Local Participation (CI0021)
Action Plan: Côte d’Ivoire Action Plan 2018-2020
Action Plan Cycle: 2018
Lead Institution: Executive Management of Decentralization and Local Development
Support Institution(s): Côte d'Ivoire Towns and Communes Union (UVICOCI) ; - Côte d'Ivoire and Districts and Regions Assembly (ARDCI), les Local Authorities.. CSOs
Policy AreasCapacity Building, Fiscal Openness, Local Commitments, Public Participation, Public Participation in Budget/Fiscal Policy, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information
Promote participative democracy in the Ivorian collectivities.
June 2018-June 2020
Executive Management of Decentralization and Local
What is the public interest
issue to be addressed by
Most of the time, public budgets are prepared by elected
representatives and their advisors who arbitrate their choice
according to many criteria and constraints, hardly known or
explained to citizens. This may result within the population in a
perception that some lose, and others gain.
The population and local authorities receive scarce information
on the preparation, implementation, monitoring and
assessment of the local budget.
The population low involvement and participation in the
management of local affairs.
What is the commitment ?
The purpose of this commitment is to :
- Encourage local authorities to practice participatory budget
- improve governance at local level;
- stimulate populations’ participation in decision-making.
How will the commitment
contribute to solve the
The commitment will enable the authorities to understand the
logic of populations participation in budget preparation as well
as enable the populations to understand their role in their local
budget preparation, implementation and monitoring through
awareness raising workshops and sharing good practices;
In this regard, local elected representatives will show their
political commitment by taking a decision on a municipal
Why is this commitment
relevant to OGP values?
This commitment is relevant for access to information and
- This commitment enjoys a budget of CFA F 864,499,200;
- This commitment is in line with 2016-2020 NDP in its axis 4,
effect 2 and with 20191 PIP. Important activityhaving
a verifiable deliverable Start date End date
DGDDL will carry out
awareness raising and
capacity building actions
with umbrella collectivities,
representatives and civil
December 2018 September 2019
Capitalization of pioneer
January 2019 July 2019
collectivities that have
June 2019 June 2020
Preparation of a guide for
good practices January 2020 June 2020
Rewarding best practices August 2019 June 2020
the implementing agency
DAGO Djahi Lazare
- Executive Management of Decentralization and Local
Development (DGDDL) ;
- Ministry of Interior and Security.
Email and Phone
- firstname.lastname@example.org ;
- +225 20 22 35 76
- Côte d'Ivoire Towns and Communes Union (UVICOCI) ;
- Côte d'Ivoire and Districts and Regions Assembly (ARDCI),
les Local Authorities..
Civil Society Organizations
IRM End of Term Status Summary
6. Promote participative democracy in the Ivorian collectivities
Commitment description as it appears in the action plan:
The purpose of this commitment is to:
- Encourage local authorities to practice participatory budget
- Improve governance at local level
- Stimulate populations’ participation in decision-making"
- DGDDL will carry out awareness raising and capacity building actions with umbrella collectivities, local elected representatives and civil society.
- Capitalization of pioneer collectivities acquired know-how through field survey
- Accompanying collectivities that have adopted PB
- Preparation of a PB guide for good practices
- Rewarding best practices"
Editorial note: For the full text of this commitment, see Côte d'Ivoire’s 2018-2020 action plan: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Cote-Divoire_Action-Plan_2018-2020_EN.pdf.
Lead implementing agency/actor: Executive Management of Decentralization and Local Development / National and local civil society organizations; Délégation Fondation Akwaba
Start Date: June 2018
End Date: June 2020
OGP Value Relevance (as written)
Did It Open Government?
Not specific enough to be verifiable
Specific enough to be verifiable
Access to Information
Technology & Innovation for Transparency & Accountability
Did Not Change
Context and design
Local budgets in Côte d’Ivoire are generally prepared by elected representatives and advisors without any public input. The criteria and limitations that influence political decisions are rarely disclosed to the public. The local populations as well as local authorities receive limited information about the budget cycle from preparation, to implementation, to monitoring and assessment. According to the 2017 Open Budget Survey, at the time this commitment was planned, Côte d’Ivoire scored 0 out of 100 in providing its citizens with opportunities to engage in budget processes. There were few experiences in participatory budgeting, but communities in general were not included in local budget monitoring and evaluation. Along with a dearth of accessible government data, civil society experts  blamed the high rate of budget illiteracy for the low public participation in public affairs. 
