Midterm Status Summary

12. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

Commitment Text:

Implement open government fostering actions, with the engagement of civil society, considering the ongoing experiences in states and municipalities

The main objective of this commitment is to expand the knowledge of strategic actors from sub-national governmental bodies and civil society organizations on open government tools. Based on this perspective, the action set intends to disseminate good practices related to open government already implemented in states and municipalities, and stimulate a collaborative development of tools for strengthening social participation.

12.1 – Open government policies and experiences inventory taking, governmental and non-governmental, with more participation from the civil society

12.2 – Establishment of a set of actions and tools, which contemplates every open government directive, with participation of the civil society

12.3 – Project experiment implementation with the participation of the civil society

12.4 – Formal adjustments of actions and tools, with civil society participation

12.5 – Event to be organized by the government and the civil society, for presenting best practices and tools to managers, and for complying actions, via commitment term

12.6 – Program implementation partial results

12.7 – Open government tools use analysis

Responsible institution: Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil

Supporting institutions: Ministry of Planning, Development and Management, Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication, Government Secretariat, Interlegis Program, Public Prosecutor's Office, State Government of Mato Grosso, Government of Federal District, City hall of São Paulo, Control and Inspection Institute, Social Observatory of Brasília, Transparency International, Network for Transparency and Social Participation, Brazilian Social Network for Fair and Sustainable Cities

Start date: December 2016.. End date: November 2018

Context and Objectives

Open government has advanced further at the federal level than it has at the state and municipal levels. Thus, the goal of this commitment is to expand the knowledge of open government tools among strategic actors from subnational governmental bodies and civil society organizations. To achieve this, the government expects to disseminate to states and municipalities the good practices related to federal-level open government initiatives. In addition, the government proposes piloting a project with the participation of civil society, organizing a thematic event, and implementing a program to support subnational initiatives.

In Brazil, open government standards are generally worse in cities and states, compared to the federal level. This is evidenced by indexes of government transparency portals[1] and by civil society municipal indexes of transparency and civic participation.[2] The lowest levels of open government, according to the civil society indicator Transparent City, occur in the northern region of Brazil. Capital cities have a medium average score. Further, there are some standards, such as the announcement of public consultation and public hearing meetings, that no city delivered.[3]

The commitment has a medium level of specificity. While the commitment lists several key deliverables, there are few details about the expected characteristics of these products. For example, the nature of the pilot project and event organized in partnership with civil society remain unclear.

The commitment is relevant to access to information and civic participation, through the use of technology and innovation. The commitment could potentially address all OGP values if subnational actors used the new tools to adopt specific open government reforms. However, the explicit activities listed above focus only on publishing best practices (access to information) and engaging citizens (civic participation).

The commitment has a minor potential impact. Open government reforms at the subnational level could be particularly impactful given the status quo described above. The activities proposed in this commitment constitute a preliminary step forward. Collecting and promoting best practices are not major improvements on their own. However, these activities could indirectly lead to a greater future impact if the new tools are used by government and civil society to undertake transformative reforms.

Completion

The commitment has seen limited completion.

Milestones 12.1 and 12.2 have been completed. The government inventoried open government policies (milestone 12.1) using an online survey that was live for 30 days. The government then grouped the responses. A working group with members from civil society and government deliberated the responses. Stakeholders included the Ministry of Transparency, Oversight, and Comptroller-General; the São Paulo mayor’s office; and Observatório Social do Brasiland Agenda Pública. That deliberation resulted in a list of 21 mapped initiatives. The list had not been published at the time of writing, but it was sent to the IRM researcher for verification, along with details on civil society’s participation in the process. A prioritization list provided by milestone 12.1 informed the establishment of a set of actions and tools for use (milestone 12.2). The IRM was sent emails that confirm the creation of a list. The government drafted the list in collaboration with civil society representatives through a process in which decisions were reached by the consensus of those participating in the working group. The documentation was sent to the IRM researcher.

The implementation of a pilot project with the participation of the civil society (milestone 12.3) had begun at the time of writing. The project will most likely occur in November 2017 in two cities of the State of Pernambuco. The state prosecutor’s office, civil society, and academics will participate. Information emailed to the IRM researcher confirmed this.

Milestones 12.4-12.7 had not been initiated. The action plan set a date of October 2017 for the completion of milestones 12.1 and 12.2. Thus, the commitment is on schedule.

Early Results (if any)

The commitment aims to expand open government at the subnational level, strengthen social participation, and expand public knowledge through open government tools. All of these objectives align with the expected new tool kit. Nonetheless, due to the limited completion at the time of writing, there are no early results to report.

Next Steps

The commitment needs to be fully implemented. Subsequently, it will be important to focus more on program implementation and to be more specific about public problems addressed at the end of implementation. The government should also evaluate and leverage the process and early results of São Paulo’s participation in OGP’s Local Program. The IRM researcher further recommends improving the public documentation of the tools mapped. The government should also use more structured methods to collect open government tools and experiences from subnational governments, including using academics in the field.


[1] Home page, Ministry of Transparency and Comptroller General of the Union, http://www.cgu.gov.br/assuntos/transparencia-publica/escala-brasil-transparente.

[3] 'Most Capitals Go Poorly on Transparency Assessment,' Article 19, 25 September 2015, http://artigo19.org/blog/2015/09/25/maioria-das-capitais-vai-mal-em-avaliacao-de-transparencia/.


Brazil's Commitments

  1. subnational good governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific data governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-building and oversight on nutrition policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase participation in legislative process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and rural land registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. climate change policy evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water resource management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’s Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a methodology for Social Participation on the monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of educators, political agents, public managers, councilors for social policies and community leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage states and municipalities to endorse the OGP four principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of knowledge and capacity-building of managers and public resources operator’s partners and of councilors for social control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a unified and interactive information panel on the implementation of the Water for All Program, which can be publicly accessed through the internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of tools for increasing transparency and enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of data from the execution of the Union budget and from Government purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the public open data culture to the local governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the disclosure of open data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of information from government systems in an open data format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (e-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing public transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of recommendations to carry out public audiences to serve as reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of monitoring reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of social participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and implementation of the Ministry of Defense’s Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents produced by Brazil’s Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of data transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of health services through the increased use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of processes for prior consultation under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity building programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance education program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for public officials on access to information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information services model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic study on the transparency values of executive branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic study on role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research study to identify the demands of society in regard to access to information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1st Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA capacity building plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA awareness- raising activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate access to specific databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive school development plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual management of IT services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic integration of ombudsman units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued training for public ombudsman units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data