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France

Open Data at Sub-National Level (FR0036)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: France Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Minister of State for the Digital Sector, attached to the Prime Minister

Support Institution(s): Ministry of the Interior, Local Government Directorate-General (DGCL) Opendata France

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Open Data, Records Management, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: France Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Support local areas in implementing the open data by default principle
Lead institution(s):
Minister of State for the Digital Sector, attached to the Prime Minister
Other stakeholders:
Ministry of the Interior, Local Government Directorate-General (DGCL) Opendata France
Commitment building on: commitment no. 11 Co-produce with civil society the data infrastructure essential to society and economy; commitment no. 12 Further expand the opening of legal resources & the collaboration with civil society on opening the law and commitment no. 15 Strengthen government policy on the opening and circulation of data of the NAP for 2015-2017
OGP principles with which the commitment is associated:
Access to information, accountability, innovation and technology for openness
Challenges
The Digital Republic Act introduces a requirement for local communities with more than 3,500 inhabitants to publish their public information in open data format, from October 2018. To get a head start in laying the groundwork for this new requirement, in 2017 the Government backed the Opendatalocale programme led by the Opendata France association. By getting nine pilot local areas up and running, this programme enabled a set of tools and resources to be defined for local communities. This commitment is aimed at expanding on these initial efforts by supporting Opendata France's initiatives.
Ambitions
Support local areas in implementing the open by default principle governing public data by keeping the Opendatalocale initiative going and raising the profile of the progress local authorities are making in terms of opening up data.
Through the Opendatalocale project, a number of local areas have been able to embark on opening up their public data by creating a common database for all local areas and a range of teaching aids.
There are clear signs, though, that the legal framework is changing, and that political ambitions are growing steadily in this respect. So the Opendatalocale project has been continued for 2018 to keep supporting the many local authorities involved, by bringing all of the national stakeholders on board and offering various teaching aids and training programmes for local areas.
With a view to providing national and local public stakeholders, media observers, advocacy groups, researchers and economic specialists with precise information on the progress being made in terms of open data in local authorities, Opendata France has set up a community open data observatory tasked with producing indicators bearing on the committed local authorities, datasets made available and uses made possible through the publication of data for example.
The road map in detail

Maintain and add to the educational and methodological resources for local areas Semester 2 2018
Perpetuate and add to the training provision for local areas by capitalising on new partnerships and setting up a network of training leaders Semester 2 2018
Continue to support and update the common local database Ongoing
Set up a community open data observatory producing various summary indicators from the data collected on publication platforms:
Local authorities publishing information in open data format (number, type, geographic distribution)
Sets of open data (number, date, theme, access conditions, etc.)
Publication platforms (number, type, technical solutions, etc.)
Uses (re-use, traffic)
Local area coordination (stimulation of re-use and support
options for local authorities) Semester 2 2018

IRM Midterm Status Summary

7. Support local areas in implementing the open data by default principle

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

The Digital Republic Act introduces a requirement for local communities with more than 3,500 inhabitants to publish their public information in open data format, from October 2018. To get a head start in laying the groundwork for this new requirement, in 2017 the Government backed the Opendatalocale programme led by the Opendata France association. By getting nine pilot local areas up and running, this programme enabled a set of tools and resources to be defined for local communities. This commitment is aimed at expanding on these initial efforts by supporting Opendata France's initiatives.

Support local areas in implementing the open by default principle governing public data by keeping the Opendatalocale initiative going and raising the profile of the progress local authorities are making in terms of opening up data.

Through the Opendatalocale project, a number of local areas have been able to embark on opening up their public data by creating a common database for all local areas and a range of teaching aids.

There are clear signs, though, that the legal framework is changing, and that political ambitions are growing steadily in this respect. So the Opendatalocale project has been continued for 2018 to keep supporting the many local authorities involved, by bringing all of the national stakeholders on board and offering various teaching aids and training programmes for local areas.

With a view to providing national and local public stakeholders, media observers, advocacy groups, researchers and economic specialists with precise information on the progress being made in terms of open data in local authorities, Opendata France has set up a community open data observatory tasked with producing indicators bearing on the committed local authorities, datasets made available and uses made possible through the publication of data for example. [34]

Milestones

7.1 Maintain and add to the educational and methodological resources for local areas

7.2 Perpetuate and add to the training provision for local areas by capitalising on new partnerships and setting up a network of training leaders

7.3 Set up a community open data observatory producing various summary indicators from the data collected on publication platforms:

  • Local authorities publishing information in open data format (number, type, geographic distribution)
  • Sets of open data (number, date, theme, access conditions, etc.)
  • Publication platforms (number, type, technical solutions, etc.)
  • Uses (re-use, traffic)
  • Local area coordination (stimulation of re-use and support options for local authorities)

Start Date: 2018

End Date: 2019

Context and Objectives

As of October 2018, reforms have required local governments with over 3,500 inhabitants to publish their public information in open data format. The end-of-term report on the 2015–2017 action plan pointed to the lack of capacity of many local governments, if not most, to fulfill this legal obligation. It noted that there is an important discrepancy between large metropolitan areas and smaller rural cities. The latter often lack financial resources, knowledge, and data literacy. The Observatory of Open Data in Territories (Observatoire Open Data des Territoires) provides an indication of the level of compliance with local governments. Currently, only 343 local governments out of 4,510 are actively moving toward opening their public data. [35]

