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Czech Republic

National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy (CZ0019)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Czech Republic Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Section of the Deputy Prime Minister for Science, Research and Innovation, the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Legislation & Regulation, Public Service Delivery, Records Management, Science & Technology

IRM Review

IRM Report: Czech Republic End-of-Term Report 2016–2018, Czech Republic Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

STATE AND DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED BY MAKING THE COMMITMENT The Czech Republic is one of the few countries that have no national open access strategy and no document unifying the plans for developing open access to scientific information at the national level. The Czech Republic, along with other OECD and EU countries, committed to advancing open access to research data from projects financed by public funds as early as 2004. MAIN OBJECTIVE Define and implement a clear strategy for open access to scientific information from projects financed by public funds according to § 16 of Act No. 130/2002 Coll. and other legal regulations regulating the publication of RDI results (such as classified information or trade secrets…). The document “Czech National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy for 2017–2020” (Národní strategie otevřeného přístupu k vědeckým informacím v ČR na léta 2017–2020) should be based on the recommendations of the Council for Research, Development and Innovations “Open Access (“OA”) to the Published Results of Research Financed by Public Funds” (Otevřený přístup k publikovaným výsledkům výzkumu financovaného z veřejných zdrojů) of 28 February 2014 and the binding OA principles at the EU level. This is a prerequisite for the full integration of the Czech Republic into the European Research Area and enhancing the competitiveness of Czech research. The strategy also develops the principles of the National Policy of Research, Development and Innovations for 2016–2020 and other national documents. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMITMENT Submit the National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy to the Government for approval.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

4.2.3 Forming the National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy for 2017–2020

Commitment Text:

The Czech Republic is one of the few countries that have no national open access strategy and no document unifying the plans for developing open access to scientific information at the national level. The Czech Republic, along with other OECD and EU countries, committed to advancing open access to research data from projects financed by public funds as early as 2004.


Main Objective: Submit the National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy to the Government for approval.

Define and implement a clear strategy for open access to scientific information from projects financed by public funds according to § 16 of Act No. 130/2002 Coll. and other legal regulations regulating the publication of RDI results (such as classified information or trade secrets). The document 'Czech National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy for 2017–2020' should be based on the recommendations of the Council for Research, Development and Innovations 'Open Access ('OA') to the Published Results of Research Financed by Public Funds of 28 February 2014 and the binding OA principles at the EU level. This is a prerequisite for the full integration of the Czech Republic into the European Research Area and enhancing the competitiveness of Czech research. The strategy also develops the principles of the National Policy of Research, Development and Innovations for 2016–2020 and other national documents.

Milestones:

1. Milestone Title: Approval of the Czech National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy for 2017-2020 by the Government

Responsible institution: Section of the Deputy Prime Minister for Science, Research and Innovation, the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic

Supporting institution(s): N/A

Start date: May 2016 End date: May 2017

Context and Objectives

Unlike most EU countries, the Czech Republic had no policy on open access to scientific publications and data from publicly funded projects. Adopting such a policy was a condition set by the European Commission in July 2012 before any EU member state could enter the European Research Area.[Note115: Based on the Recommendation of the European Commission, the Government´s Council for Research, Development and Innovations issued its recommendations, 'Open Access to the Published Results of Research Financed by Public Funds,' on 28 February 2014. A working group consisting of 20 members was established at the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic with major universities, the Ministry of Education, and the Office of Government participating in the preparation of the draft text of the strategy.] However, this obligation does not stipulate the type of publication repository or means for sharing the data. Some stakeholders remain skeptical of the proposed strategy. There are several factors that impede its potential. First, the strategy is not legally binding beyond the public administration, as it's a government resolution. Second, no sanctions for non-compliance are established. Furthermore, while the strategy defines 'open access,' what should be published, and narrows down possible exceptions from the rule, it does not set any specific implementation steps or timeline. Finally, with the change of the government and the reorganization of the Office of Government, the unit that was championing this strategy was dissolved.

The National Information System for Research, Experimental Development and Innovation (IS VaVal) is in place, but not all results have been accessible to public. Furthermore, there is no standard definition of exceptions from the publishing requirement, and concerns have been raised about intellectual property rights in relation to open access.

The objective of the commitment is to adopt a strategy. This commitment could advance open and free access to publicly funded publications. Consequently, the quality and effectiveness of the research and further use of results would increase, as well as transparency in public spending. Adopting a strategy would be a positive step forward as there is no official regulation in this area, nor a consensus among academia, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders on publishing standards.[Note116: Businesses were not actively involved in the debate or tasks of the working group.] At the same time, the strategy is not legally binding for the end users or funders beyond the public administration and does not contain an action plan for implementation. Therefore, the commitment's potential impact is considered minor.

