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Georgia

Economic Governance (GE0069)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Georgia Action Plan 2018-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Open Regulations, Private Sector, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Georgia Design Report 2018-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 4: Innovative platform of economic governance

The Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia commits itself to create an interactive portal, which shall ensure maximum engagement of society and the private sector in the economic policy development process, effective decision making, transparency of processes and the business environment predictability growth.

The portal will place:
• Brief description of each economic reform, justification of necessity and international experience;
• Draft laws;
• Reform progress and implemented work;
• Questionnaire to be filled out for fixing an opinion about the reform.

The user will have a possibility:
• To fix own view in connection with the priority of different reforms.
• To present an initiative that could be supported by voting in its favor; in case the issue gains a sufficient number of supporters, it will be considered by the Economic Analysis and Reforms Department under the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.

Commitment 4: Innovative platform of economic governance
Lead Agency Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia
Other Involved Actors Public Agencies
Civil Society/ Private Sector/International organization
Issues to be Addressed Upon implementation of economic reforms, at different stages the engagement of stakeholders and social groups for ensuring consultations, assessments and adaption of reforms to citizen needs takes place. However, this is not a regular process, being more of a fragmentary character. The purpose of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development is to increase the wide public engagement in the reforms’ initiation, development and implementation process.
Main Objective Increasing society engagement in the economic reforms’ planning and implementation process.

OGP Principles Transparency Accountability Citizens Participation Technologies and Innovations
 
Milestones to Fulfill the Commitment New or ongoing commitment Start date: End date:
Interactive web-portal YOU. Conceptual perfection of GOV platform. New May 2018 December 2018
Interactive web-portal YOU. Promotion of platform GOV. New November 2018 June 2019
Indicator All functions of the Portal have been activated; the web-portal has at least 500 visitors monthly.
Risks and Assumptions Irregular update of the Portal; delayed responding to fixed views, communicated initiatives.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Commitment 4: Innovative Platform for Economic Governance

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“The Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia commits itself to create an interactive portal, which shall ensure maximum engagement of society and the private sector in the economic policy development process, effective decision making, transparency of processes and the business environment predictability growth.

The portal will place:

  • Brief description of each economic reform, justification of necessity and international experience;
  • Draft laws;
  • Reform progress and implemented work;
  • Questionnaire to be filled out for fixing an opinion about the reform.

The user will have a possibility:

  • To fix own view in connection with the priority of different reforms.
  • To present an initiative that could be supported by voting in its favor; in case the issue gains a sufficient number of supporters, it will be considered by the Economic Analysis and Reforms Department under the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development.”

Milestones: 

  1. Interactive web-portal YOU. Conceptual perfection of GOV platform
  2. Interactive web-portal YOU. Promotion of platform GOV

Start Date: May 2018

End Date: June 2019

Editorial note: For the full text of this commitment, please see https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/georgia-action-plan-2018-2019/.

Context and Objectives

With this commitment, the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia (MoESD) aims to consolidate information on economic reforms and processes implemented by MoESD and its subordinate legal entities into a single repository. Currently, information on economic reforms can be found on different webpages of government institutions, such as parliament.ge and economy.ge. However, various other organizations publish economic information relevant to their work. This makes it difficult to acquire comprehensive information about ongoing reforms. The new interactive web portal will include brief descriptions of each economic reform, justification for the reform, international experiences, draft laws, progress updates on reform implementation, and a questionnaire for the public to provide feedback on the reforms. Additionally, the new web portal will allow citizens to vote and prioritize aspects of economic reform packages. Citizens will also be able to propose initiatives that will be considered by the ministry if they gain enough votes by other users. 

By creating this web portal, the ministry plans to ensure access to information and transparency on ongoing and prospective economic reforms that directly link to access to information. It also aims to engage society and the private sector in discussion and decision making through the participation mechanisms. Thus, this commitment is relevant to the OGP values of access to information, civic participation, and technology and innovation for openness and accountability. The commitment clearly explains what kind of information will be placed on the web portal and what participation options users will have, which makes its implementation verifiable. However, it does not explain in detail the intentions of the two milestones.

According to interviewed stakeholders, [17] the interactive portal is a timely step forward, considering that public interest in economic reforms increases each day. The portal might be especially useful in helping the government to receive feedback from citizens who do not represent civil society organizations but are interested in reforms and in providing their viewpoints.

However, as stated during the IRM researcher’s focus group discussion, [18] the commitment does not specify how public involvement on the platform will affect the decision-making processes regarding economic reforms. The commitment states that citizen proposals will be “considered” by the Economic Analysis and Reforms Department under the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development. However, the commitment does not explain what this consideration will involve.

