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Croatia

Media regulations framework (HR0033)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Croatia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Culture

Support Institution(s): Agency for Electronic Media Croatian Competition Agency Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries Central State Office for the Development of the Digital Society Ministry of Finance Ministry of the Economy Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure Information Commissioner, Croatian Chamber of Economy Croatian Association of Radio Publishers National Television Association Coordination of non-profit electronic publication providers Croatian News Agency Nova TV d.d. RTL Hrvatska d.o.o. Croatian Radio Television

Policy Areas

Civic Space, Defending Journalists and Activists, Legislation & Regulation, Media & Telecommunications

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

IMPROVING THE NORMATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR THE MEDIA
Implementation of the measure began on 1 April 2018 and will last until 30 August 2020
Leader of the measure MINISTRY OF CULTURE
Description of the measure
Which public issue does the measure address? The recession which began in 2008 had a negative effect on all types of
media in Croatia. As a result of reduced revenues from advertising,
between 2010 and 2015 the number of journalists fell, and many media
houses ceased to operate. The development of technology and
convergences, access to broadband internet and the invasion of
smartphones radically changed the media ecosystem. The boundary
between electronic and printed media became blurred, as both now had
extensions via many non-linear services. On the Croatia media market, we
need to bear in mind that regulation and support must include all media:
public, commercial (electronic and print) and non-profit. The sustainability
of media products with contents of public interest must be the obligation of
all participants, while of course the public and non-profit media have a
special role. Foreign entertainment media contents dominate all platforms,
whether linear or non-linear, so that domestic products and the European
parts would barely be able to survive on the competitive global market
were it not for envisaged quotas. As part of talks on the revision of the
AVMS Directive, there has been much discussion of how the quota system
and option of gathering resources for producing and distributing European
AV and encouraging media pluralism can be assured, through a regime of
regulating non-linear platforms and services.
In Croatia, the enforcement of the Media Act has not been assured, which
has had a largely negative effect on respecting journalism ethics and
standards in general (the pressure of the market economy). Today, there
is increasing talk of 'fake news' and the lack of editorial accountability,
particularly on all non-linear platforms. Croatia is one of only a few
countries which does not have a regulatory body for print or some form of
Press Council.
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It is necessary to strengthen co-regulation and self-regulation as models
which contribute in a significant way to restoring damaged professional
journalism standards and raising awareness of the phenomenon of 'fake
news'. In this context, the issue of public trust in the media is very
important, along with the issue of developing media literacy in
particularly. Protecting minors and fighting hate speech are special
challenges in regulating non-linear services.
In media legislation and the production of support models, it is necessary
to define potential non-profit media service providers. The key term of
reference used to define non-profit media/public service providers should
not be reduced to mere registration of the founder, but should primarily
concern the provision of content of particular public interest. This kind of
definition would on the whole answer the real need to increase the
number of non-profit media, and would make it easier to bring some
electronic media closer to the concept of a 'media community', which still
needs to be worked out in detail.
What does the measure include? The implementation of the measure will guarantee a new normative
framework to enable a more functional system for working in the new
digital environment, and assure more transparent work, protection of
journalists, and access to support resources.
The establishment of working groups is needed to produce the draft
Electronic Media Act, Media Act, and an in-depth analysis, including, if
necessary, amendments to the Croatian Radio and Television Act and the
Croatian News Agency Act.
All stakeholders to whom the provisions of these Acts apply will participate
in the working groups, from non-profit media service providers to state
administration bodies, and when the draft document is ready, consultations
will be held with the interested public.
How does the measure contribute to resolving the public
issue?
Amendments to the normative framework will facilitate the work of the
media in the new conditions of the digital society, the publication of
information on the proprietors of all media to the level of physical
persons, the publication of relevant information linked to the work of the
media, and the further development of media literacy.
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Why is this measure relevant to the values of the Open
Government Partnership?
The measure is relevant to the more transparent, more efficient work of
the media.
Additional information Resources are guaranteed in the State Budget, section Ministry of
Culture P3901, A564000 – within the regular work of the Ministry of
Culture.
Activities Implementation start date Implementation end date
8.1. Drafting the Electronic Media Act Underway January 2019
8.2. Drafting the Media Act 1 January 2019 January 2020
8.3. Improving legal provisions related to the
transparency of media ownership 1 June 2019 30 August 2020
Contact information
Person responsible in the body which is Leader of the
measure
Nives Zvonarić
Function, department Head, Independent Sector the for Media
Email and telephone nives.zvonaric@min-kulture.hr, +385 1 4866 453
Other participants
involved
State participants Agency for Electronic Media
Croatian Competition Agency
Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries
Central State Office for the Development of the Digital Society
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of the Economy
Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure
Information Commissioner
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NGOs, private sector,
multilaterals, working groups
Croatian Chamber of Economy
Croatian Association of Radio Publishers
National Television Association
Coordination of non-profit electronic publication providers
Croatian News Agency
Nova TV d.d.
RTL Hrvatska d.o.o.
Croatian Radio Television