Completion

This commitment is complete. The government adopted the National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy 2017–2020 on 14 July 2017.[Note117: The Office of Government, Government Resolution no. 444: 'Usneseni vlady Ceske Republiky ze dne 14. cervna 2017 c. 444 o Narodni strategii otevreneho pristupu Ceske republiky k vedeckym informacim na leta 2017 az 2020,' (14 Jul. 2017), https://apps.odok.cz/attachment/-/down/RCIAANGCDD4M.%5D The strategy is based on recommendations from the Council for Research, Development and Innovations' 'Open Access ('OA')' to the Published Results of Research Financed by Public Funds' of 28 February 2014.[Note118: Open Access to the Published Results of Research Financed by Public Funds, https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=2ahUKEwjnsta2v6TdAhWHtlkKHRMGDKAQFjAAegQIARAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fvyzkum.rect.muni.cz%2Fmedia%2F1310764%2Fopen-access-k-publik-vysledkum-vyzkumu.docx&usg=AOvVaw0vSvfvfP1MoiXMPTkWF5MH%5D Also, the binding Open Access principles at the EU level were the baseline for the working group who drafted the strategy. The strategy was referred to and presented during the Open Access Week (23-27 October 2017). The Open Access Week was an international event in which most of the academic and university libraries in the Czech Republic took part. Additionally, the strategy was presented during the conference, OpenAlt, that took place at Brno University of Technology in November 2017.[Note119: OpenAlt, 'OpenAlt konference' (2017), https://openalt.cz/2017/.%5D The Association of Libraries of Czech Universities, that also runs the open access.cz website,[Note120: Open Access.cz, 'Stav open access v CR' (29 Aug. 2018), http://openaccess.cz/stav-v-cr/.%5D has been the main promoter of open access.[Note121: Association of Libraries of Czech Universities, 'Association of Libraries of Czech Universities' (27 Feb. 2017), https://akvs.upce.cz/en/.%5D

Early Results

When adopting the strategy, the government tasked the Deputy Prime Minister responsible for science, research and innovation to develop an action plan that would specify the missing implementation steps by 31 December 2017. The action plan has not been developed or published.

Next Steps

The commitment could be taken forward in the next action plan, focusing on:

· Emphasizing preparation, implementation and monitoring of the action plan that was envisaged for the strategy, specifying the implementation steps and timeline; and

· Considering the creation of a multistakeholder working group in charge of implementation, to include the Czech Science Foundation, Czech Academy of Science, the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic, and the Ministry of Education. Those institutions were initially tasked to ensure the priorities of the strategy by the government resolution, as well as universities, the Association of Libraries of Czech Universities, and other stakeholders including businesses.


Czech Republic's Commitments

  1. Quality Management in Service Authorities

    CZ0022, 2018, Legislation & Regulation

  2. Judiciary Annual Report

    CZ0023, 2018, E-Government

  3. Publishing Lower Court Decision

    CZ0024, 2018, E-Government

  4. Raising Awareness About Whistle-Blowers

    CZ0025, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Open Education Data

    CZ0026, 2018, E-Government

  6. InspIS Information System

    CZ0027, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open Data from School Inspector

    CZ0028, 2018, E-Government

  8. Publication of Education Information on Creative Commons

    CZ0029, 2018, E-Government

  9. Implementing the Civil Service Act

    CZ0016, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  10. Priority Data Sets of Public Administration

    CZ0017, 2016, E-Government

  11. Public Administration of the Czech Republic’s Open Data Ecosystem

    CZ0018, 2016, Capacity Building

  12. National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy

    CZ0019, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  13. Supporting Volunteering

    CZ0020, 2016, Civic Space

  14. Improving Local Level Safety

    CZ0021, 2016, E-Government

  15. Adoption of the New Act on Civil Service

    CZ0007, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  16. Implementing Legislation for the New Act on Civil Service

    CZ0008, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  17. Institutional Measures to Implement the New Act on Civil Service

    CZ0009, 2014, Capacity Building

  18. Selection, Recruitment, and Appointment of Civil Servants/High-Ranking Civil Servants

    CZ0010, 2014, Capacity Building

  19. Systematization of Service Positions and Service Authorities

    CZ0011, 2014, Labor

  20. Streamline the Free Access to Information System

    CZ0012, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  21. Support for Open Data Publishing

    CZ0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  22. Open Data Catalogue

    CZ0014, 2014, E-Government

  23. Open Data Legal Framework

    CZ0015, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  24. Adoption of an Act on Civil Servants

    CZ0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  25. Amendments of the Free Access to Information Act

    CZ0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  26. Identification and Removal of Legal and Technical Obstacles

    CZ0003, 2012, Open Data

  27. Creation of an Open Data Infrastructure in the Public Procurement Sector

    CZ0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  28. Converting the Most Important Data Sources to Open Data Standards

    CZ0005, 2012, Open Data

  29. Creation of a Catalogue of Public Administration Data

    CZ0006, 2012, Open Data