Also, the commitment does not specify what mechanisms will be strengthened or created to allow citizens to track the results of their participation in economic policy making. Thus, while the commitment provides tools for participation, it is unclear how the government will ensure that this participation has an actual impact on policy making. Accordingly, the potential impact is considered minor.

Next steps

Based on feedback from stakeholders, and because that this commitment responds to an area of high public interest (economic reforms), the IRM researcher recommends carrying it forward, but with specific improvements in its design: 

  • Stakeholders recommend developing specific rules and procedures for how the Economic Analysis and Reforms Department will consider public proposals and voting into relevant decision-making processes. Stakeholders also recommend that the government require that citizens be notified that their feedback has been received. Citizens should also be provided a clear, well-reasoned response, in case they have questions and/or clarification is needed. [19] Submissions to the website should be considered by expert working groups, including civil society stakeholders, to ensure wider expert consideration of the proposals. Furthermore, care should be given to ensure that the online proposals function complements—and does not replace—other stakeholder engagement mechanisms.
  • The IRM researcher recommends extending the initiative beyond economic reforms to gather all major political-administrative reforms that are of public interest on a single portal. This could boost public interest and participation levels.
  • The IRM researcher recommends improving the commitment design by creating a robust awareness-raising and promotional strategy to ensure that citizens are aware of the availability of the you.gov.ge platform and the opportunities it provides. The strategy could entail a massive outreach campaign, active utilization of social media, and other types of awareness-raising activities nationwide.

[17] IRM researcher’s focus group discussion with experts, researchers, and master’s students of public administration, 18 June 2019.

[18] Focus group, 18 June 2019.

[19] IRM researcher’s focus group discussion with master’s students of public administration, 18 June 2019.


Commitments

  1. Improved Public Services

    GE0066, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Citizen Engagement Platform

    GE0067, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Unified Authentication System

    GE0068, 2018, E-Government

  4. Economic Governance

    GE0069, 2018, E-Government

  5. Environment Portal

    GE0070, 2018, E-Government

  6. Strengthen Anti-Corruption Institutions

    GE0071, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Monitor SDGs

    GE0072, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Citizen Engagement Legislation

    GE0073, 2018, Legislation & Regulation

  9. Publish Court Decisions

    GE0074, 2018, E-Government

  10. Increasing Transparency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

    GE0075, 2018, E-Government

  11. Citizen Participation in Public Finance

    GE0076, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  12. Transparent Public Funding System

    GE0077, 2018, Fiscal Openness

  13. Public Procurement Improvements

    GE0078, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Housing Policy Planning

    GE0079, 2018, Land & Spatial Planning

  15. Openness and Accountability of State-Owned Enterprises

    GE0080, 2018, E-Government

  16. Transparency and Good Governance

    GE0081, 2018, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Open Data Collection and Publication

    GE0082, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Participation for Disabled Individuals

    GE0083, 2018, Infrastructure & Transport

  19. Participatory Budgeting

    GE0084, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Your Idea for the Zugdidi Mayor

    GE0085, 2018, Capacity Building

  21. Electronic Services

    GE0086, 2018, E-Government

  22. I. Gov. Zugdidi

    GE0087, 2018, Capacity Building

  23. Service and Citizen Satisfaction Assessment

    GE0088, 2018, Capacity Building

  24. Promoting and Monitoring SDGs

    GE0089, 2018, Legislative

  25. Citizen Involvement in Budget

    GE0090, 2018, E-Government

  26. Technology for Transparency

    GE0091, 2018, E-Government

  27. Citizen Engagement Center

    GE0092, 2018, Capacity Building

  28. Raising Public Awareness About Parliamentary Democracy

    GE0093, 2018, E-Government

  29. Electronic Innovations for More Transparency and Efficiency of Public Procurement

    GE0056, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  30. Starred commitment Adoption of the Environmental Assessment Code

    GE0057, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  31. Introduction of a Mobile App as an Alternative Channel to Connect to “112”

    GE0058, 2016, E-Government

  32. Development of Local Councils for Crime Prevention

    GE0059, 2016, Justice

  33. Development of a Guidebook for Economic Agents

    GE0060, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Development and Introduction of the Quality Control Program of Commercial Service

    GE0061, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Presentation of Company Reports in an Electronic Form and Provision of Their Accessibility

    GE0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Introduction of an Electronic Petition Portal and “Zugdidi-INFO” on the Webpage of Zugdidi Municipality Assembly

    GE0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Transparency of Ozurgeti Municipality Assembly Meetings

    GE0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Creation of Electronic Mechanism for Local Budget Planning in Kutaisi, Ozurgeti, Batumi and Akhaltsikhe