In 2017, to support local governments in complying with these legal obligations, the government supported the Opendatalocale program, led by the Opendata France association. The association provided support for nine pilot projects in local governments and enabled the development of a set of tools and resources for local governments. This commitment aimed to expand this program through the development of learning material, trainings, and the harmonization and standardization of data throughout the common local dataset. The aim of the latter is to facilitate small municipalities’ access to relevant technology and to help them validate their data and comply with legal standards. Etalab is also developing a platform (schema.data.gouv.fr) to provide public officials with an entry point to the standardized open data schemas. [36]

This commitment is relevant to access to information and technology and innovation. It explicitly involves publication of summary indicators by a community open data observatory. It also entails further standardization of data and appropriate training of officials in charge of the publication of data. These characterizations could also apply to the milestone to further standardize local government data.

Although this commitment is a continuation of previous activities, the formulation of the milestones is vague (e.g., “maintain,” “perpetuate,” “continue to support”). More specific information about the activities would have made the commitment clearer and easier to measure.

The IRM researcher considers this initiative to have a minor potential effect. The commitment responds to a need to support local governments in opening public data by default. However, the commitment does not require the publication of any information apart from indicators on the performance of local government transparency.

Next steps

The IRM researcher recommends that the commitment be carried on in the next action plan and that:

  • A thorough evaluation be conducted to assess why there are so few local governments involved in the open data agenda, to inform the development of trainings and documentation;
  • The government ensure that the types of data that should be included in the common local dataset are clearly identified; and
  • Local civil society and residents of the targeted local governments be included in the implementation of the commitment, either through the provision of information on local governments’ obligations or through access and use of the data provided in the common local dataset, to make the commitment more inclusive.
[34] For a Transparent and Collaborative Government: France National Action Plan 2018–2020, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/France-Action-Plan-2018-2020-English.pdf (accessed on 10 January 2019).
[35] Etalab official, email communication with IRM researcher, 21 February 2019.
[36] Etalab official, email communication with IRM researcher, 21 February 2019.

Commitments

  1. Transparency of Public Services

    FR0030, 2018, E-Government

  2. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  3. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  4. Expand Open Data

    FR0033, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improved Data Policies and Administration

    FR0034, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Transparency of Public Algorithms

    FR0035, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open Data at Sub-National Level

    FR0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. State AI Lab

    FR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Administrative Capacity-Building

    FR0038, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Public Service Incubators

    FR0039, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Streamline Data Flows

    FR0040, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Etat Forum

    FR0041, 2018, E-Government

  13. Online Procedures Dashboard

    FR0042, 2018, E-Government

  14. Govtech Summit

    FR0043, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Imrove Public Consultation Mechanisms

    FR0044, 2018, E-Government

  16. International Transparency and Citizen Participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  17. Public Pariticipation in Sustainable Development

    FR0046, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Science

    FR0047, 2018, E-Government

  19. Citizen Involvement in Cour Des Comptes

    FR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Private Sector Transparency

    FR0049, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  21. Access to Information on Public Officials

    FR0050, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  22. Open Regional and Local Authorities' Data

    FR0001, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  23. Publish Municipal Council Decisions and Reports Online

    FR0002, 2015, E-Government

  24. Publish Building Permits in Open Data Format

    FR0003, 2015, Open Data

  25. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  26. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Aid

  27. Open Access to Public Policy Evaluations

    FR0006, 2015, E-Government

  28. Involve Citizens in Cour Des Comptes Work

    FR0007, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Access to Public Officials Transparency Obligations

    FR0008, 2015, E-Government

  30. Starred commitment Beneficial Ownership

    FR0009, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  31. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    FR0010, 2015, Extractive Industries

  32. Transparency in International Trade Commercial Negotiations

    FR0011, 2015, Labor

  33. Fix My Neighborhood

    FR0012, 2015, E-Government

  34. Digital Fix-It

    FR0013, 2015, Open Data

  35. Co-Produce Data Infrastructure with Civil Society

    FR0014, 2015, Open Data

  36. Starred commitment Open Legal Resources

    FR0015, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Reform Participatory Mechanisms

    FR0016, 2015, Public Participation

  38. Mediation and Justice

    FR0017, 2015, Judiciary

  39. Starred commitment Open and Circulate Data

    FR0018, 2015, Land & Spatial Planning

  40. Open Calculation Models and Simulators

    FR0019, 2015, Open Data

  41. Open Platform for Government Resources

    FR0020, 2015, E-Government

  42. Improve Public Services Through E-Government and User Interaction

    FR0021, 2015, E-Government

  43. Empower Civil Society to Support Schools

    FR0022, 2015, E-Government

  44. Diversify Recruitment Within Public Institutions

    FR0023, 2015, Capacity Building

  45. Culture Change

    FR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  46. Spread Public Innovation

    FR0025, 2015, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Protect Against Conflicts of Interest

    FR0026, 2015, Conflicts of Interest

  48. Civil Society & Transparency in COP21 Conference Planning

    FR0027, 2015, Environment and Climate

  49. Open Data and Climate/Sustainable Development

    FR0028, 2015, Open Data

  50. Collaborate with Civil Society on Climate and Sustainable Development

    FR0029, 2015, Environment and Climate