Croatia's Commitments

  1. Implementing Right to Information

    HR0026, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Fiscal Transparency

    HR0027, 2018, E-Government

  3. Political Finance Transparency

    HR0028, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Commercial regulations of companies owning local governments

    HR0029, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  5. Transparency in NGO project finance

    HR0030, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Protection of Persons Reporting Corruption

    HR0031, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  7. Parliamentary transparency

    HR0032, 2018, E-Government

  8. Media regulations framework

    HR0033, 2018, Civic Space

  9. Data Opening

    HR0034, 2018, E-Government

  10. Raising awareness about open data

    HR0035, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Central state portal

    HR0036, 2018, E-Government

  12. public consultations

    HR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. implementation of anti-corruption policies by NGOs

    HR0038, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  14. local and regional open government

    HR0039, 2018, E-Government

  15. OGP sustainability

    HR0040, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Right to Access Information Legislative Framework

    HR0010, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Improving the Implementation of the Right of Access to Information Act

    HR0011, 2014, Capacity Building

  18. Starred commitment Proactive Release of Information and Opening Data

    HR0012, 2014, Capacity Building

  19. Fiscal Transparency

    HR0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  20. Starred commitment Improvements of Transparency and Efficiency in Public Administration Work

    HR0014, 2014, Capacity Building

  21. Improvement of Transparency of Election and Referendum Campaigns

    HR0015, 2014, E-Government

  22. Transparency in the Area of Youth Policy

    HR0016, 2014, E-Government

  23. Media Transparency

    HR0017, 2014, Civic Space

  24. Improving Transparency of Information on Members of Parliament and Their Work

    HR0018, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  25. Improving Transparency of Data on Assets of Officials

    HR0019, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  26. Starred commitment Improving the Consultation Process with the Interested Public in Legislative Procedures

    HR0020, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Ensuring the Sustainability of Values and Content of the OGP Initiative

    HR0021, 2014, Capacity Building

  28. Starred commitment Participation in Drafting the New Anti-Corruption Strategy

    HR0022, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Regulation of Lobbying

    HR0023, 2014, Capacity Building

  30. Improving Efficiency of the Ministry of Interior's Complaints Commission

    HR0024, 2014, Justice

  31. Promoting Civil Participation in the Work of Civil Society Organizations

    HR0025, 2014, Civic Space

  32. Improving the Content and Transparency of Budgetary Documents: Publish and update the state budget proposal

    HR0001, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  33. Improving Transparency of Business Activity of The Companies Of Special State Interest

    HR0002, 2012, Private Sector

  34. Making The Contents of All Budgetary Documents Understandable And Accessible To Citizens

    HR0003, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  35. Improving Accessibility of Local Budget Contents to the Citizens and the Public: Give recommendations to local units to publish budget documents

    HR0004, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  36. Starred commitment Improving the Legislative Framework for Exercising the Right of Access to Information: Amend the Act on the Right of Access to Information

    HR0005, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Starred commitment Improving Access to Information on Expending Public Resources and Contents of Relevant Registers: Implementation of acts on political activity and campaign financing

    HR0006, 2012, Civic Space

  38. Ensuring Transparent Work of Public Authority Bodies In The Service Of Exercising Citizen Rights: Enhancement of web portal with info on exercising rights

    HR0007, 2012, E-Government

  39. Starred commitment Setting up a System of Participatory Drafting and Monitoring of State and Local Budget Implementation: Public discussions on budget allocation

    HR0008, 2012, Participation in Budget Processes

  40. Starred commitment Improving the Practice of Consulting the Interested Public in Procedures of Adopting New Laws: Amend procedural rules

    HR0009, 2012, E-Government