One of the first experiences with participatory budgets in 2014 was the CITI program supported by USAID in the cities of Korhogo, Duekoue, Divo, Bouake, Abobo and Yopougon.  There was also a commitment included in the first OGP action plan to direct participatory budgeting in five communes (commitment 14). Within this commitment, government offered capacity-building sessions to 300 opinion leaders and 50 facilitators on social accountability tools, facilitation techniques, and prioritization of community projects.  Beyond the objective, citizens in ten municipalities began to debate and decide on public policy priorities and to manage part of their local authority budget.  However, the absence of mandatory legal requirements created significant obstacles to the expansion of this pilot project.
The commitment in this action plan encourages local authorities to practice participatory budgeting, improving governance and citizen participation in public decision-making. This is combined with Côte d’Ivoire’s National Development Plan 2016-2020. The principal activities cover awareness-raising and capacity building with local elected representatives, umbrella groups/communities and civil society, capitalizing on the experience of pioneer communities through field surveys, supporting participatory budgeting processes, preparing a guide on the topic and rewarding best practices. Overall, this commitment is verifiable, but it could benefit from more specific objectives and milestones. There are important elements that remain unclear: how many communities will introduce participatory budgeting and how will it be enforced, what type and how many awareness-raising and capacity-building actions will be carried out, who are the pioneer communities and how do we benefit from their experience, and how will best practices be rewarded?
Despite a lack of specificity, this commitment is relevant to the values of access to information and civic participation, as it would present updated budgetary information and opportunities for citizens to be involved in public policy and local decision-making. By encouraging local governments to practice participatory budgeting, the potential impact is considered as moderate. It cannot be qualified as transformative, since it requires more detailed milestones and, civil society representatives that were consulted by the IRM researcher conceded that participatory budget mechanisms at the local level would require a national law to support widespread implementation. 
All but two of the planned activities were completed by the end of implementation.  For training sessions (milestone 1), two workshops were organized in 2019 and in 2020 (although the activity was supposed to finish in September 2019) about the theory and practical steps of participatory budgeting. The first session was held in Abidjan from April 1-9, 2019, with 15 participants including local representatives, umbrella territorial communities and civil society organizations, primarily from La Mé. There was another session in Jacqueville from May 9 to 17 2020, attended by 16 government employees and civil society representatives, mainly from the Grands-Ponts and Agnéby-Tiassa Regions.  Following these sessions, up to seven communities expressed political will to introduce participatory budgeting and the respective municipal councils debated the issue. 
Additionally, several communes implementing participatory budgeting were supported by the General Directorate for Decentralization and Local Development (DGDDL) (milestone 3). The number of communities and style of support were not described in detail, but a DGDDL member explained that training was provided to local officials and civil society representatives. DGDDL has followed and evaluated NGO pilot programmes since 2017, respectively in 6 communes in Iffou and Moronou and in 10 regional capital cities.  A field survey (milestone 2) organized between April and June 2020 to evaluate and capitalize the experience of pioneer communes practicing participatory budgeting, although the details and results of this survey were not submitted to the IRM researcher.
There is no evidence of the participatory budgeting guide (milestone 4), although the government self-assessment stated that it was underway. The DGDDL representative acknowledged that it had been postponed no sufficient feedback had been collected.  For rewarding best practices in participatory budgeting (milestone 5), this activity was not initiated due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
In conclusion, the commitment’s early results can be qualified as marginal. A shortage of national legal requirements and regulatory framework inhibited participatory budgeting from evolving as common practice among local authorities However, according to a civil society representative interviewed, communities in the pilot areas were able “to take part in the preparation, decision-making process, implementation and follow-up of their local budget” in several communes and cities. 
Participatory budgeting, which was introduced as the first action plan, is a promising area in Côte d’Ivoire's open government reforms. The IRM researcher supports its continuation in the 3rd action plan, with a more concrete commitment that is precise and measurable, with clear, verifiable objectives and milestones to secure implementation. Civil society representatives determined that a legal framework would be required for mandatary participatory budgeting concerning local governments as well as producing a practical guide to facilitate citizen participation around budget concerns. Both of these demands are in commitment 1 of the 2020-2022 action plan, which prioritizes adoption of legal texts and guides to standardize and develop participatory budgeting at the community level. For the most recent recommendations on how to advance open government through participatory budgeting, see Côte d’Ivoire's 2020-2022 Action Plan Review.