    GE0065, 2016, E-Government

  39. Adapting the Public Service Hall to the Needs of the People with Disabilities

    GE0042, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Launch of the Unified Healthcare System Information Portal

    GE0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Introduction of Electronic Licensing System in the Field of Natural Resources Application

    GE0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  42. Creation of Spatial (Geographic) Data Web-Portal for the Energy Sector

    GE0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Creation of Innovation Ecosystem

    GE0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Electronic Portal for Registering and Disposal of State Property – Customer’S Module

    GE0047, 2016, E-Government

  45. Development of the Freedom of Information Law

    GE0048, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Development of a Monitoring and Assessment System of the Government Policy and Legislative Acts

    GE0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Introduction of the Public Officials’ Asset Declarations Monitoring System

    GE0050, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  48. Establishing Unified Regulations to Publish Court Decisions

    GE0051, 2016, Judiciary

  49. Development of Transparency and Integrity Strategy and Action Plan in the Field of Regional Development and Infrastructure

    GE0052, 2016, Capacity Building

  50. Improvement of the Database of the Convicted and Transfer of the Penitentiary Department Entirely Onto the Electronic Workflow Management

    GE0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  51. Publication of Phone Tapping Data According to the Nature of the Crime and Geographic Area

    GE0054, 2016, E-Government

  52. Starred commitment Increasing Citizen Participation in Supervision of Public Finances (Public Audit)

    GE0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  53. "Voice of the Consumer"

    GE0013, 2014, Public Participation

  54. JUSTdrive

    GE0014, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  55. Educational Services

    GE0015, 2014, Education

  56. Citizen's Portal (Www.Mygov.Ge)

    GE0016, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Transformation of Public Libraries for Regional Development

    GE0017, 2014, Capacity Building

  58. Digital Signature and Online Authentication

    GE0018, 2014, E-Government

  59. Open Data Portal (Data.Gov.Ge)

    GE0019, 2014, Access to Information

  60. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Draft

    GE0020, 2014, Access to Information

  61. Georgia's OGP Forum

    GE0021, 2014, Public Participation

  62. I-Change.Ge

    GE0022, 2014, E-Government

  63. Transparency of Public Service Recruitment

    GE0023, 2014, E-Government

  64. Asset Declaration Monitoring System

    GE0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  65. Starred commitment Political Party Financial Declarations

    GE0025, 2014, Access to Information

  66. Accessibility of Ministry of Interior's Webpage to People with Special Needs

    GE0026, 2014, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Proactive Publishing of Surveillance Data

    GE0027, 2014, Civic Space

  68. Public Awareness of the Electoral Process

    GE0028, 2014, Capacity Building

  69. Transparency of Budgetary Processes

    GE0029, 2014, E-Government

  70. Electronic System of Procurement

    GE0030, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  71. Digital Human Resource Management System

    GE0031, 2014, E-Government

  72. Digital Preservation System: E-Archive

    GE0032, 2014, E-Government

  73. Openness and Accessibility of National Archives

    GE0033, 2014, E-Government

  74. Electronic Catalogues of Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) Archives

    GE0034, 2014, E-Government

  75. Public Finance Management System

    GE0035, 2014, E-Government

  76. Alternative Channels to "112"

    GE0036, 2014, E-Government

  77. Interactive Statistics and Crime Mapping

    GE0037, 2014, E-Government

  78. Travel Insurance Services

    GE0038, 2014, Citizenship & Immigration

  79. State Property Registration

    GE0039, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  80. Development of Community Centers in Georgia

    GE0040, 2014, E-Government

  81. Introduction of e-Governance in Local Self-Governments

    GE0041, 2014, E-Government

  82. Public Service Hall-Hub of Public Services

    GE0001, 2012, Access to Justice

  83. e-Governance in Local Governments

    GE0002, 2012, E-Government

  84. Citizens’ Portal

    GE0003, 2012, E-Government

  85. Easily Accessible and Better Healthcare

    GE0004, 2012, E-Government

  86. Launch Ichange.Ge and Data.Gov.Ge

    GE0005, 2012, E-Government

  87. Platform for Participating in the Legislative Process

    GE0006, 2012, E-Government

  88. Citizens and Justice

    GE0007, 2012, Access to Justice

  89. Starred commitment Transparent Party Financing

    GE0008, 2012, Political Integrity

  90. Home-Grown Concept of E-Procurement

    GE0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  91. e-Declarations

    GE0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  92. Technology Cares for Safety: ICCMS, Crime Mapping, and Safety in Your Neighbourhood

    GE0011, 2012, E-Government

  93. NGO Forum

    GE0012, 2012, Capacity Building

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